World Journal of Surgery Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: International Society of Surgery, Springer Verlag

Journal description

World Journal of Surgery publishes original articles that offer significant contributions to knowledge in the broad fields of clinical surgery, experimental surgery and related sciences, surgical education and history, and the socioeconomic aspects of surgical care. The Journal has an international circulation and is designed to serve as a medium for rapid dissemination of new and important information about the science and art of surgery throughout the world. In the interests of a wide international readership, use of the English language is required. Articles that are accepted for publication are done so with the understanding that they, or their substantive contents, have not been and will not be submitted to any other publication.

Current impact factor: 2.35

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.348
2012 Impact Factor 2.228
2011 Impact Factor 2.362
2010 Impact Factor 2.693
2009 Impact Factor 2.696
2008 Impact Factor 2.641
2007 Impact Factor 1.778
2006 Impact Factor 1.765
2005 Impact Factor 1.601
2004 Impact Factor 1.952
2003 Impact Factor 1.909
2002 Impact Factor 1.777
2001 Impact Factor 1.644
2000 Impact Factor 2.02
1999 Impact Factor 2.025
1998 Impact Factor 2.271
1997 Impact Factor 2.077
1996 Impact Factor 1.809
1995 Impact Factor 1.262
1994 Impact Factor 1.507
1993 Impact Factor 1.171
1992 Impact Factor 1.364

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.75
Cited half-life 6.80
Immediacy index 0.48
Eigenfactor 0.03
Article influence 0.84
Website World Journal of Surgery website
Other titles World journal of surgery (Online), World j. surg
ISSN 0364-2313
OCLC 43477365
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tumor size plays a significant part in the decision making of the management of HCC patients. For those with isolated lesions 1]. In the present issue of World Journal of Surgery, three articles, however, bring new insights regarding the underestimated oncologic risk of isolated small lesions which should lead to reconsider the curative management of these patients. First, the study of Zhong et al. [2] reports often underestimated rates of microvascular invasion and intrahepatic micrometastases of 16.2 and 13.4 %, respectively, in single HCCs
    World Journal of Surgery 05/2015; 39(5). DOI:10.1007/s00268-014-2848-9
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Differentiating inflammatory from malignant head mass in the background of chronic calcific pancreatitis(CCP) is difficult, and there is no investigation which can reliably solve this dilemma. An accurate diagnosis is crucial as the treatment is different for the two cases and a failure to identify malignancy before surgery can be disastrous. We aimed to assess the accuracy of platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and to compare it with CA19.9 in determining the nature of PHM. Materials and Methods: Eighty three patients who presented with CCP and PHM between 2005 and 2011,were included in the study. Patients identified to have malignancy underwent Pancreaticoduodenectomy,while those deemed to have a benign lesion underwent Frey’s procedure.Clinical features of both the groups were compared. CA 19-9 and PLR individually and in combination were compared in both groups. Receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) were used to analyse the predictive values of CA19-9 and PLR individually and together. Results: Histologically, 66.3% had an inflammatory head mass and 33.7% had a malignant head mass.Significant clinical features which predicted a malignancy included the presence of a head mass in CCP of tropics, older age, jaundice, sudden worsening abdominal pain, gastric outlet obstruction and significant weight loss. Sensitivity and Specificity of CA 19-9 and PLR in diagnosing malignancy were similar(85.5 vs 81.2% & 96.4 vs 92.8% respectively),on combining CA 19-9 & PLR there was an improvement in sensitivity(94.5 %). Conclusion:PLR is atleast as good as CA 19-9 as a diagnostic marker to differentiate between malignant and inflammatory head mass in CCP. When used together, PLR improves the predictive value of serum CA19-9.
