Middle East journal of anaesthesiology Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Middle East Society of Anaesthesiologists; American University of Beirut Medical Center. Anesthesiology Dept

Journal description

The main objective of the journal is to act as a forum for publication, education, and exchange of opinions, and to promote research and publications of the Middle Eastern heritage of medicine and anesthesia.

Current impact factor: 0.00

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology website
Other titles Middle East journal of anaesthesiology, Middle East journal of anesthesiology
ISSN 0544-0440
OCLC 1778785
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Saphenous nerve neuropathy is one of the causes of chronic pain of the knee. Blockade of saphenous nerve under sonographich guide has been used for controlling pain in recent years. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of saphenous nerve block for controlling pain in patients with chronic knee pain. Thirty five patients with chronic knee pain referred to Amir Alam hospital during June 2012-June 2013 were enrolled in this study. Under sonographic approach, subsartorial blockade of saphenous nerve conducted and patients were followed up for 3 months after treatment. Demographic data, ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) category, weight, height, complications of intervention and pain scores were recorded. In 54%, the NRS was zero 30 minutes after intervention. In one patient (2.8%) all NRSs were 0 after intervention. We observed no sensory dysfunction in enrolled cases. The result of current study showed that ultrasound guided subsartorial approach is moderately effective in blockade of saphenous nerve in cases with saphenous nerve entrapment in adductor canal for controlling chronic knee pain.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 05/2015; 23(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Although oral ketamine has been used in some cases to reduce pain in children, the use of this drug to reduce pain after tonsillectomy has not been studied yet. This double-blind clinical trial was conducted in 2009 in 92 children who were aged three to nine years old, met ASA I or II criteria, and were candidate for tonsillectomy. Patients were divided randomly into two groups. Half an hour before general anesthesia, 5 mg/kg ketamine mixed in 2 cc/kg apple juice was given to the children in oral ketamine group and 2 cc/kg of apple juice alone was given to the children in the peritonsillar group. After general anesthesia and three minutes before surgery 1 cc of 0.9% normal saline in the oral group and 1cc of ketamine (0.5 mg/kg) in the peritonsillar group was injected to the tonsil bed of patients. There was no difference between the two groups in terms of sex, age, and weight. Duration of surgery was significantly shorter in the peritonsillar group (P < 0.001) and the severity of postoperative bleeding was significantly higher in peritonsillar group (P = 0.022). However, postoperative bleeding recurred in 25 patients (27%) and there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups. The level of pain in children six hours after surgery according to CHEOPS criteria was significantly lower in the peritonsillar group (0.9 ± 0.8) than in the oral group (2.6 ± 1) (P < 0.001). The finding of this study showed that, compared with the peritonsillar infiltration of ketamine, the use of oral ketamine before general anesthesia was less effective in reducing postoperative pain of tonsillectomy in children.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):29-34.
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    ABSTRACT: Esophageal rupture has been described following iatrogenic manipulation. In this report, we present an elderly lady admitted to the operative theater for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Multiple intra-operative attempts to place a flexible orogastric tube were unsuccessful because of failure to advance. Post-operatively, the patient developed sepsis and a right pleural effusion. She was transferred to the Intensive Care Unit and she was treated with antibiotics. Radiologic evaluation confirmed an esophago-pleural fistula. Surgical repair was urgently performed for closure of fistula and lung decortication. The patient recovered and was discharged home.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):117-21.
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    ABSTRACT: Acute renal failure following cardiac surgery is not uncommon and carries a high level of morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study was to determine whether perioperative sodium bicarbonate infusion (POSBI) would decrease acute kidney injury in cardiac surgery patients and improve post-operative outcomes. A retrospective analysis of 318 cardiac surgery patients from 2008-2011 was performed. Clinical parameters were compared in patients receiving POSBI versus sodium chloride. Serum creatinine levels were measured in the first five post-operative days. The primary outcome measured was the number of patients developing post-operative renal injury. Secondary outcomes included three-month mortality, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay. Patients given POSBI showed no significant differences compared to the normal saline cohort in regards to increases in serum creatinine [< 25% rise in Cr: 93% vs 94%; > 25% rise in Cr: 6% vs 6%; > 50% rise in Cr: 1% vs 1%; > 100% rise in Cr: 1% vs 0%, all with p-value > 0.99]. There were fewer patients with AKIN stage 1 renal failure receiving POSBI [8% vs 28%, p = 0.02] however there was no difference between POSBI and sodium chloride cohorts in AKIN stages 2 and 3 renal failure. Mortality, duration of hospitalization and ICU stay were not statistically significant. POSBI resulted in fewer patients developing AKIN stage 1 renal failure. Despite this, there appears to be little benefit in the prevention of acute kidney injury after 48 hours or mortality reduction in cardiac surgery patients.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):17-24.
