Journal of Hazardous Materials (J HAZARD MATER )

Publisher: Elsevier


The Journal of Hazardous Materials publishes full length research papers, reviews, project reports, case studies and short communications which improve our understanding of the hazards and risks certain materials pose to people and the environment or deal with ways of controlling the hazards and associated risks. To limit the scope the following areas are excluded: work place health & safety, drugs, and nuclear related topics. The Journal is published in two parts: Part A: Risk Assessment and Management Characterization of the harmful effects of hazardous materials Impact assessment methods and models - acute and chronic effects of hazardous chemical releases Approaches to risk assessment and management, including legislation Incident case histories and lessons for risk management Part B Environmental Technologies Pollution control processes Inherently safer and cleaner technologies Treatment and disposal of solid, liquid and gaseous hazardous wastes Remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater.

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  • Website
    Journal of Hazardous Materials website
  • Other titles
    Journal of hazardous materials
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  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

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    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
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    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Soils impregnated with creosote contain high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH).To bioremediate these soils and avoid PAH spread, different bioremediation strategies were tested, basedon natural attenuation, biochar application, wheat straw biostimulation, Pleurotus ostreatus mycoreme-diation, and the novel sequential application of biochar for 21 days and P. ostreatus 21 days more. Soilwas sampled after 21 and 42 days after the remediation application. The efficiency and effectiveness ofeach remediation treatment were assessed according to PAH degradation and immobilization, fungal andbacterial development, soil eco-toxicity and legal considerations. Natural attenuation and biochar treat-ments did not achieve adequate PAH removal and soil eco-toxicity reduction. Biostimulation showed thehighest bacterial development but low PAH degradation rate. Mycoremediation achieved the best PAHdegradation rate and the lowest bioavailable fraction and soil eco-toxicity. This bioremediation strategyachieved PAH concentrations below Spanish legislation for contaminated soils (RD 9/2005). Sequentialapplication of biochar and P. ostreatus was the second treatment most effective for PAH biodegradationand immobilization. However, the activity of P. ostreatus was increased by previous biochar applicationand PAH degradation efficiency was increased. Therefore, the combined strategy for PAH degradationhave high potential to increase remediation efficiency
    Journal of Hazardous Materials 03/2015; 285:259-266.
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    ABSTRACT: A wide range of consumer and personal care products may, during their use, release significant amounts of volatile organic compounds (VOC) into the air. The identification and quantification of the emissions from such sources is typically performed in emission test chambers. A major question is to what degree the obtained emissions are reproducible and directly applicable to real situations. The present work attempts partly to address this question by comparison of selected VOC emissions in specific consumer products tested in chambers of various dimensions. The measurements were performed in three test chambers of different volumes (0.26-20m(3)). The analytic performance of the laboratories was rigorously assessed prior to chamber testing. The results show emission variation for major VOC (terpenes); however, it remains in general, within the same order of magnitude for all tests. This variability does not seem to correlate with the chamber volume. It rather depends on the overall testing conditions. The present work is undertaken in the frame of EPHECT European Project. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Hazardous Materials 03/2015; 285C:37-45.
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    ABSTRACT: A simple hydrodynamic chronoamperometric method based on the application of an unmodified carbon paste electrode (CPE) and bulk-modified with different contents of MnO2 was investigated for the determination of H2O2. The optimized method involving the CPE with 5% of MnO2 was applied for the determination of the H2O2 consumption in samples of groundwater from the Central Banat region (Province of Vojvodina, Serbia) treated by the Fenton (Fe2+ and H2O2) and Fenton-like (Fe3+ and H2O2) reagents to remove natural organic matter at different initial concentrations of iron species, and of their ratios to the initial concentration of H2O2. Under optimized conditions, with a working potential of 0.40 V vs. the saturated calomel electrode and a phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.5) as supporting electrolyte, the method enabled the quantitation of H2O2 in the concentration interval from 1.4 to 65 μg mL−1 with a relative standard deviation of less than 10%. The results obtained for the H2O2 consumption are in good agreement with those obtained by parallel measurements related to the efficiency of organic matter removal.
    Journal of Hazardous Materials 01/2015; 283:292-301.
  • Journal of Hazardous Materials 01/2015; 283:806-814.
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the effects of CuO nanoparticles and CuCl2.2H2O were tested on Daphnia magna under chronic exposure scenarios. During a 21 day exposure to the nanoparticles and salt, the reproduction was followed by a daily count of the number of offspring. After the exposure, the adult Daphnia length and uptake of copper was measured. The dissolved, nanoparticle and aggregated fractions were distinguished in the exposure medium. The results showed that only a small fraction of the nanoparticles dissolved, while the majority of the particles formed large aggregates (> 450 nm). The dissolved fraction of the nanoparticles corresponded with the dissolved fraction of the copper salt. The effects of the nanoparticles (reproduction EC10: 0.546 mg Cu/l, EC20: 0.693 mg Cu/l, EC50: 1.041 mg Cu/l) on reproduction and length were much lower than the effects of the copper salts (reproduction EC10: 0.017 mg Cu/l, EC20: 0.019 mg Cu/l, EC50: 0.022 mg Cu/l). Based upon total body analysis, the Daphnia copper concentration appeared much higher when exposed to the nanoparticles than when exposed to the salt. These combined results indicate that the toxicity of CuO nanoparticles to D. magna is caused by copper ions formed during dissolution of the nanoparticles in the exposure medium.
    Journal of Hazardous Materials 01/2015; 283:416–422.
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    ABSTRACT: tSynthetic musk compounds (SMCs) are extensively used as fragrances in several personal care productsand have been recognized as emerging aquatic pollutants. Among SMCs, galaxolide (HHCB) and tonalide(AHTN) are extensively used and have been measured in aquatic ecosystems worldwide. However, theirpotential risk to organisms remains largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether21-day exposures to HHCB and AHTN concentrations frequently measured in aquatic ecosystems caninduce oxidative and genetic damage in Dreissena polymorpha. The lipid peroxidation (LPO) and proteincarbonyl content (PCC) were measured as oxidative stress indexes, while the DNA precipitation assay andthe micronucleus test (MN test) were applied to investigate genetic injuries. HHCB induced significantincreases in LPO and PCC levels, while AHTN enhanced only protein carbonylation. Moreover, significantincreases in DNA strand breaks were caused by exposure to the highest concentrations of HHCB andAHTN tested in the present study, but no fixed genetic damage was observed
    Journal of Hazardous Materials 01/2015; 285:1-10.