Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines

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  • Other titles
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines
  • ISSN
    0300-5062
  • OCLC
    7533539
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Use of BMT (bone marrow transplatation) has rapidly grown in the last few years. It extends to a variety of neoplastic illnesses and hematological malignancies. This procedure includes implicit appearance of many and important stressors, both physical and psychological, due to the illness and to chemotherapy treatments, among which the appearance and severe colateral effects during the stay in hospital has a special relevance. The need to consider the influency of predictive variables like, prior experiences, optimistic vs. pesimistic expectancies and the strategies of coping used in the adaptation through the treatment, are a central point in the study of the fluctuations of the different psychological responses and their interrelation with the physiology symtomatology which are present during the different phases of the process of BMT.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 09/2013; 26(2):130-8.
  • Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/2002; 17(2):126-31.
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    ABSTRACT: The pharmacological treatment of serious mental disorders in the pregnancy, supposes a clinical dare by the possible repercussions on the fetus and the pregnancy: theratogenesis, perinatal syndrome or postnative sequels in the development. The electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) as much takes implicit a minimum risk for the mother as for the fetus and therefore, it must be located in the highest positions of the therapeutic decision trees. In the present article, are reviewed the consequences of the pharmacological treatment and the ECT in the serious mental disorders during the pregnancy. Is referenced to all of the pharmacological groups and with respect to the ECT: their indications, counterindications, complications and technical procedures advisables. Finally is reviewed the guide line for each syndromical group of psychiatric diseases.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 12/2000; 26(3):187-200.
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    ABSTRACT: Event related Potentials, which seem to be an objective parameter reflecting cognitive functions, have been examined in depression. To evaluate the influence of visual and auditory stimuli on the P300 latency we studied 42 patients with major depression and 21 normal subjects. The experimental tasks applied were first a series of 300 auditory stimuli [255 (85%) were tones of 1000 Hz, and considered the frequent stimulus, whereas 45 (15%) were tones of 2000 Hz and referred to as the rare stimulus and second a series of 300 visual stimuli 255 (85%) were black circles on a white background, and considered the frequent stimulus, 9 cm diameter, 200 ms duration whereas 45 (15%) were back squares on a white background and referred to as the rare stimulus, 9 cm diameter, 200 ms duration] in the center of a computer screen. The results shown an increase of P300 latency in depressive patients during auditory and visual tasks. Non differences were found in reaction time to visual or auditory stimuli. These results are consistent with an impairment in brain function in depressive patients that is associated with cortical hypoactivity and deficits in perceptive, auditory or visual, functions.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(4):215-21.
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    ABSTRACT: The different occurrence of Suicide depending on the rural/urban environment, as well as the interaction of this variable with others such as sex and age has given rise to a large quantity of investigations over the world. It was necessary to carry out in Spain an updated study of these characteristics. Our purpose is to work with the raw data referred to suicide in the two last Spanish Census years. 4,619 records of suicide are requested and obtained from the Spanish National Statistics Institute registered in the years 1981 and 1991. Adjusted rates by rural/urban environment, sex and age are established and compared to each other. Suicide rate in Spain is always higher in the cities that in the country, no matter be sex or the age group. However, there appears to be no continuous relationship between Suicide and the environment variable, since the large cities seem to confer a certain prevention. On the other hand, the feminine urban suicidal behaviour is becoming quantitatively more and more similar to those of men.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(2):111-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The panic disorder is heterogeneous. The factorial study of the phenomenology of panic crisis suggests the existence of different subtypes: the cardio-respiratory, the vestibular, the despersonalization, the gastrointestinal and others. We review the clinical and biological data which suggest the display of these subtypes.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(2):65-73.
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    ABSTRACT: A total of 439 schizophrenic patients according to ICD-10 criteria was included in an open label postmarketing surveillance study to evaluate the efficiency of resperidone as maintenance treatment of the schizophrenic acute exacerbation. The efficiency of risperidone was assessed according the number of patients who responded to treatment, the duration of the hospitalization period an the decrease in the total score as well as in the different clusters of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) during the study period. A patient was considered as responder to treatment when a decrease of, at least, a 20% was achieved in the total BPRS score while being treated in monotherapy with risperidone. Safety was evaluated by the UKU subscale for neurological side effects and spontaneous reports. Patients were evaluated at baseline and weeks 1, 2, 6 and 12. Forty patients (9.1%) were excluded from the statistical analysis due to protocol violation. Eighty one patients (20.3%) dropped out due to lost for follow-up (n = 25; 6.3%), new hospitalization (n = 23; 5.8%), inefficacy (n = 12; 3%), side effects (n = 7; 1.8%) and others (n = 14; 3.5%). Risperidone was used at doses between 1.5 and 19 mg daily (mean dosage: 7.66 +/- 3.07 mg daily). The duration of the hospitalization when dosages of risperidone of less than 6 mg daily were used was 32.1 days. However, when higher dosages were used, the number of days in-hospital decreased (26.6 days at dosages between 6 and 9 mg daily and 25.3 days when dosages higher than 9 mg daily were used). There was a significant reduction, versus baseline, in the BPRS mean total scores as well as in it's different clusters. (positive symptoms, negative symptoms, anxiety/depression) from week one onwards. At week 1, 66.9% of the patients had an improvement (20% versus baseline in their BPRS total score. At the end of the study period, 93.2% of the patients had an improvement (20% in their BPRS total score. There was a significant reduction in the total UKU subscale for neurological side effects scores (p < 0.005) from week 1 onwards, as well as for the total score of the following symptoms: rigidity, hypokinesia, hyperkinesia tremor and akatysia.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(2):83-9.
