Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation

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  • Website
    Respiration and Circulation / Kokyu to Junkan website
  • Other titles
    Kokyū to junkan, Respiration and circulation
  • ISSN
    0452-3458
  • OCLC
    10102231
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1155-8.
  • Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1159-62.
  • Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1139-45.
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    ABSTRACT: Effects on circulating blood volume (CBV) of the intravenous injection of a nonionic contrast medium, ioversol, with various doses were assessed in order to find a way of injection with less effects on systemic circulation. Ioversol was injected as a bolus to 20 mongrel dogs at doses of A: 3.75 ml/kg (n = 8) or B: 2 ml/kg (n = 6) of a solution containing 320 mg iodine per ml, or C: 2 ml/kg (n = 6) of a 240 mgI/ml solution. Colloid oncotic pressure (COP) of the bloods drawn before and 1, 2, 3, 5 min after the injection of ioversol was measured by a needle type osmometer, and changes in CBV were calculated using the COP values. Upon injection of ioversol CBV increased rapidly and then gradually returned to the preinjection levels. The change in CBV induced by ioversol was significantly less than those reportedly induced by an ionic contrant medium, iothalamate, and a nonionic medium, iopamidol, and comparable to that by another nonionic medium, iohexol. The degree of increase in CBV and the blood concentration of ioversol were related to the amount, but not the volume, of ioversol injected. Thus, ioversol proved to be one of the low osmotic nonionic contrast media with less effects on CBV. Furthermore, it is suggested that the amount, rather than volume, of contrast medium should be taken into consideration when the angiography of the patients with reduced cardiac function, children or aged patients is performed in whom the contrast medium-induced CBV expansion needs to be as less as possible.
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1191-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this report is to investigate the factors which influence mean left atrial pressure (LAP) after percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) and the characteristics of patients in whom PTMC is most effective. Fifty one patients with symptomatic mitral stenosis underwent PTMC. The patients included 8 males and 43 females, aged 26-66 years (mean age of 46). These patients were classified into two groups according to LAP after PTMC: 31 cases with LAP after PTMC of 12 mmHg or less (group A) and 20 cases with LAP after PTMC greater than 12 mmHg (group B). The patients of group A were younger (44 +/- 6 vs 48 +/- 6 years, p < 0.05), and had atrial fibrillation (af) less frequently (35 vs 65%, p < 0.05), and had mitral valve calcification less frequently (29 vs 65%, p < 0.01). Before PTMC, LAP (19 +/- 6 vs 23 +/- 5 mmHg, p < 0.01) was lower and mitral valve area (MVA) (0.95 +/- 0.24 vs 0.81 +/- 0.15 cm2, p < 0.05) larger in group A. Symptoms graded according to the New York Heart Association functional classification system were similar in both groups before PTMC. After the procedure, final MVA (1.79 +/- 0.69 vs 1.40 +/- 0.50 cm2, p < 0.05) was larger and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (32 +/- 9 vs 39 +/- 7 mmHg, p < 0.01) lower in group A. Mitral regurgitation > or = 3-grade tended to complicate more frequently (3 vs 20%, NS) in group B.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1165-71.
  • Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1128-38.
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    ABSTRACT: A case of sick sinus syndrome with mirror-image dextrocardia which was associated with bilateral superior vena cava and an absent inferior vena cava with azygos continuation is reported. A 45-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with the chief complaints of dizziness and palpitation. The electrocardiogram showed a atrial fibrillation with a 4-second period of asystole. A permanent endocardial bipolar demand pacemaker was inserted through the left superior vena cava. Since anomaly of venous system is commonly associated with mirror-image dextrocardia, the angiogram is necessary prior to permanent pacemaker implantation.
