Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry (MOL CELL BIOCHEM )

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Description

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry: An International Journal for Chemical Biology in Health and Disease publishes original full-length research papers and short communications in all areas of the biochemical sciences the emphasis being on those papers which present novel findings relevant to the biochemical basis of cellular function and disease processes as well as the mechanics of action of hormones and chemical agents. Investigations directed towards molecular biology and gene expression in the cell are particularly encouraged. Membrane transport receptor mechanism immune response secretory processes and cytoskeletal function are areas of great interest to this journal as are articles in all areas related to biochemical structure-function relationships in the cell. Studies examining adaptation of biochemical processes at the molecular and cellular levels in response to physiological and pathological stimuli are welcome. In addition to the reports of original research the journal publishes state of the art reviews. Specific subjects that are covered by Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry are: cellular metabolism cellular pathophysiology enzymology ion transport lipid biochemistry membrane biochemistry molecular biology nuclear structure and function and protein chemistry.

  • Impact factor
    2.33
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    2.19
  • Cited half-life
    8.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.55
  • Eigenfactor
    0.02
  • Article influence
    0.59
  • Website
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry website
  • Other titles
    Molecular and cellular biochemistry
  • ISSN
    0300-8177
  • OCLC
    1787431
  • Material type
    Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin II (Ang II) is an important active substance of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The present study has confirmed that abnormalities of Ang II may be related with cerebrovascular diseases, endocrine diseases, cardiovascular diseases, liver diseases, such as: cerebral hypoxia, diabetes, obesity, atrial fibrillation, and liver cirrhosis. However, understanding effects of Ang II on podocytes is not enough. This study was to investigate the effects of oxidative stress on the large conductance, Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BKCa). Results from the 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay showed that Ang II induced podocyte death in a concentration-dependent manner. The measurement of superoxide dismutase (SOD) generation demonstrated that Ang II decreased the total SOD of cellular levels. Meaningfully, pretreatment of a type of ROS scavenger formulations named N-(mercaptopropionyl)-glycine (N-MPG) could inhibit podocyte apoptosis induced by Ang II. Meanwhile, patch-clamp technique was used in this study to detect the effects of Ang II on currents of BKCa channel in podocytes. The results indicated that Ang II inhibited the current amplitude of BKCa channel and decreased the slope of I–V curve. Ang II also made the activation curves of BKCa channel shift to the left. These results may provide a theoretical basis for potential treatment of chronic glomerular disease in the future.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015; 398(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: The ability of nicotine to induce aortic aneurysms has been shown in animal models; however, its underlying mechanisms remain elusive. In the present experiment, both the RAW264.7 and MOVAS cell lines were employed to examine the nicotine-induced modulation of VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expressions in macrophages and vascular smooth muscle cells. Our results showed that nicotine concentrations of both 0.5 and 5 ng/ml induced VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 upregulation, while a concentration of 50 ng/ml had a slight inhibitory effect and a concentration of 500 ng/ml showed a significant inhibitory effect. When cells were pretreated with either SP600125 (JNK inhibitor) or PNU-282987 (α7-nAChR agonist) prior to nicotine exposure, the nicotine-induced upregulation of VCAM-1, MMP-2, MMP-9, and p-JNK was suppressed, with a joint treatment producing a more significant inhibitory effect. Moreover, PNU-282987 had a comparable inhibitory effect on VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expressions and JNK activation via phosphorylation as did SP600125. In conclusion, nicotine-induced VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expressions occur in a dose-dependent fashion in both of the cell lines tested. Furthermore, the nicotine exposure equivalent to plasma levels found in regular smokers can augment VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expressions through the α7-nAChR-JNK pathway.