    World Journal of Surgery 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3087-4
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inguinal hernia repair is the most common elective procedure in general surgery. Therefore, the number of patients having complications related to inguinal hernia surgery is relatively large. The aim of this study was to compare complication profiles of inguinal open mesh (OM) hernioplasties with open non-mesh (OS) repairs and laparoscopic (LAP) repairs using retrospective nationwide registry data. The database of the Finnish Patient Insurance Centre (FPIC) was searched for complications of inguinal and femoral hernia repairs during 2002-2010. Complications of OM repairs were compared to complications of OS repairs and LAP repairs. Over 75 % of all inguinal hernia procedures during the study period in Finland were OM hernioplasties. FPIC received 245 complication reports after OM repairs, 40 after OS repairs, and 50 after LAP repairs. Reported complications were significantly more severe after LAP and OS repairs than OM surgery (p < 0.001). Visceral complications (p < 0.001), deep infections (p < 0.001), and deep hemorrhagic complications (p < 0.001) were overrepresented in the LAP group. In the OS group, visceral complications (p < 0.001), recurrences (p < 0.001), and severe neuropathic pain (p < 0.001) predominated. LAP and OS repairs of inguinal hernia were associated with more severe complications than open surgery with mesh in this study.
    World Journal of Surgery 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3028-2
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Achalasia is a disease for which treatments are palliative in nature. Success of therapy is judged by a number of metrics, the most important being relief of symptoms, such as dysphagia and regurgitation. Patients often compensate for symptoms though a variety of dietary and lifestyle modifications, making symptomatic assessment of therapeutic outcome unreliable. Given this fact, and the progressive nature of the condition if left inadequately treated, patients not infrequently present with the disabling manifestations of end-stage disease for which esophagectomy is the best option. In appropriately selected patients, and when performed in experienced centers, esophagectomy with foregut reconstruction can be undertaken successfully with acceptable rates of morbidity and mortality, as well as a good long-term symptomatic outcome, in cases of end-stage achalasia.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3012-x
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The presence of a replaced or accessory right hepatic artery (R/A RHA) originating from the superior mesenteric artery represents one of the most common anatomical vascular variants of the hepatic artery and comprises the most frequently injured vessels during liver harvesting. Vascular arterial injuries following liver procurement are associated with decreased patient and graft survival and higher retransplantation rates. We describe an alternative technique for harvesting marginal liver grafts with replaced or accessory right hepatic arteries in the absence of pancreatic procurement. The entire procedure is divided and schematically described in six steps for didactical purposes. This technique has been used in 72 liver harvests over a three-year period with no R/A RHA injury. The technical advantages and limitations of this alternative method are discussed.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3018-4
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Surgical auditing has been developed in order to benchmark and to facilitate quality improvement. The aim of this review is to determine if auditing combined with systematic feedback of information on process and outcomes of care results in lower costs of surgical care. A systematic search of published literature before 21-08-2013 was conducted in Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. Articles were selected if they met the inclusion criteria of describing a surgical audit with cost-evaluation. The systematic search resulted in 3608 papers. Six studies were identified as relevant, all showing a positive effect of surgical auditing on quality of healthcare and therefore cost savings was reported. Cost reductions ranging from $16 to $356 per patient were seen in audits evaluating general or vascular procedures. The highest potential cost reduction was described in a colorectal surgical audit (up to $1,986 per patient). All six identified articles in this review describe a reduction in complications and thereby a reduction in costs due to surgical auditing. Surgical auditing may be of greater value when high-risk procedures are evaluated, since prevention of adverse events in these procedures might be of greater clinical and therefore of greater financial impact. This systematic review shows that surgical auditing can function as a quality instrument and therefore as a tool to reduce costs. Since evidence is scarce so far, further studies should be performed to investigate if surgical auditing has positive effects to turn the rising healthcare costs around. In the future, incorporating (actual) cost analyses and patient-related outcome measures would increase the audits' value and provide a complete overview of the value of healthcare.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3005-9
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Total superficial vein reflux eradication in the treatment of venous ulcer. Our initial experience with groin-knee vein stripping resulted in recurrent or unhealed venous ulcers prompting us to remove the entire reflux segment with emphasis on the calf superficial vein adjacent to, or underneath the ulcer. This study aims to assess the healing and recurrent rates after treatment with this technique combined with compression therapy. Pertinent data of the patients with healed or active venous ulcers (C5-6) between October 2006 and October 2013 was prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed. Forty-three operations were performed on 39 C5-6 legs (four reoperations for recurrent ulcer of the same legs) among 35 patients who had completed follow-up. The median follow-up time was 22 months. Of the 39 operations for active venous ulcers (C6), wound healing was achieved in 35 instances (90 %) with a median healing time of 21 days. The 30-day healing rate was 64 % and the 14-day healing rate was 38 %. Only four legs had ulcers which healed beyond 60 days. The post-operative VCSS and VDS were significantly improved compared with the pre-operative value (11.6, 3.7, p < 0.0001 and 1.0, 0.7, p = 0.035 for VCSS and VDS, respectively). Recurrent ulceration was found in four legs. The 2- and 6-year recurrence rates were three percent and 22 percent, respectively. Venous ulcer could be satisfactory treated by the total removal of the peri-ulcer reflux.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; 39(5). DOI:10.1007/s00268-014-2935-y
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This month’s issue of the World Journal of Surgery presents a meta-analysis and systemic review of laparoscopic anterior versus posterior fundoplication for gastro-esophageal reflux disease [1]. The authors’ aim was to answer the above (very important) question, which is asked of an upper gastrointestinal surgeon countless times by his/her patients. However, although the authors have prepared a comprehensive and thorough review, their study design has not answered this question. By not addressing the anatomical differences between varying degrees of fundoplication, misleading outcomes might have been generated that will not influence current surgical practice. Why is the design of this study problematic? Similar to a meta-analysis published in Annals of Surgery in 2011 [2] by a group from the Netherlands, the authors of the current study have grouped together 90°, 120°, and 180° wraps into an ‘anterior’ group, and 270° and 360° wraps into a ‘posterior’ group. The decision to combine t ...
