Irrigation Science (IRRIGATION SCI )

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Description

Irrigation Science will publish original contributions and short communications reporting the results of irrigation research including relevant contributions from the plant soil and atmospheric sciences as well as the analysis of field experimentation. Special emphasis will be given to multi-disciplinary studies dealing with the problems involved in maintaining the long term productivity of irrigated lands and in increasing the efficiency of agricultural water use. Aspects of particular interest are: Physiology of plant growth and yield response to water status. Physical and chemical aspects of water status and movement in the plant-soil-atmosphere system. Salinity and alkalinity control by soil and water management. Measurement and modification of crop and control of water in plant soil and atmosphere. Water requirements in irrigation practice. Ecological aspects of irrigated agriculture.

  • Impact factor
    2.29
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    2.67
  • Cited half-life
    6.80
  • Immediacy index
    0.30
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.80
  • Website
    Irrigation Science website
  • Other titles
    Irrigation science (Online), Irrig sci
  • ISSN
    0342-7188
  • OCLC
    41983898
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors own final version only can be archived
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On author's website or institutional repository
    • On funders designated website/repository after 12 months at the funders request or as a result of legal obligation
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The two-dimensional zero-inertia equations for basin irrigation were formulated as a standard scalar diffusion equation subject to Neumann boundary conditions. The formulation can handle anisotropic variations in hydraulic resistance. A numerical solution was developed using finite-volume method on unstructured triangular cells. The simulation performance of the constructed model was validated based on typical experimental data. The complete hydrodynamic model of basin irrigation was selected as the comparative model. The validated results show that the constructed model can successfully simulate the basin surface water flow when the basin surface microtopography condition is relatively smooth. Similar results were found in terms of both the water quantity conservation and convergence rate. Moreover, the computational efficiency of the constructed zero-inertia model is approximately 17 times of the complete hydrodynamic model of basin irrigation. Therefore, the constructed zero-inertia model has good simulation performance.
    Irrigation Science 07/2014; 32(4).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Knowledge of the dimensions of the wetted zone formed under point source surface drip irrigation is essential to the design of cost-effective and efficient irrigation systems. Numerical simulations were carried out with Hydrus-2D/3D to investigate the influence of emitter discharge rates and initial soil moisture conditions on the wetting pattern dimensions of a series of soils with varying textures. Numerical simulations of simple 2D soil tank irrigation experiments were also conducted on two soil types. Based on the simulation results, the parameters of the Schwartzman and Zur model were refined. The results showed a small influence of discharge rates >1 L h−1 on the size of the wetting pattern. The only major difference was observed for the rates lower than 0.5 L h−1, where the largest wetting patterns were observed. Higher initial soil water content caused larger wetting pattern sizes in all directions. When compared to the 2D tank experimental results, Hydrus-2D/3D predicted the wetting pattern dimensions with a relatively small root mean square error not exceeding 2.6 cm. The numerical data obtained for a wide range of textures provided the opportunity to refine the parameters of the Schwartzman and Zur model, which, when compared to experimental data from the literature, provided good estimates of wetting pattern dimensions. This suggests that this simple model, for which the only soil parameter required is the saturated hydraulic conductivity, could provide a valuable and practical tool for irrigation design.
    Irrigation Science 06/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the impact of using treated wastewater and deficit irrigation on yield, water productivity, dry matter and soil moisture availability. The experiment included six treatments of deficit irrigation with treated wastewater during the 2010 and 2011 seasons and two deficit irrigation treatments combined with 3 organic amendment levels during the 2012 season. The experimental and SALTMED modelling results indicated that regulated deficit irrigation when applied during vegetative growth stage could stimulate root development, increase water and nutrient uptake and subsequently increase the yield. The organic amendment has slightly improved yield under full irrigation but had relatively small effect under stress conditions. The SALTMED model results supported and matched the experimental results and showed similar differences among the different treatments. The model proved its ability to predict soil moisture availability, yield, water productivity and total dry matter for three growing seasons under several deficit irrigation strategies using treated wastewater. The high values of the coefficient of determination R 2 reflected a very good agreement between the model and observed values. The SALTMED model results generally confirm the model’s ability to predict sweet corn growth and productivity under deficit irrigation strategies in the semi-arid region.
    Irrigation Science 05/2014; Volume 32(Issue 3):205-219.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to explore the soil water dynamics under micro-advective conditions. A numerical model was introduced to estimate the airflow turbulence generated by the crop canopy. The vapor pressure and air temperature in the vicinity of the soil surface were estimated from the wind velocity predicted by this model. The energy budget on the soil surface was estimated using wind velocity, vapor pressure, and air temperature simulated by numerical models. The soil water content and temperature were predicted using the simulation model describing the water and heat transfer in soil. Using the energy budget, the accuracy of this model was experimentally verified using a wind tunnel. Spatial changes of the soil water content simulated by this model were reproduced by the experiment. This indicated that the numerical model for estimating the soil water movement under micro-scale advection considering the crop body was satisfactory.