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Skin cancer is the most common malignancy in the world and also one of the major cause of death worldwide. The toxic environmental pollutant 7-12 dimethylbenz [a] anthracene (DMBA) is a skin-specific carcinogen. Tannic acid (TA) is reported to be effective against various types of chemical induced toxicities and carcinogenesis as well. In the present study, we have evaluated the therapeutic potential of Tannic acid in DMBA+croton oil induced skin cancer in Swiss albino mice. Protective effect of TA against skin cancer was evaluated in terms of antioxidant enzymes activities, lipid peroxidation, histopathological changes and expression of inflammation and early tumour markers. DMBA + croton oil causes depletion of antioxidant enzymes (p<0.001) and elevation of early inflammatory and tumour promotional events. TA prevents the DMBA + croton oil induced toxicity through a protective mechanism that involves the reduction of oxidative stress as well as COX-2, i- NOS, PCNA protein expression and level of proinflammatory cytokine such as IL-6 release at a very significant level (p<0.001). It could be concluded from our results that TA attenuates DMBA + croton oil induced tumour promotional potential possibly by inhibiting oxidative and inflammatory responses and acts as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative agent.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The role of C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) in umbilical mesenchymal stem cells (UMSCs) as therapy for liver disease is ill understood. The aim of the study was to evaluate rat UMSCs (rUMSCs) on CXCR4 expression and homing to injured liver tissue. rUMSCs were isolated from umbilical cords of pregnant rats. Acute liver failure (ALF) models were developed using D-galactosamine. CXCR4 expression induction by serum from rats with ALF (LFS), cytokines, growth factors, and LPS was analyzed. CXCR4 expression was analyzed by RT-PCR, western blot, and flow cytometry. rUMSCs were labeled with carboxyfluorescein and pretreated with LFS to induce CXCR4 expression and were transplanted into ALF rats. Animals were sacrificed 48 h and 1 week after transplantation. Liver-homing rUMSCs were observed under fluorescence microscopy. rUMSCs were successfully isolated, expressing CD90 and CD106, but not CD34 and CD45. mRNA and protein expressions of CXCR4 were strongly up-regulated by LFS and by the mixture of cytokines, stem cell factor, and LPS (CM). Expression of cell surface CXCR4 on rUMSCs in groups treated with LFS (42.37 ± 1.60 %) and CM (40.17 ± 1.78 %) was higher than that in the untreated control group (9.67 ± 1.06 %) (both P < 0.001). At 48 h after transplantation, more rUMSCs pretreated with LFS appeared in the portal area, and migrated to the liver parenchyma after 1 week. LFS strongly induced the surface expression of CXCR4 on rUMSCs. Increasing CXCR4 expression on rUMSCs may enhance their homing ability to injured liver tissue, and may eventually be used for treating liver diseases.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Calreticulin (CRT) is a calcium-buffering protein which is predominantly located in endoplasmic reticulum. In the previous mitochondria proteome analysis, we accidentally found that CRT may be also localized at myocardial mitochondria and was upregulated in a rat model of furazolidone-induced dilated cardiomyopathy. To our knowledge, there has not yet been any report of its presence in mitochondria of any cell types. The present study aimed to determine whether CRT was located at the mitochondria of rat cardiomyocytes and whether the mitochondrial CRT was affected by furazolidone. Mitochondrial preparations were isolated from primary cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and purified by differential centrifugation. The purity of mitochondria was assessed by the reduction or elimination of the immunoreactivities of markers for cytosol, nucleus, sarcolemma, and endoplasmic reticulum. Western blot analysis demonstrated the presence of CRT in purified mitochondria of rat cardiomyocytes. The distribution of CRT to mitochondria was further confirmed by immuno-electron microscopy, flow cytometry, and laser scanning confocal microscopy (double staining with MitoTracker Red and CRT-Alexa Fluor 488). Western blot analysis also demonstrated that the mitochondrial content of CRT was significantly enhanced by furazolidone treatment by 2.73 ± 0.13 fold (P < 0.05) in rat cardiomyocytes, which was verified by immuno-electron microscopy. In summary, the present results suggest that CRT is localized at mitochondria of rat cardiomyocytes and such localization is affected by furazolidone.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a highly atherogenic lipoprotein, whose metabolism is poorly understood. Efficient and secure drugs that can lower elevated plasma Lp(a) concentrations are currently lacking. Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21), a member of the FGFS super family, regulates glucose and lipid metabolism in hepatocytes and adipocytes via FGFR-ERK1/2 signaling. