Saudi medical journal (SAUDI MED J )

Journal description

Current impact factor: 0.55

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 0.554
2012 Impact Factor 0.619
2011 Impact Factor 0.52
2010 Impact Factor 0.56
2009 Impact Factor 0.51
2008 Impact Factor 0.396
2007 Impact Factor 0.329
2006 Impact Factor 0.3
2005 Impact Factor 0.272
2004 Impact Factor 0.339
2003 Impact Factor 0.306
2002 Impact Factor 0.301
2001 Impact Factor 0.147
2000 Impact Factor 0.153
1999 Impact Factor 0.172
1998 Impact Factor 0.147
1997 Impact Factor 0.162
1996 Impact Factor 0.161
1995 Impact Factor 0.138
1994 Impact Factor 0.122
1993 Impact Factor 0.054
1992 Impact Factor 0.088

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.63
Cited half-life 6.60
Immediacy index 0.15
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.14
Website Saudi Medical Journal website
Other titles Saudi medical journal
ISSN 0379-5284
OCLC 5237763
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Objectives: Is to determine the prevalence of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) in Saudi patients with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis. Methods: A cross sectional study that was carried out in three hemodialysis centers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between June 2012 and September 2013. All patients were individually interviewed and data were collected on the following: demographic features, medical history, laboratory test, the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group questionnaire, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and Berlin Questionnaire. Results: 355 patients were recruited. The prevalence of RLS among ESRD patients was 19.4%, with the majority of patients having moderate to severe disease. RLS was significantly associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (p < .0001) and excessive daytime sleepiness based on ESS (p = .009). RLS showed no correlation with hemodialysis adequacy, chronicity, frequency per week, and hemodialysis duration per session, however, there was a weak negative relation between adequacy of hemodialysis and RLS severity. None of the comorbidities showed any association with RLS. The odds of developing RLS increased significantly with increasing body mass index (p = .001). Administration of Aspirin and anticoagulants was also associated with increased risk of RLS (p = .037 and .035 respectively). Conclusion: RLS is common in ESRD patients on hemodialysis, and it is an important source of sleep disruption. In addition to body mass index, Aspirin and anticoagulants may be important risk factors.
    Saudi medical journal 03/2015; 36(2):204-210.
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To explore the frequency and associated risk factors of recurrent diabetic ketoacidosis (RDKA) among Saudi adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 103 T1DM adolescents (aged 13-18 years, 57 males) who were hospitalized for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) between January 2013 and May 2014 at Prince Sultan Military Medical City (PSMMC), Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The respondents were purposively, conveniently selected, and interviewed using a structured Arabic questionnaire including clinical information and demographics. Results: Fifty-six participants had experienced one episode of DKA, 41 had 2 episodes, and 6 had ≥3 episodes. Compared with adolescents who had hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≤9, mean difference in RDKA was found among adolescents with >9 HbA1c. Similarly, adolescents who stopped insulin and those with lipodystrophy at the injection site had a higher frequency of RDKA. Discontinuing insulin (67%) was the major reason for RDKA followed by infection (31%). Among adolescents who discontinued insulin treatment, 31 (46.3%) gave no reason for stopping, 25 (37.3%) reported feeling sick, 7 (10.4%) gave a combination of reasons, and 4 (6%) reported a lack of supplies or other reasons. Regression analysis revealed that a higher HbA1c level and the presence of lipodystrophy were independent risk factors for RDKA. Conclusion: The frequency of RDKA was significantly greater in the T1DM adolescents with a higher HbA1c level, lipodystrophy, and those who had discontinued insulin treatment. Comprehensive multidisciplinary diabetes education should be offered to control modifiable risk factors in these patients.
    Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):216-220.
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To determine the effect of 7 days tactile kinesthetic stimulation (TKS) on preterm infants’ weight and hospital stays in Khartoum State, Sudan. Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study, it was conducted in 4 hospitals between January and June 2013, Khartoum, Sudan, and it involved 160 preterm infants randomly assigned into the case and control groups (80 neonates in each). Preterm infants in the control group received routine nursing care, while preterm infants in the case group received TKS for 3 periods, 15 minute per day for 7 constitutive days, in addition to routine care. Data was collected using a structured self-designed and validated questionnaire, checklist, and weighting scale. Weight gain and hospital stay were compared between the 2 groups. Results: Over the constitutive 7 days, the case group gained significantly more weight (1071gm versus 1104gm) compared with the control group (1077gm versus 1084gm) (1084.55±90.74) who gained only 6.9gm within the same 7 days without TKS treatment. The mean difference in weight gain was significant (p=0.00). The hospital stay for preterm infants in the case group was significantly shorter (18.05±9.36 versus 25.47±10.25; p=0.00). Conclusion: Tactile kinesthetic stimulation for preterm infants has a beneficial effect on weight gain and earlier discharge from hospital, which are sequentially efficient and cost effective.
    Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):196-199.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in Saudi patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 3 hemodialysis centers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between June 2012 and September 2013. All patients were individually interviewed and data was collected on the following: demographic features, medical history, laboratory test, the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group questionnaire, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and Berlin Questionnaire. Three hundred and fifty-five patients were recruited. The prevalence of RLS among ESRD patients was 19.4%, with most patients having moderate to severe disease. The RLS was significantly associated with obstructive sleep apnea (p<0.0001) and excessive daytime sleepiness based on the ESS (p=0.009). The RLS showed no correlation with hemodialysis adequacy, chronicity, frequency per week, and hemodialysis duration per session; however, there was a weak negative relation between adequacy of hemodialysis and RLS severity. None of the comorbidities showed any association with RLS. The odds of developing RLS increased significantly with an increasing body mass index (p=0.001). Administration of aspirin (p=0.037) and anticoagulants (p=0.035) were also associated with increased risk of RLS. Restless legs syndrome is common in ESRD patients on hemodialysis, and it is an important source of sleep disruption. In addition to body mass index, Aspirin and anticoagulants may be important risk factors.
    Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):204-10.
  • Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):150-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the effectiveness and safety of posterior-substituting (PS) with cruciate-retaining (CR) total knee prostheses after the elimination of confounding variables. Between January 2008 and June 2012, a total of 32 subjects who had bilateral arthritis of the knees agreed to have one knee replaced with a PS total knee design and the other with a CR design. In addition to postoperative complications, clinical outcomes (Knee Society Score, Range of Motion, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index, as well as radiographic findings) were evaluated preoperatively, and at 2-week, 3-month, 12-month, and 24-month follow-up. At the 24-month follow-up interval, no benefit of CR design was observed over PS design regarding functional assessment, patient satisfaction, or postoperative complication. However, the PS total knee design did display statistically significant improvements in range of motion as compared with the CR design. While comparable regarding supporting good clinical outcomes, the PS design does appear to support significantly improved postoperative range of motion when compared with the CR design.
    Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):190-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in Saudi patients. A case-control study was conducted in Saudi RHD patients. Genomic DNA was isolated from 99 RHD patients attending the Pediatric Cardiology Clinic at the Maternity and Children Hospital, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia from March 2013 to June 2014, and from 145 age- and gender-matched controls. Patient clinical records were reviewed to report major and minor modified Jones' criteria for diagnosis. The diagnosis was confirmed by echocardiography. The ACE I/D polymorphism was identified by polymerase chain reaction. A significant difference in ACE D allele carriage (DD+ID) distribution between RHD cases and controls was identified (p=0.02, odds ratio = 3.6, 95% confidence interval: 1.2-10.8). The D allele carriage was significantly associated with development of mitral valve lesions alone (p=0.03). The ACE I/D polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of RHD in the Saudi population. Further studies are needed to confirm our findings and to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying this association.
    Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):176-80.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and predictors of obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) in a large sample of Saudi patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This prospective observational study consisted of 1693 patients who were diagnosed to have sleep-disordered breathing using type I attended polysomnography (PSG) between January 2002 and December 2012 in the University Sleep Disorders Center (USDC) at King Saud University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Out of 1693 OSA patients, OHS was identified in 144 (8.5%) (women 66.7%). Compared with the pure OSA patients, the OHS patients were significantly older (57.4±13.4 years versus 46.8±13.7 years), had a higher body mass index (44.6±10.8 versus 35.7±9.2 kg/m2), a higher daytime partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) (56.5±12.7 versus 41.6±6.7 mmHg), a longer duration of nocturnal oxygen saturation (nSaO2) <90% (71.0±34.3 versus 10.5±20.5 minutes), and a higher apnea hypopnea index (68.2±47.1 versus 46.5±34.1 events/hour). A multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum bicarbonate (odds ratio [OR]=1.17, p=0.0001, confidence interval [CI]=1.10-1.25), and duration of nSaO2 <90% (OR=1.05, p=0.0001, CI=1.04-1.06) were predictors of OHS. Obesity hypoventilation syndrome is common among Saudi OSA patients referred to the Sleep Disorders Center. Serum bicarbonate and duration of nSaO2 <90% are independent predictors of OHS among patients with OSA.
    Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):181-9.
  • Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):159-63.
  • Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):252-253.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess adherence to 11 American Diabetes Association (ADA) standards of diabetic care. We conducted this one-year historical prospective study between October 2010 and September 2011 on 450 adult type 2 diabetes patients in a primary care center in Saudi Arabia. We used the definitions of the 2010 ADA standards of diabetic care processes and targets. Four-hundred and fifty medical files were valid. The adherence to ADA process standards of measurement of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was 68.7%, 92.9% for blood pressure, and 80.2% for serum lipids. Screening was lowest for nephropathy (35.6%), and highest for diabetic foot (72%). Adherence to medications ranged between 82.2% for antiplatelets, and 92.4% for dyslipidemia. For outcome standards, 24.2% of the patients had an HbA1c <7%, and 32.2% had controlled blood pressure (<130/80 mm Hg); and 58.5% achieved targeted low-density lipoproteins (LDL). Only 7.2% had glycemic control in addition to controlled blood pressure and targeted LDL level. An increasing trend of patients achieving glycemic control (<7%) was shown throughout follow-up (p=0.003). We found suboptimal adherence with many ADA standards of diabetic care among patients with type 2 diabetes treated at a primary care center in Saudi Arabia. The achievement of outcome standards, either singly or combined, is lower than the adherence rates. However, the figures show improvement in adherence during the follow-up period.
    Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):221-7.
  • Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):254-255.
  • Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):164-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate characteristics of euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS) in children with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). This retrospective study was carried out between May 2010 and April 2013 at the Pediatric Department of Shandong Provincial Hospital, Shandong University, Shandong, China. Diabetic ketoacidosis children were divided into 2 groups: euthyroidism (group one, n=30) and ESS (group 2, n=40). C-peptide, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), bicarbonate, anion gap (AG), free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), and thyrotropin (TSH) levels were measured before and after 7 days of insulin treatment. Daily blood glucose (BG) profiles were recorded. Glycosylated hemoglobin, AG, the mean daily BG, and fasting blood glucose levels were higher, and bicarbonate, FT3, FT4, and TSH levels were lower in group 2 than in group one (all p<0.05). Free triiodothyronine (r=-0.593, p<0.001) and FT4 (r=-0.402, p=0.001) were negatively correlated with HbA1c. Free triiodothyronine (r=-0.438, p<0.001) and FT4 (r=-0.505, p<0.001) were negatively correlated with AG, and FT3 (r=0.503, p<0.001) and FT4 (r=0.448, p<0.001) were positively correlated with bicarbonate. Diabetic ketoacidosis children with ESS have poor diabetic control. Free thyroid hormones are associated with the severity of DKA.
    Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):243-7.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the effect of 7 days tactile kinesthetic stimulation (TKS) on preterm infants' weight and hospital stays in Khartoum State, Sudan. This is a quasi-experimental study, it was conducted in 4 hospitals between January and June 2013, Khartoum, Sudan, and it involved 160 preterm infants randomly assigned into the case and control groups (80 neonates in each). Preterm infants in the control group received routine nursing care, while preterm infants in the case group received TKS for 3 periods, 15 minute per day for 7 constitutive days, in addition to routine care. Data was collected using a structured self-designed and validated questionnaire, checklist, and weighting scale. Weight gain and hospital stay were compared between the 2 groups. Over the constitutive 7 days, the case group gained significantly more weight (1071gm versus 1104gm) compared with the control group (1077gm versus 1084gm) (1084.55±90.74) who gained only 6.9gm within the same 7 days without TKS treatment. The mean difference in weight gain was significant (p=0.00). The hospital stay for preterm infants in the case group was significantly shorter (18.05±9.36 versus 25.47±10.25; p=0.00). Tactile kinesthetic stimulation for preterm infants has a beneficial effect on weight gain and earlier discharge from hospital, which are sequentially efficient and cost effective.
    Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):196-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the combined effect of a mixture of tetracycline, acid, and detergent (MTAD) and Nisin against Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) and Actinomyces viscosus (A. viscosus) biofilms. This study was conducted between June and December 2013 in collaboration with Dental Caries Research Chair, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Single-species biofilms (n=9/species/observation period) were generated on membrane filter discs and subjected to 5, 10, or 15 minute incubation with MTADN (MTAD with 3% Nisin), 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), or normal saline. The colony forming units were counted using the Dark field colony counter. A 100% bactericidal effect of 5.25% NaOCl was noted during the 3 observation periods; a significant reduction (p=0.000) in mean survival rates of E. faecalis (77.3+13.6) and A. viscosus (39.6+12.6) was noted after 5 minutes exposure to MTADN compared with normal saline (78000000+5291503) declining to almost no growth after 10 and 15 minutes. The survival rates of the E. faecalis and A. viscosus biofilm were no different after treatment with MTADN and 5.25% NaOCl at the 3 observation periods (p=1.000). A combination of MTAD and Nisin was as effective as NaOCl against E. faecalis and A. viscosus biofilms.
    Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):211-5.
  • Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):236-8.
  • Saudi medical journal 02/2015; 36(2):239-42.