Saudi medical journal (SAUDI MED J)

Journal description

Current impact factor: 0.55

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 0.554
2012 Impact Factor 0.619
2011 Impact Factor 0.52
2010 Impact Factor 0.56
2009 Impact Factor 0.51
2008 Impact Factor 0.396
2007 Impact Factor 0.329
2006 Impact Factor 0.3
2005 Impact Factor 0.272
2004 Impact Factor 0.339
2003 Impact Factor 0.306
2002 Impact Factor 0.301
2001 Impact Factor 0.147
2000 Impact Factor 0.153
1999 Impact Factor 0.172
1998 Impact Factor 0.147
1997 Impact Factor 0.162
1996 Impact Factor 0.161
1995 Impact Factor 0.138
1994 Impact Factor 0.122
1993 Impact Factor 0.054
1992 Impact Factor 0.088

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.63
Cited half-life 6.60
Immediacy index 0.15
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.14
Website Saudi Medical Journal website
Other titles Saudi medical journal
ISSN 0379-5284
OCLC 5237763
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4).
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    ABSTRACT: Facial cutaneous fistula is a complication of odontogenic infection that is often misdiagnosed with dermatological infection, and hence, mistreated. We report a case of facial fistula that developed 8 years following a dental extraction, presenting its clinical appearance, radiographical findings, and treatment approach.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):490-3. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.11702
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the changing trends and crucial preventive approaches to road traffic accidents (RTAs) adopted in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) over the last 2.5 decades, and to analyze aspects previously overlooked. This systematic review was based on evidence of RTAs in KSA. All articles published during the last 25 years on road traffic accident in KSA were analyzed. This study was carried out from December 2013 to May 2014 in the Department of Family and Community Medicine, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, KSA. Road traffic accidents accounted for 83.4% of all trauma admissions in 1984-1989, and no such overall trend was studied thereafter. The most frequently injured body regions as reported in the latest studies were head and neck, followed by upper and lower extremities, which was found to be opposite to that of the studies reported earlier. Hospital data showed an 8% non-significant increase in road accident mortalities in contrast to police records of a 27% significant reduction during the years 2005-2010. Excessive speeding was the most common cause reported in all recent and past studies. Disparity was common in the type of reporting of RTAs, outcome measures, and possible causes over a period of 2.5 decade. All research exclusively looked into the drivers' faults. A sentinel surveillance of road crashes should be kept in place in the secondary and tertiary care hospitals for all regions of KSA.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):418-24. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10003
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the association between interleukin (IL)-10 -1082, -819, -592 polymorphisms and tuberculosis (TB) risk. This study was conducted between July and October 2014 in West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. We searched and collected data from PUBMED, EMBASE, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP, and WANGFANG up to October 2014. A total of 37 studies were enrolled, including 8625 TB cases, and 9928 healthy controls. The IL-10-1082G/A polymorphism was found to be associated with TB susceptibility in Caucasian (GG versus GA+AA, odds ratio [OR] - 1.83, 95% confidence interval [CI] - 1.03-3.24). The IL-10-819C/T polymorphism was related to TB susceptibility among Asians (C versus T, OR - 0.88, 95% CI - 0.81-0.97; CC versus TT: OR - 0.79, 95% CI - 0.64-0.97; CC+CT versus TT: OR - 0.87, 95% CI - 0.77-0.98; CC versus CT+TT: OR - 0.82, 95% CI - 0.68-0.98). The IL-10-592C/A polymorphism was in association with TB susceptibility in Asians (C versus A: OR - 0.74, 95% CI - 0.65-0.85; CC versus AA: OR - 0.55, 95% CI - 0.41-0.75; CA versus AA: OR - 0.73, 95% CI - 0.60-0.89; CC+CA versus AA: OR - 0.69, 95% CI 0.58-0.83; CA versus AA: OR - 0.66, 95% CI 0.51-0.86), Caucasian (C versus A: OR - 1.25, 95% CI - 1.08-1.45; CC versus CA+AA: OR-1.48, 95% CI - 1.16-1.89), and Europeans (C versus A: OR - 1.31, 95% CI - 1.02-1.67; CC versus AA: OR - 1.88, 95% CI - 1.05-3.37). This meta-analysis suggests that IL-10-1082G/A, IL-819C/T, and IL-592C/A polymorphisms might be associated with TB susceptibility in certain ethnicities.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):407-17. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10545
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    ABSTRACT: An overlap in the distribution of the 2 diseases (leishmaniasis and malaria) was reported in endemic areas, and it can cause significant delay in the diagnosis of leishmaniasis. Here, an 8-year-old Yemeni boy who was initially diagnosed as malaria and schistosomiasis, and later on as leishmaniasis is reported. He presented with prolonged fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and diarrhea. His blood film was positive for Plasmodium falciparum malaria, and his stool was positive for Schistosoma mansoni. Although a full therapeutic course of antimalarial and schistosoma was administered, his fever, weight loss, and increased hepatosplenomegaly continued. Bone marrow aspiration was carried out revealing Leishman-Donovan bodies (amastigote form). He was successfully treated with a full course of sodium stibogluconate. This case stresses the importance of alertness among the treating physicians to this disease occurring in a patient from an endemic area, presenting with prolonged fever, and hepatosplenomegaly.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):494-6. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10757
