Thrombosis and Haemostasis (THROMB HAEMOSTASIS )

Publisher: International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis

Description

Thrombosis and Haemostasis publishes original papers only, as well as reports, news and inside information about current research and science. In addition, it presents innovative results of scientific research which will be the practitioner's tool of tomorrow. Thrombosis and Haemostasis is read by haematologists, angiologists, cardiologists, surgeons, gynaecologists, internal specialists and laboratory physicians. Thrombosis and Haemostasis is published monthly. It is the official journal of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH). All members of the Society receive Thrombosis and Haemostasis as part of their Society membership.

  • Impact factor
    5.76
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    4.78
  • Cited half-life
    7.60
  • Immediacy index
    1.35
  • Eigenfactor
    0.04
  • Article influence
    1.42
  • Website
    Thrombosis & Haemostasis website
  • Other titles
    Thrombosis and haemostasis
  • ISSN
    0340-6245
  • OCLC
    2208259
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publications in this journal

  • Thrombosis and Haemostasis 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Maladaptive remodelling of the arterial wall after mechanical injury (e. g. angioplasty) is characterised by inflammation, neointima formation and media hypertrophy, resulting in narrowing of the affected artery. Moreover, mechanical injury of the arterial wall causes loss of the vessel protecting endothelial cell monolayer. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2), a major downstream target of p38 MAPK, regulates inflammation, cell migration and proliferation, essential processes for vascular remodelling and reendothelialisation. Therefore, we investigated the role of MK2 in remodelling and reendothelialisation after arterial injury in genetically modified mice in vivo. Hypercholesterolaemic low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-deficient mice (ldlr-/-) were subjected to wire injury of the common carotid artery. MK2-deficiency (ldlr-/-/mk2-/-) nearly completely prevented neointima formation, media hypertrophy, and lumen loss after injury. This was accompanied by reduced proliferation and migration of MK2-deficient smooth muscle cells. In addition, MK2-deficiency severely reduced monocyte adhesion to the arterial wall (day 3 after injury, intravital microscopy), which may be attributed to reduced expression of the chemokine ligands CCL2 and CCL5. In line, MK2-deficiency significantly reduced the content of monocytes, neutrophiles and lymphocytes of the arterial wall (day 7 after injury, flow cytometry). In conclusion, in a model of endothelial injury (electric injury), MK2-deficiency strongly increased proliferation of endothelial cells and improved reendothelialisation of the arterial wall after injury. Deficiency of MK2 prevents adverse remodelling and promotes endothelial healing of the arterial wall after injury, suggesting that MK2-inhibition is a very attractive intervention to prevent restenosis after percutaneous therapeutic angioplasty.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 08/2014; Ahead of Print.
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    ABSTRACT: Factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin gene mutation G20210A (PTM) are the two most common genetic polymorphisms known to predispose carriers to venous thromboembolism (VTE). A recent study in FVL carriers showed that circulating levels of microparticles (MP) may contribute to their thrombogenic profile. To further elucidate the prothrombotic state linked to genetic thrombophilia, we extended this study to carriers of PTM. The plasma level of annexin V-MP, endothelial-MP (EMP), platelet-MP (PMP), tissue factor-bearing MP (TF+) and the MP procoagulant activity (PPL) was measured in 124 carriers of PTM (105 heterozygous and 19 homozygous) and in 120 age- and gender-matched healthy individuals. Heterozygous and homozygous carriers of PTM showed significantly increased levels of annexin V-MP (2930 [1440-4646] MP/µL and 3064 [2412-4906] MP/µl, respectively) and significantly shorter PPL clotting time (54 [46-67] sec and 55 [46-64] sec) compared to controls (1728 [782-2122] MP/µl and 71 [61-75] sec, respectively; p<0.01). Similarly, heterozygous and homozygous subjects presented with significantly higher levels of EMP, PMP and TF+ than controls (p<0.05). PTM carriers with a VTE history had significantly higher MP numbers and activity than controls. No significant difference was seen between carriers with and without a VTE history. We conclude that the higher levels of circulating MP found in PTM carriers may play a role in the development of VTE possibly by increasing thrombin generation. Further studies are needed to better define the role of MP as triggering factors for the thrombotic complications characterizing mild genetic thrombophilic defects.