Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry (MOL CELL BIOCHEM )

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry: An International Journal for Chemical Biology in Health and Disease publishes original full-length research papers and short communications in all areas of the biochemical sciences the emphasis being on those papers which present novel findings relevant to the biochemical basis of cellular function and disease processes as well as the mechanics of action of hormones and chemical agents. Investigations directed towards molecular biology and gene expression in the cell are particularly encouraged. Membrane transport receptor mechanism immune response secretory processes and cytoskeletal function are areas of great interest to this journal as are articles in all areas related to biochemical structure-function relationships in the cell. Studies examining adaptation of biochemical processes at the molecular and cellular levels in response to physiological and pathological stimuli are welcome. In addition to the reports of original research the journal publishes state of the art reviews. Specific subjects that are covered by Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry are: cellular metabolism cellular pathophysiology enzymology ion transport lipid biochemistry membrane biochemistry molecular biology nuclear structure and function and protein chemistry.

Current impact factor: 2.39

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.388
2012 Impact Factor 2.329
2011 Impact Factor 2.057
2010 Impact Factor 2.168
2009 Impact Factor 1.896
2008 Impact Factor 1.764
2006 Impact Factor 1.862
2005 Impact Factor 1.681
2004 Impact Factor 1.714
2003 Impact Factor 1.763
2002 Impact Factor 1.548
2001 Impact Factor 1.583
2000 Impact Factor 2.054
1999 Impact Factor 1.547
1998 Impact Factor 1.273
1997 Impact Factor 1.345
1996 Impact Factor 1.504
1995 Impact Factor 1.625
1994 Impact Factor 1.25
1993 Impact Factor 1.06
1992 Impact Factor 1.377

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 2.19
Cited half-life 8.00
Immediacy index 0.55
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.59
Website Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry website
Other titles Molecular and cellular biochemistry
ISSN 0300-8177
OCLC 1787431
Material type Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Proteasome and microRNAs play a critical role in almost all processes in a living organism, including pathology of the heart; however, their interaction is still in question. In the present study, we have found that proteasome inhibitor provoked increase of mature but not immature microRNA-1 in cultured cardiomyocytes, and tested the hypothesis that mature microRNA-1 can be a substrate for endonuclease activity of proteasome. In our in vitro experiments, we have found that proteasome fraction II is able to degrade both mature and primary but not precursor microRNA-1. However, this in vitro effect was not abolished by chemical inhibitor of proteolytic activities of proteasome. These data let us summarize that proteasome has the complex effect on the level of microRNA-1.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: The pink-eyed dilution protein (P-protein) plays a critical role in melanin synthesis in melanocytes and retinal pigment epithelium cells. Mutation in this protein may cause complete or partial albinism. Role of the P-protein ranges in melanin synthesis to maturation and trafficking of the melanosomes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of P-protein inhibition on melanosome biology by comparing the shape, size, count, and types of melanosomes in melan-a melanocytes. The cells were extensively examined by the transmission electron microscopy. The P-protein inhibition was carried by P-protein-siRNA transfection to melan-a melanocytes, B16F10 mouse melanoma, and melan-p1 cells. Measurement of melanin contents, cellular tyrosinase, and different tyrosinase related proteins were also determined to investigate the effect of P-protein siRNA transfection on melanocytes. Results suggested that the inhibition of P-protein can significantly change the melanosomal morphology, types and their respective numbers, and provided a novel strategy for the control of melanin synthesis.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K)/PTEN/Akt signaling is over activated in various tumors including colon cancer. Activation of this pathway regulates multiple biological processes such as apoptosis, metabolism, cell proliferation, and cell growth that underlie the biology of a cancer cell. In the present study, the chemopreventive effects have been observed of Diclofenac, a preferential COX-2 inhibitory non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and Curcumin, a natural anti-inflammatory agent, in the early stage of colorectal carcinogenesis induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine dihydrochloride in rats. The tumor-promoting role of PI3-K/Akt/PTEN signal transduction pathway and its association with anti-apoptotic family of proteins are also observed. Both Diclofenac and Curcumin downregulated the PI3-K and Akt expression while promoting the apoptotic mechanism. Diclofenac and Curcumin administration significantly increased the expression of pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members (Bad and Bax) while decreasing the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein. An up-regulation of cysteine protease family apoptosis executioner, such as caspase-3 and -9, is seen. Diclofenac and Curcumin inhibited the Bcl-2 protein by directly interacting at the active site by multiple hydrogen bonding, as also evident by negative glide score of Bcl-2. These drugs stimulated apoptosis by increasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and simultaneously decreasing the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨ M). Diclofenac and Curcumin showed anti-neoplastic effects by downregulating PI3-K/Akt/PTEN pathway, inducing apoptosis, increasing ROS generation, and decreasing ΔΨ M. The anti-neoplastic and apoptotic effects were found enhanced when both Diclofenac and Curcumin were administered together, rather than individually.