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms that influence apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] biosynthesis. We also determined the effects of FGF21 on HepG2 cell apo(a) expression and secretion, as well as the mechanism of FGF21 in these effects. Results showed that FGF21 inhibited apo(a) expression at both mRNA and protein levels in a dose- and time--dependent manner and then suppressed the secretion of apo(a). These effects were attenuated by PD98059 (ERK1/2 inhibitor) and Elk-1 siRNA. PD166866 (FGFR1 inhibitor) also attenuated the FGF21-mediated inhibition of apo(a) expression and inhibited ERK1/2 and Elk-1 activation. These results demonstrate that FGF21 suppresses apo(a) expression via the FGFR1-ERK1/2-Elk-1 pathway.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 08/2014; 393(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: Ionizing radiation increases cell mortality in a dose-dependent manner. Increases in DNA double strand breaks, γ-H2AX, p53 phophorylation, and protein levels of p53 and Bax also occur. We investigated the ability of ciprofloxacin (CIP), a widely prescribed antibiotic, to inhibit DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation. Human tumor TK6, NH32 (p53−/− of TK6) cells, and human normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were exposed to 2–8 Gy 60Co-γ-photon radiation. γ-H2AX (an indicator of DNA strand breaks), phosphorylated p53 (responsible for cell-cycle arrest), Bcl-2 (an apoptotic protein, and cell death were measured. Ionizing irradiation increased γ-H2AX amounts in TK6 cells (p53+/+) within 1 h in a radiation dose-dependent manner. CIP pretreatment and posttreatment effectively inhibited the increase in γ-H2AX. CIP pretreatment reduced Bcl-2 production but promoted p53 phosphorylation, caspase-3 activation and cell death. In NH32 cells, CIP failed to significantly inhibit the radiation-induced γ-H2AX increase, suggesting that CIP inhibition involves in p53-dependent mechanisms. In normal healthy human PBMCs, CIP failed to block the radiation-induced γ-H2AX increase but effectively increased Bcl-2 production, but blocked the phospho-p53 increase and subsequent cell death. CIP increased Gadd45α, and enhanced p21 protein 24 h postirradiation. Results suggest that CIP exerts its effect in TK6 cells by promoting p53 phosphorylation and inhibiting Bcl-2 production and in PBMCs by inhibiting p53 phosphorylation and increasing Bcl-2 production. Our data are the first to support the view that CIP may be effective to protect normal tissue cells from radiation injury, while enhancing cancer cell death in radiation therapy.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 08/2014; 393(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: ADAMTS-2 and ADAMTS-3 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif 2) belong to the procollagen aminoproteinase subfamily of ADAMTS proteases. They play crucial roles in the collagen metabolism. To understand the regulation of ADAMTS-2 gene expression in osteoblastic cells, we have cloned a functional 760 bp of human ADAMTS-2 promoter. Sequence analysis of the ADAMTS-2 promoter region showed the absence of a TATA box, but identified a GC box, a CpG island, several GAGA boxes and several transcriptional factor binding sites, which may be valuable in the regulation of ADAMTS-2 transcription. We also elucidated that Interleukin 6 (IL-6) increases ADAMTS-2 and ADAMTS-3 mRNA and protein levels in different osteosarcoma cell lines namely, MG-63 and Saos-2. IL-6 also increases the transcriptional activation of the ADAMTS-2 gene promoter. Pathway inhibition studies revealed that ADAMTS-2 upregulation by IL-6 was mediated by JNK pathway.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 08/2014; 393(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: CD44 is a cell surface protein and it is widely used as a cancer stem cell marker in various cancer types including gastric cancer. We conducted proteomic analysis in CD44(+) and CD44(-) gastric cancer cells to understand characteristics of CD44(+) and CD44(-) cells. In the present study, we sorted cells from the gastric cancer cell line MKN45 according to CD44 expression to separate out CD44(+) and CD44(-) cells. And we conducted RT-PCR to identify mRNA expression of cancer stem cell markers in CD44(+) and CD44(-) cells. Cancer stem cell markers showed upregulated expression in CD44(+) cells. Next, we performed two-dimensional electrophoresis analysis to determine the differential expression pattern of proteins in each group; control, CD44(+), and CD44(-) MKN45 cells. We found a total of 113 spots that varied in expression between CD44(+) and CD44(-) cells, and subjected 20 of those protein spots to MALDI-MS. We selected the three proteins (HSPA8; heat shock cognate 71 kDa protein isoform 1, ezrin, α-enolase) upregulated in CD44(+) cells than CD44(-) cells and one protein (prohibitin) showed increased expression in CD44(-) cells. We validated the protein expression levels of four selected proteins by Western blot. We suggest that our study could be a helpful background to study CD44(+) cancer stem-like cells and differences between CD44(+) and CD44(-) cells in gastric cancer.