Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin (Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull )

Publisher: Bangladesh Medical Research Council

Journal description

The BMRC bulletin is published thrice a year. The authors are assisted in publishing their research work in this journal. It also consists of scientific articles based on research projects conducted with financial assistance given by the council.

Current impact factor: 0.00

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Other titles Bangladesh Medical Research Council bulletin
ISSN 0377-9238
OCLC 2340011
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spondylolisthesis in adults is characterized by the loss of disc height across the affected segment with sagital translation. The goal of stabilizing the spine is accomplished by fusion. Transforaminal approach for lumbar interbody fusion is a very good approach and reduces the complications associated with traditional posterior approach. It has been reported to be safe and effective in the treatment of spondylolisthesis. It has done to assess the functional outcome of Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) in spondylolisthesis. This prospective interventional study was performed from July 2008 to June 2011 included 30 patients (male 07, female 23), within a age range of 30-59 years. Nineteen cases were lytic, 08 cases were degenerative, 02 were post-traumatic and 01 dysplastic variety of spondylolisthesis. Follow up ranged from 12 to 24 months and outcome assessed by VAS and ODI regarding pain and disability. Achievement of fusion and complications were documented accordingly. Statistical analysis was done by unpaired t-test and chi-squared test in appropriate instances. We included twenty One (70.00%) patient had Grade-II Spondylolisthesis and L4 over L5 had been the commonest level (53.33%) involved. Pain and disability improved significantly and 22 (73.33%) patients returned to their previous level of activity. One (03.33%) patient developed superficial wound infection and 01 (03.33%) had persistent low back pain. All patients had neurological improvement. We concluded that Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion is an effective alternative surgical procedure for the treatment of spondylolisthesis. Overall outcome is satisfactory in 93.33% cases.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 08/2013; 39(2):47-51.
  • Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 08/2013; 39(2):91-2.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Life-threatening coagulopathy associated with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has been the defining clinical characteristic and is an important risk factor for fatal haemorrhage and early death. Pathogenesis of coagulopathy in APL is complex and mainly includes disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The study was done to see the status of DIC and its impact on the outcome of APL in our setting. Among the total 60 patients, induction mortality rate was 30% and remission rate was 70%. The main cause of induction mortality was bleeding that accounts for 66.7% of mortality. DIC was present among 32 out of 60 patients (53.33%). Induction mortality has significant relationship to DIC as the induction mortality rate is 47% in patients with DIC and 11% in patient without DIC (P value 0.0009). Induction motality rate in low, intermediate and high risk group is 6.70%, 24% and 58% respectively (p value < 0.0001). Finally, risk group subclassification revealed presence of DIC in high risk group has the highest early mortality rate.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 08/2013; 39(2):57-60.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fecal occult blood test is the most widely used screening test for diagnosis of gastrointestinal bleeding disorders specially colorectal carcinoma. Among the various methods of fecal occult blood tests, chemical method is being used commonly, but the method has some drawbacks like low participation rate, high false positive rate, low sensitivity etc. To overcome these short comings, newer immunological method was introduced. This study evaluated the role of immunological method of fecal blood test in the diagnosis of occult lower GIT bleeding. Stool samples from two hundred patients were examined by both chemical and immunological method. The patients who were positive by any or both methods of occult blood test, were advised for colonoscopy. During colonoscopy tissues were taken for histopathology which was the gold standard of this study. Among 110 OBT positive patients pathological lesions were detected in 65 patients by colonoscopy and histopathology. The diseases detected by colonoscopy and histopathology 18 colorectal polyp, 8 colorectal cancer, 24 ulcerative lesions and 5 inflammatory bowel disease etc. Regarding comparative analysis of chemical and immunological method, the higher sensitivity (95.4% vs. 49.2%), specificity (44.4% vs. 37.8%), accuracy (74.5% vs. 44.5%), PPV (71.3% vs. 53.3%) and NPV (87% vs. 34%) of immunological method than chemical method was observed. Thus immunological method of fecal occult blood test was appeared to be a better alternative to conventional chemical method of fecal occult blood test in the diagnosis of occult lower GIT bleeding.