Revista Argentina de microbiología (Rev Argent Microbiol )

Publisher: Asociación Argentina de Microbiología

Description

La Revista Argentina de Microbiología es una publicación trimestral, editada por la Asociación Argentina de Microbiología y destinada a la difusión de trabajos en las distintas áreas de la microbiología.

  • Impact factor
    0.54
  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
    6.80
  • Immediacy index
    0.11
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.00
  • Website
    Revista Argentina de Microbiologia website
  • Other titles
    Revista argentina de microbiología (Online)
  • ISSN
    0325-7541
  • OCLC
    85449370
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Existe una gran variedad de leches fermentadas con bacterias lácticas, con propiedades que promueven la salud. Recientemente se ha comunicado que las proteínas de los alimentos pueden, además, ejercer otras funciones in vivo, por medio de sus péptidos con actividad biológica. Estos péptidos se encuentran encriptados dentro de la estructura primaria de las proteínas y pueden ser liberados por fermentación de la leche, hidrólisis enzimática, o bien durante el tránsito gastrointestinal. Las funciones que presentan son diversas, ya que pueden actuar en diferentes sistemas del cuerpo humano: el cardiovascular, el digestivo, el endocrino, el inmune y el nervioso. Los péptidos bioactivos que presentan un efecto en el sistema cardiovascular (antihipertensivo, antitrombótico, antioxidante o hipocolesterolémico) pueden reducir los factores de riesgo para la manifestación de enfermedades crónicas y ayudar a mejorar la salud humana. Los péptidos bioactivos más estudiados son aquellos que ejercen un efecto antihipertensivo a través de la inhibición de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina (ACE). Este documento se enfoca en la producción de péptidos antihipertensivos inhibidores de la ACE en leches fermentadas, en su historia, y en las pruebas in vivo realizadas en ratas y en humanos, donde se ha demostrado su efecto hipotensor.
    Revista Argentina de microbiología 02/2014; 46(1):58-66.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg ranks among the most prevalent causes of human salmonellosis in the United States and Canada, although it has been infrequently reported in South American and European countries. Most Salmonella infections are self-limiting; however, some invasive infections require antimicrobial therapy. In this work we characterized an oxyimino-cephalosporin resistant S. Heidelberg isolate recovered from an inpatient in a Buenos Aires hospital. CMY-2 was responsible for the β-lactam resistance profile. S. Heidelberg contained a 97kb plasmid belonging to the Inc N group harboring blaCMY-2. ISEcp1 was located upstream blaCMY-2 driving its expression and mobilization. The isolate belonged to sequence type 15 and virotyping revealed the presence of sopE gene. In this study we identified the first CMY-2 producing isolate of S. Heidelberg in Argentina and even in South America.
    Revista Argentina de microbiología 01/2014; 46(1):30-3.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Toxocariasis is an infection that has worldwide distribution. Toxocara canis is the most relevant agent due to its frequent occurrence in humans. Soil contamination with embryonated eggs is the primary source of T. canis. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of toxocariasis in 10-month to 3 year-old abandoned infants, considered to be at high risk because of their orphanhood status and early age. Blood samples were collected from 120 children institutionalized in an orphanage in the city of La Plata. In this study, we observed 38.33% of seropositive cases for T. canis by ELISA and 45% by Western blot techniques; significant differences among groups A (<1 year), B (1-2 years) and C (>2 years) were also found. In research group A, children presented a seropositivity rate of 23.91%, in group B of 42.85% and in group C of 56%, which indicates an increase in frequency as age advances, probably because of greater chances of contact with infective forms of the parasite since canines and soil are frequently infected with T. canis eggs. Abandoned children come from poor households, under highly unsanitary conditions resulting from inadequate or lack of water supply and sewer networks, and frequent promiscuity with canines, which promotes the occurrence of parasitic diseases. These children are highly vulnerable due to their orphanhood status and age.
