Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia

Publisher: Societătea de Bacteriologie, Virusologie, Parazitologie, Epidemiologie; Uniunea Societăților de Științe Medicale

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  • Other titles
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia, Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia
  • ISSN
    0376-4494
  • OCLC
    1168398
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The paper reports on the biochemical characteristics and the antibiotic resistant phenotypes in 18 strains of H. influenza (17 b serotype and a strain of c serotype) isolated from the CSF of the patients with purulent meningitis. The following were found: --all the 16 viable strains have homogeneous biochemical characteristics, typical for H. influenza; --the viable strains were: 7 biotype, 4 biotype II, 1 biotype III, 3 biotype IV and 1 biotype VII; --68.8% of the strains had the following antibiotic resistant phenotypes: Ap, Km, Rf, ApKm, ApRf, ApKmTc, ApKmRfT and ApCmFrKmRfTc; --the strains of the biotypes II and IV have the highest resistance to antibiotics, as concerns frequency and phenotype; --the frequency of the resistant strains is of 56.2% for ampicilline, 18.7% for tetracycline, 31.2% for rifampicine and 6.2% for cholarmphenicol.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1990; 35(1):65-70.
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    ABSTRACT: The development of the methyl red reaction (MR) in Klebsielleae, analyzed during a 4-day thermostatting, showed important pH-variations. Two steps are distinguished during the reaction dynamics: the former of acidification, common to all Enterobacteriaceae and the latter of alkaline reversion, specific to Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Serratia and other MR germs. The processes determining the alkaline reversion are conditioned by the presence of large amounts of air/oxygen (aerobic processes). In this situation, the lack of oxygen and maintenance of a relative degree of anaerobiosis block realkalinization (media covered with paraffin oil) whereas the large aeration stimulates it (optimum ratio between the large contact surface and a small volume of medium). Alkaline reversion cannot be explained by the more or less intense process of glucose fermentation but by degradations of nitrogenized substances with formation of amines, ammonia, and other basic compounds. That is why the analysis of the reaction mechanism of methyl red has to consider the characteristics of the catabolism of the nitrogenized substances and the intense realkalinization capacity of the culture medium proper to Klebsielleae but poorly expressed and non efficient in Enterobacteriaceae.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1990; 35(1):71-6.
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    ABSTRACT: During the period January 1985-July 1988, 532 purulent CSF taken from patients with meningitis, aged between 3 weeks and 91 years, were studied by microscopic examination, cultivation and for H. influenzae type B (HITB) also by coagglutination (COA), counterimmunoelectrophoresis (CIE) and double immunodiffusion (DID) in agarose gel. Positive CSFs were taken from the patients aged 1 month-24 years old, of which 76% from children under 5 years old, and 42% from children under one year. 65.9% of the patients were males; the disease was more frequent in the first and last 4 months of the year, with the highest incidence in April. 12 bacterial spectra were found: N. meningitidis--62.97%, Str. pneumoniae--9.77%, H. influenzae type B--8.27%, and also Salmonella, E. coli, Staphylococcus, Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, beta-hemolytic Streptococcus, Alcaligenes, Proteus and Enterobacter in 4.70; the rest of 14.28% had indefinite etiology. H. influenzae was evidenced in CSF by microscopic examination in 3.38%, by cultivation in 3.94%, and the soluble antigen of HITB by COA in 8.27%, by CIE in 8.08% and by DID in 7.33%. The sensibility order of the tests was: COA, CIE, DID, cultivation and microscopic examination. The COA and CIE techniques are recommended for the current use in examination of the purulent CSF due to their simplicity, rapidity, sensibility, specificity and possibility of establishing the diagnosis when the bacteriologic techniques are negative.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1990; 35(1):59-64.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors describe the evidencing of the O157H7 E. coli serotype--an enterohaemorrhagic strain of E. coli--for the first time in our country. This germ is incriminated in haemorrhagic enteritis of children and adults, accompanied or not by an uremic haemolytic syndrome. A total of 717 strains were investigated, obtained from cases of haemorrhagic enteritis (283), nonhemorrhagic enteritis (174), food poisoning (27), and a control lot of subjects without signs of enteritis (233). Identification of the strains was done with a screening method (McConkey) with D-sorbitol in place of lactose, and with anti-O157, and anti-H7 sera. The results obtained have indicated a total of 37 positive strains in haemorrhagic enteritis (69.8%), 12 strains in nonhemorrhagic enteritis (22.65%), and 4 strains in food poisoning (7.55%). No strain was isolated from the control group. The percentage of isolated O157H7 E. coli strains in our county is of 7.55% and this contributes to additional knowledge in the definition of the still unknown etiology of diarrhoeic disease in our country.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1989; 34(4):337-44.