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; 39(4). DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3015-7
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study was performed to determine whether thyroidectomy patients undergoing general anesthesia provided with a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) have a lower risk of voice-related complications and laryngopharyngeal symptoms than those undergoing endotracheal intubation (ETI). In a prospective, double-blinded, randomized clinical trial, we studied 64 patients undergoing elective thyroid lobectomy between July 2013 and February 2014. Acoustic analyses were performed preoperatively and at 48 h and 2 weeks postoperatively. The voice handicap index (VHI), M.D. Anderson dysphagia index (MDADI), and laryngopharyngeal symptom score (LPS) were determined preoperatively and at 24 h, 48 h, 1 week, and 2 weeks post-thyroidectomy. In acoustic analysis, jitter, shimmer and noise-to-harmonic ratio showed significantly better results in the LMA group than the ETI group 48 h after surgery, but there was no difference at 2 weeks. The incidence of postoperative lower-pitched voice in the LMA group was also significantly lower than that in the ETI group. In the LMA group, the VHI, MDADI, and LPS were better compared to those in the ETI group at 24 h postoperatively, and improved to the preoperative state within 1 week. However, those in the ETI group remained poorer than the preoperative values 1 week after surgery. Use of the LMA in general anesthesia for thyroid surgery has advantages over the ETI in decreasing patients' subjective and objective voice symptoms, reducing the duration of symptoms, and relieving the laryngopharyngeal symptoms.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-2995-7
  • World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3001-0
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several papers have shown that preoperative inflammation-based prognostic scores and/or immunonutritional status are associated with survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the validity of prognostic factors of these scores remains controversial. This study aimed to validate the power of prognostic scores based on the preoperative inflammatory and immunonutritional indices of patients who underwent hepatectomy for HCC with curative intent. Clinicopathological parameters and inflammation-based prognostic scores and immunonutritional status, including the Glasgow Prognostic Score, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI), were retrospectively analyzed to identify the predictors of overall and recurrence-free survival in 256 patients. In multivariate analysis, NLR was an independent prognostic factor for overall, and recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio [HR] 2.59, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.56-4.31, P < 0.001, and HR 2.11, 95 % CI 1.44-3.11, P < 0.001, respectively). Additionally, PNI was an independent predictor of overall survival (HR 2.01, CI 1.21-3.36, P = 0.007). The present study shows that the NLR and PNI based on preoperative inflammatory and immunonutritional indices are predictors of overall survival in patients who undergo hepatectomy for HCC with curative intent.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-2982-z
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Preoperative tumor aggressiveness biomarkers may help surgeons decide the extent of an operation. However, whether serum angiogenetic factors can be used to predict the prognosis of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer is still unclear. Seventy-six DTC patients were prospectively recruited. Preoperative serum samples were collected and measured for Tie-2, Ang-1, Ang-2, VEGF-A, and VEGF-D levels. The potential correlations between their serum levels and clinicopathologic features as well as their prognoses were analyzed. Older age (>45 years old) and higher VEGF-A serum levels were independent predictors of extrathyroidal extension. The VEGF-D serum level was an independent factor for lymph node metastases and VEGF-A was an independent factor for distant metastases. None of these serum angiogenetic factors were significantly different between patients who were disease free and those with recurrences. The presence of lymph node metastases was the only independent factor for recurrence over the 2-year follow-up. Preoperative serum VEGF-A and VEGF-D levels were significantly elevated in DTC patients with distant and lymph node metastases. These findings, when combined with other clinicopathological factors, may help in surgical decisions.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3016-6