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1201-4.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of tricuspid regurgitation due to nonpenetrating chest trauma 33 years previously. A 79-year-old man suffered a blunt trauma due to a piece of wood at work in 1958. He suffered multiple rib fractures on the right side and was admitted. Since then, he began having shortness of breath on exertion and was treated with medication. The patient was transferred to the Division of Cardiology, Hakodate National Hospital in 1984. A chest x-ray film revealed a marked cardiomegaly. Cardiac catheterization showed severe tricuspid regurgitation. Hepatomegaly and pancytopenia was observed. He was readmitted because of general fatigue in July 1991. Two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated systolic excursion of septal and posterior tricuspid leaflets with ruptured chordae tendineae into the right atrium, and a remarkably enlarged right ventricule, right atrium and vena cava interior. Cardiac catheterization was performed. The right atrial pressure-wave form resembled the right ventricular pressure recording (ventricularization of the atrial pressure). Right ventricular cineangiography revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation, grade 4. Laboratory data showed pancytopenia. Thrombocytopenia progressed (3 x 10(4)/mm3), and a hemorrhagic tendency developed. The liver edge was palpable 4 finger breadths below the right costal margin. Pancytopenia due to congestive hepatomegaly and hypersplenism would have complicated this case.
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1213-7.
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    ABSTRACT: We encountered a case that was observed on coronary angiography (CAG) during coronary dissection after coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in which the dissected cavity disappeared on CAG but thrombolytic obstruction in the dissected cavity could be observed by intravascular echocardiography (IVUS). A 67-year-old woman was admitted with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction with ST elevation when experiencing chest pain. PTCR was performed for obstruction of the left circumflex artery (LCX) and the stenosis was improved to 90 percent. One month later PTCA was performed on an obstruction lesion in LCX and the feature of the dissected section at the same site was observed by CAG after PTCA. CAG showed that the dissected cavity had disappeared a year and a half later, but IVUS indicated thrombolytic obstruction in the dissected cavity.
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1205-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to study the effect of enalapril (E) on left ventricular (LV) mass, LV function and blood renin-angiotensin (RA) in patients with hypertension. Sixteen hypertensives were included in this study (WHO I 8, WHO II 8, 49.5 +/- 10.5 yrs). They were examined for blood pressure and heart rate. Chest X-ray film, echocardiography (echo), X-ray computed tomography (CT) and RA before and after about 6 months of E administration were studied. The LV mass was calculated by CT. The LV function was measured by echo. RAS was unchanged during this study. LV mass was significantly reduced after E (121.4 +/- 25.6 vs 104.6 +/- 13.7 g/cm2). The LV systolic function was unchanged after E, but LV diastolic function improved. It was shown that the long-term administration of E improves LV hypertrophy and LV diastolic function without any change of RAS.
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1185-9.
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a clinical study on asthmatic patients who were readmitted within three months of discharge. During twelve years (1979-1991), the number of patients who were readmitted within three months was 139 cases (209 episodes) in our department. Patients with respiratory diseases made up 53% of the subjects. Among patients with pulmonary disease who were readmitted within three months, the number of patients with lung cancer was 25 cases and that with bronchial asthma 24 cases. Within a month period, the number of readmitted patients with bronchial asthma was the largest 59% (19 cases) and the number of patients with lung cancer came second (4 cases). As for the characteristics of these asthmatic patients, the intrinsic type (15 cases), those with a history of over one year of the disease (20 cases), and those with steroid dependency (10 cases) were most commonly observed. Readmission occurred frequently between October and April. Readmission occurred frequently because of asthmatic attacks due to infection of reduction of steroid. Among asthmatic patients who were readmitted within one month, the disease severity was mild to moderate in 11 out of 19 patients, but there was a tendency for this to become intractable thereafter. It is impossible to prevent all patients from seeling readmission within a short period of discharge. However, we think the doctor's careful education of the patients is an important factor to reduce the early readmission rate of asthmatic patients.
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1173-6.
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    ABSTRACT: A 66 year-old woman underwent coronary artery bypass grafting for postinfarction angina. A left internal mammary artery graft was joined to the left anterior descending artery. Coronary and graft angiography revealed a 90% stenosis in the anastomotic site of the left internal mammary artery. During PTCA with a 2.0 mm balloon catheter, acute occlusion of the graft body occurred. Intragraft injection of isosorbide dinitrate failed to dilate the graft. Thus, careful consideration should be given to several complications such as acute occlusion of the graft when PTCA for anastomotic site of the graft is performed.
