Chemistry and Ecology (CHEM ECOL)

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Journal description

Chemistry and Ecology publishes original papers, short communications and occasional review articles on the relationship between chemistry and ecological processes. The journal will reflect the fact that chemical form and state, as well as other basic properties, are critical in their influence on biological systems and that understanding of the routes and dynamics of the transfer of materials through atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic systems, and the associated effects, calls for an integrated treatment. Chemistry and Ecology will help to promote the ecological assessment of changing chemical environment and in the development of a better understanding of ecological functions. Chemistry and Ecology encourages multi-disciplinary approaches dealing with: 1. Environmental pollution: distribution, fate and ecological implications of pollutants including nutrients and key elements, in the atmospheric, soil and aquatic environments. 2. Ecotoxicology: responses to toxic agents at community, species, tissue, cellular and sub-cellular level, including aspects of uptake, metabolism and excretion of toxicants. 3. Environmental bioremediation and biotechnology: laboratory and field research on the identification, evaluation and use of biological/biotechnological items and supporting physical treatments for the restoration of contaminated soil and aquatic environments; laboratory and field research on microbial, plant or animal fouling and its monitoring and their treatment. 4. Biogeochemical cycles: biogeochemical cycles in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems with special emphasis on the potential effects of pollutants.

Current impact factor: 1.18

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.18
2012 Impact Factor 1.069
2011 Impact Factor 0.615
2010 Impact Factor 0.776
2009 Impact Factor 0.634
2008 Impact Factor 0.838
2007 Impact Factor 0.475

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.96
Cited half-life 5.90
Immediacy index 0.19
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.23
Website Chemistry and Ecology website
Other titles Chemistry and ecology (Online), Chemistry in ecology
ISSN 0275-7540
OCLC 50515378
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The growing awareness of environmental and health problems due to increased use of pesticides has led to the implementation of various monitoring programmes. Thus, to monitor residues in crops, dissipation studies were conducted of atrazine in the soil of winter maize in field conditions under the subtropical climatic zone of the Tarai region of India. A maize field was treated with atrazine at 2.0 and 4.0 kg a.i. ha−1 as pre-emergent herbicide. The degradation pattern of atrazine indicated correspondence to monophasic first-order kinetics in soils. The persistence of atrazine in soil was more in higher rate (135 days) compared with lower (100 days) application rate. The half-life values calculated to be 16.4 and 20.8 days at lower and higher application rate, respectively. Detector response was linear within 0.01–1.0 μg mL−1 concentration range at per cent relative standard deviation 2.07%. The instrument limit of detection was 1 ng mL−1 and limit of quantification for soil, straw and cobs 0.005, 0.007 and 0.006 μg g−1, respectively. The average recoveries of atrazine from soil, cobs and straw samples were found between 86.8–90.0%, 88.0–91.6% and 93.2–95.6%, respectively. At both the application rates, no residues have been observed in soil, maize cobs (seeds) and straw at the time of harvest.
    Chemistry and Ecology 11/2015; 31(3):273-284. DOI:10.1080/02757540.2014.950567
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    ABSTRACT: Antifouling agents, used to prevent biofouling, need to be assessed for their impacts on marine organisms and environment before the application. Diatoms are one of the main components of fouling biofilms, which play important roles in the formation of biofouling. Particularly, diatoms are also the important ingredients of primary production and present interest as ecotoxicological models in marine environment. In this study, two benthic diatoms Nitzschia closterium f. minutissima and Navicula climacospheniae, widely distributed in fouling biofilm, were used as models for screening the activities of potential antifoulants. Nine indole derivatives were tested and CuSO4 was used as a reference. Indole derivatives showed significant anti-algal activities and the EC50 values of most indole derivatives were lower than that of CuSO4. Halogen substituent enhanced the anti-algal activities of compounds, and the most efficient compounds for N. closterium f. minutissima were gramine and 7-chloroindole with the EC50 values of 1.94 and 2.1 mg/L, while for N. climacospheniae, 7-chloroindole and 6-bromoindole were the most efficient and the EC50 values were 3.91 and 4.25 mg/L, respectively. In conclusion, indole derivatives would be one of the promising candidates as antifoulants and our results strengthened the need to perform antifouling activity assays and environment-friendly evaluations.