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The adoption of robotic systems for gastric cancer surgery has been proven feasible and safe; however, a benefit over the laparoscopic approach has not yet been well-documented. We aimed to investigate the surgical outcomes of robotic versus laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer, according to the extent of surgery and patients' obesity status. Between January 2009 and July 2011, 770 patients were enrolled in this retrospective analysis. All had stage IA/IB gastric cancer preoperatively and underwent either laparoscopic (n = 622) or robotic (n = 148) gastrectomy. Patients were classified into obese and non-obese groups on the basis of visceral fat area (VFA). The extent of surgery was defined by whether patients underwent distal or total gastrectomy. The surgical outcomes following distal gastrectomy were similar between the robotic and laparoscopic groups regardless of the obesity status. After total gastrectomy, the number of total and N2-area lymph nodes were significantly higher in the robotic group than in the laparoscopic group in non-obese patients with VFA < 100 cm(2) (total, 38.8 vs. 46.5; p = 0.018; N2 area, 9.0 vs. 12.4; p = 0.041), but no significant differences were observed in obese population. Robotic group developed less severe complications after total gastrectomy compared to laparoscopic group in non-obese patients (p = 0.036). Robotic assistance did not improve surgical outcomes over the laparoscopic approach in obese patients undergoing distal gastrectomy. However, non-obese patients with low VFA may benefit from robotic assistance during total gastrectomy in terms of radical D2 lymphadenectomy with fewer serious complications.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-2998-4
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary resection is the best therapeutic option for lung metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC) today. However, recurrences are frequent following pulmonary resection. We aimed to evaluate the recurrence pattern and treatment of initial pulmonary resection for metastases from CRC. Data from 76 patients with recurrence after curative resection of primary CRC and lung metastases were reviewed. The primary outcome measure was overall survival (OS), defined as the interval between the date of recurrence after pulmonary resection and the date of death or last follow-up. Cox regression analyses were performed to identify the factors associated with OS. Recurrence sites after initial pulmonary resection were lung (n = 37), liver (n = 12), others (n = 11), and multiple (n = 16). Treatments for recurrence included surgery (n = 35), chemotherapy (n = 37), and palliative care (n = 4). Of 35 patients who underwent surgery, 22 had pulmonary resection, and 11 had hepatic resection, and 2 had other resection. The 3-year OS was 84.1 % for surgery, 38.9 % for chemotherapy, and 0 % for palliative care, respectively (p < 0.001). In the surgery group, there was no difference in survival between surgical treatments for pulmonary and hepatic recurrences (p = 0.503). Cox regression analyses identified three factors: disease-free interval (DFI) (HR 1.99, 95 % CI 1.03-3.83), surgery (HR 0.30, 95 % CI 0.12-0.72), and recurrence site (lung: HR 0.10, 95 % CI 0.04-0.28, liver: HR 0.08, 95 % CI 0.02-0.31). The most common recurrence site after resection of lung metastases was the lung. Although the relapse rate is high, surgery for isolated recurrences is a promising strategy, especially for patients with long DFI.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3006-8
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Poorly designed experiments and popular media have led to multiple myths about wound ballistics. Some of these myths have been incorporated into the trauma literature as fact and are included in Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS). We hypothesized that these erroneous beliefs would be prevalent, even among those providing care for patients with gunshot wounds (GSWs), but could be addressed through education. ATLS course content was reviewed. Several myths involving wound ballistics were identified. Clinically relevant myths were chosen including wounding mechanism, lead poisoning, debridement, and antibiotic use. Subsequently, surgery and emergency medicine services at three different trauma centers were studied. All three sites were busy, urban trauma centers with a significant amount of penetrating trauma. A pre-test was administered prior to a lecture on wound ballistics followed by a post-test. Pre- and post-test scores were compared and correlated with demographic data including ATLS course completion, firearm/ballistics experience, and years of post-graduate medical experience (PGME). One-hundred and fifteen clinicians participated in the study. A mean pre-test score of 34 % improved to 78 % on the post-test with associated improvements in all areas of knowledge (p < 0.001). Years of PGME correlated with higher pre-test score (p = 0.021); however, ATLS status did not (p = 0.774). Erroneous beliefs involving wound ballistics are prevalent even among clinicians who frequently treat victims of GSWs and could lead to inappropriate treatment. Focused education markedly improved knowledge. The ATLS course and manual promulgate some of these myths and should be revised.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3004-x