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the perceptions of dental students over a 5-year period. This cohort study was carried at Taibah University, College of Dentistry, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia between 2009 and 2014. Data was obtained using the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM), which consists of 50 items, 4 of these were irrelevant to this cohort and were excluded. All students registered in 2009 were included and followed up in 2014. Their responses were compared using the paired student's t-test. Thirty-four students completed the questionnaire in 2009, and 30 of them participated in 2014 (12% drop out rate). The mean domain and total scores decreased over time. The mean scores for 6 items decreased significantly, while 4 of them had a significant increase. The lowest mean score in 2009 regarding support for stressed students increased (p=0.004) in 2014. However, the highest mean score in 2009 related to having a good social life, reduced (p=0.007) in 2014. This could be an indication of the high workload and its impact on their social lives. Student's perceptions were relatively low at the beginning, and remained low throughout the study. There were no significant changes in mean domain, and total scores and although scores of some items improved, most decreased over the study period.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):477-83. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10754
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the knowledge and behavior of workers at a Saudi airport regarding public health emergency measures applied during Hajj season. This study is a cross-sectional study conducted at the Prince Mohammed International Airport in Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia between August and September 2014. Data were collected by semi-structured questionnaires during personal interviews. Non-random purposive sampling was conducted to target workers at higher risk of acquiring infection from travellers. One hundred and eighty-six participants were recruited of whom 92.5% were males. The study participants were workers in 8 different sectors. Twenty-six percent of the participants were health workers. Non-health workers were more likely to be concerned on acquiring infection while working at the airport compared with health workers (p=0.023). The most commonly feared disease was Ebola viral disease (EBV) among 30% of health workers, and 47% of non-health workers. Approximately 47% of non-health workers reported no knowledge of the procedures implemented during public health emergencies. The proportion of participants who received public health related training among non-health workers was significantly lower compared with health workers (p less than 0.00001). More emphasis should be given to educating airport workers on the potential health threats at the airport. Specific guidelines for public health emergencies at the airport should be established and communicated with airport sectors.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):456-62. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10908
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a 10-year-old boy with a rare large multicystic pulmonary chondroid hamartoma in the right lower lobe presenting with severe respiratory distress. The radiological evaluation showed a large multicystic lesion in the right lower lobe with pneumothorax. Commonly, pulmonary hamartomas are asymptomatic, small in size, and are diagnosed incidentally in adults. Our case is highly unusual due to its young age, prominent clinical symptoms of severe respiratory distress with pneumothorax at presentation, very large size, and prominent cystic change. The lesion was surgically excised, and histopathological features were compatible with a multicystic chondroid hamartoma.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):487-9. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10210
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To evaluate the clinicopathologic features, and explore the treatment outcomes of synchronous, or metachronous second primary malignancies (SPM) in conjunction with differentiated thyroid cancers (DTC). Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on 823 DTC patients treated between 2000 and 2012 at 2 tertiary care hospitals (King Fahad Medical City and King Khalid University Hospital) in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Forty-one (5%) DTC patients were found to have SPM (61% metachronous and 39% synchronous). These patients with SPM were studied for clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes. Results: The patients with DTC and SPM were older (median age: 54.3 years) than those without SPM (median age: 43.2 years); p=0.04. The frequency of SPM was breast (51.2%), colon (12.2%), kidney (7.3%), astrocytoma (7.3%), parotid (7.3%), rectum (4.9%), lymphoma (4.9%), nasopharynx (2.4%), and stomach (2.4%). Median follow-up was 8.05 years. Ten-year disease free survival, and overall survival (OS) rates were lower in DTC patients with SPM (56.1% for 10-year survival, and 71.7% for OS) than without SPM (95.5% for 10-year survival, and 97.8% for OS); p=0.0001. Metachronous SPM had better 10-year disease free survival rates (60.2%) than synchronous SPM (45%). Conclusion: The co-occurrence of SPM with DTC affects long-term disease free survival and OS rates.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):442-448. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10341