    Chemistry and Ecology 05/2015; 31(4). DOI:10.1080/02757540.2015.1022536
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    ABSTRACT: A facultative bacterial strain isolated from municipal solid waste (MSW) obtained from a simulated landfill bioreactor was found to have the ability to use dibutyl phthalate (DBP) as its sole source of carbon and energy. Based on its morphology, physiochemical characteristics, and 16S rDNA sequence, the strain was identified as Enterobacter sp. T1. Evaluation of the degradation of DBP in refuse collected during the initial, acidic, and methanogenic phases of landfill before and after inoculation with Enterobacter sp. T1 revealed that the degradation fits first-order kinetic models for refuse from all phases. The removal rate of DBP in the refuse of the methanogenic phase increased from 59.3% to 74.5% when Enterobacter T1 was added. The half-life of DBP in refuse from the methanogenic phase that was inoculated with Enterobacter T1 decreased by 36.7% relative to uninoculated samples, and the intermediate products monobutyl phthalate (MBP) and phthalic acid were detected in all samples. These results provide new evidence for the potential of applying Enterobacter sp. for phthalic acid ester-polluted area remediation.
    Chemistry and Ecology 04/2015; 31(3). DOI:10.1080/02757540.2014.961437
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    ABSTRACT: Nutrient chemistry was studied in three mountainous rivers (Mandovi, Zuari and Netravati), across western peninsular India (WPI) during south-west monsoon (SWM), post-monsoon and pre-monsoon seasons of year 2011–2012. Nutrients in rainwater were dominated by dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and urea, dependent upon industrial emissions and the rainfall location. Nutrients in river water were enriched with DIN and Si(OH)4 as compared with during the SWM season. During pre-monsoon, the river water was enriched with dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), whereas enrichment of a particular nutrient species was not consistent during the post-monsoon season in all three studied river systems. Nutrients exports to the estuarine water were dependent upon the geomorphological feature of river catchment and on prevalent anthropogenic activities. The significant observed contribution of DON to total dissolved nitrogen in Mandovi (62%), Zuari (83%) and Netravati (69%) is important, in view of alterations in biogeochemical processes of adjacent Arabian Sea. Furthermore, the yield of nutrient such as was found to be a function of runoff per catchment area in studied river systems, is comparable with other tropical rivers of world, which highlights the importance of mountainous rivers along WPI in their contribution to the Global riverine nutrient flux.
    Chemistry and Ecology 04/2015; 31(3). DOI:10.1080/02757540.2014.961438
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    ABSTRACT: A field experiment was conducted to study the dissipation kinetics of herbicides pendimethalin and oxyfluorfen in black soil of peanut field at half recommended rate (HRE), recommended rate and double recommended rates as well as to assess their effects on soil microbial parameters and enzymatic activities. In addition, their role in the transformations and availability of some plant nutrients like nitrogen transformation (through ammonification and nitrification processes) and availability of phosphorous were also studied. Incorporation of these herbicides was found to stimulate the activity of soil microbial biomass carbon, fluorescein diacetate hydrolysing activity, alkaline phosphatases and ammonification rates; while dehydrogenase activity, acid phosphatase, nitrification rate and available phosphorous was adversely affected. However, urease remains almost unchanged except for little stimulation at later stages. Dissipation of pendimethalin and oxyfluorfen followed first order reaction kinetics with half-life (T1/2) of 13.7-20.1 and 21.5-27.4 days, respectively. Residues of both herbicides persisted upto 60 days in the soil at all the doses except 45 days for pendimethalin at HRE. The study shows that both the herbicides exerted a transient effect (either accelerative or inhibitory) on soil microbially-mediated processes and it recovered to original values within few days or weeks.
