Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology (ULTRASOUND MED BIOL )

Publisher: World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, Elsevier

Journal description

Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (UMB) is the official journal of the World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. The journal publishes original contributions on significant advances in clinical diagnostic, interventional and therapeutic applications, new and improved clinical techniques, the physics, engineering and technology of ultrasound in medicine and biology, and the interactions between ultrasound and biological materials, including bioeffects. Extended reviews of subjects of contemporary interest in the field are also published, in addition to occasional editorial articles, clinical and technical notes, letters to the editor and a calendar of forthcoming meetings. It is the aim of the journal fully to meet the information and publication requirements of the clinicians, scientists, engineers and other professionals who constitute the biomedical ultrasonic community. Visit the web site of the World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology at: http://www.wfumb.org/ for more information, including affiliated organizations, congresses, newsletters and reports.

Current impact factor: 2.10

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013/2014 Impact Factor 2.099
2012 Impact Factor 2.455
2011 Impact Factor 2.293
2010 Impact Factor 2.493
2009 Impact Factor 2.021
2008 Impact Factor 2.395
2007 Impact Factor 1.922
2006 Impact Factor 2.011
2005 Impact Factor 2.221
2004 Impact Factor 2.064
2003 Impact Factor 2.033
2002 Impact Factor 1.758
2001 Impact Factor 1.615
2000 Impact Factor 1.822
1999 Impact Factor 2.124
1998 Impact Factor 1.797
1997 Impact Factor 1.533
1996 Impact Factor 1.527
1995 Impact Factor 1.254
1994 Impact Factor 1.252
1993 Impact Factor 1.157
1992 Impact Factor 1.036

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.84
Cited half-life 7.60
Immediacy index 0.25
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.74
Website Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology website
Other titles Ultrasound in medicine & biology (Online), Ultrasound in medicine and biology, UMB
ISSN 0301-5629
OCLC 39196461
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, arXiv.org or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is increasing use of ultrasound contrast agent in high-frequency ultrasound imaging. However, conventional contrast detection methods perform poorly at high frequencies. We performed systematic in vitro comparisons of subharmonic, non-linear fundamental and ultraharmonic imaging for different depths and ultrasound contrast agent concentrations (Vevo 2100 system with MS250 probe and MicroMarker ultrasound contrast agent, VisualSonics, Toronto, ON, Canada). We investigated 4-, 6- and 10-cycle bursts at three power levels with the following pulse sequences: B-mode, amplitude modulation, pulse inversion and combined pulse inversion/amplitude modulation. The contrast-to-tissue (CTR) and contrast-to-artifact (CAR) ratios were calculated. At a depth of 8 mm, subharmonic pulse-inversion imaging performed the best (CTR = 26 dB, CAR = 18 dB) and at 16 mm, non-linear amplitude modulation imaging was the best contrast imaging method (CTR = 10 dB). Ultraharmonic imaging did not result in acceptable CTRs and CARs. The best candidates from the in vitro study were tested in vivo in chicken embryo and mouse models, and the results were in a good agreement with the in vitro findings.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 02/2015; 41(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Complex cystic focal liver lesions (FLLs) found at non-contrast ultrasound (US) may turn out to be malignant. In this prospective, monocentric study we investigated the value of contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of complex cystic FLLs. In the past 3 years, all patients with complex cystic FLLs unclassifiable at US underwent CEUS with low-transmit insonation power. We evaluated 36 consecutive patients with 61 FLLs (1-6/patient, mean = 2). The diameter of the lesions ranged from 1.1 to 7.9 cm (mean = 3.9 cm). Sixteen patients had an extrahepatic malignancy. There were 42 malignant lesions and 19 benign lesions. No lesion had a certain diagnosis at conventional US, whereas 16 FLLs were classified as probable (benign or malignant) and 45 as uncertain. CEUS correctly categorized 95% of the malignant cases. CEUS was not able to differentiate the biliary cystadenoma from its malignant counterpart and misdiagnosed two abscesses. Complete non-enhancement throughout three phases or sustained enhancement in the portal/late phase was exhibited in most benign complex cystic FLLs, except for 1 (of the 3) cystadenomas and in 2 (of the 4) abscesses. On the other hand, all malignant lesions presented a contrast washout with a hypo-enhancing appearance. CEUS may provide added diagnostic value in all complex cystic FLLs found uncertain at conventional US, potentially avoiding the use of more invasive and expensive imaging modalities. Copyright © 2015 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of critical care chest ultrasonic examination (CCUE) by intensivist on the diagnosis and treatment decisions in emergent consultation for patients who may have a problem-need transfer to an intensive care unit (ICU). A total of 130 patients who required emergent consultation in the ordinary wards were included in this study. Patients were randomly divided into conventional group (n = 63) and CCUE group (n = 67, added CCUE). The two groups showed no significant differences in general clinical information or final diagnosis (p > 0.05). The CCUE group had a shorter time to preliminary diagnosis, final diagnosis, treatment response and X-ray/computed tomography examination; a delay in ICU transfer and ICU stay days (3.9 ± 1.2 vs. 5.4 ± 1.9 d, p < 0.05) and a higher diagnostic accuracy than the conventional group (p < 0.001). In conclusion, CCUE could help early diagnosis and therapy for the patient who may need to transfer to the ICU and reduce the ICU stay for in-hospital patients in emergent consultation. Copyright © 2015 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 02/2015; 41(2):401-6.
  • Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 02/2015; 41(2):623.
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of the study described here were to illustrate the spectrum of ultrasonographic features of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and to evaluate the ability of ultrasonography (US) to predict the grade and recurrence of DCIS on the basis of mammographic and histopathologic findings. We retrospectively evaluated the ultrasonographic features of 129 DCIS lesions from 127 consecutive women and compared these with their mammographic and histopathologic features. The mean size of DCISs on ultrasonography and mammography (MMG) was 3.67 ± 1.40 and 4.00 ± 1.74 cm, respectively, which do not differ statistically (p = 0.09). Despite the statistical difference in Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) classification on US and MMG (p = 0.000), the median BI-RADS classification is category 4c on both US and MMG (p = 0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of microcalcification on MMG and US. Clusters <5 mm in greatest diameter are easily seen on MMG. At US, a scattered/linear distribution on MMG had a higher level of visibility than clustered distribution on MMG. The correlation between tumor size and DCIS with micro-invasion evaluated using US is higher than that obtained using MMG (p = 0.001 and 0.024, respectively). When US was used for the detection of DCIS, diagnostic accuracy was significantly associated with higher Van Nuys groups, the presence of micro-invasion and comedo carcinoma (p = 0.000, 0.022 and 0.011, respectively). However, mammographic diagnostic accuracy was found not to associate with higher Van Nuys groups, the presence of micro-invasion and comedo carcinoma (p = 0.054, 0.093 and 0.256, respectively). Ultrasonography may play an important role both in detecting DCIS and in evaluating its histopathologic features. Detection of DCIS using MMG alone may be suboptimal for patients with dense breasts, especially among Chinese women. Copyright © 2015 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 01/2015; 41(1):47-55.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study described here was to compare myocardial strains in ischemic heart patients with and without sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) and moderately abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) to investigate which index could better predict VT on the basis of the analysis of global and regional left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. We studied 467 patients with previous myocardial infarction and LVEF >35%. Fifty-one patients had documented VT, and 416 patients presented with no VT. LV volumes and score index were obtained by 2-D echocardiography. Longitudinal, radial and circumferential strains were determined. Strains of the infarct, border and remote zones were also obtained. There were no differences in standard LV 2-D parameters between patients with and those without VT. Receiver operating characteristic values were −12.7% for global longitudinal strain (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.72), −4.8% for posterior-inferior wall circumferential strain (AUC = 0.80), 61 ms for LV mechanical dispersion (AUC = 0.84), −10.1% for longitudinal strain of the border zone (AUC = 0.86) and −9.2% for circumferential strain of the border zone (AUC = 0.89). In patients with previous myocardial infarction and moderately abnormal LVEF, peri-infarct circumferential strain was the strongest predictor of documented ventricular arrhythmias among all strain quantitative indices. Additionally, strain values from posterior-inferior wall infarctions had a higher association with arrhythmic events compared with global strain.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 12/2014; 41(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Our goal in this study was to evaluate the relevance of shear wave sonoelastography (SWE) in the differential diagnosis of masses in the breast with respect to ultrasound (US). US and SWE were performed (Aixplorer System, SuperSonic Imagine, Aix en Provence, France) in 76 women (aged 24 to 85) with 84 lesions (43 malignant, 41 benign). The study included BI-RADS-US (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System for Ultrsound) category 3-5 lesions. In elastograms, the following values were calculated: mean elasticity in lesions (Eav.l) and in fat tissue (Eav.f.) and maximal (Emax.adj.) and mean (Eav.adj.) elasticity in lesions and adjacent tissues. The sensitivity and specificity of the BI-RADS category 4a/4b cutoff value were 97.7% and 90.2%. For an Eav.adj. of 68.5 kPa, the cutoff sensitivity was 86.1% and the specificity was 87.8%, and for an Emax.adj. of 124.1 kPa, 74.4% and 92.7%, respectively. For BI-RADS-US category 3 lesions, Eav.l, Emax.adj. and Eav.adj. were below cutoff levels. On the basis of our findings, Eav.adj. had lower sensitivity and specificity compared with US. Emax.adj. improved the specificity of breast US with loss of sensitivity. Copyright © 2014 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 12/2014; 41(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Measurement of the Doppler power of signals backscattered from flowing blood (henceforth referred to as the Doppler power of flowing blood) and the