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Characterized for the first time in erythrocytes, phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinases (PIP kinases) belong to a family of enzymes that generate various lipid messengers and participate in several cellular processes, including gene expression regulation. Recently, the PIPKIIα gene was found to be differentially expressed in reticulocytes from two siblings with hemoglobin H disease, suggesting a possible relationship between PIPKIIα and the production of globins. Here, we investigated PIPKIIα gene and protein expression and protein localization in hematopoietic-derived cells during their differentiation, and the effects of PIPKIIα silencing on K562 cells. PIPKIIα silencing resulted in an increase in α and γ globins and a decrease in the proliferation of K562 cells without affecting cell cycle progression and apoptosis. In conclusion, using a cell line model, we showed that PIPKIIα is widely expressed in hematopoietic-derived cells, is localized in their cytoplasm and nucleus, and is upregulated during erythroid differentiation. We also showed that PIPKIIα silencing can induce α and γ globin expression and decrease cell proliferation in K562 cells.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 08/2014; 393(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: Three mutations in the highly conserved DNA-binding region of c-MAF (R288P, K297R, and R299S) are associated with phenotypically distinct forms of autosomal dominant congenital cataract. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenotypic diversity remain unclear. In this work, we have investigated the hypothesis that differential transactivation of MAF target genes could be one factor determining the phenotypic differences. Promoter constructs were generated for four human crystallin genes with conserved half-site MAF responsive elements (MARE). MAF expression constructs were constructed with the wildtype MAF sequence and with each of the three known mutations, i.e., R288P (associated with pulverulent cataract), K297R (associated with cerulean cataract), and R299S (associated with the most severe phenotype, congenital cataract, and microcornea syndrome). Transactivation was measured using luciferase reporter assays following cotransfection in HEK cells. Responsiveness to wildtype c-MAF was established for each of the four crystallin promoter constructs. The same constructs were then investigated using c-MAF mutants corresponding to each of the three mutations. A differential response was noted for each of the tested crystallin genes. The mutation R288P significantly reduced the expression of the CRYGA and CRYBA1 constructs but had no significant effect on the other two constructs. K297R did not lead to a significant reduction in expression of any of the four constructs, although there was a tendency toward reduced expression especially for the CRYGA construct. R299S, which is associated with the most severe phenotype, congenital cataract, and microcornea syndrome, was associated with the most severe overall effect on the transactivation of the four crystallin expression constructs. Our findings suggest that differential effects of mutations on the transactivation potential of c-MAF could be a molecular correlate of the striking genotype-phenotype correlations seen in cataract forms caused by mutations in the MAF gene.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Under some pathological conditions, the natural dicarbonyl compounds can accumulate in the blood. The examples are malonyldialdehyde (MDA) formed as a secondary product of lipid peroxidation of unsaturated fatty acids during atherosclerosis, and glyoxal (GOX), a homolog of MDA, which accumulates during glucose autoxidation in patients with diabetes mellitus. This study compared the influence of both dicarbonyl compounds on low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and the membrane of endotheliocytes. In comparison with GOX, MDA induced more pronounced changes in physical and chemical properties of LDL particles. On the other hand, GOX-modified LDL particles were more prone to oxidation and aggregation than MDA-modified LDL. Incubation of endotheliocytes with MDA increased cell mechanical stiffness in contrast to incubation with GOX, which decreased it.