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 08/2013; 39(2):52-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Facial anthropometry has well-known implications in health-related fields. Measurement of human face is used in identification of person in Forensic medicine, Plastic surgery, Orthodontics, Archeology, Hair-style design and examination of the differences between races and ethnicities. Facial anthropometry provides an indication of the variations in facial shape in a specified population. Bangladesh harbours many cultures and people of different races because of the colonial rules of the past regimes. Standards based on ethnic or racial data are desirable because these standards reflect the potentially different patterns of craniofacial growth resulting from racial, ethnic and sexual differences. In the above context, the present study was attempted to establish ethnic specific anthropometric data for the Christian Garo adult females of Bangladesh. The study was an observational, cross-sectional and primarily descriptive in nature with some analytical components and it was carried out with a total number of 100 Christian Garo adult females aged between 25-45 years. Three vertical facial dimensions such as facial height from 'trichion' to 'gnathion', nasal length and total vermilion height were measured by photographic method. Though these measurements were taken by photographic method but they were converted into actual size using one of the physically measured variables between two angles of the mouth (chilion to chilion). The data were then statistically analyzed by computation to find out its normatic value. The study also observed the possible 'correlation' between the facial height from 'trichion' to 'gnathion' with nasal length and total vermilion height. Multiplication factors were estimated for estimating facial height from nasal length and total vermilion height. Comparison were made between 'estimated' values with the 'measured' values by using't' test. The mean (+/- SD) of nasal length and total vermilion height were 4.53 +/- 0.36 cm and 1.63 +/- 0.23 cm respectively and the mean (+/- SD) of facial height from 'trichion' to 'gnathion' was 16.88 +/- 1.11 cm. Nasal length and total vermilion height showed also a significant positive correlation with facial height from 'trichion' to 'gnathion'. No significant difference was found between the 'measured' and 'estimated' facial height from 'trichion' to 'gnathion' for nasal length and total vermilion height.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 08/2013; 39(2):61-4.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Salivary gland tumours are relatively uncommon and most of the tumours arise from parotid gland. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is advised preoperatively as diagnostic tool but sometimes found to shown both false positive and false negative results. This study was aimed to find out distribution of neoplasm of major salivary glands and also to explore the sensitivity and specificity of FNAC. The present cross sectional study was done in the Dept. of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, BSMMU from January 2007 to December 2008. A total number of 60 gender-matched patients with major salivary neoplasm, confirmed by FNAC, were recruited in the study. Operated salivary gland specimens were sent for histopathological examination, histopathological findings were compared. Overall male to female ratio was 1:1. Out of 60 cases, 47 (78.3%) patients had parotid and 13 (21.7%) patients submandibular gland neoplasm. Male to female ratio for parotid tumour was 1:1.1 and for submandibular 1.6:1. Mean age of the patients was 44.5 with range of 14-85 years. Of the total 60 cases 47 (78.3%) were benign and 13 (21.7%) malignant. Out of 47 parotid tumour 85.1% were benign and 14.9% malignant. Among the parotid tumour 97% were superficial lobe and 3.0% deep lobe. In case of submandibular gland 53.84% were benign and 46.15% tumour malignant. According to the sides of involvement, 25 (53.2%) cases of parotid neoplasm tumour were in the left and 22 (46.8%) the right. In submandibular gland the distribution was 7 (53.8%) and 6 (46.16%) respectively. Statistically incidence of parotid tumour was significantly higher than submandibular tumour (p < 0.05). Out of 60 cases in 56 (93.3%) preoperative FNAC and postoperative histopathological findings were same. There was 1.7% false positive and 5% were false negative results. Sensitivity, specificity of FNAC were 80% and 97.8% respectively. Positive predictive value was 92.3% and negative predictive 93.6% for FNAC.FNAC though cheap and safe but its diagnostic accuracy was 93.3%.Histopathologial examination remained to be of value for diagnostic confirmation of major salivary gland neoplasm.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 08/2013; 39(2):69-73.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To ensure that potential kidney donors in Bangladesh have no renal impairment, it is extremely important to have accurate methods for evaluating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). We evaluated the performance of serum creatinine based GFR in healthy adult potential kidney donors in Bangladesh to compare GFR determined by DTPA with that determined by various prediction equations. In this study GFR in 61 healthy adult potential kidney donors were measured with 99mTc-diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA) renogram. We also estimated GFR using a four variable equation modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD), Cockcroft-Gault creatinine clearance (CGCrCl), Cockcroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate (CG-GFR). The mean age of study population was 34.31 +/- 9.46 years and out of them 65.6% was male. In this study mean mGFR was 85.4 +/- 14.8. Correlation of estimated GFR calculated by CG-CrCl, CG-GFR and MDRD were done with measured GFR DTPA using quartile. Kappa values were also estimated which was found to be 0.104 for (p = 0.151), 0.336 for (p = 0.001) and 0.125 for (p = 0.091) respectively. This indicates there is no association between estimated GFR calculated by CG-CrCl, CG-GFR, MDRD with measured GFR DTPA. These results show poor performance of these equations in evaluation of renal function among healthy population and also raise question regarding validity of these equations for assessment of renal function in chronic kidney disease in our population.