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in patient body fluids have recently been considered to hold the potential of being novel disease biomarkers and drug targets. We aimed to investigate the correlation between the levels of circulating miR-214 and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease patients to further explore the mechanism involved in the vasculogenesis. Three different cohorts, including 13 acute myocardial infarction patients, 176 angina pectoris patients, and 127 control subjects, were enrolled to investigate the expression levels of circulating miR-214 in patients with myocardial ischemia and also the relationship between plasma miR-214 and severity of coronary stenosis. Plasma miR-214 levels of participants were examined by real-time quantitative PCR. Simultaneously, plasma cardiac troponin I concentrations were measured by ELISA assays. We further detected the correlation of miR-214 and VEGF by molecular and animal assays. MiR-214 was enriched in not only diseased endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) but also the plasma of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Besides, we found out miR-214 was able to suppress VEGF expression and EPC activities. Reporter assays confirmed the direct binding and repression of miR-214 to the 39-UTR of VEGF mRNA. Knockdown of miR-214 not only restored VEGF levels and angiogenic activities of diseased EPCs in vitro, but also further promoted blood flow recovery in ischemic limbs of mice. Circulating miR-214 may be a new biomarker for CAD and as a potential diagnostic tool. And increased miR-214 level may be used to predict the presence and severity of coronary lesions in CAD patients.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015; 402(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to analyze the expression of sex-determining region Y-related high mobility group box 4 (SOX4) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its correlation with clinicopathologic characteristics, including the survival of NSCLC patients. To observe initially the expression status of SOX4 in lung squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma at gene expression omnibus. The expression of SOX4 mRNA and protein was examined in NSCLC tissues and normal lung tissues through real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Meanwhile, the relationship of SOX4 expression levels with clinical characteristics of 168 NSCLC patients was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the association between SOX4 expression and prognosis of NSCLC patients. In our results, SOX4 expression was increased in NSCLC tissues compared with paired normal lung tissues in microarray data (GSE3268). SOX4 mRNA and protein expression were markedly higher in NSCLC tissues than in normal lung tissues (P = 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively). Using immunohistochemistry, high levels of SOX4 protein were positively correlated with status of differentiated degree (high vs. middle, P = 0.004; high vs. low, P P P = 0.004), N classification (N0–N1 vs. N2–N3, P = 0.002), and M classification (M0 vs. M1, P = 0.011) in NSCLC. Moreover, the higher level of SOX4 expression was markedly correlated with poor overall survival in NSCLC patients (P NSCLC patients (P = 0.002). In conclusion, SOX4 plays an important role on NSCLC progression and prognosis and may serve as a convictive prognostic biomarker for NSCLC patients.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015; 402(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis, a systemic bone disorder, is prevalent in postmenopausal woman. Bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), precursors of osteogenic cells, may contribute to prevention or treatment of bone frustrate in osteoporosis. Recently, two studies suggested a role of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in promoting osteogenesis of BMSCs under physiological conditions. However, the role of CGRP on BMSCs, which are derived from osteoporotic tissues, is unclear. Here, we investigated the role of CGRP on BMSCs isolated from female osteoporotic rats. Data showed that CGRP stimulated cell proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis for short-term culture of BMSCs. Instead, CGRP induced BMSCs differentiation into the osteoblasts and promoted formation of calcified nodules after long-term culture. Moreover, CGRP gradually up-regulated expression levels of osteoporotic differentiation-related genes including alkaline phosphatase, Collagen type I, Bmp2, Osteonectin, and Runx2 during osteogenic differentiation. In conclusion, CGRP promoted proliferation and induced osteogenic differentiation and mineralization during female osteoporotic rat-derived BMSC differentiation. These findings support a potential role of CGRP on the prevention or treatment of osteoporotic fracture.