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    ABSTRACT: There are many recent epidemiological studies that find that intravenous drug users' (IDU's) performance in several measures of neuropsychological function are not the same than that of the general population, whether they are seropositive to HIV-1 infection or not. Consequently, it has been stated the need to establish appropriate norms for this population. The purpose of this study is to provide normative data on a battery of neuropsychological tests from a IDU group. This report provide normative data from a group of 116 IDU, on a battery of neuropsychological tests stratified by age group (mean = 30.9; SD = 4.5), and educational level (mean = 8; SD = 2.4). Comparisons between the means of the different groups according to age and education, and also with respect to sex are made. The analysis includes estimation of partial correlations between neuropsychological test scores and age and education. The analysis demonstrates that education is an important determinant of performance for most of these tests, while there are no differences in performance between the two age-groups. With respect to sex, females out-performed men on a measure of motor speed and coordination. This report provides norms that may be of use as a reference for clinical evaluation and research in drug user populations. It also emphasizes the need to establish normative data controlling for variables like educational level, from a population with special characteristics such as IDU population.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(6):363-70.
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    ABSTRACT: Schizophrenia is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome and this variability may reflect differences in etiology and pathophysiology. Such heterogeneity could be responsible for the difficulties in research when all patients with schizophrenia are included in the same group. Subgroups of more clinical homogeneity are more likely to be homogeneous for the presumed pathophysiology of interest. Primary, enduring negative symptoms have been proposed to designate the deficit syndrome. The data obtained in the recent years and summarized in this review show that negative symptoms broadly defined are less effective for subgrouping schizophrenia and that the deficit syndrome is a different domain within schizophrenia.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(3):180-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Ecstasy use have raised in recent years and it have been related to psychopathological symptoms. The comsumption pattern associated with psychiatric complications is unknown. Thirty-six case reports about psychiatric complications due to ecstasy and published from 1985 to 1997 were studied. The disorders with higher prevalence were psychosis (n = 21), panic attacks (n = 12) and depressive symptoms (n = 3). Seventy two per cent were substance abusers. Urinary drugs screening were present in 28%, only in two subjects might detect amphetamine. Men had higher MDMA doses compsumption and higher prevalence of background psychiatric disorders than women. Subjects with psychotic symptomatology had more psychiatric background, higher doses of MDMA comsumption and for a long time than individuals with depressive or panic attacks symptomatology. The review of the case reports of psychiatric complications related to ecstasy use do not allow to conclude that ecstasy use was the main responsible factor for psychiatric symptoms. They could be related to an individual vulnerability and or to lasting of comsumption.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(4):260-3.
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of personality disorders in penal population was studied with two instruments, the classic MMPI and the recently published IPDE, authorized by the WHO for the diagnosis of personality disorders in both, DSM-IV and ICD-10 versions. A sample of 56 prisoners from a Spanish prison was studied, mean age 22, all male, 98% of them had never requested psychiatric help. The crimes most frequently committed were related to drug traffic and drug abuse (thefts, robberies, crimes against public health). There were also cases of homicide, homicide attempt, rape and kidnapping. 91% of the studied sample presented one or more personality disorders, being the most frequent: Antisocial (79%), Paranoid (52%) and Borderline (41%). The MMPI scales most frequently obtained were: Psychopathic deviation (59%), Paranoia (46%) and Schizophrenia (41%). There was a good clinical correlation between the IPDE and the MMPI results.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(3):151-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Families of adolescent and young adult suicide attempters are studied to analyze their role in these extremely dangerous behaviors. 72 adolescents and young adults (aged 15-24) who have made a suicide attempt and 72 normal controls matched by sex, age and marital status, are studied in a case-control design. Several aspects of each family are explored: composition, degree of stability in parental couple, type of relationships among the members, labor status of parents and medical-psychiatric and legal family history. Only parameters analyzing parents-offspring interactions can differentiate both groups. Keep an unsatisfactory relation with any of the living parents are the family factors which place the young or adolescent subject in risk of making a suicide attempt in our surrounding.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(2):97-103.