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 05/2014; 112(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Two oral antiplatelet agents have been recently introduced for acute coronary syndromes indication providing alternatives for dual therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel. In fact, worldwide prasugrel has been on the market for four years, and ticagrelor for over two years. Despite declared benefits over clopidogrel, including hypothetical cost saving advantages, in real life, the clinical utilisation of both agents is small. Generic clopidogrel, and price differences are claimed as major obstacles to prevent broader prasugrel and ticagrelor use. However, these economic difficulties are barely supported by available evidence, and served mostly to protect questionable management spending, as an exuse to explain why in reality cardiologists are so sceptical about both novel agents, and to convince the sharehoders that their money is not wasted, misleading the owners with regard to future success. Importantly, brand Plavix® is used worldwide 5-10 times more often than new agents, despite heavy generic competition. The future of prasugrel outside Japan, where much lower reasonable dose will be used is not impressive due to lack of further outcome studies, negative results of the latest trials, and less than four years left before patent expiration. The fate of ticagrelor will depend on verification of deaths numbers in the ongoing United States Department of Justice PLATO investigation, and confirmation of the mortality benefit in the PEGASUS TIMI-54 trial.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 05/2014; 112(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Low-density lipoproteins (LDL), occurring in vivo in both their native and oxidative form, modulate platelet function and thereby contribute to atherothrombosis. We recently identified and demonstrated that 'ApoB100 danger-associated signal 1' (ApoBDS-1), a native peptide derived from Apolipoprotein B-100 (ApoB100) of LDL, induces inflammatory responses in innate immune cells. Platelets are critically involved in the development as well as in the lethal consequences of atherothrombotic diseases, but whether ApoBDS-1 has also an impact on platelet function is unknown. In this study we examined the effect of ApoBDS-1 on human platelet function and platelet-leukocyte interactions in vitro. Stimulation with ApoBDS-1 induced platelet activation, degranulation, adhesion and release of proinflammatory cytokines. ApoBDS-1-stimulated platelets triggered innate immune responses by augmenting leukocyte activation, adhesion and transmigration to/through activated HUVEC monolayers, under flow conditions. These platelet-activating effects were sequence-specific, and stimulation of platelets with ApoBDS-1 activated intracellular signalling pathways, including Ca2+, PI3K/Akt, PLC, and p38- and ERK-MAPK. Moreover, our data indicates that ApoBDS-1-induced platelet activation is partially dependent of positive feedback from ADP on P2Y1and P2Y12, and TxA2. In conclusion, we demonstrate that ApoBDS-1 is an effective platelet agonist, boosting platelet-leukocyte's proinflammatory responses, and potentially contributing to the multifaceted inflammatory-promoting effects of LDL in the pathogenesis of atherothrombosis.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 05/2014; 112(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Large deletions in the F9 gene are detected in approximately 5% of patients with severe haemophilia B, but only a few deletion breakpoints have been characterised precisely until now. In this study we identified a total of seven large F9 deletions in the index patients and nine female carriers by the AccuCopy technique. We also successfully characterised the exact breakpoints for each large deletion including four deletions encompassing the entire F9 gene by the genome walking method combined with primer walking strategy. The extents of deletion regions ranged from 11.1 to 884 kb. Microhomologies ranged from 2 to 6 bp were identified in the breakpoint junctions of six deletions. The other deletion occurred between two highly homologous sequences of the same long interspersed nuclear element 1 (LINE/L1). Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) and microhomology-mediated break-induced replication (MMBIR) may be the main causative mechanisms for the six large deletions with microhomologies. Non-allelic homologous recombination (NAHR) may mediate the deletion occurred between the two tandem LINEs in the other large deletion. Repetitive elements and non-B DNA forming motifs identified in the junction regions may contribute to DNA breakage leading to large deletions.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 05/2014; 112(3).
