Politics and the Life Sciences (Polit Life Sci )
Politics and the Life Sciences is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a global audience. PLS is owned and published by the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences, the APLS. The PLS topic range is exceptionally broad. Recent issues have addressed chemical and biological terrorism, the evolution of group formation and ritualistic deception, the neuroscience of intolerance and violence, the genetics controversy in criminology, feminism and the evolutionary sciences, adolescent sexuality in public policy, pregnancy and substance-abuse policy, assisted reproduction, germ-line gene therapy, physician-assisted suicide, biotechnology regulation, population policy, and the political economy of global environmental degradation and stewardship. Typical contributors include political scientists, life scientists, bioethicists, clinicians, health-policy scholars, physical anthropologists, moral and evolutionary philosophers, international security experts, jurists, and ecological economists. PLS is printed and mailed just twice a year, March and September, but accepted papers are published online immediately after finishing the review-and-revision process and prepress routine. They are thus available for subscribers, for the press, for the general public in some cases, and for inclusion in electronic databases well before appearing in hard copy.
- Impact factor0.00
- 5-year impact0.00
- Cited half-life0.00
- Immediacy index0.00
- Article influence0.00
- WebsitePolitics and the Life Sciences website
- Other titlesPolitics and the life sciences, PLS
- Material typePeriodical, Internet resource
- Document typeJournal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource
Publications in this journal
- Politics and the Life Sciences 01/2012; 31(1):104-106.
- Politics and the Life Sciences 01/2012; 31(1).
- Politics and the Life Sciences 01/2012; 31(1):101-103.
Article: In memoriam: Elinor OstromPolitics and the Life Sciences 01/2012; 31(1).
- Politics and the Life Sciences 01/2012; 31(1):97-100.
Article: Toward a theory of revolutionPolitics and the Life Sciences 12/2011;
Article: Jim SchubertPolitics and the Life Sciences 12/2011;
Article: Identity challengesPolitics and the Life Sciences 12/2011;
- Politics and the Life Sciences 01/2011; 30(2).
Article: History and sciencePolitics and the Life Sciences 09/2010;
Article: The Iron Law of Politics[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Political philosophers have doubted the compatibility of various major values, such as equality and freedom. Ethnographic and historical evidence has indicated the presence of (1) economic equality and individual freedom in the absence of civil peace in segmentary societies based on self-help; (2) economic equality and civil peace in the absence of individual freedom in corporate societies; and (3) individual freedom and civil peace in the absence of economic equality in mercantile and capitalist societies. However, little if any evidence has documented all three — economic equality, individual freedom, civil peace — in stable coexistence. By way of delineating the relations between and among the values in question, I offer “The Iron Law of Politics,” which asserts that economic equality, individual freedom, and civil peace cannot all exist simultaneously in any society, although any two of the three can.Politics and the Life Sciences 09/2009;
Article: The American biodefense industry[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Since 1998, and especially since the “Amerithrax” emergency of 2001, the United States has ambitiously funded biodefense projects, intending not only to enhance detection and management of any biological-weapons attack but also to establish a robust domestic biodefense industry. I asked if the United States had fulfilled this latter intention. Using the RAND Corporation's RaDiUS database, I examined federal biodefense grants and contracts awarded from 1995 through most of 2005, noting recipient type, awarding unit, funding level, and the disease focus of research-and-development support. Patterns in these data as well as other sources suggest that the biodefense industry as late as 2005 remained in a nascent stage, with most firms small, precariously financed, and more responsive to funders' announcements and solicitations than to opportunities for self-directed innovation. A biodefense industry with investor-capital funding and retained earnings, with its own leading companies, with its own stock analysts, and with its own legitimacy in commercial and financial markets did not emerge over the period studied, nor does its emergence appear imminent.Politics and the Life Sciences 09/2009;
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Absent from most analyses of political news are detailed assessments of the candidates' nonverbal behavior, which has been shown experimentally to have considerable persuasive influence. Unlike attractiveness and other relatively stable aspects of appearance, facial displays are highly variable and reveal important moment-to-moment information about the emitter's internal state. In this paper we argue that facial displays are influential elements within political news and examine the character of televised candidate displays over four presidential election cycles. The analysis considers coverage of major party nominees shown during the general elections of 1992, 1996, 2000, and 2004 on the major broadcast networks (ABC, CBS, and NBC). To motivate our hypotheses, we draw on the biopolitics literature that has identified three classes of displays relevant to the study of nonverbal political behavior: happiness/reassurance, anger/threat, and fear/evasion. The analysis focuses on the relationship between the display types shown in election coverage, the context in which the displays are shown, and candidate standings in the polls.Politics and the Life Sciences 09/2009;
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background. Research on attitudes toward genetics and medicine registers skepticism among minority communities, but the reasons for this skepticism are not well known. In the past, studies linked mistrust of the medical system to historical ethics violations involving minority groups and to suspicions about ideological premise and political intent. Methods. To assess public knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding human-genetics research, we surveyed 858 Americans onsite in four community settings or online in a geographically nonspecific manner. Results. Compared to participants as a whole, African Americans were significantly more likely to believe that clinical trials might be dangerous and that the federal government knowingly conducted unethical research, including studies in which risky vaccines were administered to prison populations. However, African Americans were also significantly more likely to believe that the federal government worked to prevent environmental exposure to toxicants harmful to people with genetic vulnerabilities. Conclusions. Our data suggest that most Americans trust government to act ethically in sponsoring and conducting research, including genetics research, but that African Americans are particularly likely to see government as powerfully protective in some settings yet selectively disingenuous in others.Politics and the Life Sciences 09/2009;