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    ABSTRACT: Enterotoxin-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae was implicated in the induction of intrahospital infections in new-born babies. A total of 46 children and 4 adults (hospital personnel) were involved. Most of the subjects (82.6%) had median and light forms of gastroenterocolitis, and recovered following biological re-equilibration. In 17.39% of the cases the evolution was more severe due to advanced dehydration and secondary dissemination of the infection. Two children (approximately 4%) died. Factors that favored the dissemination of the infection were hygiene deficiencies and ignorance of functioning rules of materno-infantile units, and these included: admission to the hospital of working personnel with acute phenomena of enterocolitis; administration of sweetened solutions that were prepared without control and stored at room temperature; the "critical" point represented by the special room for "the accommodation" of the newborns, a "key-point" where infection was disseminated to other wards following dispersion of "adapted babies".
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1989; 34(4):313-24.
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    ABSTRACT: Aerobic microflora (bacteria, fungi), in the cock pits of the TAROM company (Boeing 707 and Il 62 M) airships flying on various international routes and airports was studied during November 1988-January 1989. 157-8,800 bacteria and 78-1,336 fungi per m3 air were recorded. Except for Staphylococcus aureus (hemolytic and non hemolytic) the greatest part of the isolated microorganisms was nonpathogenic for man: Bacillus, Corynebacterium, Neisseria, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Sarcina, Aspergillus, Penicillium etc. Several airships on the Asian airports contained a higher amount of bacteria and fungi but not higher than in the living rooms. Likewise, in high altitude flights, the microorganism amount was less than on the ground. The taxonomic spectrum of the bacteria and fungi isolated was almost identical on all the 9 international airports, thus suggesting the homogeneous and international character of saprophyte and pathogenic air microflora by means of the passenger and goods air flights.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1989; 34(3):241-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors checked the vaccine coverage and the situations in which the compulsory vaccines were not administered up to the age of one year in the children born in February 1987 in District III of Bucharest. The results show a vaccine coverage of more than 90% in BCG vaccination (99.4%), antipoliomyelitic with one dose (94.2%) and with two doses of oral polyvaccine (92.2%) respectively, and the first DTP vaccination (95.9%). The values were under 90% in antimeasles vaccination (87.2%) and the second vaccination with 1 DTP (25.5%). The main causes leading to vaccine coverage could have been prevented. Discussion of these results shows that better vaccination values might be obtained by improving the present control on the immunoprophylaxis activity of the paediatric medical units, by intensifying both their control actions and aims.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1989; 34(3):225-32.
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    ABSTRACT: After a short history and definition of the heterophile antibodies (antibodies in the IgM class, reacting to the antigenic determinants common to several species of animals) the paper reports on the antigens generating heterophile antibodies: the Forssman antigen, the Hanganutziu-Deicher antigen, the Paul-Brunnell antigen, respectively. Data are presented on the structure of these antigens and the important in diagnosing the heterophile antibodies in a series of diseases: malignant tumours, lymphomas, leukemias, infections mononucleosis, rheumatoid polyarthritis, Kawasaki's disease, Marek's disease.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1989; 34(2):107-12.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors of the present paper consider that 82.3% of all cases of viral hepatitis in a Bucharest district were transmitted nonparenterally and only 17.7% were transmitted parenterally. They used the information on the way and mode of transmission, recorded in the epidemiologic investigations, of the cases of viral hepatitis without HBsAg in 1987 and of those with HBsAg in 1983-1987, respectively. The highest values of the risk of catching the disease were calculated for the infective social contact in family, in the viral hepatitis with HBsAg (60.9%), and for the infective social contact in collectivities (46.4%) in the viral hepatitis without HBsAg. These data have to be checked up by prospective epidemiologic studies, randomized and controlled.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1989; 34(2):155-62.