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been shown to play important roles in cancer progression as a result of changes in expression of their target genes. In this study, we investigated the roles of miR-520d-3p on gastric cancer (GC) cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and confirmed that this miRNA regulates EphA2 expression. The mRNA expression levels of miR-520d-3p and EphA2 in GC tissues and cell lines were evaluated. The clinical and prognostic significance of miR-520d-3p was assessed. The biological function of miR-520d-3p in GC cells was investigated using a methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay, cell cycle assay, transwell invasion assay, and wound-healing assay. miR-520d-3p expression was down-regulated and inversely correlated with the expression of EphA2 in GC tissues and cell lines. Lower expression of miR-520d-3p was associated with tumor invasion (P = 0.0357), lymph nodes metastasis (P = 0.0272), a higher clinical stage (P = 0.0041), and poorer overall survival (P = 0.0105). Luciferase assays revealed that miR-520d-3p inhibited EphA2 expression by targeting the 3'-untranslated region of EphA2 mRNA. Overexpression of miR-520d-3p dramatically inhibited the proliferation, cell cycle progression, invasion, and migration of GC cells, while down-regulation substantially promoted these properties. Moreover, c-Myc, CyclinD1, and matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression levels were down-regulated in miR-520d-3p mimic-transfected cells and up-regulated in miR-520d-3p inhibitor-transfected cells. Taken together, our data showed that miR-520d-3p appears to contribute to GC progression via the regulation of EphA2 and could serve as a novel prognostic and potential therapeutic marker.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The beneficial effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in cardiac cell therapy are greatly limited due to poor survival after transplantation into ischemic hearts. Here, we investigated whether caspase 8 small hairpin RNA (shRNA) modification enhance human MSCs (hMSCs) survival and improve infarcted heart function. Recombinant adenovirus encoding pre-miRNA-155-designed caspase 8 shRNA was prepared to inhibit caspase 8 expression in hMSCs. The effect of caspase 8 shRNA modification on protecting hMSCs from apoptosis under the conditions of serum deprivation and hypoxia was tested by Annexin V/PI staining and caspase 8 activity assay. The caspase 8 shRNA-modified and superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labeled hMSCs were injected into the border zone of the infarcted region of rat heart. Echocardiography and Masson trichrome staining were performed to assess heart function and cardiac fibrosis. Our results showed that adenovirus-mediated caspase 8 shRNA could efficiently inhibit caspase 8 expression in hMSCs. Knock-down of caspase 8 expression lead to inhibition of hMSCs apoptosis, reduction of caspase 8 activity and up-regulations of HGF, IGF-1 and Bcl-2. Transplantation of caspase 8 shRNA-modified hMSCs could significantly improve infracted heart function, attenuate cardiac fibrosis. Consistently, the rate of cardiomyocyte apoptosis and caspase 8 activity were significantly decreased, and the survival rate of transplanted hMSCs was markedly elevated in the myocardium receiving caspase 8 shRNA-modified hMSCs transplantation. Together, our findings implicated the therapeutic potential of caspase 8 shRNA-modified hMSCs in improving the infarcted heart function.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Cellular adhesion molecules might be good markers in some types of malignant tumors, thus providing useful information in diagnosis and prognosis. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical significance of the serum levels of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EPCAM) in lung cancer patients. One hundred and thirty lung cancer patients were enrolled in this study. Serum EPCAM levels were determined by the solid-phase sandwich ELISA method. Age- and sex-matched 34 healthy controls were included in the analysis. The median age was 58 years, ranging 35-80 years. The majority of the patients had NSCLC (83.8 %) and stage IV disease (60.8 %). There was no significant difference in the serum EPCAM levels between lung cancer patients and healthy controls (p = 0.16). Moreover, known clinical variables including age of patient, gender, histology, stage of disease, and response to chemotherapy were not found to be correlated with serum EPCAM concentrations (p > 0.05). Similarly, no prognostic role was found for outcome (1-year survival rate 62 vs. 65.1 %, p = 0.89). In conclusion, serum EPCAM concentrations have no diagnostic, predictive, and prognostic roles in lung cancer patients.