    Revista Argentina de microbiología 01/2014; 46(1):3-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the first finding of Echinococcus vogeli in a paca, Cuniculus paca, in the tropical forest of Misiones, in the north of Argentina. The presence of the bush dog, Speothos venaticus, E. vogeli´s only natural definitive host, was also reported. The polycystic hydatids, 2 to 3 cm in diameter, were only found in the liver of an adult paca. The size range of the hooks and the relative proportion blade/handle did not show significant differences with respect to the ones reported for E. vogeli. The size of E. granulosus hooks, measured for comparison purposes, was significantly smaller (p < 0.0001). These results confirmed the presence of E. vogeli in Argentina. The probability of finding neotropical echinococcosis in humans reinforces the need to expand the search for E. vogeli in Argentina. Echinococcosis due to E. vogeli is very aggressive and may cause death in about a third of the human population affected.
    Revista Argentina de microbiología 09/2013; 45(3):169-173.
  • Revista Argentina de microbiología 09/2013; 45(3):145-146.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cystic Echinococcosis is a major public health issue. Immunodiagnostic techniques based on the identification of parasite antigens in dog dry faeces have been developed as alternatives for the surveillance of canine Echinococcosis. The environmental conditions favouring the parasite cycle were met in the border of La Quiaca-Villazón, given the presence of definitive (dog) and intermediate hosts (sheep and goats). The most important activity in La Puna is sheep and goat rearing; slaughtering is carried out almost exclusively in the field by sheep's owners, and preventive health measures do not apply. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of dogs parasitized by Echinococcus granulosus in this border region. A hundred and sixty eight (168) stool specimens were collected during 2006. La Quiaca samples were taken from the following selected areas: the semi-rural area of Barrios, the rural areas of Santa Catalina, Yavi Chico, El Portillo, Pumahuasi and Cara Cara and the urban area of La Quiaca; selected urban areas in Villazón and the semi-rural area of Ojo de Agua, Lampaya and Matancillas. The samples were analyzed by copro-ELISA -Western blot test. The cities of San Francisco and Barrios had a prevalence of 14.3% and 6.7%, respectively. A prevalence of 3.4% was observed in the urban area of Villazón, which indicates that dogs become infected in the rural areas and bring the risk into the city. Lampaya showed a prevalence of 30%. These findings suggest the need to implement strategies for the control of hydatidosis, both in urban and rural areas to avoid the increase and spread of Echinococcosis in the region.
    Revista Argentina de microbiología 09/2013; 45(3):154-159.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Alternative algorithms were evaluated in order to reduce the number of false reactive results for antibodies against HTLV-1/2. From 20,210 samples tested, 0.37% (74/20,210) was reactive by ELISA Murex. Of these, 23 were confirmed as positive by the indirect immunofluorescence assay whereas 51 were negative, being the positive predictive value (PPV) 31.08%. From a combination of the ELISA Murex assay with the particle agglutination assay (PA) and ELISA MP, the following results were obtained: 26/74 were reactive by ELISA Murex and PA, PPV 88.5% and 32/74 were reactive by ELISA Murex and ELISA MP, PPV 71.8 %. The ROC curve analysis determined that for an RP 4.74, the values for sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV by ELISA Murex were 100%, 98.04%, 95.8% and 100%, respectively. We propose that reactive samples by ELISA Murex with an RP ≤ 4.74 should be retested in duplicate by PA, and the resulting concordantly nonreactive samples should be defined as negative for HTLV-1/2.
    Revista Argentina de microbiología 09/2013; 45(3):165-168.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In a rodent (Rattus norvegicus) survey in Buenos Aires province, metacestodes of tapeworms were found encysted in the liver of the host. The aim of this work was the morphological and molecular identification of this parasite. To achieve the molecular characterization of the parasite, ribosomal (28S) and mitochondrial (COI) DNA were amplified and sequenced. Based on both morphological and molecular data using bioinformatic tools, the metacestode was identified as Cysticercus fasciolaris. The adult form of this tapeworm (Taenia taeniaeformis) commonly infects felid and canid mammalian hosts. This is the first report on the molecular identification of Cysticercus fasciolaris in Buenos Aires province (Argentina).