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    ABSTRACT: The cost-profit analysis (CPA) of the anti-measles (AM) vaccination, 10 years after its introduction in the anti-epidemic strategy, shows that in the district 3 of Bucharest, the prevention, by vaccination, of more than 17,000 cases of getting ill was associated with a net profit of 11 X 10(6) lei, and a profit/cost ratio (PCr) of 6/1. These figures evidence the economic value of the AM vaccination and stimulate the further development of the programme for the control of measles by vaccination.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1989; 34(2):163-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The paper reports on four atypical cases of blastocystosis with prevalence of digestive and cutaneous disorders and of the allergic and general phenomena. The diagnosis could be established only after revealing Blastocystis hominis in the fecal parasitologic examination. The disappearance, in all the four cases, of varied clinical, delayed signs after treatment with metronidazol and stamycine (in two or even four repeated treatment schedules at 10 days' interval) is the proof that Bl. hominis might be the agent (unique or associated with other parasites) of some polymorphous disorders. Our findings are a call to specialists and clinicians for investigating the parasite and using an adequate treatment.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1989; 34(3):285-8.
  • Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1988; 33(3):239-44.
  • Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1985; 30(3):233-240.
  • Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1985; 30(1):43-8.
  • Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1984; 29(2):185-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Of 69 children suffering from acute respiratory infections, with increased IgG titers 34 presented normal or high IgAs titers in the laryngotracheal exudate. All these patients had a favourable evolution. The other children with low IgAs levels or absent IgAs in the laryngotracheal exudate had a prolonged relapsing evolution, regardless of serum IgG levels. The presence of IgA 7S in the laryngotracheal exudate did not influence the course of the disease. As a conspicuous parallelism was observed between laryngotracheal exudate IgAs and serum IgA it was assumed that IgAs participates in the formation of serum IgA "mixtures". Increased IgD values were found in 34 of these patients, ten of whom presented respiratory allergy and recurrent infections.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1982; 27(2):81-90.
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical, serologic and pathohistological study was carried out on laboratory animals inoculated with a series of rabies vaccines currently used in postinfection therapy in man and some experimental rabies vaccine variants used throughout the world, in order to estimate the reactive, allergic-inducing and encephalitogen potential of the products. The results showed that all the virulent material used in the preparation of rabies vaccines studied have an allergoencephalitogenic potential, reflected by humoral and histologic modifications, especially contraindicated being the avian rabies vaccines and those prepared from adult animal nervous material. Vaccines prepared from cell cultures, virulent brain of the neonate mouse and normal lamb present and allergoencephalitogen and neuropathogen potential that must be taken into consideration within the context of a repeated postinfection therapy. Rabies vaccines prepared from foetal brain and partial thymectomized lamb or testosterone treated lamb produce humoral and histologic alterations of low intensity.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1982; 27(2):97-107.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors review: 1. The frequency of resistance to antibiotics among the H. influenzae populations, outlining the geographical areas representative of the evolution of the phenomenon. 2. The mechanisms and phenotypical peculiarities of the resistance of H. influenzae to antibiotics, emphasizing the peculiarities of its behaviour to beta-lactam antibiotics, with implications in the diagnosis and correct treatment of the infection. 3. Genetic mechanisms of resistance and hypothesis regarding the natural evolution of H. influenzae resistance to antibiotics. 4. Conclusions concerning the diagnosis and treatment of influenza today: methods for testing the infectious strains, associated antibiotherapy and new election antibiotics.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1982; 27(3):157-65.
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    ABSTRACT: Determination of the antibacterial action of serum and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is an excellent method for controlling the efficiency of antibioticotherapy in severe bacterial infections such as septicemia, endocarditis, meningitis. The author studied comparatively two methods for determining the antibacterial action of serum and CSF, namely dilution of the standard inoculum and diffusimetric methods. There was satisfactory agreement between the two methods. Hence, diffusimetry, a simple readily performed method, may be considered as an orientative test of the greatest utility, available for any of the lesser clinical laboratories.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1982; 27(2):127-30.
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    ABSTRACT: Known until not long age under the generic name of non-agglutinable vibrios (NAG), cholera vibrios group non 0:1 represent a group as yet insufficiently known in spite of the marked progress made during the last 10 - 15 years in this field. Wide spread throughout the world vibrios group non 0:1 have been isolated from surface waters, from the intestines of fish, birds and mammals (from humans in case of enteritis, systemic infections, healthy subjects). The medical interest stands in the participation of these vibrios in the acute diarrheic syndrome and as aetiologic agents. The authors review the data concerning the symptomatology, pathogenic mechanisms, epidemiology and bacteriologic diagnosis.
    Revista de igienă, bacteriologie, virusologie, parazitologie, epidemiologie, pneumoftiziologie. Bacteriologia, virusologia, parazitologia, epidemiologia 01/1981; 26(3):145-54.