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammasomes are protein complexes formed in response to tissue injury and inflammation to regulate the formation of proinflammatory cytokines. Nod-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) is one such inflammasome involved in pancreatic inflammation. Caspase activation recruitment domain (CARD) is an interaction motif found in all the major components of NLRP3 inflammasome such as apoptosis associated speck-like CARD containing protein (ASC) and procaspase-1. NLRP3 activates procaspase-1 with the concerted action of CARD domain of ASC. In the present study, the effect of rutin, a natural flavonoid on the expression of ASC of NLRP3, was investigated in rats treated with ethanol (EtOH) and cerulein (Cer). Male albino Wistar rats were divided into four groups. Groups 1 and 2 rats were fed normal diet, whereas groups 3 and 4 rats were fed EtOH (36 % of total calories) containing diet for a total period of 5 weeks and also administered Cer (20 µg/kg body weight i.p.) thrice weekly for the last 3 weeks. In addition, groups 2 and 4 rats received daily 100 mg/kg body weight of rutin from third week. Rutin co-administration significantly decreased the level of pancreatic marker enzymes, oxidative stress markers, inflammatory markers, mRNA expression of caspase-1, cytokines, ASC-NLRP3, and protein expression of caspase-1 and ASC in rats received EtOH-Cer. The results of the study revealed that rutin can reduce inflammation in pancreas probably by influencing the down regulation of ASC-NLRP3 which might result in the reduced activation of caspase-1 and controlled cytokine production.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Ezrin is overexpressed in a variety of neoplastic cells and involved in the later stages of tumor progression and metastasis. Ezrin expression can be regulated at both the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. We used a combination of bioinformatics and experimental techniques to demonstrate that the miR-204 is a direct negative regulator of ezrin. Overexpression of miR-204 mimics decreased the activity of a luciferase reporter containing the ezrin 3' UTR and led to repression of ezrin protein. In contrast, ectopic expression of miR-204 inhibitor elevated ezrin expression. We also show that miR-204 is down-regulated in a panel of glioma tissues and in high invasive glioma cell lines we examined. Moreover, miR-204 mimics significantly reduced glioma cell migration and invasion, while miR-204 inhibitor generated the opposite results. Finally, overexpression of miR-204 and knockdown of ezrin reduced glioma cell invasion, and these effects could be rescued by re-expression of ezrin. These findings reveal that miR-204 could be partly due to its inhibitory effects on glioma cell migration and invasion through regulating ezrin expression.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Helicobacter (H.) pylori strains that express the cagA and s1a vacA genes are associated with an increased risk for gastric cancer. Here, we examined the association between the products of these virulence genes with the development of gastric cancer by immunohistochemical staining of gastric biopsy specimens taken from 208 routine gastroscopies and 43 gastric cancer patients. The correlation was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. CagA and VacA expressions in gastric mucosa were significantly associated with chronic gastritis (CG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM), respectively, accompanying CG independent of age. The association of CagA expression with IM accompanying CG was increased in patients over 50-year old (p < 0.01) and that of VacA with CG was significant in patients younger than 50 year (p < 0.05). VacA and CagA were associated with mild IM incidence (p = 0.025 and p = 0.076, respectively) but not advanced IM. In the 43 gastric cancer patients, positivity for VacA was significantly higher in cases of CG and IM than carcinoma (p = 0.042), while that for CagA was slightly higher for individuals with carcinoma than those with CG and IM. These results indicate that CagA and VacA are critical factors for inducing CG and the subsequent progression of IM from CG with an increasing age.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of oxidative stress in sperm cryopreservation induces sperm DNA damage. Our previous study has discovered that γH2AX, the DNA-damaged marker, was activated in the early mouse embryos fertilized with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-treated sperm. Furthermore, we found that checkpoint proteins ATM and Chk1 were phosphorylated and activated in the early mouse embryos. On the basis of previous researches, we examined the effects of sperm DNA damage on cell cycle arrest in mouse zygotes fertilized with H2O2-treated sperm. Development of fertilized eggs arrested at the PN disappearance stage. At 19 and 24 hours post-insemination (hpi), the percentage of zygotes at the PN disappearance stage was higher in H2O2-treated group compared to the control group. Immunofluorescence staining revealed Phospho-Cdc25C (Ser216) and Phospho-Cdc25B (Ser323) in or surrounding a single pronucleus, following insemination with H2O2-treated sperm. Our study suggests that fertilization with DNA-damaged sperm results in cell cycle arrest mediated by G2/M checkpoint activation in one of the pronuclei in mouse zygotes fertilized with H2O2-treated sperm; Phospho-Cdc25C and Phospho-Cdc25B correlate with activating G2/M checkpoint in zygotes fertilized with H2O2-treated sperm.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 07/2014;