    Revista Argentina de microbiología 09/2013; 45(3):150-153.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The high fibrolytic activity and large biomass of strictly-anaerobic bacteria that inhabit the rumen makes them primarily responsible for the degradation of the forage consumed by ruminants. Llamas feed mainly on low quality fibrous roughages that are digested by an active and diverse microflora. The products of this fermentation are volatile fatty acids and microbial biomass, which will be used by the animals. The aim of this study was to detect the three major fiber-digesting anaerobic bacteria in the forestomach contents of llamas by PCR. In this study, we detected Ruminococcus albus, Ruminococcus flavefaciens and Fibrobacter succinogenes in the forestomach contents of eight native llamas from Argentina.
    Revista Argentina de microbiología 07/2013; 45(3):147-149.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Se estudiaron 64 aislamientos de K. pneumoniae resistentes a colistina recuperados de materiales clÃ-nicos de 57 pacientes atendidos entre los años 2010 y 2012 en el Hospital de ClÃ-nicas José de San MartÃ-n, Universidad de Buenos Aires, con el objetivo de describir las caracterÃ-sticas microbiológicas y epidemiológicas y los factores relacionados con la emergencia de estos aislamientos. Se incluyeron en el estudio 54 aislamientos de K. pneumoniae sensibles a colistina contemporáneos a los aislamientos resistentes. La relación de similitud genética entre los aislamientos se investigó mediante la técnica de PCR. El 50 % de los aislamientos resistentes presentaron KPC-2, el 45,3 % BLEE y el 4,7 % restante solo presentó resistencia a las aminopenicilinas. Todos los aislamientos portadores de KPC (resistentes o sensibles a colistina), a excepción de uno, fueron indistinguibles genéticamente, mientras que los portadores de BLEE se agruparon en 7 clones distintos, y se distinguieron de los clones recuperados en los aislamientos sensibles a colistina. El uso previo de colistina se asoció como el principal factor vinculado con la adquisición de esta resistencia y con la internación en UCI en los aislamientos sin KPC. A partir del año 2010 la resistencia a colistina comenzó a emerger, alcanzó el 3 % en los aislados nosocomiales y se mantuvo estable en los años subsiguientes, debido a la selección de las subpoblaciones resistentes en el clon epidémico en los aislamientos productores de KPC, y en los no productores de KPC por dispersión de clones resistentes a colistina.
    Revista Argentina de microbiología 07/2013; 45(3):185-190.
  • Revista Argentina de microbiología 07/2013; 45(3):207-208.
  • Revista Argentina de microbiología 07/2013; 45(3):205-206.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The arsenic content of various water bodies in Argentina is higher than the acceptable levels for human and animal uses. Cyanobacteria are widely distributed in aquatic environments and can bioaccumulate arsenic (As). This study presents the response of indigenous cyanobacteria to As(III) and As(V), including the species Tolypothrix tenuis, Nostoc muscorum and Nostoc minutum, previously used with biotechnological purposes. As(III) resulted more toxic than As(V) in all cases, causing cell death in the range of 5-20 mg/l. T. tenuis growth was sensitive to As(V) with lethal inhibition at 625 mg/l, whereas the Noctoc species were stimulated. EC50 values found were 73.34 mg/l for N. muscorum and 989.3 mg/l for N. minutum. Batch cultures of N. minutum showed improvements in both growth parameters and photosynthetic pigment content in the presence of 1,000 mg/l As(V). Increases of 66.7%, 75.5%, 40% and 20.7% in cell productivity, chlorophyll a, total carotenoids and C-phycocyanin respectively were observed, reaching a bioaccumulated arsenic value of 37.4 ¼g/g at the stationary growth phase.
    Revista Argentina de microbiología 07/2013; 45(3):174-179.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Se presenta el primer hallazgo de Echinococcus vogeli en una paca (Cuniculus paca) del bosque tropical de Misiones, norte argentino. Se confirmó también la presencia de su único hospedador natural definitivo conocido, el perro silvestre (Speothos venaticus). Las hidátides poliquÃ-sticas, de 2-3 cm de diámetro, se encontraron solo en el hÃ-gado de una paca adulta. El rango promedio del largo de los ganchos y la proporción relativa hoja/ mango no mostraron diferencias significativas con respecto a lo ya afirmado para E. vogeli. Los ganchos de E. granulosus, medidos como comparación, fueron significativamente más pequeños (p E. vogeli en Argentina. La probabilidad de encontrar equinococosis neotropical en el hombre refuerza la importancia de determinar la distribución de E. vogeli en la Argentina. La equinococosis causada por E. vogeli es muy agresiva y puede producir mortalidad hasta en un tercio de la población humana afectada.
    Revista Argentina de microbiología 07/2013; 45(3):169-173.

Related Journals