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015; 402(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-12 (IL-12), a member of interleukin family, plays a critical role in immune responses and anti-tumor activity. In this study, the effects of IL-12 on monocytic tumor cell lines differentiation to macrophagocyte and its likely mechanism was investigated. We examined the differentiation markers, morphological and functional changes, and possible mechanism in IL-12-treated THP-1 and U937 cells. It was found that IL-12 could up-regulated macrophage surface marker CD68 and CD11b expression in a time-dependent manner. Morphologically, after IL-12 treatment, THP-1 and U937 cells became round or irregular shape, even stretched many cell membrane protuberances; some cell nuclei became fuzzy or completely disappeared, and the chromatin appeared dense and cordlike. Furthermore, IL-12-induced monocytic tumor cell differentiation was accompanied by the growth arrest with G1-phase accumulation and S-phase reduction; apoptosis increased with anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 down-expression and pro-apoptosis protein Fas up-regulation, and enhanced phagocytosis function. The IL-12-induced macrophage differentiation of THP-1 and U937 cells was associated with the up-regulation of c-fms expression and the CSF-1R Tyr 809 site phosphorylation. These findings have revealed that IL-12 could induce monocytic tumor cells directional differentiation into macrophage-like cells, and its mechanism is possible connected with the up-regulation of c-fms expression and the phosphorylation of CSF-1R Tyr-809 site.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015; 402(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: Maintenance of tissue homeostasis relies on the accurate regulation of tissue specific stem cell activity which is governed by the dynamic interaction between the positive and negative feedback modulating mechanism of stem cell microenvironmental niche. Alteration or deregulation of the “stem-microenvironmental networking” provokes disease development. Limbal epithelial stem cells (LESC) are the initiator hierarchy that maintains corneal integrity. Compartmentalization of LESC within the limbal vicinity provides an opportunity to understand the stem-microenvironmental relationship. The purpose of this study was to determine the microenvironmental alteration associated with LESCs fate in pterygium condition in comparison with healthy state. Clinical observations evaluated the ocular surface disorder with respect to corneal vascularization, tear film abnormality, and thickening of limbal area in pterygium patients. Structural alteration of limbal stem/progenitor cells and its neighboring niche components were observed using histology and scanning electron microscopy. Receptor overexpression of TGFβ-R1, EGF-R1, and IL6-Rα and alteration of IL2-Rα expression pointed toward aberration of “stem-microenvironmental networking” in the limbal vicinity during disease development. Increased cell proliferation index along with TERT, Cyclin-D1, and PCNA over-expression in limbal part of pterygium epithelial cells indicated increased cellular proliferation and disturbed homeostatic equilibrium. We postulate that pterygium is associated with limbal microenvironmental anomaly where the resident epithelial cells became hyperproliferative.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015; 402(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria (HMGA; OMIM 246450) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, caused by the deficiency of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase (4.1.3.4), which results in the accumulation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric (HMG) and 3-methylglutaric (MGA) acids in tissues and biological fluids of affected individuals. Recent in vivo and in vitro animal studies have demonstrated that the accumulation of these metabolites can disturb the cellular redox homeostasis, which can contribute to the neurological manifestations presented by the patients. So, in the present work, we investigated oxidative stress parameters in plasma and urine samples from HMGA patients, obtained at the moment of diagnosis of this disorder and during therapy with low-protein diet and L-carnitine supplementation. It was verified that untreated HMGA patients presented higher levels of urinary di-tyrosine and plasma thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBA-RS), which are markers of protein and lipid oxidative damage, respectively, as well as a reduction of the urinary antioxidant capacity. Treated HMGA patients also presented an increased protein oxidative damage, as demonstrated by their higher concentrations of plasma protein carbonyl groups and urinary di-tyrosine, as well as by the reduction of total sulfhydryl groups in plasma, in relation to controls. On the other hand, HMGA patients under therapy presented normal levels of TBA-RS and urinary antioxidant capacity, which can be related, at least in part, to the antioxidant and antiperoxidative effects exerted by L-carnitine. The results of this work are the first report showing that a redox imbalance occurs in patients with HMGA what reinforces the importance of the antioxidant therapy in this disorder.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015; 402(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: Punicalagin (PG) is a hydrolysable tannin compound found in Punica granatum L. The purpose of the present work is to explore the neuroprotective mechanism of PG against ischemia–reperfusion (I/R) injury in rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Rats were randomly divided into sham, MCAO, and PG-treated groups. PG (15 and 30 mg/kg), the vehicle was administered orally for 7 days prior to MCAO. Rats were anesthetised with ketamine (100 mg/kg/im), xylazine (10 mg/kg/im) and subjected to 2 h occlusion and 22 h reperfusion. The effects of PG on behavioral deficit and infarct volume, the levels of glutamate and calcium as well as the levels of inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) were evaluated. Moreover, the expressions of caspase-3, Bcl-2, and Bax were detected by Western blotting. As compared with MCAO group, PG-treated rats showed dose-dependent reduction in infarct volume and substantial improvement in behavioral deficit. The levels of glutamate, calcium, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 were restored significantly. The Western blotting results revealed that the expression of Bcl-2 was up-regulated and that of caspase-3, Bax were down-regulated when exposed to PG. From our results, it can be concluded that PG showed an ameliorative effect against cerebral I/R injury in rats through its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant actions besides it inhibits excitotoxicity. It also suppresses apoptosis through regulating, Bcl-2, caspase-3, and Bax protein expressions, perhaps another mechanism by which PG employs its neuroprotective action.