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Precise preoperative localization is essential for focussed parathyroidectomy. The imaging standard consists of cervical ultrasonography (cUS) and (99m)Tc-MIBI-SPECT (MIBI-SPECT). (11)C-methionine positron emission tomography/computed tomography (Met-PET/CT) is a promising method for localizing parathyroid adenomas. The objective of our study was to elucidate whether additional Met-PET/CT increases the rate of focussed parathyroidectomy. Fourteen patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) and three patients with tertiary HPT underwent cUS and MIBI-SPECT. Met-PET/CT was carried out in patients with negative MIBI results. Subsequent surgical strategy was adapted according to imaging results. cUS localized a single parathyroid adenoma in 10/17 patients (59 %), while MIBI-SPECT/CT identified 11/17 single adenomas (65 %). In the remaining six patients, Met-PET/CT identified five single adenomas. This step-up approach correctly identified single adenomas in 16/17 patients (94 %). Met-PET/CT raises the rate of correctly localized single parathyroid adenomas in patients with negative cUS and MIBI-SPECT/CT and increases the number of focussed surgical approaches.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-2992-x
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Standardized reporting of intraoperative adverse events is important to enhance transparency. To the best of our knowledge, there is no validated definition and classification of intraoperative complications. We conducted a two-round Delphi study to develop a definition and classification of intraoperative complications. Experts were contacted by email and sent a link to the online questionnaire. In a pilot study, two independent raters applied the definition and classification in a sample of 60 surgical interventions of low, intermediate, and high complexity and evaluated practicability. Interrater agreement of the classification was determined (raw categorical agreement, weighted kappa, and intraclass correlation). In the Delphi study, 40 of 52 experts (77 % return rate) from 14 countries took part in each round. The Delphi study resulted in a comprehensive definition of intraoperative complications as any deviation from the ideal intraoperative course occurring between skin incision and skin closure. The classification foresees four grades depending on the need for treatment (no need, grade I; need for treatment, grade II) and the severity of the complication (life-threatening/permanent disability, grade III; death, grade IV). The pilot study showed good practicability (6 on a 7-point scale) and a high raw agreement of 87 %, a weighted kappa of 0.83 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.73-0.94] and an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.83 (95 % CI 0.73-0.90). While the Delphi process enabled to develop definitions and classification of intraoperative complications by severity, further research including a multicentre international full-scale validation needs to be conducted with the ultimate goal to contribute to standardized reporting in surgical practice and research.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3003-y
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: South Africa has a low incidence of acute appendicitis, but poor outcomes. However, South African studies on appendicitis focus solely on public hospitals, neglecting those who utilize private facilities. This study aims to compare appendicitis characteristics and outcomes in public and private hospitals in South Africa. A prospective cohort study was conducted among two public and three private hospitals in the Cape Town metropole, from September 2013 to March 2014. Hospital records, operative notes, and histology results were reviewed for patients undergoing appendectomy for acute appendicitis. Patients were interviewed during their hospitalization and followed up at monthly intervals until normal function was attained. A total of 134 patients were enrolled, with 73 in the public and 61 in the private sector. Education and employment were higher among private sector patients. Public sector patients had a higher rupture rate (30.6 vs 13.2 %, p = 0.023). Times to presentation were not statistically different between the two cohorts. Public sector patients had longer hospital stays (5.3 vs 2.9 days, p = 0.036) and longer return to work times (23.0 vs 12.1 days, p < 0.0001). Although complication rates were similar, complications in public hospitals were more severe. Public sector patients in South Africa with appendicitis have higher rupture rates, worse complications, longer hospital stays, and longer recoveries than private sector patients. Patients with perforation had longer delays in presentation than patients without perforation.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3002-z