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    ABSTRACT: Video-laryngoscopes have gained popularity in the recent years and have shown definite advantages over the conventional Macintosh direct laryngoscopes. However, there is still insufficient evidence comparing the C-MAC with the Macintosh for patients during manual inline stabilization (MILS). This prospective, randomized, single blind study was carried out to compare tracheal intubation using the C-MAC video-laryngoscope and Macintosh laryngoscope in patients during MILS. Ninety consented patients, without features of difficult airway, who required general anesthesia and tracheal intubation were recruited. Intubation was performed with either the C-MAC video-laryngoscope or the Macintosh laryngoscope by one single investigator experienced with both devices. Various parameters which included Cormack and Lehane score, time to intubate, intubation attempts, optimization maneuvers, complications and hemodynamic changes were recorded over the initial period of 5 minutes. C-MAC video-laryngoscope performed significantly better with lower Cormack and Lehane grades, shorter time to intubate of 32.7 ± 6.8 vs. 38.8 ± 8.9 seconds (p = 0.001) and needed less optimization maneuvers. There were no significant differences seen in the intubation attempts, complications or hemodynamic status of the patients with either device. The C-MAC video-laryngoscope was superior to the Macintosh laryngoscope for patients requiring intubation when manual inline neck stabilization was applied.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):43-50.
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    ABSTRACT: Radial artery insertion is a common procedure in intensive care units. We describe a case of a critically-ill 73-year-old man in the neurocritical care unit with a subarachnoid hemorrhage whose radial arterial catheter tip was transected from the main line and was successfully managed with bedside retrieval of the catheter.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):111-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Memantine was discovered in 1968 and is used as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease. We evaluated the use of memantine to treat complex regional pain syndrome in this retrospective study. 56 patients with CRPS, who were treated with trial of memantine for at least two months with 40mg QHS from 2007 until 2009. 34 females and 22 male patients. Age-46.0 +/- 9.7 years. Number of years with CRPS-9.24 ± 5.7 years. Mean age-46.0 +/- 9.7 years. Memantine was started at 5 or 10 mg QHS, before being increased by 5 or 10mg every 4-7 days, as tolerated, to a maximumdose of 40 mg - 60 mg, as tolerated. In all, 13 patients showed complete remission from CRPS with VAS 0 and the disappearance of allodynea for at least nine months after the use of memantine. In addition, 18 patients showed partial improvement of VAS and allodynea. Eight patients showed no improvement even after continuous use of memantine at a dose of 40 mg QHS for two months. Seven patients could not take more than 5 mg of memantine per day and had to stop it due to side effects. In terms of subjective improvement in short-term memory, nine patients showed much improvement, 14 patients showed some improvement, three patients showed no changes and one patient did not answer the questionnaire. Regarding subjective feelings of a having better quality of life, 17 patient answered yes, three did not feel any changes, six could not give an answer and two did not fill out the questionnaire. Memantine is a promising option for the treatment of CRPS. A randomised controlled study is needed to evaluate its efficacy.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):51-4.
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    ABSTRACT: The etiology of delirium in intensive care units (ICU) is usually multi-factorial. There is common "myth" that lunar phases affect human body especially human brains (and minds). In the absence of any pre-existing studies in ICU patients, the current retrospective study was planned to investigate whether lunar phases play any role in ICU delirium by assessing if lunar phases correlate with prevalence of ICU delirium as judged by the corresponding consumptions of rescue anti-psychotics used for delirium in ICU. After institutional review board approval with waived consent, the daily census of ICU patients from the administrative records was accessed at an academic university's Non-Cancer Hospital in a Metropolitan City of United States. Thereafter, the ICU pharmacy's electronic database was accessed to obtain data on the use of haloperidol and quetiapine over the two time periods for patients aged 18 years or above. Subsequently the data was analyzed for whether the consumption of haloperidol or quetiapine followed any trends corresponding to the lunar phase cycles. A total of 5382 pharmacy records of haloperidol equivalent administrations were analyzed for this study. The cumulative prevalence of incidents of haloperidol equivalent administrations peaked around the full moon period and troughed around the new moon period. As compared to male patients, female patients followed much more uniform trends of haloperidol equivalent administrations' incidents which peaked around the full moon period and troughed around the new moon period. Further sub-analysis of 70-lunar cycles across the various solar months of the total 68-month study period revealed that haloperidol equivalent administrations' incidents peaked around the full moon periods during the months of November-December and around the new moon periods during the month of July which all are interestingly the major holiday months (a potential confounding factor) in the United States. Consumption trends of rescue anti-psychotics for ICU delirium revealed an influence by lunar phase cycles particularly that of full moon periods on female patients in the ICU.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):69-79.