echogenicity of flowing blood have been used widely to assess the degree of red blood cell (RBC) aggregation for more than 20 y. Many studies have used Doppler flowmeters based on an analogue circuit design to obtain the Doppler shifts in the signals backscattered from flowing blood; however, some recent studies have mentioned that the analogue Doppler flowmeter exhibits a frequency-response problem whereby the backscattered energy is lost at higher Doppler shift frequencies. Therefore, the measured Doppler power of flowing blood and evaluations of RBC aggregation obtained using an analogue Doppler device may be inaccurate. To overcome this problem, the present study implemented a field-programmable gate array-based digital pulsed-wave Doppler flowmeter to measure the Doppler power of flowing blood, in the aim of providing more accurate assessments of RBC aggregation. A clinical duplex ultrasound imaging system that can acquire pulsed-wave Doppler spectrograms is now available, but its usefulness for estimating the ultrasound scattering properties of blood is still in doubt. Therefore, the echogenicity and Doppler power of flowing blood under the same flow conditions were measured using a laboratory pulser-receiver system and a clinical ultrasound system, respectively, for comparisons. The experiments were carried out using porcine blood under steady laminar flow with both RBC suspensions and whole blood. The experimental results indicated that a clinical ultrasound system used to measure the Doppler spectrograms is not suitable for quantifying Doppler power. However, the Doppler power measured using a digital Doppler flowmeter can reveal the relationship between backscattering signals and the properties of blood cells because the effects of frequency response are eliminated. The measurements of the Doppler power and echogenicity of flowing blood were compared with those obtained in several previous studies. Copyright © 2014 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 12/2014; 41(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Ultrasound images are acquired before and after the resection of brain tumors to help the surgeon to localize the tumor and its extent and to minimize the amount of residual tumor after the resection. Because the brain undergoes large deformation between these two acquisitions, deformable image-based registration of these data sets is of substantial clinical importance. In this work, we present an algorithm for non-rigid registration of ultrasound images (RESOUND) that models the deformation with free-form cubic B-splines. We formulate a regularized cost function that uses normalized cross-correlation as the similarity metric. To optimize the cost function, we calculate its analytic derivative and use the stochastic gradient descent technique to achieve near real-time performance. We further propose a robust technique to minimize the effect of non-corresponding regions such as the resected tumor and possible hemorrhage in the post-resection image. Using manually labeled corresponding landmarks in the pre- and post-resection ultrasound volumes, we illustrate that our registration algorithm reduces the mean target registration error from an initial value of 3.7 to 1.5 mm. We also compare RESOUND with the previous work of Mercier et al. (2013) and illustrate that it has three important advantages: (i) it is fully automatic and does not require a manual segmentation of the tumor, (ii) it produces smaller registration errors and (iii) it is about 30 times faster. The clinical data set is available online on the BITE database website.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 12/2014; 41(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Twenty-five pathologically proven hepatic angiomyolipomas (AMLs) were included in the study. Ultrasonic features of hepatic AMLs were reviewed. Three types of echogenicity were observed on ultrasound examination: (i) strong hyper-echogenicity, (ii) moderate hyper-echogenicity and (iii) hypo-echogenicity. Vascular signals within tumors could be detected in 22 (88.00%) tumors as multiple punctiform, filiform or dendriform signals by color Doppler flow imaging. Based on the enhancement patterns in the arterial, portal and late phases, the features of hepatic AMLs on contrast-enhanced ultrasound were divided into four subtypes: (i) “fast in slow out” (68.00%, n = 17); (ii) “fast in same out” (16%, n = 4); (iii) “fast in fast out” (12.00%, n = 3); and (iv) “fast in uneven out” (4.00%, n = 1). Contrast-enhanced ultrasound diagnosed 22 (88.00%) tumors as benign tumors and 13 (52.00%) as hepatic AMLs. Four cases were misdiagnosed as hepatic hemangioma, five cases as focal nodular hyperplasia (total = 36.00%). The rate of correct diagnosis of hepatic AMLs increased significantly from 24.00% for ultrasound alone to 52.00% for contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Therefore, information obtained from ultrasound, color Doppler flow imaging and contrast-enhanced ultrasound should be combined to improve diagnosis.