Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al (BIOCELL )

Publisher: Sociedad Latinoamericana de Microscopía Electrónica; Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas (Mendoza, Argentina)

Description

Official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electrónica (SLAME), Iberoamericana de Biología Celular (SIABC), Federación Iberoamericana de Biología Celular y Molecular, and Sociedad Argentina de Investigaciones en Bioquímica y Biología Molecular (SAIB).

  • Impact factor
    0.58
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    0.78
  • Cited half-life
    7.10
  • Immediacy index
    0.00
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.18
  • Website
    Biocell website
  • Other titles
    Biocell (Online)
  • ISSN
    0327-9545
  • OCLC
    60623625
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tyrosine hydroxylase and tryptophan hydroxylase are key rate limiting enzymes in the biosynthesis of dopamine and serotonin, respectively. Since both enzymes are active in striatum, and affected by age, this study was undertaken to investigate interaction between dopamine and serotonin synthesis in brain striatal synaptosomes of aging rat. Male Wistar rats (3 and 30 month old) were killed by decapitation and brain striatal synaptosomes were prepared by discontinuous Ficoll/sucrose gradient technique. Synaptosomes were incubated in the presence of added pargiline (monoamineoxidase inhibitor), dopamine or serotonin synthesized during 25 min was measured by HPLC, employing electrochemical detection. Dopamine synthesis in synaptosomes prepared from young animals was markedly inhibited by addition of 5 microM serotonin concentrations (30%) and increasing serotonin concentrations up to 50 microM caused only a smaller additional inhibition. Dopamine synthesis in synaptosomes obtained from old rats was significantly lower than that of youg animals and addition of serotonin concentrations up to 50 microM had little effect on these preparations. In case of serotonin synthesis, exogenously added 5 microM dopamine inhibited serotonin synthesis in the synaptosomes of both ages by about 40%, whereas with higher concentration of dopamine (10-50 microM) the rate of inhibition was highly pronounced in old rats as compared to that of young animals. It is concluded that dopamine and serotonin interaction may be significant, and that these should be considered in long-term treatments of Parkinson's disease with L-DOPA.
    Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 08/2013; 37(2):17-21.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present paper shows by means of confocal laser scanning microscopy the immunoreactivity of rat cerebellar Lugaro cells for calbindin, synapsin-I, PSD-95, GluR1, CaMKII alpha, and N-cadherin. Lugaro cells were easily characterized by their location beneath Purkinje cells. Calbindin revealed immunoreactivity in the cell body, and the axonal and dendritic processes. Synapsin-I labelled the presynaptic endings on Lugaro cells. Synapsin-I and PSD-95 immunoreactivity demonstrated the localization of presynaptic and postsynaptic endings surrounding cell soma, corresponding to afferent extrinsic and intrinsic cerebellar fibers. GluR1 immunoreactivity of the soma and cell processes indicates that Lugaro cells have functional ionotropic glutamate receptors that regulate calcium levels. CaMKII alpha immunoreactivity of Lugaro cell soma and processes suggest its participation as a molecular switch for long-term information storage, and serving as a molecular basis of long-term synaptic memory. N-cadherin immunoreactivity was correlated with somato-somatic and somato-dendritic junctions between Lugaro cells and their synaptic connections.
    Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 08/2013; 37(2):29-36.
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    ABSTRACT: Creatine is widely used by athletes as an ergogenic resource. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of creatine supplementation on the duodenum of rats submitted to physical training. The number and myenteric neuronal cell bodies as well mucosal and muscular tunic morphometry were evaluated. Control animals received a standard chow for 8 weeks, and the treated ones received the standard chow for 4 weeks and were later fed with the same chow but added with 2% creatine. Animals were divided in groups: sedentary, sedentary supplemented with creatine, trained and trained supplemented with creatine. The training consisted in treadmill running for 8 weeks. Duodenal samples were either processed for whole mount preparations or for paraffin embedding and hematoxylin-eosin staining for histological and morphometric studies of the mucosa, the muscular tunic and myenteric neurons. It was observed that neither creatine nor physical training alone promoted alterations in muscular tunic thickness, villus height or crypts depth, however, a reduction in these parameters was observed when both were associated. The number of myenteric neurons was unchanged, but the neuronal cell body area was reduced in trained animals but not when training and creatine was associated, suggesting a neuroprotector role of this substance.
    Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 08/2013; 37(2):37-43.
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    ABSTRACT: Cell lines with high passage numbers exhibit alterations in cell morphology and functions. In the present work, C2C12 skeletal muscle cells with either low (< 20) or high (> 60) passage numbers (identified as 1-C2C12 or h-C2C12, respectively) were used to investigate the apoptotic response to H2O2 as a function of culture age h-C2C12. We found that older cultures (h-C2C12 group) were depleted of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). When we analyzed the behavior of Bad, Bax, caspase-3 and mitochondrial transmembrane potential, we observed that cells in the h-C2C12 group were resistant to H2O2 induction of apoptosis. We propose serially cultured C2Cl2 cells as a refractory model to H2O2-induced apoptosis. In addition, the data obtained in this work suggest that mtDNA is required for apoptotic cell death in skeletal muscle C2C12 cells.
    Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 04/2013; 37(1):1-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Recent findings suggest that apoptotic protein apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) may also play an important non-apoptotic function inside mitochondria. AIF was proposed to be an important component of respiratory chain complex I that is the major producer of superoxide radical. The possible role of AIF is still controversial. Superoxide production could be used as a valuable measure of complex I function, because the majority of superoxide is produced there. Therefore, we employed superoxide-specific mitochondrial fluorescence dye for detection of superoxide production. We studied an impact of AIF knockdown on function of mitochondrial complex I by analyzing superoxide production in selected cell lines. Our results show that tumoral telomerase-positive (TP) AIF knockdown cell lines display significant increase in superoxide production in comparison to control cells, while a non-tumoral cell line and tumoral telomerase-negative cell lines with alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) show a decrease in superoxide production. According to these results, we can conclude that AIF knockdown disrupts function of complex I and therefore increases the superoxide production in mitochondria. The distinct effect of AIF depletion in various cell lines could result from recently discovered activity of telomerase in mitochondria of TP cancer cells, but this hypothesis needs further investigation.
    Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 12/2012; 36(3):121-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Trypanosoma brucei is a protozoan flagellate that causes African sleeping sickness. Flagellar function in this organism is critical for life cycle progression and pathogenesis, however the regulation of flagellar motility is not well understood. The flagellar axoneme produces a complex beat through the precisely coordinated firing of many proteins, including multiple dynein motors. These motors are found in the inner arm and outer arm complexes. We are studying one of the inner arm dynein motors in the T. brucei flagellum: dynein-f. RNAi knockdown of genes for two components of dynein-f: DNAH10, the alpha heavy chain, and IC138, an intermediate chain, cause severe motility defects including immotility. To determine if motility defects result from structural disruption of the axoneme, we used two different flagellar preparations to carefully examine axoneme structure in these strains using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Our analysis showed that inner arm dynein size, axoneme structural integrity and fixed central pair orientation are not significantly different in either knockdown culture when compared to control cultures. These results support the idea that immotility in knockdowns affecting DNAH10 or IC138 results from loss of dynein-f function rather than from obvious structural defects in the axoneme.
    Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 12/2012; 36(3):133-41.
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    ABSTRACT: Berberine, a constituent of some traditional Chinese medicinal plants, has been reported to have cytotoxicity effects on different human cancer cell lines. There is no available information about the effects and mechanism of action of berberine on human colon cancer cell line HCT-8. In this paper, the cytotoxicity ofberberine on HCT-8 cancer cells was investigated by MTT assay, fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry analysis. Our data revealed that berberine could significantly inhibit the growth of HCT-8 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Morphology of apoptotic cells was studied with acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining. The concentrations of lactate dehydrogenase and both acid and alkaline phosphatases were significantly increased in cell supernatants after berberine treatment, suggesting cell death. Furthermore, flow cytometry analysis showed that berberine could arrest HCT-8 cells at S phase in a time-dependent manner. To further investigate the apoptotic molecular mechanism, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blotting methods were used. The up-regulated mRNA and/or protein expressions of Fas, FasL, TNF-alpha, caspase-3 and down-regulation of pro-caspase-3 suggest that the death receptor pathway may be involved in the apoptotic pathway induced by berberine. Decrease of Bcl-2 and increase of Bax in mRNA and/or protein expressions showed that the Bcl-2 family proteins were involved in berberine-induced apoptosis. We also found that berberine-induced apoptosis was associated with an upregulated expressions of p53 and prohibitin (PHB), and decreased vimentin expression. These results suggest that berberine can suppress cell growth and reduce cell survival by arresting the cell-cycle and by inducing apoptosis of HCT-8 cells.
    Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 12/2012; 36(3):113-20.
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    ABSTRACT: PH domains (pleckstrin homology) are well known to bind membrane phosphoinositides with different specificities and direct PH domain-containing proteins to discrete subcellular apartments with assistances of alternative binding partners. PH domain-containing proteins are found to be involved in a wide range of cellular events, including signalling, cytoskeleton rearrangement and vesicular trafficking. Here we showed that a novel PH domain-containing protein, PEPP2, displayed moderate phosphoinositide binding specificity. Full length PEPP2 associated with both plasma membrane and microtubules. The membrane-associated PEPP2 nucleated at cell-cell contacts and the leading edge of migrating cells. Overexpression of PEPP2 increased membrane microviscosity, indicating a potential role of PEPP2 in regulating function of membrane and microtubules.
    Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 12/2012; 36(3):127-32.
  • Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 08/2012; 36(2):63-71.
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    ABSTRACT: We have already shown that IL-10 plays an important role in immunosuppression and metastatic dissemination in the rat B-cell lymphoma L-TACB model. It was suggested that the up-regulation of IL-10 production and IL-10 receptor (IL-10R) expression would be part of the transition from primary tumor to metastatic phenotype and that IL-10, besides its immunosuppressive activity, may act as a growth factor for metastatic L-TACB cells. The treatment of L-TACB-bearing rats with a single low-dose cyclophosphamide decreased IL-10 production, reverted immunosuppression and induced the immunologic rejection of tumor metastasis without any effect on primary tumor growth. Our current aim was to investigate the effects of cyclophosphamide on the expression of IL-10 and IL-10R on primary and metastatic L-TACB cells. Considering that cyclophosphamide is a prodrug, we used mafosfamide, a compound that yields in vitro the same active metabolites as cyclophosphamide does in vivo. Mafosfamide induced down-regulation of IL-10 production and IL-10R expression on metastatic cells and, concomitantly, inhibited metastatic cell proliferation. We suggest that mafosfamide would inhibit the regulatory loop mediated by the IL-10/IL-10R system and, as a consequence, metastatic cell proliferation. These results may have a considerable impact on the design of new therapies for metastatic lymphomas.
    Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 08/2012; 36(2):91-5.

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