Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering (POLYM-PLAST TECHNOL )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Description

Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering includes original articles, state-of-the-art reviews, abstracts, notes, and letters on topics such as developing non-solution based polymerization processes; new generation catalysts for producing ultranarrow molecular weight distribution polymers; reactor design and catalyst technology for compositional control of polymers; advanced manufacturing techniques and equipment; analytical tools for characterizing molecular properties, and other timely subjects.

Impact factor 1.48

  • Hide impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    1.31
  • Cited half-life
    4.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.24
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.16
  • Website
    Polymer - Plastics Technology and Engineering website
  • Other titles
    Polymer-plastics technology and engineering (Online), Polymer-plastics technology and engineering
  • ISSN
    0360-2559
  • OCLC
    41603560
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals or 18 months embargo for SSH journals
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In microcellular foaming process, the glass transition temperature (Tg) of polymer determines foaming temperature and has an effect on the other physical properties of polymer. In thisstudy, an evaluation of the current state of understanding for Tg was reviewed. Inaddition, we focused on the establishment and advancement of three main widely-used models that predict Tg (i.e. Chow model, Cha-Yoon model and Condo - Sanchez model). The comparisons of the three Tg-prediction models, with attention being given to their ownadvantages, disadvantages and scopes of application provide a reference for the further study.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; 54(2).
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    ABSTRACT: In this article, various aspects of photovoltaic, organic solar cell and working principle involved have been reviewed. Moreover, different generations of solar cell, and use of an important class of organic materials, i.e., conjugated polymers and polymer-based nanocomposites and their properties were discussed. Convincingly, organic materials have vast future potential in solar cell to enhance its efficiency and durability of devices. In the review, current understandings of mechanisms that rule the photocurrent creation steps and define seek for alternate materials and device structure, have been focused. Foremost research efforts must focus cell efficiency improvement to speed up new material commercialization.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; 54(2).
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    ABSTRACT: This research describes the synthesis of organomodfied sillica nanoparticles (NP)s /polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanocomposites (NC)s through consecutive three-steps. In the first step the surface modifier, namely 1-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)-3-(3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl)urea, was prepared from the reaction of benzo[d]thiazol-2-amine and 3-isocyanatopropyl triethoxysilane. With success in the first step, the surface modifications of silica NPs were achieved by sol-gel procedure and at the final step, the preparation of PVA/silica NCs were targeted. The optical properties and morphology of the NPs and NCs were characterized. This investigation clearly showed that the new coupling agent could effectively prevent the agreggation of NPs.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; 54(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Biodegradable polymer is playing an increasingly significant role in the development of biomedical materials due to its good biocompatibility and biodegradability, and is undoubtedly the focus in the biomedical fields, such as controlled drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. In this review, some new degradable biomedical copolymers reported over the past 5 years are introduced and discussed in combination with some our research results. The molecular design, chemical structures and related properties of these novel biodegradable copolymers are reported. In summarizing the review, the development, potential applications and future directions of the degradable biomedical copolymers are discussed.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; 54(2).
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    ABSTRACT: In this article, various types of carbon nanofiller and modification of graphene oxide and graphene for the preparation of polymer-based nanocomposites are reviewed. Recently, polymer/graphene and graphene oxide-based materials have attracted tremendous interest due to high performance even at low filler content. The property enhancement is due to the high aspect ratio, high surface area and excellent electrical, thermal and mechanical properties of nanofiller. Different techniques have been employed to fabricate polymer/graphene and graphene oxide nanocomposite with uniform dispersion due to fine matrix/nanofiller interaction. Here we discuss the structure, properties and preparation of these nanocomposites.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; 54(2).
  • Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Ethylene vinyl acetate/graphene oxide (EVA/GO) nanocomposite films were prepared via solution casting method. The morphological studies investigated using SEM and XRD methods and the results confirmed the formation of likely exfoliation structures and good interaction between matrix and fillers. The results of permeability measurements showed that films have good resistance against oxygen. Mechanical measurements revealed that Young’s modulus and tensile strength of EVA have improved with introducing GO because of proper dispersion of GO into matrix and good interaction between them; however, elongation at break decreased due to formation of strong and rigid polymer/filler network preventing to elongate polymer chains.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/lpte20.
