The International history review (Int Hist Rev )

Publisher: International History Review


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International History Review

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Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: The establishment of political channels that allowed long-standing rivals Brazil and Argentina to pursue co-operation in the nuclear realm is commonly attributed to the work of civilian Presidents José Sarney and Raúl Alfonsín as well as to the re-establishment of democratic regimes in both countries in the 1980s. Nevertheless, archival research, recently declassified documents, and oral-history interviews confirm the hypothesis that these efforts actually date back to the 1960s. The initiative gained momentum in the 1970s with the settlement of the Itaipu-Corpus dispute over common freshwater resources and joint opposition to the United States’ non-proliferation policy. This article addresses the process which led to the establishment of stable forms of co-operation between Brazil and Argentina in the nuclear realm. It explores four different strategies adopted by each country in order to obtain access to nuclear technology and exert regional leadership: alignment with the United States (thereby relinquishing nuclear autonomy); establishment of strategic partnerships with alternative Western powers; development of indigenous technology through secret programmes; and bilateral co-operation at the regional level. The international context, domestic factors, and personal attitudes are taken into account with the aim of providing a comprehensive analysis of co-operation and trust-building processes in a non-Western setting.
    The International history review 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In much of the academic literature drug prohibition is often described as an American, or at least a Western, construct. This paper shows how prohibitions were enforced in Asian countries while the United States and Western Europe were routinely trading opium. The concept of prohibition being a distinctly American construct is, therefore, flawed. Furthermore, Western missionaries to China are often credited as important actors in the formulation of Western prohibitions. These missionaries may, however, have been influenced by the prohibitionist ideals of the peoples they were trying to convert to Christianity. This paper does not dispute the importance of American pressure on the global spread of prohibition but rather seeks to add balance to its historiography, by elucidating how Western prohibitions were pre-dated, and possibly influenced, by Eastern prohibitions.
    The International history review 01/2014; 35(5):1185-1199.
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    ABSTRACT: This article argues that Britain's standing as a maritime nation must be considered if we are to fully understand the objectives behind British foreign policy in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It focuses on one of the most important challenges successive British governments faced during this period; the need to secure shipbuilding resources. Both British economic prosperity and national security depended upon the continued supply of naval stores. These resources could only be procured from the Baltic region, which meant the region took on a crucial strategic importance for policy-makers. This article will focus on Britain's relationship with the Baltic between 1780 and 1815 tracing Britain's sensitivity to the changing political environment in Sweden, Denmark, Prussia, and particularly Russia, and outlining how this came to dictate foreign policy. Britain hoped to rely on diplomacy and economic interdependence to maintain the movement of naval stores from the Baltic; however intransigence from the Baltic powers forced Britain to resort to military measures on three occasions between 1800 and 1815, such was the importance of these shipbuilding resources.
    The International history review 06/2011; 33(2):161-184.
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    ABSTRACT: In November 1959, India's Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, turned seventy. Having led his country since Britain's departure from South Asia in August 1947, Nehru's seventieth birthday stimulated debates, both inside and outside the Indian subcontinent, on India's future in a post-Nehruvian world. In the early 1960s, with the Indian premier's health deteriorating and Sino-Indian relations under strain, British and US policymakers evidenced increasing concern with whom, or perhaps more pertinently, with what, forces would govern the world's largest democracy after Nehru. This article, which draws upon recently released British and US archival records, provides the first assessment of Western involvement in the struggle to succeed Nehru which occurred within India's ruling Congress Party between 1960 and 1964. Moreover, it offers insights into Anglo-American concern that Nehru's health adversely affected Indian policymaking; the involvement of foreign intelligence services in India's domestic politics; and the misplaced expectations of British and US officials that the appointment of Lal Bahadur Shastri as India's second Prime Minister, in May 1964, would herald the beginning of a new and more productive relationship between India and the West.
    The International history review 03/2011; 33(1):115-142.
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    ABSTRACT: In this article, ‘Development’ and developmentist ideas, two increasingly fashionable areas of historical inquiry, are explored in the context of relations between the United States and Brazil through the middle decades of the twentieth century, with three arguments made along the way. First, and in contrast to much academic and extra-academic received wisdom (as well as the official pronouncements of US diplomats), the United States government offered no singular or consistent approach to ‘development’ in its dealings with Brazil. Second, an unofficial vision of development (here termed ‘market developmentalism’) that has so far eluded the attention of historians of developmentalist ideas emerged earlier than the official developmentalisms that have been the main object of historiographic interest to date. Third, this unofficial, largely private, consumption-oriented developmentalism is shown to have enjoyed an outsized influence in Brazil, dwarfing the influence enjoyed by those inconsistent varieties of developmentalism espoused by US diplomats between the 1940s and the 1960s.
    The International history review 03/2011; 33(1):65-94.
  • The International history review 01/2011;
  • The International history review 12/2010; 32(4):619-642.
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    ABSTRACT: KLAUS LARRES. Churchill's Cold War: The Politics of Personal Diplomacy. New Haven and London: Yale Univer sity Press, 2002. Pp. xxii, 583. $40.00 (US); ALAN S. MILWARD. The UK and the European Community: I: The Rise and Fall of a National Strategy, 1945–1963. London and Portland: Frank Cass, 2002. Pp. xvi, 512. $95.00 (US); ROY DENMAN. The Mandarin's Tale. London: Politico's Publishing, 2002; dist. Portland: ISBS. Pp. 282. $37.95 (US); OLIVER J. DADDOW, ed. Harold Wilson and European Integration: Britain's Second Application to Join the EEC. London and Portland: Frank Cass, 2003. Pp. xvii, 298. $26.50 (US), paper; RONALD J. GRANIERI. The Am bivalent Alliance: Konrad Adenauer, the CDU/CSU, and the West, 1949–1966. New York: Berghahn, 2003. Pp. xvi, 250. $69.95 (US); VOLKER R. BERGHAHN. America and the Intellectual Cold Wars in Europe: Shepard Stone between Philanthropy, Academy, and Diplomacy. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2001. Pp. xx, 373. $21.95 (US), paper. Reviewed by Jeffrey C. Giauque
    The International history review 12/2010; 26(2):331-348.
  • The International history review 12/2010; 23(2):322-344.
  • The International history review 11/2010; December 1997(Vol. 19):757-788.
  • The International history review 11/2010; December 2007(Vol. 29):709-745.
  • The International history review 11/2010; June 2009(Vol. 31):268-298.
  • The International history review 11/2010; September 2006(Vol. 28):504-514.
  • The International history review 11/2010; December 2003(Vol. 25):775-798.
  • The International history review 11/2010; September 2001(Vol. 23):505-534.
  • The International history review 11/2010; March 1999(Vol. 21):1-27.
  • The International history review 11/2010; December 1993(Vol. 15):714-739.
  • The International history review 11/2010; December 1993(Vol. 15):688-713.

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