Chemical Society Reviews (CHEM SOC REV )

Publisher: Chemical Society (Great Britain)


Chemical Society Reviews publishes short introductory overviews of topics of current interest across the chemical sciences. The philosophy of the journal is to introduce chemists not familiar with the field under discussion to the most recent thinking and developments. The reviews are not aimed at the expert and as such are written in a friendly, informative style. Authors, who are renowned workers in the field, are asked to define necessary technical terms but to avoid jargon. A background and historical context to the review are given as well as a clear but concise guide to current thought. Interdisciplinary and innovative ideas are positively encouraged by the Editorial Board; this makes the reviews accessible to the non-expert. A comprehensive account is not provided, rather, the review should act as a springboard for interested readers to begin further reading. The expert may also gain new insights into the field because of the interdisciplinary approach. As a result, Chemical Society Reviews has a wide appeal. Students about to embark on a career in research will find valuable background information to a wide variety of topics. Experienced researchers looking for a new direction will be inspired by the interdisciplinary nature of the reviews. Chemists wanting to keep up with advances outside their own immediate interests will be fascinated by the research explained in the journal. Chemical Society Reviews keeps you at the frontiers of chemical science.

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    Chemical Society Reviews website
  • Other titles
    Chemical Society reviews, CSR
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    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publications in this journal