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    ABSTRACT: Airway management in pediatric patients presenting for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy may prove challenging given the enlarged upper airway structures. Video Laryngoscopy (VL) can be very helpful but it does not come without risks. In this case report, we report an unfavorable outcome of VL in a pediatric patient with adenotonsillar hypertrophy.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):101-4.
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    ABSTRACT: This was a randomized, double-blinded clinical trial to study the effects of a single oral dose of pregabalin 150 mg in postoperative pain management after mastectomy. forty nine patients ASA I or II, aged between 20-60 years, scheduled for mastectomy with or without axillary lymph nodes dissection (ALND) were recruited into this study. They were randomized into two groups, placebo (n = 24) or pregabalin (n = 25) receiving either oral pregabalin 150 mg or placebo when called to operation theatre (OT). The assessment of pain score were performed at recovery, 2, 4, 6 and 24 hours postoperatively at rest and on movement, using the verbal numeral rating score (VNRS). VNRS scores for pain at rest were lower in the pregabalin group at 2 (p = 0.024), 4 (p = 0.006) and 6 (p = 0.003) hours postoperatively, and also at 4 (p = 0.005) and 6 (p = 0.016) hours postoperatively on movement compared to the placebo group. Incidences. of dizziness were common, however, side effects such as nausea and vomiting, headache, somnolence and visual disturbance were low and comparable in both groups. A single dose of 150 mg pregabalin given preoperatively compared to placebo significantly reduced postoperative pain scores after mastectomy.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):63-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Strabismus surgery in children is often associated with undesirable intraoperative and postoperative side effects including pain, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and occulocardiac reflex (OCR). Systemic analgesics have side effects and are contraindicated in some cases. We hypothesized that the preoperative subtenon injection of bupivacaine would reduce postoperative pain and the incidence of side effects adverse effects. Sixty children (2 to 6 years of age, ASA status I to II) were randomized to receive either subtenon bupivacaine 0.5% or a saline injection before the beginning of surgery in a double-blind manner. Pain scores using the Face, Legs, Cry, Activity, and Consolability (FLACC) scale, incidence of OCR and PONV, requirement of additional systemic analgesia, and time to discharge from the recovery room were compared. The pain scores were significantly lower in the subtenon bupivacaine group at 0 min (p = 0.0056) and at 30 min (p = 0.013). There was no significant difference between the two groups at the other time intervals. There was a significant reduction in the incidence of occulocardiac reflex and the incidence of vomiting in the subtenon bupivacaine group. Eight of the 27 patients in the subtenon bupivacaine group required additional systemic analgesia compared to 19 of 29 controls. The time to discharge from recovery room was lower in the subtenon bupivacaine group. These data provide some evidence that a preoperative subtenon block with bupivacaine combined with general anesthesia allows efficient control of postoperative pain as well as a reduction in the incidence of OCR and PONV in young children undergoing strabismus surgery.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):91-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Anterior approaches for total hip arthroplasty (ATHA) are becoming increasingly popular. We postulated that the use of PVB of the T12, L1, and L2 roots would provide adequate analgesia for ATHA while allowing motor sparing. The medical records of 20 patients undergoing primary ATHA were reviewed. T12, L1 and L2 paravertebral blockade was accomplished with 3-4 ml of 1% ropivacaine with epinephrine 1:200,000 and 0.5 mg/ml of preservative-free dexamethasone per level. Primary outcomes were mean opioid consumption in intravenous morphine equivalents and worst recorded visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores during postoperative days 0 to 2 (POD 0 to 2). Mean opioid consumption was 8.4 mg on POD0, 16.6 mg on POD1, and 9.8 mg on POD2. Median worst VAS scores were 2 for all time intervals except POD 0, which had a median value of 0. All patients had full hip motor strength the evening of POD0.19 patients were able to ambulate the afternoon of POD1. T12-L2 PVB, when utilized as part of a multimodal analgesic regimen, results in moderate opioid consumption, low VAS scores, preservation of hip motor function, and may be an effective regional anesthesia technique for ATHA.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):81-9.
  • Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):5-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To prevent hemodynamic and respiratory changes that are likely to occur during cementation in partial hip prosthesis by prophylactic use of pheniramine maleate and dexamethasone. The study included 40 patients aged between 60 and 85 years with an American Society ofAnesthesiologists (ASA) grade of II-III who underwent partial hip prosthesis. Just after spinal anesthesia, 4 mL normal saline was pushed in patients in Group S, whereas 45.5 mg pheniramine maleate and 8 mg dexamethasone mixture was pushed intravenously in a total volume of 4 mL in patients in Group PD. Amounts of atropine and adrenaline administered after cementation were significantly higher in Group S than in Group PD (P < 0.05). There was a significant difference between SpO2 values before and after cementation in Group S; SpO2 value was lower after cementation (P < 0.05) except for 1. min after cementation. SpO2 value increased 1 min after cementation (P = 0.031) CONCLUSION: Prophylactic use of pheniramine maleate and dexamethasone in partial hip prosthesis led to an increase in SpO2 value and a decrease in the utilization of adrenaline and atropine after cementation.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):55-62.
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a well-recognized complication of cardiac and noncardiac surgery. However, contradictory results concerning postoperative mental function have been reported. The aim is to determine the effect of anesthetic techniques (general or spinal) on cognitive functions using more sensitive neuropsychological tests in patients undergoing urological surgery. A total of thirty patients were enrolled in the study and assigned to receive either general (n = 15) or spinal (n = 15) anesthesia. A battery of neuropsychological tests including Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Iowa Gambling Task, Stroop Color-Word Test, N-back Task and Continuous Performance Test was performed preoperatively and three days later. The two experimental groups were similar at baseline assessment of cognitive function. Although there were no statistically significant differences between general and spinal anesthetic groups with respect to Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and Iowa Gambling Task, a significant intergroup difference between pre-and postoperative N-back scores was detected in the general anesthesia group (p = 0.001 & p = 0.004). In addition, patients within this group had significantly higher error rates on the Stroop Color-Word (p = 0.019) and Continuous Performance Tests (p = 0.045). In contrast, patients receiving spinal anesthesia exhibited little change or marginal improvement on all subscales of the battery. Our findings indicate significant decline in specific aspects of mental function among patients who were administered general anesthesia compared with the other technique. It seems that spinal anesthesia contributes to lower disturbance after surgery.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):35-42.
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    ABSTRACT: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterized by unilateral, lancinating, paroxysmal pain in the dermatomal distribution area of trigeminal nerve. Percutaneous balloon compression (PBC) of Gasserian ganglion is an effective, comparatively cheaper and simple therapeutic modality for treatment of TN. Compression secondary to PBC selectively injures the large myelinated A-alfa (afferent) fibers that mediate light touch and does not affect A-delta and C-fibres, which carry pain sensation. Balloon compression reduces the sensory neuronal input, thus turning off the trigger to the neuropathic trigeminal pain. In this current case series, we are sharing our experience with PBC of Gasserian Ganglion for the treatment of idiopathic TN in our patients at an academic university-based medical institution in India. During the period of August 2012 to October 2013, a total of twelve PBCs of Gasserian Ganglion were performed in eleven patients suffering from idiopathic TN. There were nine female patients and two male patients with the age range of 35-70 years (median age: 54 years). In all patients cannulation of foramen ovale was done successfully in the first attempt. In eight out of eleven (72.7%) patients ideal 'Pear-shaped' balloon visualization could be achieved. In the remaining three patients (27.3%), inflated balloon was 'Bullet-shaped'. In one patient final placement of Fogarty balloon was not satisfactory and it ruptured during inflation. This case was deferred for one week when it was completed successfully with 'Pear-shaped' balloon inflation. During the follow up period of 1-13 months, there have been no recurrences of TN. Eight out of eleven patients (72.7%) are completely off medicines (carbamazepine and baclofen) and other two patients are stable on very low doses of carbamazepine. All patients have reported marked improvement in quality of life. This case series shows that percutaneous balloon compression is a useful minimally invasive intervention for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia.
    Middle East journal of anaesthesiology 02/2015; 23(1):105-10.