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 08/2013; 39(2):74-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Transvagival sonography is superior to transabdominal sonography in most cases of pelvic pathology. Objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical usefulness of transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) in pre, peri and post menopausal women suspected to have endometrial carcinoma. This cross sectional study was done with 40 patients who are clinically suspected having thickened endometrium. The study was carried out January 2007 to November 2008 for a period of two years. The patients having endometrial carcinoma diagnosed by TVS was correlated with histopathological diagnosis following collection of the report from the respective cases. Of total 40 cases, 2 (5.0%) cases were endometrial carcinoma and 38 (95.0%) were negative for endometrial carcinoma respectively in TVS findings. On the other hand 3 (7.5%) cases were endometrial carcinoma and 37 (92.5%) cases were negative for endometrial carcinoma in histopathological findings. The validity of TVS in diagnosis of endometrial carcinoma were studied by calculating sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value, which were 67 percent, 100 percent, 98 percent, 100 percent and 97 percent respectively. As the TVS findings of the present study correlated well with the histopathology findings and the validity test values were higher than observed by others, it can be concluded that TVS is sensitive and accurate modality in the evaluation of endometrial carcinoma.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 08/2013; 39(2):80-5.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This cross sectional study was carried out on 60 pregnant Bangladeshi women in the department of Radiology and Imaging, BIRDEM for measurement of Pulsatility Index (PI) of umbilical artery of their fetuses by duplex colour Doppler sonography during 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancies. Considering total 2nd and 3rd trimesters the mean PI value of umbilical artery was 1.24 (SD +/- 0.27). While considering the gestational in separate trimesters, study showed that the value of PI in 2nd trimester was 1.33 (SD +/- 0.29) and in 3rd trimester PI was 1.18 (SD +/- 0.25). Paired t test shows there was a highly significant (t = 35.79, df = 59, Level of significance = 0.001) difference between mean values of PI in different gestational ages. It was observed that there was gradual decrease of PI value with increase of gestational age (r = -0.207) but this decrease of PI was not statistically significant (p = 0.113). Regression analysis between dependent PI value and independent gestational age showed linear negative relationship but this was not statistically significant (p = 0.11). This study revealed that the Pulsatility index of umbilical artery was decreased with increase of gestational age from 2nd to 3rd trimester.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 04/2013; 39(1):42-4.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology is widely accepted as a safe diagnostic procedure in various neoplastic and non-plastic disorders. This study was conducted to determine the usefulness and diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of intraabdominal lesions. This cross sectional study was conducted in the Department of Radiology and Imaging, Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh during the period of June 2007 to June 2009. A total 78 patients with intra abdominal lesions were included in this study. Fifty nine (75.6%) were males and 19 (24.4%) were females. Out of total aspirates 29 (37.2%) were categorized as benign, 41 (52.6%) were malignant and 8 (10.3%) were non-representative, as it contained only blood. Most of the benign lesions were liver abscess 19 (24.4%). A diagnosis of primary malignancy was established in 26 (33.3%) and that of secondary in 15 (19.2%). The results showed a sensitivity of 89.7%. Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology is a sensitive diagnostic tool in a wide spectrum of intra-abdominal neoplastic and non-neoplastic disorders. It is a simple, safe, rapidand inexpensive technique.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 04/2013; 39(1):14-7.