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    ABSTRACT: 2,6-Bis(5-amino-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine was prepared and characterized by FT-IR, elemental analysis, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectroscopic methods. Then a new poly(benzimidazole-amide) (PBA) was synthesized by polymerization of the corresponding diamine and isophthalic acid. The obtained PBA exhibited good yield and high thermal stability. Due to the existence of benzimidazole moieties in polymer’s structure, it has tendency to form complexes with metal ions. So, a new PBA/Co nonocomposite was prepared. Morphological studies revealed that metal nanoparticles were dispersed in the polymer matrix without any aggregation. PBA/Co nanocomposite was used as a catalyst in the oxidation of ethyl benzene to acetophenon with tert-butyl hydro peroxide.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: This review gives an account of the coordination chemistry of supramolecular azopolymer complexes. The syntheses and structures of azomonomers and their azopolymer complexes were described. Spectral techniques such as (IR, 1H-NMR, ESR) and thermal analysis were investigated. Supramolecular architectures assembled were exhibited through weak interaction including hydrogen bonding and π–π stacking. The spectral data indicate geometry of azopolymer complexes and the orbital reduction factors. ESR spectral data provided information about their structures on the basis of Hamiltonian parameters and degree of covalency. All the azopolymer complexes are ESR active due to the presence of an unpaired electron. The force constant FU–O(mdyn/Å) and the bond length RU–O (Å) of the U–O bond were calculated from the IR data and related to the electronic properties of the substituents. Wilson's method, the matrix method, Badger's formula, and the Jones and El-Sonbati equations were used to calculate the U–O bond distances from the values of the stretching and interaction force constants. The most probable correlations between U–O force constant to U–O bond distance were satisfactorily discussed in terms of Badger's rule, and the Jones and El-Sonbati equations. The thermal stability was investigated using thermogravimetric analysis. The results showed that the azopolymer complexes are mostly more stable than the homopolymer. The stability of the proton ligand/metal ligand constants in the monomeric and polymeric forms was studied carefully using potentiometery. Based on the thermodynamic functions, the dissociation process is nonspontaneous, endothermic and entropically unfavorable. The metal complexes that were formed exhibited spontaneous, endothermic and entropically favorable behavior.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; 54(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Homo-crystallization and melting behavior of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) with poly(D-lactic acid) (PDLA) (≤10 wt.%) was studied. The different thermal history had been applied to exert structural variation on stereocomplex (SC). The PLLA/PDLA blend showed different crystallization and melting behavior when cooled from 250°C or 200°C. Double melting peaks were observed after the blend was cooled from 250°C. SC annealing at different temperatures exhibited significant effect for melt-crystallization of PLLA. Influence of initial melting condition before cooling was also investigated. The cold crystallization of amorphous blend initially was studied and some novel results had been observed.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; 54(1).
  • Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: This study uses a series of hydrophilic PEG-silicone polyester and titanium dioxide nanotubes to prepare high-performance titanium dioxide nanotube (TNT) composites. The decomposition of these titanium dioxide nanotube composites for the methylene blue is investigated by using UV-Vis spectroscopy. These changes in structure have been observed by FTIR and Raman analysis at 365 nm UV irradiation. The surface microstructures of composites were characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was found that titanium dioxide nanotube composites possessed excellent solubility and dispersion effects. This makes fixation of photocatalysts possible and retards oxidation of organic materials in the PEG-silicone polyesters.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; 54(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Copolymers of poly (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)-graft-polyaniline (PHEMA-g-PANI) were synthesized by atom-transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate using polyaniline macro-initiators. The macro-initiators were synthesized by the reaction of amine nitrogens of polyaniline with chloroacetyl choloride. The obtained polymers were characterized by FT-IR and 1H NMR spectroscopies. Uniform nanofibers consisting of blends of PHEMA-g-PANI copolymers and polycaprolactone (PCL) were prepared using an electrospinning technique. SEM was used to investigate the morphology of nanofibers produced from PHEMA-g-PANI copolymers and PCL blends. The cyclic voltammetry measurement of blends confirmed the preparation of electroactive nanofibers.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; 54(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Due to environmental sustainability matters, this century has witnessed notable achievements in the field of biocomposite developments. Among all the biocomposites, those based on polymer matrices have been rapidly gaining attention. Thus, a comprehensive review of literature concerning the recent progress in using biofillers from food waste to reinforced polymer matrices including thermoplastics, thermosetting, and elastomer materials are highlighted and presented in this article. The overall characteristics of the newly developed biocomposites, including source, type, composition, as well as mechanical and morphological properties, are reviewed and reported. Finally, biocomposite development opportunities and challenges are discussed by highlighting the most important concerns.