  • Thrombosis and Haemostasis 05/2014; 112(1).
  • Thrombosis and Haemostasis 05/2014; 112(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Lysyl oxidase (LOX) is an extracellular matrix-modifying enzyme that seems to play a critical role in vascular remodelling. However, the lack of viable LOX-deficient animal models has been an obstacle to deep in LOX biology. In this study we have developed a transgenic mouse model that over-expresses LOX in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) to clarify whether LOX could regulate VSMC phenotype and vascular remodelling. The SM22α proximal promoter drove the expression of a transgene containing the human LOX cDNA. Two stable transgenic lines, phenotypically indistinguishable, were generated by conventional methods (TgLOX). Transgene expression followed the expected SMC-specific pattern. In TgLOX mice, real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry evidenced a strong expression of LOX in the media from aorta and carotid arteries, coincident with a higher proportion of mature collagen. VSMC isolated from TgLOX mice expressed high levels of LOX pro-enzyme, which was properly secreted and processed into mature and bioactive LOX. Interestingly, cell proliferation was significantly reduced in cells from TgLOX mice. Transgenic VSMC also exhibited low levels of Myh10 (marker of SMC phenotypic switching), PCNA (marker of cell proliferation) and MCP-1, and a weak activation of Akt and ERK1/2 in response to mitogenic stimuli. Accordingly, neointimal thickening induced by carotid artery ligation was attenuated in TgLOX mice that also displayed a reduction in PCNA and MCP-1 immunostaining. Our results give evidence that LOX plays a critical role in vascular remodelling. We have developed a new animal model to study the role of LOX in vascular biology.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Aspirin and statin therapy are mainstay treatments in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The relation between statin therapy, in vivo thromboxane (Tx) generation; a marker of inflammation, and blood thrombogenicity has never been explored. Urinary 11-dehydro (dh) TxB2 was determined in patients with suspected CAD on 325 mg daily aspirin therapy prior to undergoing cardiac catheterisation (n=281). Thrombogenicity was estimated by thrombelastographic measurement of thrombin-induced platelet-fibrin clot strength (TIP-FCS) and lipids/lipoproteins were determined by vertical density gradient ultracentrifugation/ELISA. The influence of statin therapy and dose was analysed by the atorvastatin equivalent dose (5-10 mg, 20-40 mg, or 80 mg daily). Statin therapy (n=186) was associated with a dose-dependent reduction in urinary 11-dh TxB2 (p=0.046) that was independent of LDL and apo B100 levels but was strongly related to TIP-FCS (p=0.006). By multivariate analysis, no statin therapy (n=95) and female gender were independently associated with high urinary 11-dh TxB2 [OR=2.95 (0.1.57-5.50, p=0.0007); OR=2.25 (1.24-4.05, p=0.007)], respectively. In aspirin-treated patients, statin therapy was independently and inversely associated with inflammation in a dose-dependent manner. Elevated 11-dh TxB2 was associated with a prothrombotic state indicated by high TIP-FCS. Our data suggest that measurement of urinary 11-dTxB2 may be a useful method to optimise statin dosing in order to reduce thrombotic risk.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 04/2014; 112(2).
  • Thrombosis and Haemostasis 04/2014; 112(2).