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 12/2014; 41(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Shear wave based ultrasound elastography utilizes mechanical excitation or acoustic radiation force to induce shear waves in deep tissue. The tissue response is monitored to obtain elasticity information about the tissue. During the past two decades, tissue elasticity has been extensively studied and has been used in clinical disease diagnosis. However, biological soft tissues are viscoelastic in nature. Therefore, they should be simultaneously characterized in terms of elasticity and viscosity. In this study, two shear wave-based elasticity imaging methods, shear wave dispersion ultrasound vibrometry (SDUV) and acoustic radiation force impulsive (ARFI) imaging, were compared. The discrepancy between the measurements obtained by the two methods was analyzed, and the role of viscosity was investigated. To this end, four types of gelatin phantoms containing 0%, 20%, 30% and 40% castor oil were fabricated to mimic different viscosities of soft tissue. For the SDUV method, the shear elasticity μ1 was 3.90 ± 0.27 kPa, 4.49 ± 0.16 kPa, 2.41 ± 0.33 kPa and 1.31 ± 0.09 kPa; and the shear viscosity μ2 was 1.82 ± 0.31 Pa•s, 2.41 ± 0.35 Pa•s, 2.65 ± 0.13 Pa•s and 2.89 ± 0.14 Pa•s for 0%, 20%, 30% and 40% oil, respectively in both cases. For the ARFI measurements, the shear elasticity μ was 7.30 ± 0.20 kPa, 8.20 ± 0.31 kPa, 7.42 ± 0.21 kPa and 5.90 ± 0.36 kPa for 0%, 20%, 30% and 40% oil, respectively. The SDUV results demonstrated that the elasticity first increased from 0% to 20% oil and then decreased for the 30% and 40% oil. The viscosity decreased consistently as the concentration of castor oil increased from 0% to 40%. The elasticity measured by ARFI showed the same trend as that of the SDUV but exceeded the results measured by SDUV. To clearly validate the impact of viscosity on the elasticity estimation, an independent measurement of the elasticity and viscosity by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) was conducted on these four types of gelatin phantoms and then compared with SDUV and ARFI results. The shear elasticities obtained by DMA (3.44 ± 0.31 kPa, 4.29 ± 0.13 kPa, 2.05 ± 0.29 kPa and 1.06 ± 0.18 kPa for 0%, 20%, 30% and 40% oil, respectively) were lower than those by SDUV, whereas the shear viscosities obtained by DMA (2.52 ± 0.32 Pa·s, 3.18 ± 0.12 Pa·s, 3.98 ± 0.19 Pa·s and 4.90 ± 0.20 Pa·s for 0%, 20%, 30% and 40% oil, respectively) were greater than those obtained by SDUV. However, the DMA results showed that the trend in the elasticity and viscosity data was the same as that obtained from the SDUV and ARFI. The SDUV results demonstrated that adding castor oil changed the viscoelastic properties of the phantoms and resulted in increased dispersion of the shear waves. Viscosity can provide important and independent information about the inner state of the phantoms, in addition to the elasticity. Because the ARFI method ignores the dispersion of the shear waves, namely viscosity, it may bias the estimation of the true elasticity. This study sheds further light on the significance of the viscosity measurements in shear wave based elasticity imaging methods. Copyright © 2014 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 12/2014; 41(2).
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to assess the effects of the biological characteristics of different types of uterine fibroids, as assessed with T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), on ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (USgHIFU) ablation. Thirty-five patients with 39 symptomatic uterine fibroids who underwent myomectomy or hysterectomy were enrolled. Before surgery, the uterine fibroids were subdivided into hypo-intense, iso-intense, heterogeneous hyper-intense and homogeneous hyper-intense categories based on signal intensity on T2-weighted MRI. Tissue density and moisture content were determined in post-operative samples and normal uterine tissue, the isolated uterine fibroids were subjected to USgHIFU, and the extent of ablation was measured using triphenyltetrazolium chloride. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and sirius red staining were undertaken to investigate the organizational structure of the uterine fibroids. Estrogen and progesterone receptor expression was assayed via immunohistochemical staining. The mean diameter of uterine fibroids was 6.9 ± 2.8 cm. For all uterine fibroids, the average density and moisture content were 10.7 ± 0.7 mg/mL and 75.7 ± 2.4%, respectively; and for the homogeneous hyper-intense fibroids, 10.3 ± 0.5 mg/mL and 76.6 ± 2.3%. The latter subgroup had lower density and higher moisture content compared with the other subgroups. After USgHIFU treatment, the extent of ablation of the hyper-intense fibroids was 102.7 ± 42.1 mm2, which was significantly less than those of the hypo-intense and heterogeneous hyper-intense fibroids. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and sirius red staining revealed that the homogeneous hyper-intense fibroids had sparse collagen fibers and abundant cells. Immunohistochemistry results revealed that estrogen and progesterone receptors were highly expressed in the homogeneous hyper-intense fibroids. This study revealed that lower density, higher moisture content, sparse collagen fibers, abundant cells and overexpression of estrogen and progesterone receptors are important biological characteristics that resulted in poor efficacy in the treatment of homogeneous hyper-intense fibroids.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 12/2014; 41(2).