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; 54(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Nanocomposite and composite PTh/Al2O3 nanoparticles were prepared in aqueous media by using sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (DBSNa) as a surfactant. Al2O3 nanoparticles were coated with PTh using a chemical oxidative polymerization method. The chemical structure and surface morphology of PTh/Al2O3 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The results indicate that the type of surfactant and Al2O3 influence the size and homogeneity of particles.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 01/2015; 54(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Terpolymers of aniline, anthranilic acid and o-phenylenediamine/Hydrophilic bentonite composites were synthesized using a 1:1:1 molar ratio of the respective monomers with different percentages of clay via modified in situ chemical terpolymerization. The spectral characteristics upon incorporation of anthranilic acid units into the copoly(aniline o-phenylenediamine) backbone in absence and in presence of bentonite nanoparticles were investigated. Moreover, terpolymer/bentonite composites were thermally more stable than pure terpolymer under nonoxidative condition. On the basis of surface morphological studies of terpolymer composites, a platy network texture can be explained, and it can be clearly seen in the SEM photomicrographs.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 12/2014; 54(1):61-67.
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    ABSTRACT: The role of nanoclays and TiO2 nanoparticle loadings were investigated on low density polyethylene crystalline structure, in addition to studying packaging film properties such as barrier, thermal and mechanical properties. The polymer crystal study indicated for the orthorhombic crystal phase and about 20% lower degree of crystallinity for nanocomposites containing more than 2 wt.% TiO2 nanoparticles. Based on the X-ray diffraction technique, the dispersion of nanoclays was improved to almost good degree of clay exfoliation with the company of 4 wt.% TiO2 nanoparticles. In agreement with XRD results, the TEM morphological studies mainly suggest that TiO2 has a helpful effect on nanoclay exfoliation. The increase in degradation temperature of nanocomposites may be attributed to the formation of inorganic char on polymer melt. The barrier properties of TiO2/clay nanocomposite packaging films depend mainly on nanoclay loading with an unclear trend from TiO2 nanoparticles. The increase in elastic modulus and the yield stress of nanocomposite films showed great effects on film mechanical properties by nanoclays.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 12/2014; 53(17).
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    ABSTRACT: Pure starches do not exhibit fast tacking and high viscosity to meet the standards set by many industrial processes. Therefore, the objective of this work was to obtain high- viscosity coating solutions after modifying tapioca starch with urea as a cross-linker and borax as a thickener. Study of the physical properties confirmed that the prepared solutions were exhibiting more pronounced non-Newtonian behavior. A shear-thinning behavior followed by shear-thickening was observed for all solution compositions. At room temperature, the critical shear rate at which the transition from shear-thinning to shear-thickening occurred was ranging from 45.8 to 78 s−1. However, the shear-thickening response to the applied shear rate was less prominent at higher temperatures. The surface tension and density of the solutions were found to decrease monotonically with an increase in temperature. Once the physical properties were fully understood, 1, 1.5 and 2 mL of each solution were used to coat 30 g of urea fluidized above its minimum level of fluidization. The phenomenological analyses of the coated and uncoated urea samples were carried out by understating their surface morphology, coating thickness, percent coating, dissolution rate, percent release and crushing strength. It was concluded that the coating thickness, percent coating, dissolution rate and percent release increase over time with an increase in solution volume and borax mass; however, some random results were obtained while investigating the effects of the solution volume on the crushing strength. The highest crushing strength was noticed for urea samples coated with 1.5 mL of solution followed by 1 mL, 2 mL and without coating.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 12/2014; 53(17).
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    ABSTRACT: Due to their lightweight and excellent toughness, carbon fiber (CF) and its reinforced thermoplastic composites are suitable for high-performance applications such as aerospace, aviation, automotive and sport equipments. In this study, comprehensive detail is provided on the production of carbon fiber, its various forms and geometry and their corresponding effects on the mechanical properties of CF and its reinforced polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE) composites. Here we discuss extensively various methods reported in literature on improving the interfacial fiber-matrix adhesion and dispersion in order to achieve better mechanical properties for such composites.
    Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 12/2014; 53(17).