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    ABSTRACT: Despite obsessive-compulsive symptoms in schizophrenia have been described for over 60 years, their clinical significance and treatment still remain unclear. Described below is a schizophrenic patient with obsessional thinking and compulsive rituals who markedly reduced the obsessive-compulsive symptoms after fluoxetine was added to neuroleptic treatment.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(3):201-3.
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder among adolescents and adults, when they were not diagnosed during childhood, requires retrospective evaluation of the disorder. Parents are usually the best source of information about childhood conduct, but sometimes it is impossible to get them. The Wender-Utah Rating scale was developed as an aid in the retrospective evaluation of symptoms of attention-deficit, hyperactivity e impulsivity. The objective of this study was to determine the consistency and the validity of this questionnaire in Spanish. We evaluated medical students of the Universidad Autónoma de Puebla in Mexico with the Wender-Utah Questionnaire-Spanish. Some of them were evaluated again fifteen days later. We gave them the parents Rating Scale. We calculated the internal and the test-retest consistency and also the correlation between this Questionnaire and the Parents Rating Scale. We evaluated 946 students, 400 had the test-retest procedure and 532 returned the Parents Rating Scale. The internal consistency was superior to .80. The correlation symptoms of attention deficit, hyperactivity and impulsivity. The test-retest consistency was at least .80, for the evaluation of with the Parents Rating Scale were moderate. This Spanish translation of the Wender-Utah Questionnaire has adequate consistency and reproducibility so it can be used as a screening tool, also the validity of the different versions suggested can be evaluated.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(3):165-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical observation: A 67-year-old female patient operated of a severe aortic esthenosis with extracorporeal circulation during cardiac surgery, developed psychiatric disturbances with excitement and delirium, being necessary internamtient in a psychiatric ward, a month later. The evolution was right after neuroleptic treatment and nowdays she's assimptomatic. We review what is wrote about posteparative cognitive dysfunction (POCD), being this a tardive presentation case. We analize the definition, prevalence, etiology, pathofisiology, treatment and prevention since it is a reversible surgery complication but if it isn't early diagnosed and treated, its morbidity and mortality can be high.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(4):273-6.
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    ABSTRACT: In this work with the SPECT we tried to define the most possible the disfuntions that could exist in a group of patients with severe recurrent depression. The sample is compound for fifteen patients (2 men and 13 woman) diagnosed of recurrent depression according CIE-10 with equal distribution between melancholic depressions and depressions with psychotic symptoms congruents and not congruents with the state of mood. The mean age of the group is of 55.4 years. All the patients have been studied with de SPECT (Tc-HMPAO) during the first week of hospitalization. The severity of the depressive syndrome was studied with the questionnaire for depression of Beck and the state of anxiety was studied with the questionnaire of anxiety of Spielberger. All the patients were severes depressives and anxious according to the questionnaires. We appreciated disfunction, hypocaptation, in frontoorbital zones, well bilateral (mainly in recurrent depressions with psychotic symptoms) or only in the left frontal side (areas of Brodmann 10 and 11) mainly in recurrent melancholies. We also found that in almost all the patients existed hypocaptation in the left angular circunvolution (areas of Brodmann 37 and 39). In the recurrent melancholies the localization of the hypocaptation is fundamentally posterior parietotemporal in the left side. In the recurrent serious depressions the hypocaptation is located to prefrontal level with tendency to bilateral being and/or posterior parietotemporal left side, that in the melancholies the localization of the hypocaptation is fundamentally posterior parietotemporal in the left side and it could imply that when the severity clinic gets complicated with psychotic symptoms the hypocaptation is located in a bigger number of places (prefrontal and left posterior parietotemporal) in relation to what it happens in the melancholic depressions. It seems to exist relationship between depressive and anxious severity and localization of the hypocaptation.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(4):223-32.
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    ABSTRACT: We present the use of risperidone as a potentiation strategy of the serotonergic antidepressants in four patients suffering from refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder. There were an important improvement in three patients. Adding risperidone to serotonergic antidepressants causes complex interactions between serotonergic, dopaminergic and noradrenergic systems, that could lay to the clinical improvement. These and other similar cases make necessary controlled studies. Adding risperidone to serotonergic antidepressants in patients suffering from refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder might be an effective strategy with low risk for secondary effects and without the presence of tics or psychotic symptoms.
    Actas luso-españolas de neurología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines 01/1998; 26(6):399-402.

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