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1209-12.
  • Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1147-53.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of continuous IV administration of midazolam and ketamine on respiratory pattern in six adult volunteers. Midazolam 0.05 mg/kg and ketamine 0.5 mg/kg were given, and then 0.1 mg/kg/hr for midazolam and 1 mg/kg/hr for ketamine were administered continuously. We measured MV, RR and TV (OMR86036), and calculated duty ratio and mean inspiratory flow at the level of 0 and 5 cmH2O CPAP during spontaneous respiration of air with and without 5% CO2. Each parameter was obtained before and 1 hr after the start of IV administration of the drugs. With 5% CO2, MV decreased significantly from 15.5 +/- 1.5 l/min to 11.7 +/- 0.8 l/min at 0 cmH2O CPAP level and from 15.8 +/- 1.8 l/min to 12.6 +/- 1.5 l/min at 5 cmH2O CPAP level, and also mean inspiratory flow decreased significantly from 590 +/- 2 ml/sec to 421 +/- 30 ml/sec at 0 cmH2O CPAP level and from 606 +/- 53 ml/sec to 477 +/- 48 ml/sec at 5 cmH2O CPAP level. TV decreased significantly during sedation at both CPAP levels with or without 5% CO2, while RR and duty ratio tended to increase. It was thought that, when the respiration was stimulated with 5% CO2, the decrease in mean inspiratory flow greatly contributed to the fall in MV during administration of midazolam and ketamine.
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1181-4.
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    ABSTRACT: We have put forward a hypothesis that the pleural fluid is filtered at the arterial ends of the pleural blood capillaries and is absorbed mainly at the venous ends, partly at the lymphatic channels, as it is in the other tissues. Then we have calculated the pleural liquid pressure following the Starling equation applying the ordinary value of factors. The result is that the calculated pleural liquid pressure is low enough to expand the lung.
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1177-80.
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    ABSTRACT: A 22-year-old man was admitted to the department of plastic surgery in our university with diagnosis of ankylosis and microgeniea. His complaints were snoring and somnolence in the daytime, so we performed a Respigraph (Chest) that showed obstructive apnea during sleep. We diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. So we observed pulmonary circulation and measured lung water using the double indicator dilution method (Nihon Koden, MTV-1100) during sleep. During the period of apnea, arterial oxygen pressure and mixed venous saturation decreased, reversely, mean pulmonary arterial pressure rose, lung water (ETV) and central blood volume increased. We considered that the increase of lung water during sleep apnea is caused by hemodynamic change due to hypoxia and increase of venous return. After operation, the value of blood gas assay and apnea index were improved.
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 01/1994; 41(12):1197-200.
  • Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 12/1993; 41(11):1059-63.
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    ABSTRACT: Regional myocardial perfusion abnormalities commonly occur during exercise in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Exercise 201Tl myocardial scintigraphy has provided a noninvasive means of identifying myocardial perfusion abnormalities in patients with HCM. On the other hand, apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (APH) is reported as a subtype of HCM. Whether APH is essentially equal to HCM or not is controversial. To assess myocardial ischemia in patients with APH, we studied 28 patients with APH, with exercise 201Tl SPECT. Myocardial perfusion images were obtained immediately after submaximal exercise and again after a 3-hour delay. Regional perfusion defects during exercise were identified in 19 of the 28 patients (68%) with APH. Complete reversible defects were observed in 15 (79%) patients with APH. Although perfusion defects were present in all regions of the left ventricle in patients with HCM, they were present only in the apical region in patients with APH. Thus, reversible 201Tl perfusion abnormalities commonly occur during exercise in patients with APH as well as in patients with HCM.
    Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 12/1993; 41(11):1089-93.
  • Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 12/1993; 41(11):1043-8.
  • Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation 12/1993; 41(11):1025-32.