    Chemistry and Ecology 03/2015; DOI:10.1080/02757540.2015.1039526
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    ABSTRACT: Tributyltin (TBT), a ubiquitous marine environmental contaminant, has been reported to affect functioning of the central nervous system. However, the mechanism of its neurotoxicity remains unknown. The effects of TBT exposure on the Sebastiscus marmoratus were investigated using a suppression subtractive hybridisation (SSH) combined with mirror orientation selection (MOS) method. A total of 50 candidate clones from SSH libraries were picked for sequencing and homology searching. The results showed that 23 unique differentially expressed genes were obtained, including 11 up-regulated and 12 down-regulated fragments. The functions with which they are associated include energy-related metabolism, polypeptide translation and location, mitosis and cell proliferation. Expression of 11 candidate genes was analysed in brain by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. The present study provided a basis for investigating the response of fish to TBT exposure and allowed the characterisation of new potential neurotoxic biomarkers of TBT contamination in seawater.
    Chemistry and Ecology 02/2015; 31(4):1-6. DOI:10.1080/02757540.2014.976208
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to investigate the levels of Cd, Pb, Co, and Cu, in A. chukar, A. griseogularis, and Columba livia, in order to (1) examine the age- and gender-related variation in trace metal accumulation and (2) to determine the significance between metal concentrations in the kidney, liver, and pectoral muscle. Mean concentrations of Cd and Pb in the kidney of A. chukar, A. griseogularis, and C. livia were 3.7, 4.1, and 3.9 µg/g and 15.9, 13.6, and 15.5 µg/g, respectively. In the liver, they were 4.8, 4.3, and 3.9 µg/g and 21.4, 21.3, and 21.1 µg/g, and in the pectoral muscle, 2.3, 2.3, and 2.2 µg/g and 7.1, 7.1, and 7.8 µg/g, respectively. Metal concentrations in three bird species were decreased in the sequence of liver > kidney > pectoral muscle. Trace metal concentrations in the three species were higher in females than in males. The mean concentrations of Cd in the kidney and liver were higher than the background levels, as well as Pb concentrations in the liver were higher than the toxic level.
    Chemistry and Ecology 02/2015; 31(4):1-8. DOI:10.1080/02757540.2014.993977
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to estimate Zn phytoextraction and changes in biomass of S × rubens growing in modified Knop's solution with different levels of Zn addition (0.5, 1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 mM). Obtained results were correlated with secretion of selected low-molecular-weight organic acids (LMWOAs) in the rhizosphere, roots and leaves. An increase in Zn concentration in Knop's solution resulted in Zn accumulation in roots, shoots and leaves. The highest accumulation was observed for plants growing in 5 mM Zn, at concentration levels 4741.36 ± 98.66, 1227.31 ± 16.57 and 2241.65 ± 34.90 mg kg−1 DW in roots, shoots and leaves, respectively. The bioaccumulation factor and the translocation factor for plants growing in 0.5, 1.0 and 2.5 mM Zn clearly indicate that this Salix taxon is an effective Zn accumulator. The general reduction of Salix biomass with an increase in Zn concentration in the solution was observed. In the rhizosphere, the total LMWOA concentration was almost 0.93 µmol kg−1 DM for control (Zn free) plants, while for 5.0 mM of Zn it was 4.9 µmol kg−1 DM. Increasing concentrations of acids were observed in roots (1.34 for the control and 5.57 µmol kg−1 DM for plants treated with 2.5 mM of Zn).