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In November 1998, Michigan voters rejected Proposal B, a citizen initiative that would have legalized physician-assisted suicide (PAS). Although polls had long indicated overwhelming support for PAS, support for Proposal B declined before the election. We analyzed exit-poll data to characterize opponents, supporters, and cross-over voters. We then compared our results with those from earlier research that examined attitudinal and socio-demographic influences. We found that many presumptive PAS supporters did not vote for Proposal B. These data may call into question prospects for similar initiatives.Politics and the Life Sciences 09/2009;
Article: Speaking power to sex in Auckland[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background. Sex-specific differences in attitudes and behaviors, arising from a division of human nature into male and female types, have been core findings of evolutionary psychology and are now among its key investigational presumptions. These differences have largely been ignored by mainstream political and social theories. Method. I explored one potential path toward incorporation, using “Q” methodology to test for male-female differences in attitudes toward social power. A 33-factor survey was administered confidentially and in single-blinded fashion to 26 participants, 8 adult males and 18 adult females in Auckland, New Zealand. Nine élite participants were recruited from among wealthy families and the executive staffs of prominent businesses, while 17 non-élite participants were recruited from among the personal networks of university students. Results. 957 acts of subjective prioritization were available for analysis. Sex-specific strategies consistent with the maximization of reproductive success through hypergamous marriage were significantly more pronounced among the non-élites, male and female, than among the élites. Culture-associated behaviors and ideologies were significantly more pronounced among élites, male and female, than among the non-élites. Conclusion. Shared élite male-female interest in social control and hierarchy maintenance may affect mating strategies sufficiently to obscure more expected sex-specific differences in attitudes and behaviors.Politics and the Life Sciences 09/2009;
Article: Women, behavior, and evolution[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Often since the early 1990s, feminist evolutionists have criticized evolutionary psychologists, finding fault in their analyses of human male and female reproductive behavior. Feminist evolutionists have criticized various evolutionary psychologists for perpetuating gender stereotypes, using questionable methodology, and exhibiting a chill toward feminism. Though these criticisms have been raised many times, the conflict itself has not been fully analyzed. Therefore, I reconsider this conflict, both in its origins and its implications. I find that the approaches and perspectives of feminist evolutionists and evolutionary psychologists are distinctly different, leading many of the former to work in behavioral ecology, primatology, and evolutionary biology. Invitingly to feminist evolutionists, these three fields emphasize social behavior and the influences of environmental variables; in contrast, evolutionary psychology has come to rely on assumptions deemphasizing the pliability of psychological mechanisms and the flexibility of human behavior. In behavioral ecology, primatology, and evolutionary biology, feminist evolutionists have found old biases easy to correct and new hypotheses practical to test, offering new insights into male and female behavior, explaining the emergence and persistence of patriarchy, and potentially bringing closer a prime feminist goal, sexual equality.Politics and the Life Sciences 09/2009;
Article: Holistic DarwinismPolitics and the Life Sciences 09/2009;
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Despite advances in fields like genetics, evolutionary psychology, and human behavior and evolution — which generally focus on individual or small group behavior from a biological perspective — evolutionary biology has made little impact on studies of political change and social history. Theories of natural selection often seem inapplicable to human history because our social behavior is embedded in language (which makes possible the concepts of time and social identity on which what we call “history” depends). Peter Corning's Holistic Darwinism reconceptualizes evolutionary biology, making it possible to go beyond the barriers separating the social and natural sciences. Corning focuses on two primary processes: “synergy” (complex multivariate interactions at multiple levels between a species and its environment) and “cybernetics” (the information systems permitting communication between individuals and groups over time). Combining this frame of reference with inclusive fitness theory, it is possible to answer the most important (and puzzling) question in human history: How did a species that lived for millennia in hunter-gatherer bands form centralized states governing large populations of non-kin (including multi-ethnic empires as well as modern nation-states)? The fragility and contemporary ethnic violence in Kenya and the Congo should suffice as evidence that these issues need to be taken seriously. To explain the rise and fall of states as well as changes in human laws and customs — the core of historical research — it is essential to show how the provision of collective goods can overcome the challenge of self-interest and free-riding in some instances, yet fail to do so in others. To this end, it is now possible to consider how a state providing public goods can — under circumstances that often include effective leadership — contribute to enhanced inclusive fitness of virtually all its members. Because social behavior needs to adapt to ecology, but ecological systems are constantly transformed by human technology and social behavior, multilevel evolutionary processes can explain two central features of human history: the rise, transformations, and ultimate fall of centralized governments (the “stuff” of history); and the biological uniqueness of Homo sapiens as the mammalian species that colonized — and became top carnivore — in virtually every habitable environment on the earth's surface. Once scholars admit the necessity of linking processes of natural selection with human transformations of the natural world, it will seem anomalous that it has taken so long to integrate Darwinian biology and the social sciences.Politics and the Life Sciences 09/2009;
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.
Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy
ISSN: 1944-706X, Impact factor: 2.41
University of Phoenix. School of...
ISSN: 1873-4111, Impact factor: 2.84
ISSN: 1866-6280, Impact factor: 1.45
ERP Environment (Firm), John Wiley...
ISSN: 1756-9338, Impact factor: 1.35
Scandinavian Association for Social...
ISSN: 1651-1905, Impact factor: 1.97
American Psychiatric Association,...
ISSN: 1557-9700, Impact factor: 2.81