    Irrigation Science 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Irrigation with treated wastewater (TWW) is gaining importance due to declining water availability in dry regions. TWW irrigation has various potential adverse effects on soil quality such as hydrophobic effects on soil surfaces, reducing initial sorptivity and promoting the formation of preferential flow paths. In May and June 2010, in situ infiltration measurements using mini disk tension infiltrometer were deployed in five different orchard plots in Israel to assess the impact of different irrigation water qualities on the soil water repellency index R. In most plantations, long-term test sites were accessed to compare adjacent plots irrigated with fresh water (FW) or TWW. Topsoil samples were analyzed for selected physical and chemical characteristics. The mean R values increased at all TWW sites, from +15 up to +55 % compared with FW sites. The water drop penetration time (WDPT) increased up to 30 fold at three of five TWW sites compared with FW sites. Subsequent U tests and multilevel analysis indicated an impact of the type of irrigation water on R and WDPT. Moreover, soil electrical conductivity and exchangeable sodium percentage were consistently higher at all TWW sites. These results show that irrigation water quality clearly influences physical and chemical properties of the soil.
    Irrigation Science 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Subsurface drip irrigation systems, compared to other irrigation systems, enhance the delivery of water and nutrients directly into the root zone. However, in light-textured soils, certain quantities of water may percolate below the root zone due to the subsurface position of drip lines and/or poor management of irrigation systems. The main objective of this paper is to evaluate three technologies to enhance a spatial distribution of water and solutes in the root zone and to limit downward leaching. The three technologies include (a) a physical barrier, (b) a dual-drip system with concurrent irrigation, and (c) a dual-drip system with sequential irrigation. To achieve this objective, we performed computer simulations using the HYDRUS (2D/3D) software for both bare and vegetated soils. The results indicate that the physical barrier is more efficient than dual-drip systems in enhancing the water distribution in the root zone while preventing downward leaching. On the other hand, the dual-drip system improves water distribution in sandy soils. Additionally, the dual-drip system with sequential irrigation, followed by the dual-drip system with concurrent irrigation, is the most efficient in limiting downward leaching of solutes.
    Irrigation Science 01/2014; 32(2).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cabernet Sauvignon and Malbec grapevines were irrigated at 70 or 23 % of estimated crop evapotranspiration throughout berry development over four growing seasons. Stomatal behavior was characterized by relating predawn leaf water potential and mid-morning stomatal conductance to mid-morning leaf water potential. Seasonal average weekly midday leaf water potential was lower in Cabernet Sauvignon than Malbec despite similar irrigation amounts. Both cultivars exhibited anisohydric behavior with midday leaf water potential decreasing linearly with declining predawn leaf water potential (r 2 = 0.51) and stomatal conductance (r 2 = 0.42). However, both cultivars utilized hydrodynamic mechanisms to maintain a soil-to-leaf water potential gradient of −0.62 (±0.03) MPa under standard irrigation and −0.75 (±0.04) MPa under reduced irrigation. Berry fresh weight and titratable acidity decreased, and the concentration of total anthocyanins increased in both cultivars in response to decreases in midday leaf water potential. The slope of regression equations for seasonal mean midday leaf water potential was used to estimate cultivar-specific levels of water stress associated with changes in berry weight and berry composition at fruit maturity.
    Irrigation Science 01/2014; 32(2).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Simulating basin surface water flow with anisotropic roughness has practical significance. Based on the complete hydrodynamic model, a two-dimensional surface water flow model of basin irrigation with anisotropic roughness was developed in this study by constructing an anisotropic roughness model in the source terms of the governing equation. Then, the simulation performance of the proposed model was analyzed and compared based on typical experiments of basin irrigation. The results show that with basin surface anisotropic roughness, the proposed model can successfully simulate water flow in basin irrigation, and exhibits better simulation performance than the model with isotropic roughness. Three basin geometries and two kinds of inflow geometries were selected for the application of the proposed model. Applied results show that the anisotropic roughness can improve irrigation performance. When the basin width becomes narrow, the physical effect of the rotation angle in the anisotropic roughness model weakens, even becomes smooth. The two-dimensional surface water flow model of basin irrigation with anisotropic roughness provides a good numerical simulation tool for designing and evaluating the performance of basin irrigation system.
    Irrigation Science 01/2014; 32(1).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 3-year irrigation trial provided basic information on the response of persimmon (Diospyros kaki cv. Triumph) water use and development to irrigation levels. Constant experimental factors applied to recommended “baseline” crop factors resulted in ratios of irrigation (I) to FAO56 reference crop evapotranspiration (ET0) ranging from 0.35 to 1.14. Vegetative and reproductive growth, sap flow, stem water potential (SWP), and local climate were monitored. An overall increase in yield and vegetative growth in response to irrigation was found, which suggests a potential yield increase for higher irrigation levels (40 tons/ha for annual irrigation of 1,000 mm). At high irrigation, the yield response curve levelled off and the marginal contribution of additional water declined. The up to threefold increase in number of fruits with irrigation, with no influence on natural abscission, suggests that differences in fruit quantities stem from response to irrigation at the earlier growth stages. Mean fruit size and fruit quality, as indicated by the ratio of rejected fruit, increased with irrigation up to I/ET0 of ~0.8. Relative yield increased linearly with relative transpiration. However, post-harvest quality was not influenced. SWP, sap flow, and non-transpirable water fractions indicated that the seasonal irrigation tables were not well tuned. Initial adjustments were made during the final season of the experiment and a new table was developed based on our results. The new table should be a basis for further trials.
    Irrigation Science 01/2014;

Related Journals