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the insertion time, ease of device insertion, ease of gastric tube insertion, airway leakage pressure, and complications between the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) ProSeal (P-LMA) and I-gel (I-gel) groups. Eighty patients with age range 18-65 years who underwent elective surgery were included in the study. The study took place in the operation rooms of Haydarpaşa Numune Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey from November 2013 to April 2014. Patients were equally randomized into 2 groups; the I-gel group, and the P-LMA group. In both groups, the same specialist inserted the supraglottic airway devices. The insertion time of the devices, difficulty during insertion, difficulty during gastric tube insertion, coverage of airway pressure, and complications were recorded. The mean insertion time in the I-gel group was significantly lower than that of the P-LMA group (I-gel: 8±3; P-LMA: 13±5 s). The insertion success rate was higher in the I-gel group (100%, first attempt) than in the P-LMA group (82.5%, first attempt). The gastric tube placement success rate was higher in the I-gel group (92.5%, first attempt) than in the P-LMA group (72.5%, first attempt). The airway leakage pressures were similar. Insertion was easier, insertion time was lower, and nasogastric tube insertion success was higher with the I-gel application, and is, therefore, the preferred LMA.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):432-6. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10050
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    ABSTRACT: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common medical complication of pregnancy. It is associated with maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes. Maintaining adequate blood glucose levels in GDM reduces morbidity for both mother and baby. There is a lack of uniform strategies for screening and diagnosing GDM globally. This review covers the latest update in the diagnosis and management of GDM. The initial treatment of GDM consists of diet and exercise. If these measures fail to achieve glycemic goals, insulin should be initiated. Insulin analogs are more physiological than human insulin, and are associated with less risk of hypoglycemia, and may provide better glycemic control. Insulin lispro, aspart, and detemir are approved to be used in pregnancy. Insulin glargine is not approved in pregnancy, but the existing studies did not show any contraindications. The use of oral hypoglycemic agents; glyburide and metformin seems to be safe and effective in pregnancy.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):399-406. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10307
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    ABSTRACT: Infectious diseases have caused great catastrophes in human history, as in the example of the plague, which wiped out half of the population in Europe in the 14th century. Ebola virus and H7N9 avian influenza virus are 2 lethal pathogens that we have encountered in the second decade of the 21st century. Ebola infection is currently being seen in West Africa, and H7N9 avian flu appears to have settled in Southeast Asia. This article focuses on the current situation and the future prospects of these potential infectious threats to mankind.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):393-8. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10089
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of periodontal therapy on glycosylated hemoglobin and fasting blood glucose and serum levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in chronic periodontitis (CP) patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and in controls. A total of 30 periodontal patients, 15 of which were systemically healthy (control group), and 15 were T2DM patients (test group) were included in this study. This prospective study was carried out at Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey between February 2011 and December 2013. Plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, periodontal probing depth, and clinical attachment level were assessed and recorded at baseline, one, and 3 months after therapy. Serum samples were collected at the same time-points and analyzed using Luminex assay for the levels of IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α. The change in the metabolic control was also monitored. All clinical parameters were significantly improved after the periodontal therapy in both groups (p less than l0.001). Glycosylated hemoglobin levels were decreased; however, the difference was not significant (p more than 0.05). Fasting blood glucose levels were decreased one month after therapy, and increased at 3 months. Patients with T2DM had significantly higher levels of circulating IL-8 at each time point, and TNF-α (p less than 0.05) at baseline. The IL-4 and IL-10 levels were decreased at one month after therapy (p more than 0.05). Periodontal therapy has limited impact on the serum levels of IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α. Metabolic control levels were not influenced by periodontal therapy.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):469-76. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10380
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of preemptive intravenous oxycodone on low-dose bupivacaine spinal anesthesia with intrathecal sufentanil in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, 60 patients undergoing TURP were allocated into 2 groups: oxycodone group (group O, n=30) and a normal saline group (group N, n=30). Oxycodone 0.1 mg/kg, or normal saline 0.1 ml/kg was administered intravenously 10 minutes before surgical procedures in group O, or in group N. All patients received sufentanil 5 µg + bupivacaine 0.5% (0.8 ml) + normal saline 0.7 ml - in total, bupivacaine 0.25% (1.6 ml) intrathecally. Spinal block characteristics, hemodynamic values, the perioperative analgesic requirements, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, Ramsay sedation scale, and side effects were assessed. The study was carried out at the First Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin, China between March and September 2014. The time to 2-segment regression of sensory block, full recovery of sensory block, and first analgesic request was longer in group O. Fewer patients required postoperative analgesics, and the VAS pain scores at 4, 8, 16, and 24 hour after operation were significantly lower in group O. Preemptive intravenous oxycodone was an efficient and safe method to decrease postoperative pain and reduce tramadol analgesia in patients under low-dose dilute bupivacaine spinal anesthesia combined with intrathecal sufentanil.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):437-41. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10706