    Chemistry and Ecology 02/2015; 31(4):1-20. DOI:10.1080/02757540.2014.993976
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    ABSTRACT: The adsorption behaviour of Basic Red 12, Acid Orange 7 and Acid Blue 1 on zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZNP) has been investigated to understand the physicochemical process involved and to explore the possible use of nanoparticles in the treatment and management of textile waste matter. The dye removal capacity of ZNP towards Basic Red 12, Acid Orange 7 and Acid Blue 1 was found to be 15.64, 6.78 and 6.38 mg g−1, respectively. The adsorption process was pH dependent and optimum pH values of 9.0, 2.0 and 4.0 were obtained for Basic Red 12, Acid Orange 7 and Acid Blue 1, respectively. Equilibrium was established after 1.0 h for all dyes. Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm models were applied to the system. The adsorbent ZNP was characterised using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) techniques. SEM analysis revealed the noticeable nanoporous morphology of the material. The results of FTIR spectroscopy showed that the process is driven by an electrostatic complexation mechanism. XRD studies revealed the nanocrystalline structure of ZNP. BET surface area measurement suggested a high pore volume and large surface area for the adsorbent. The kinetic measurements suggested pseudo-second-order kinetic processes with high regression coefficients and smaller standard error of estimate values and lower residual sum of squares. The thermodynamic measurements suggested that all processes were exothermic and accompanied by negative values for Δ G 0, Δ S 0 and Δ H 0.
    Chemistry and Ecology 02/2015; 31(2). DOI:10.1080/02757540.2014.907281
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    ABSTRACT: Acid rain is a serious environmental problem worldwide. In the present study, we investigated the effect of acid rain (1:1 equivalent basis H2SO4:HNO3) at pH values of 2.0, 4.0 and 7.0 on the fractionation of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) and major elements (K, Na, Ca, and Mg) in contaminated calcareous soils over a 2084 h period. Heavy metals and major elements in soil samples were fractionated before and after 2084 h kinetic release using a sequential extraction procedure. Before kinetic studies the predominant fractions of K, Na, Ca, Mg, Cd and Ni were mainly associated with carbonate fraction (CARB), whereas Fe, Mn and Zn were associated with the Fe–Mn oxide fraction (Fe–Mn oxide). The highest percentage of Pb and Cu were found in the exchangeable (EXC) and organic matter (OM) fractions, respectively. After kinetic study using different simulated acid rain solutions, the major fractions of heavy metals (expect of Cu) and Na was the same as before release. Upon the application of different acid rain solutions, K and Mg were found dominantly in Fe–Mn oxide fraction, whereas Ca was in the EXC fraction. The results provide valuable information regarding metal mobility and indicated that speciation of metals (Cu and Zn) and major elements in contaminated calcareous soils can be affected by acid rain.
    Chemistry and Ecology 02/2015; 31(2). DOI:10.1080/02757540.2014.917173
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    ABSTRACT: Tropical estuary wetlands are important for aquaculture and wildlife. However, many of them receive large amounts of anthropogenic heavy metals annually. Here, the transformation of spiked heavy metals, namely, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn, and the effects of salinity on their transformation in wetland soils after an eight-month-long incubation under moisture-saturation conditions were studied in the Pearl River estuary in China. Cd exhibited high mobility and bioavailability, with 12.2% to 25% Cd existing in the exchangeable fraction. Other heavy metals primarily existed in the reducible and oxidisable forms, and less than 2% were bound to the exchangeable fraction. Compared with the controls, contents of none of the metals associated with residual forms were significantly altered. These results imply that most exchangeable metals, except for Cd, transformed into other stable fractions through an eight-month-long ageing process, but not into the residual fraction. Thus, transformation from non-residual to residual forms was very slow in the tropical estuary wetland environment. Addition of NaCl increased the exchangeable fractions of Cd, Pb, and Zn, suggesting that increased soil salinity induced by flood tides during the dry season may enhance their mobility.
    Chemistry and Ecology 02/2015; 31(2). DOI:10.1080/02757540.2014.917174
  • Chemistry and Ecology 11/2014; 30(3):233-244. DOI:10.1080/02757540.2013.861824
  • Chemistry and Ecology 11/2014; 30(3):280-294. DOI:10.1080/02757540.2013.861823