  • Chemical Society Reviews 10/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Academic and industrial research on nanofibres is an area of increasing global interest, as seen in the continuously multiplying number of research papers and patents and the broadening range of chemical, medical, electrical and environmental applications. This in turn expands the size of the market opportunity and is reflected in the significant rise in the entrepreneurial activities and investments in the field. Electrospinning is probably the most researched top-down method to form nanofibres from a remarkable range of organic and inorganic materials. It is well known and discussed in many comprehensive studies, so why this review? As we read about yet another ‘‘novel’’ method producing multifunctional nanomaterials in grams or milligrams in the laboratory, there is hardly any research addressing how these methods can be safely, consistently and cost-effectively up-scaled. Despite two decades of governmental and private investment, the productivity of nanofibre forming methods is still struggling to meet the increasing demand. This hinders the further integration of nanofibres into practical large-scale applications and limits current uses to niche-markets. Looking into history, this large gap between supply and demand of synthetic fibres was seen and addressed in conventional textile production a century ago. The remarkable achievement was accomplished via extensive collaborative research between academia and industry, applying ingenious solutions and technological convergence from polymer chemistry, physical chemistry, materials science and engineering disciplines. Looking into the present, current advances in electrospinning and nanofibre production are showing similar interdisciplinary technological convergence, and knowledge of industrial textile processing is being combined with new developments in nanofibre forming methods. Moreover, many important parameters in electrospinning and nanofibre spinning methods overlap parameters extensively studied in industrial fibre processing. Thus, this review combines interdisciplinary knowledge from the academia and industry to facilitate technological convergence and offers insight for upscaling electrospinning and nanofibre production. It will examine advances in electrospinning within a framework of large-scale fibre production as well as alternative nanofibre forming methods, providing a comprehensive comparison of conventional and contemporary fibre forming technologies. This study intends to stimulate interest in addressing the issue of scale-up alongside novel developments and applications in nanofibre research.
    Chemical Society Reviews 05/2012;
  • Chemical Society Reviews 01/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: The miniaturization of in situ spectroscopic tools has been recognized as a forefront instrumental development for the characterization of heterogeneous catalysts. With the multitude of micro-spectroscopic methods available fundamental insight into the structure-function relationships of catalytic processes can be obtained. Among these techniques vibrational spectroscopy is one of the most versatile methods and capable to shed insight into the molecular structure of reaction intermediates and products, the chemical state of catalyst materials during reaction as well as the nature of interactions between reactants/intermediates/products and the catalyst surface. In this tutorial review we discuss the recent developments in the field of infrared (IR) and Raman micro-spectroscopy and illustrate their potential. Showcase examples include (1) chemical imaging of spatial heterogeneities during catalyst preparation, (2) high-throughput catalyst screening, (3) transport and adsorption phenomena within catalytic solids and (4) reactivity studies of porous oxides, such as zeolites. Finally, new in situ spectroscopy tools based on vibrational spectroscopy and their potential in the catalysis domain are discussed.
    Chemical Society Reviews 12/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: Photocatalysis (by semiconductors, molecules and ions) is used in such diverse applications as water hydrolysis for producing hydrogen as fuel, organic synthesis and the recovery of polluted effluents. This tutorial review discusses the common principles of such applications and their role in green chemistry.
    Chemical Society Reviews 08/2009; 38(7):1999-2011.
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    ABSTRACT: This critical review is concerned with the recent advances in graft polymerisation techniques involving cellulose and its derivatives. It summarises some of the features of cellulose structure and cellulose reactivity. Also described are the various techniques for grafting synthetic polymers from the cellulosic substrate. In addition to the traditional grafting techniques, we highlight the recent developments in polymer synthesis that allow increased control over the grafting process and permit the production of functional celluloses that possess improved physical properties and chemical properties (189 references).
    Chemical Society Reviews 08/2009; 38(7):2046-64.
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    ABSTRACT: Despite its early description, trans-cyclopentane-1,2-diamine has been underestimated historically. Its non-commercial availability, extreme instability and complexity of the classical reported syntheses have produced far less interest amongst chemists than its higher homologue trans-cyclohexane-1,2-diamine, perhaps the most widely used diamine for the synthesis of ligands and receptors. However, the recent development of novel and efficient synthetic approaches has stimulated renewed interest in this chiral motif for a broad range of applications. In the first part of this tutorial review we shall discuss the existing methods for the preparation of trans-cyclopentane-1,2-diamine and some of its derivatives, in both racemic and enantioenriched forms. In subsequent sections, recent findings employing this diamine as a scaffold for chiral ligands, receptors and biologically active compounds will be highlighted.
    Chemical Society Reviews 08/2009; 38(7):1916-25.
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    ABSTRACT: In this tutorial review, we summarize recent research on the solution combustion synthesis of oxide semiconductors for applications related to photovoltaic solar energy conversion, photoelectrochemical hydrogen generation, and heterogeneous photocatalytic remediation of environmental pollutants. First, the advantages of combustion synthesis relative to other strategies for preparing oxide semiconductors are discussed followed by a summary of process variants in combustion synthesis. The possibility of in situ chemical modification of the oxide during its formation in the combustion environment is addressed. Morphological and crystal structure aspects of the combustion-synthesized products are discussed followed by a summary of trends in their photocatalytic activity relative to benchmark samples prepared by other methods.
    Chemical Society Reviews 08/2009; 38(7):1984-98.
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    ABSTRACT: There is increasing interest in the unique biological and medical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and it is expected that biomaterials incorporating CNTs will be developed for clinical use. There has been a great deal of progress in improving the various properties of CNTs for use in biomaterials and for promotion of tissue regeneration as scaffold materials. The effects of CNTs on cells and tissues are extremely important for their use in biomaterials. This tutorial review clarifies the current state of knowledge in the interdisciplinary field of CNT-based nanobiotechnology to determine whether CNTs may be useful in biomaterials. Future perspectives in this rapidly developing field will also be discussed.
    Chemical Society Reviews 08/2009; 38(7):1897-903.
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    ABSTRACT: This tutorial review describes the evolution of peptide-hydrolyzing metal catalysts towards artificial metalloproteases cleaving target proteins selectively. The catalytic cleavage of the backbone of a protein related to a disease may effect a cure. In particular, a new therapeutic option for amyloid diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, diabetes and Parkinson's disease has been presented. The new paradigm of drug design based on artificial metalloproteases should be of interest to researchers in the areas of biomimetic chemistry, as well as medicinal chemistry.
    Chemical Society Reviews 08/2009; 38(7):1949-57.
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    ABSTRACT: Owing to the color (blue-to-red) and fluorescence (non-to-fluorescent) changes that take place in response to environmental perturbations, conjugated polydiacetylenes (PDAs) have been actively employed as sensory materials for the detection of biologically-, environmentally- and chemically-important target molecules. Until recently, the majority of PDA sensors have been prepared in the form of aqueous suspensions or Langmuir-type thin films on solid substrates. In order to overcome the limitations associated with conventional solution/film sensors, conceptually new formats, such as immobilized PDAs in and on solid substrates, microarrayed PDA sensors, microfluidic PDA sensors, as well as PDA-embedded electrospun fiber sensors and resonance energy transfer (RET)-based PDA sensors, have been developed recently. In this tutorial review, the recent conceptual and technological achievements made in the area of conjugated PDA chemosensors are described.
    Chemical Society Reviews 08/2009; 38(7):1958-68.
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    ABSTRACT: This tutorial review focuses on the recent development of silica-based organic-inorganic hybrid nanomaterials for use in biological and environmental applications, in which these chromogenic and fluorogenic chemosensors can selectively detect and separate specific anions and neutral organic guests as well as toxic metal ions.
    Chemical Society Reviews 08/2009; 38(7):1904-15.
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    ABSTRACT: Optically active alpha,beta-diamino acids are very attractive targets in organic synthesis because of their wide-ranging biological significance and high versatility as synthetic building blocks. Efficient synthesis of such non-proteinogenic amino acid derivatives must face the challenge of generating two contiguous stereocenters with complete diastereo- and enantiocontrol in flexible, acyclic molecules. The catalytic asymmetric direct Mannich reaction has provided elegant and efficient solutions for the stereocontrolled assembly of both syn- and anti-alpha,beta-diamino acid derivatives, including those with a alpha-tetrasubstituted carbon stereocenter, with the aid of either organometallic or purely organic chiral catalysts (or the combination of both). This tutorial review highlights progress in this area, which has recently been boosted through two complementary strategies: the direct Mannich reaction of glycine ester Schiff bases with imines and the direct aza-Henry reaction between nitro compounds and imines.
    Chemical Society Reviews 08/2009; 38(7):1940-8.
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    ABSTRACT: This tutorial review illustrates the structural design, photochemical and photophysical properties of nanostructured constructs incorporating luminescent and photochromic components. In these systems, the pronounced structural and electronic modifications that accompany the transformations of the photochromic components can be exploited to modulate the emission intensity of the luminescent components on the basis of electron and energy transfer processes. These photoresponsive systems can be assembled by: (1) integrating fluorescent and photochromic components within the main chain of the same polymer; (2) attaching multiple photochromes to a fluorescent organic polymer or luminescent inorganic nanoparticle; (3) appending either independent fluorophores and photochromes or fluorophore-photochrome dyads to a common polymer scaffold; (4) trapping distinct fluorophores and photochromes within the hydrophobic interior of the same cross-linked polymer. In all instances, the changes in absorbance and/or redox potentials associated with the reversible interconversion of the two states of each photochromic component regulate the radiative deactivation of the luminescent components. As a result, the emission intensity of these nanoscaled assemblies can reversibly be switched between high and low values under the influence of optical stimulations. Thus, these clever operating principles for fluorescence modulation can lead to the development of innovative functional and nanostructured materials with photoresponsive character. In particular, protocols for the optical writing and reading of data as well as luminescent probes for bioimaging applications might ultimately emerge from these fundamental studies on photoresponsive molecular switches.
    Chemical Society Reviews 08/2009; 38(7):1859-67.

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