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015; 402(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress in the insulin target tissues has been implicated in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. The study has examined the oxidative stress parameters in the mitochondria of subcutaneous white adipose tissue from obese and non-obese subjects with or without type 2 diabetes. An accumulation of protein carbonyls, fluorescent lipid peroxidation products, and malondialdehyde occurs in the adipose tissue mitochondria of obese type 2 diabetic, non-diabetic obese, and non-obese diabetic subjects with the maximum increase noticed in the obese type 2 diabetes patients and the minimum in non-obese type 2 diabetics. The mitochondria from obese type 2 diabetics, non-diabetic obese, and non-obese type 2 diabetics also produce significantly more reactive oxygen species (ROS) in vitro compared to those of controls, and apparently the mitochondrial ROS production rate in each group is proportional to the respective load of oxidative damage markers. Likewise, the mitochondrial antioxidant enzymes like superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase show decreased activities most markedly in obese type 2 diabetes subjects and to a lesser degree in non-obese type 2 diabetes or non-diabetic obese subjects in comparison to control. The results imply that mitochondrial dysfunction with enhanced ROS production may contribute to the metabolic abnormality of adipose tissue in obesity and diabetes.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015; 399(1-2).
  • Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer death among women (522,000 deaths in 2012). Imbalance between RANKL and OPG is observed in many cancers, including breast cancer. Consequently, SNPs in the genes of RANKL and OPG may be involved in breast cancer development. This study included 276 subjects. Group I (n = 100) healthy females as a control group, group II (n = 96) breast cancer patients without bone metastases, and group III (n = 80) breast cancer patients with bone metastases. RANKL rs9533156, OPG rs2073618, and OPG rs2073617 SNPs and their serum protein levels were studied for a possible association with breast cancer development. The allele frequency [(OR: 4.832 CI 2.18-10.71, P = 0.001) and genotype distribution (P = 0.001)] of OPG SNP rs2073618 showed a highly significant difference between breast cancer patients and healthy controls. The allele C is more common in breast cancer patients. The allele frequency [(OR: 0.451 CI 0.232-0.879, P = 0.018) and genotype distribution (P = 0.003)] of RANKL SNP rs9533156 differed significantly between breast cancer patients and healthy controls. The allele T is more common in breast cancer patients. The allele frequency [(OR: 0.36 CI 0.184-0.705, P = 0.002) and genotype distribution (P = 0.011)] of OPG SNP rs2073617 differed significantly between breast cancer patients and healthy controls. The allele T is more common in breast cancer patients. The C allele of OPG SNP rs2073618 may be associated with breast cancer development. No association was found between any of the SNPs and the serum protein levels of RANKL and OPG.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin II (Ang II) is an important active substance of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The present study has confirmed that abnormalities of Ang II may be related with cerebrovascular diseases, endocrine diseases, cardiovascular diseases, liver diseases, such as: cerebral hypoxia, diabetes, obesity, atrial fibrillation, and liver cirrhosis. However, understanding effects of Ang II on podocytes is not enough. This study was to investigate the effects of oxidative stress on the large conductance, Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BKCa). Results from the 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay showed that Ang II induced podocyte death in a concentration-dependent manner. The measurement of superoxide dismutase (SOD) generation demonstrated that Ang II decreased the total SOD of cellular levels. Meaningfully, pretreatment of a type of ROS scavenger formulations named N-(mercaptopropionyl)-glycine (N-MPG) could inhibit podocyte apoptosis induced by Ang II. Meanwhile, patch-clamp technique was used in this study to detect the effects of Ang II on currents of BKCa channel in podocytes. The results indicated that Ang II inhibited the current amplitude of BKCa channel and decreased the slope of I–V curve. Ang II also made the activation curves of BKCa channel shift to the left. These results may provide a theoretical basis for potential treatment of chronic glomerular disease in the future.