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) comprises 10-15% of all strokes and has a higher risk of morbidity and mortality (40-45%). A simple and widely valid clinical grading scale, the Intracerebral Hemorrhage Score (ICH score) was developed to predict to outcome of spontaneous ICH. The aim of the present study was to assess the relation between the ICH score and the surgical outcome of ICH by Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) at the 30th post ictus day in our perspective. This prospective study was done during the period of April 2009 to October 2010 in Department of Neurosurgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka. Forty three cases were enrolled by set inclusion and exclusion criteria. Intracerebral Hemorrhage Score was calculated during admission and the surgical outcome of ICH was determined by GOS by face to face or telephone interview using structured questionnaire on their 30th post ictus day. Correlation between the ICH score and the surgical outcome of ICH was done by Pearson's correlation coefficient test. Value of r was found to be -0.635 which was statistically highly significant (p = .001) and the relation was found to be negative. Higher ICH score had unfavorable outcome As correlation between the ICH score and the surgical outcome of ICH was found statistically highly significant, it can be used widely as a grading scale in preoperative counseling. The use of ICH score could improve standardization of clinical treatment protocols and clinical research studies in ICH.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 04/2013; 39(1):1-5.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to compare the adverse outcome of methotrexate and mini pulse betamethasone therapy in the treatment of lichen planus. It was a clinical trial conducted in the department of Dermatology and Venereology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, from January 2009 to December 2010. Forty four patients of lichen planus were included in the study. Patients in Group-A, (n = 23) were treated with methotrexate (10 mg) single morning dose and group-B (n = 21) were treated with mini pulse betamethasone (5 mg) single morning dose on 2 consecutive days during the period of 12 weeks. Adverse outcomes were measured by clinical examination and laboratory investigations during follow up visits. Anemia 3 (14.2%) and edema 12 (57.1%) developed in group-B but none in group-A. In group-B, dyspepsia 15 (71.4%), acne 10 (47.6%), mooning face 8 (38.1%), striae 8 (38.1%) and hypertrichosis 4 (19.0%) developed but none in group-A. Intermittent diarrhoea, headache, nausea and fatigue complained in both groups of patients but the percentage of complaints was higher among group-B compared to group-A. Menstrual abnormality developed in group-B 5(71.4%) but none in group-A. Laboratory investigations showed abnormality in platelet count and SGPT in group-A but none in group-B. The adverse effects of methotrexate on haematological parameter and liver functions were mild and could be prevented by reducing the dose but the adverse effects of betamethasone were unavoidable. The overall adverse effects were less in group-A than group-B. Therefore, methotrexate can be used as an alternative safer option for the treatment of lichen planus.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 04/2013; 39(1):22-7.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peginterferon alpha-2a and ribavirin combination therapy achieves a sustained virological response (SVR) in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Little is know about long-term durability of hepatitis C virus--Ribonucleic acid (HCV-RNA) negativity in patient treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin therapy. Aim of this study was to evaluate the durability of virologic response in patients with SVR to anti-viral therapy treated at our centre. A total of 52 patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection who had obtained SVR after Peginterferon alpha-2a and ribavirin combination therapy were followed up to 5 years with annual HCV-RNA testing. During this follow up period, 4 of 52 patients with initial SVR developed late relapse of hepatitis C virus infection. Relapse was more common in patients who has cirrhosis (3/6 [50%]) vs (1/46 [2.17%]) without cirrhosis. In conclusion, SVR is durable in most patients, but some patients do have late relapse; long-term follow up may be particularly important in a subset of patients with hepatitis C virus infection who have liver cirrhosis.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 04/2013; 39(1):11-3.
  • Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 04/2013; 39(1):45-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recirculation is an important issue in haemodialysis (HD) patients as increased percent recirculation causes decreased dialysis delivery of the patients. The purpose of the study was to determine the amount and factors of recirculation in those patients. The study was a cross sectional one carried in the Department of Nephrology, Dhaka Medical College and Hospital during October 2010 to September 2011. A total of 118 end stage renal disease patients with arterio-venous fistula who were on HD for more than 3 months were purposively selected. The degree of recirculation was measured with urea based two needle technique method. For each patient distances between arterial and venous and distances of needles from fistula and its directions were recorded. Echocardiography and A-V fistula Colour Doppler Ultrasound were also performed. The mean A-V fistula recirculation was 8.1 +/- 5.5% with a range 0-66%. The most common factors were close proximity and improper arterial and venous needles placement. No difference was observed between diabetic and non diabetic also between hypertensive and normotensive. A-V fistula recirculation is common occurrence in HD patients and the most common factors of recirculation are misplacement and close proximity of needles therefore emphasis should be given on education and training of HD staffs.
    Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 04/2013; 39(1):28-33.