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    ABSTRACT: The Calibrated Automated Thrombogram (CAT) assay that measures thrombin generation (TG) in platelet-poor and -rich plasma, is increasingly being recognised as a more sensitive tool to determine the overall function of the haemostatic system. We developed a method enabling the measurement of TG in a small aliquot of blood. The objective was to validate this assay in mouse blood and to examine the rate and extent of TG in a mouse model of premature aging. TG was assayed in blood from 20- to 28-week-old brain and muscle ARNT-like protein-1 (Bmal1)-deficient (knockout, KO) mice and wild-type (WT) littermates. Bmal1-KO mice are known to display symptoms of premature aging. TG was initiated by adding calcium, tissue factor and a thrombin specific substrate. After TG, the samples were prepared for scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The intra-assay variations (%) in mouse blood of the endogenous thrombin potential (ETP), peak height, lag time, time-to-peak and velocity index were 10% or less (n=24). We found that Bmal1-KO mice have a significantly (p<0.001) higher ETP (437 ± 7 nM.min; mean ± SD, n=7) when compared with WT mice (ETP=220 ± 45 nM.min; mean ± SD, n=5). The peak heights also differed significantly (p=0.027). By applying SEM we found that Bmal1 deficient mice display a denser fibrin network with smaller pores compared to WT mice. In conclusion, the whole blood TG assay in mice revealed to be reproducible. As a proof-of-principle we have shown that the whole blood TG assay is capable of detecting a prothrombotic phenotype in Bmal1-KO mice.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 04/2014; 112(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Collagen-binding activity (CBA) and FRETS-VWF73 assays are widely adopted methods for the measurement of the plasmatic activity of ADAMTS13, the von Willebrand factor (VWF) cleaving-protease. Accurately assessing the severe deficiency of ADAMTS13 is important in the management of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). However, non-concordant results between the two assays have been reported in a small but relevant percentage of TTP cases. We investigated whether CBA or FRETS-VWF73 assay reflects ADAMTS13 proteolytic activity in acquired TTP patients with non-concordant measurements. Twenty plasma samples with non-concordant ADAMTS13 activity results, <10% using FRETS-VWF73 and ≥20% using CBA, and 11 samples with concordant results, <10% using either FRETS-VWF73 and CBA assays, were analysed. FRETSVWF73 was performed in the presence of 1.5 M urea. ADAMTS13 activities were also measured under flow conditions and the VWF multimer pattern was defined in order to verify the presence of ultra-large VWF due to ADAMTS13 deficiency. In FRETS-VWF73 assay with 1.5 M urea, ADAMTS13 activity significantly increased in roughly 50% of the samples with non-concordant results, whereas it remained undetectable in all samples with concordant measurements. Under flow conditions, all tested samples showed reduced ADAMTS13 activity. Finally, samples with non-concordant results showed a ratio of high-molecular-weight VWF multimers higher than normal. Our results support the use of FRETS-VWF73 over CBA assay for the assessment of ADAMTS13 severe deficiency and indicate urea as one cause of the observed differences.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 04/2014; 112(2).
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    ABSTRACT: High on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) has been identified as an independent risk factor for ischaemic events. The randomised, double-blind, TRIPLET trial included a pre-defined comparison of HPR in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) following a placebo/600-mg clopidogrel loading dose (LD) immediately before a subsequent prasugrel 60-mg or 30-mg LD. Platelet reactivity was assessed using the VerifyNow® P2Y12 assay (P2Y12 Reaction Units, PRU) within 24 hours (h) following the placebo/clopidogrel LD (immediately prior to prasugrel LD), and at 2, 6, 24, 72 h following prasugrel LDs. The impact of CYP2C19 predicted metaboliser phenotype (extensive metabolizers [EM] and reduced metabolisers [RM]) on HPR status was also assessed. HPR (PRU ≥240) following the clopidogrel LD (prior to the prasugrel LD) was 58.5% in the combined clopidogrel LD groups. No significant difference was noted when stratified by time between the clopidogrel and prasugrel LDs (≤6 hs vs>6 h). At 6 h following the 2nd loading dose in the combined prasugrel LD groups, HPR was 7.1%, with 0% HPR by 72 h. There was no significant effect of CYP2C19 genotype on pharmacodynamic (PD) response following either prasugrel LD treatments at any time point, regardless of whether it was preceded by a clopidogrel 600-mg LD. In conclusion, in this study, patients with ACS intended for PCI showed a high prevalence of HPR after clopidogrel 600-mg LD regardless of metaboliser status. When prasugrel LD was added, HPR decreased substantially by 6 h, and was not seen by 72 h.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 04/2014; 112(2).

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