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2015; 398(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies reported that estrogen receptor β (ERβ) is localized to mitochondria, whereas little is known about the physiological functions of mitochondrial ERβ. In the present study, we explored the role of mitochondrial ERβ in regulating apoptosis using stable ERβ-expressing and ERβ knockdown cells lines. We found that exogenous ERβ was mainly expressed in mitochondrial but not in nuclear after ERβ overexpression and protected cells from apoptosis induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), ultraviolet (UV), and staurosporine (STS). Moreover, overexpression of ERβ prevented Bax activation, cytochrome c release, caspase-3 activation, and PARP cleavage during apoptosis. Furthermore, knockdown of ERβ significantly suppressed the expression of ERβ in mitochondrial and promoted cell apoptosis induced by H2O2, UV, and STS. Downregulation of ERβ also enhanced Bax activation, cytochrome c release, caspase-3 activation and PARP cleavage. In addition, our study discovered that mitochondrial ERβ interacted with proapoptotic protein Bad in a ligand-independent manner, which suggests that mitochondrial ERβ inhibits Bad, and prevents Bax activation and cytochrome c release. Collectively, the results of this study support that mitochondrial ERβ prevents cell apoptosis via the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway in a ligand-independent manner.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 12/2014; 401(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: Skeletal muscle tissue has a remarkable high regenerative capacity. The underlying cellular events are governed by complex signaling processes, and the proliferation of skeletal myoblasts is a key initial event. The role of nitric oxide (NO) in cell cycle regulation is well-appreciated. Nitrite, an NO oxidation product, is a stable source for NO-like bioactivity particularly in cases when oxygen shortage compromises NO-synthases activity. Although numerous studies suggest that nitrite effects are largely related to NO-dependent signaling, emerging evidence also implicates that nitrite itself can activate protein pathways albeit under physiological, normoxic conditions. This includes a recently demonstrated cyclic guanosine monophosphate-(cGMP)-independent enhancement of endothelial cell proliferation. Whether nitrite itself has the potential to affect myoblast proliferation and metabolism with or without activation of the canonical NO/cGMP pathway to subsequently support muscle cell regeneration is not known. Here we show that nitrite increases proliferation and metabolic activity of murine cultured myoblasts dose-dependently. This effect is not abolished by the NO scavenger 2-(4-carboxy-phenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimida-zoline-1-oxyl-3 oxide and does not affect intracellular cGMP levels, implicating a cGMP-independent mechanism. Nitrite circumvents the rapamycin induced attenuation of myoblast proliferation and enhances mTOR activity. Our results provide evidence for a novel potential physiological and therapeutic approach of nitrite in skeletal muscle regeneration processes under normoxia independent of NO and cGMP.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 12/2014; In press.
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a potent stimulator of inflammatory responses in alveolar macrophages (AMs), activates several intracellular signaling pathways, including mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). In the present study, we investigated the MAPK pathway in AMs of chronic bronchitis (CB) rats. CB was induced by endotracheal instillation of LPS followed by Bacillus Calmette Guerin injection through the caudal vein 1 week later. Specific inhibitors were used and protein phosphorylations were detected by Western blot. We found that Genistein (PTK inhibitor) could inhibit protein kinase C (PKC), phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt or PKB) MAPK signaling pathway with different degrees, LY294002 (PI3K inhibitor) could not only inhibit phospho-PI3K/Akt expression, but also inhibit p38 and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases (JNK) phosphorylation. Calphostin C (PKC inhibitor) could inhibit phospho-PKC expression and exerted significant effects on extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) phosphorylation, however, it had no impact on p38 and JNK phosphorylation. These results demonstrated that the LPS mediated signaling pathway of MAPK in AMs of CB rats could be described as follows: PTK-PI3K-Akt-JNK/p38 or PTK-PI3K-PKC-ERK, and PI3K may have a negative regulation on the activation of downstream proteins.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Cataract is the most common eye disease that causes blindness in patients. Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation is considered an important factor leading to cataract by inducing apoptosis in human lens epithelial cells (HLECs), but the mechanism is currently unclear. In this study, we investigated HLECs under different intensities of UVB irradiation and different exposure time. The annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide staining results showed that UVB irradiation could efficiently lead to HLECs apoptosis in time- and dose-dependent manner. The expression of pro-apoptotic Bax gene was promoted by UVB irradiation, while anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 gene expression was inhibited at both transcript and protein levels. Notably, the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 displayed a high and positive correlation to the proportion of apoptotic HLECs. Mitochondrial dysfunction was also observed with rapid loss of potential (∆Ψ m), as well as changes of the levels of reactive oxygen species, malondialdehyde, total antioxidative capabilities, and superoxide dismutase. In caspase pathway, the level of caspase-3 protein increased after UVB irradiation. All these discovered changes may play important roles in UVB-induced HLECs apoptosis, and would be helpful in understanding the mechanism of UVB-induced cataract and providing potential prevention and treatment strategies.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 12/2014; 401(1-2).