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence and causes of blindness and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Jazan district, Southern Saudi Arabia. Using the standardized Rapid Assessment for Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) and DR cross-sectional methodology, 3800 subjects were randomly selected from the population of ≥50 years of age in Jazan, Saudi Arabia between November 2011 and January 2012. Participants underwent screening comprised of interview, random blood glucose test, and ophthalmic assessment including visual acuity (VA) and fundus examination. Among participants with VA less than 6/18 in either eye, the cause(s) of visual impairment was determined. Participants were classified as diabetic if they had previous diagnoses of diabetes, or random blood glucose more than 200 mg/dl. Diabetic participants were assessed for DR using dilated fundus examination. All data were recorded using the RAAB + DR standardized forms. The prevalence of bilateral blindness less than 3/60 was 3.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.74 - 3.90). Cataract was the leading cause of blindness (58.6%); followed by posterior segment diseases (20%), which included DR (7; 3.3%). The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) was 22.4%, (95% CI: 21.09 - 23.79]), among them; 27.8% had DR. The prevalence of sight-threatening DR was 5.7%. The prevalence of DM and the corresponding proportion of DR in this region is lower than that reported in other regions of Saudi Arabia. However, the prevalence of blindness not related to DR is relatively higher than the other studies.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):449-55. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10371
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of periodontal therapy on glycosylated hemoglobin and fasting blood glucose and serum levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in chronic periodontitis (CP) patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and in controls. METHODS: A total of 30 periodontal patients, 15 of which were systemically healthy (control group), and 15 were T2DM patients (test group) were included in this study. This prospective study was carried out at Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey between February 2011 and December 2013. Plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, periodontal probing depth, and clinical attachment level were assessed and recorded at baseline, one, and 3 months after therapy. Serum samples were collected at the same time-points and analyzed using Luminex assay for the levels of IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α. The change in the metabolic control was also monitored. RESULTS: All clinical parameters were significantly improved after the periodontal therapy in both groups (p less than l0.001). Glycosylated hemoglobin levels were decreased; however, the difference was not significant (p more than 0.05). Fasting blood glucose levels were decreased one month after therapy, and increased at 3 months. Patients with T2DM had significantly higher levels of circulating IL-8 at each time point, and TNF-α (p less than 0.05) at baseline. The IL-4 and IL-10 levels were decreased at one month after therapy (p more than 0.05). CONCLUSION: Periodontal therapy has limited impact on the serum levels of IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α. Metabolic control levels were not influenced by periodontal therapy.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):469-76. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10380.
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    ABSTRACT: The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a new human disease caused by a novel coronavirus (CoV). The disease is reported mainly in adults. Data in children are scarce. The disease caused by MERS-CoV in children presents with a wide range of clinical manifestations, and it is associated with a lower mortality rate compared with adults. Poor outcome is observed mainly in admitted patients with medical comorbidities. We report a new case of MERS-CoV infection in a 9-month-old child complicated by severe respiratory symptoms, multi-organ dysfunction, and death. We reviewed the literature in an attempt to characterize the mode of presentation, the risk factors, and outcome of MERS-CoV infection in the pediatric population.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):484-6. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10243
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    ABSTRACT: To compare periodontal findings in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and healthy controls, and to determine, whether there is a correlation between periodontal parameters and SLE biomarkers. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between November 2012 and February 2014. Twenty-five participants diagnosed with SLE and 50 healthy controls were selected. Periodontal assessment consisted of clinical attachment level (CAL), probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing, and plaque scores. For the SLE group, several laboratory tests were obtained, such as, white blood cell count, hemoglobin level, platelet count, anti-nuclear antibody, anti-double-stranded DNA antibody, calcium level, and vitamin D. Periodontal findings in SLE patients and controls were not significantly different. The SLE patients who had no flare-ups for more than a year showed significant bleeding on probing and deeper PD compared with those who had flare-ups less than a year before starting the study. The SLE patients with arthritis symptoms showed more CAL than those without arthritis. In the SLE patients, no significant correlation was found between their periodontal findings and SLE biomarkers. Periodontal health was not different between SLE patients and healthy controls. In SLE patients however, flare-ups and presence of arthritis had a significant relation with periodontal health.
    Saudi medical journal 04/2015; 36(4):463-8. DOI:10.15537/smj.2015.4.10746