Retina Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Ophthalmic Communications Society (U.S.), Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Journal description

RETINAô focuses exclusively on the growing specialty of vitreoretinal disorders. The Journal provides current information on diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. Its highly specialized and informative, peer-reviewed articles are easily applicable to clinical practice. In addition to regular reports from clinical and basic science investigators, RETINAô publishes special features including periodic review articles on pertinent topics, special articles dealing with surgical and other therapeutic techniques, and abstract cards.

Current impact factor: 3.18

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 3.177
2012 Impact Factor 2.825
2011 Impact Factor 2.812
2010 Impact Factor 2.774
2009 Impact Factor 2.932
2008 Impact Factor 3.478
2007 Impact Factor 3.088
2006 Impact Factor 1.403
2005 Impact Factor 1.286
2004 Impact Factor 1.207
2003 Impact Factor 1.391
2002 Impact Factor 1.058
2001 Impact Factor 0.909
2000 Impact Factor 0.74
1999 Impact Factor 0.751
1998 Impact Factor 0.722
1997 Impact Factor 0.836
1996 Impact Factor 1.607
1995 Impact Factor 1.148
1994 Impact Factor 0.621
1993 Impact Factor 0.594
1992 Impact Factor 0.471

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.76
Cited half-life 5.40
Immediacy index 0.52
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.93
Website Retina website
Other titles Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.), Retina
ISSN 0275-004X
OCLC 7066692
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • Pre-print must be removed upon acceptance for publication
    • Post-print may be deposited in personal website or institutional repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must include statement that it is not the final published version
    • Published source must be acknowledged with full citation
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Must link to publisher version
    • NIH authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 12 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Wellcome Trust and HHMI authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 6 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Publisher last reviewed on 19/03/2015
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To determine the difference in macular choroidal thickness (CT) profile between eyes in healthy individuals using swept-source optical coherence tomography. DESIGN: Cross-sectional noninterventional study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and forty eyes from 70 healthy patients with spherical equivalent between ±3 D and with difference ≤0.25 D between eyes were scanned using a swept-source optical coherence tomography (Topcon Corporation). METHODS: Cross-sectional noninterventional study. One hundred and forty eyes from 70 healthy patients with spherical equivalent between ±3 D and with difference #0.25 D between eyes were scanned using a swept-source optical coherence tomography (Topcon Corporation). A horizontal CT profile of the macula was created in both eyes by manually measuring the subfoveal CT from the posterior edge of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) to the choroid/sclera junction. Three determinations were performed at successive points 1,000 mm nasal to the fovea and 5 more temporal to the fovea. The differences in CT between both eyes were analyzed. RESULTS: Mean age was 25.4 ± 19.9 years (from 4 to 75). The mean spherical equivalent was 0.18 ± 1.37 D (from -3 to +3). Mean macular nasal CT was thicker in the right eye (RE) than in the left eye (LE) (228.11 ± 69.23 μm vs. 212.27 ± 62.71 μm; P = 0.0002; Student's t-test paired data). Mean subfoveal CT and mean temporal CT was not statistically significantly different between the eyes. No statistically significant differences were observed comparing spherical equivalent in the RE compared with the LE. Both men and women showed a thicker mean nasal choroid in the RE versus the left (men, 226.97 ± 61.56 μm vs. 209.87 ± 60.31 μm; women, 229.63 ± 79.39 μm vs. 215.47 ± 66.68 μm, P = 0.003 and P = 0.03, respectively; Student's t-test paired data). At each nasal determination, CT in the RE was statistically significantly thicker than the LE (N1: 283.72 ± 81.10 μm vs. 269.76 ± 75.81 μm [P = 0.001]; in N2: 230.45 ± 73.47 μm vs. 211.33 ± 66.92 μm [P = 0.0002]; and in N3: 170.16 ± 61.00 μm vs. 155.72 ± 53.87 μm [P = 0.008], respectively). CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report suggesting thicker macular nasal choroid in the RE compared with the LE. In contrast, subfoveal CT and temporal CT were not found to be different between eyes.
    Retina 05/2015; Publish Ahead of Print. DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000590
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    ABSTRACT: To summarize the literature addressing sustained and delayed elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration being treated with intravitreal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors and to present possible mechanisms of effect. Analysis of current literature evaluating sustained and delayed elevation of IOP in patients receiving intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy for neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Studies have demonstrated that patients undergoing treatment with intravitreal anti-VEGF agents may experience sustained and delayed elevation of IOP. The incidence of sustained elevation of IOP in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration varied from 3.45% to 11.6%, and few patients required surgical management to control IOP. Possible risk factors associated with sustained and delayed elevation of IOP include, but are not limited to, history of glaucoma, phakia, history of glucocorticoid use, and/or extended treatment duration. There are multiple theories explaining the pathogenesis of sustained elevation of IOP, including microparticle obstruction of the trabecular meshwork, intraocular inflammation, and transient elevation of IOP. Sustained and delayed elevation of IOP in patients undergoing treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration with intravitreal anti-VEGF agents is likely a multifactorial process. Further studies to prospectively investigate sustained elevation of IOP in large, randomized, controlled trials might lead to a better understanding of the long-term adverse events associated with intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy.
    Retina 05/2015; 35(5). DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000520
  • Retina 04/2015; 35(4):E26-E26.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to determine if progressive choroidal changes occur in birdshot chorioretinopathy (BSCR). Retrospective chart review of all patients with BSCR who were seen over a 3-year period. Controls consisted of healthy age-matched and gender-matched patients. Choroidal thickness at baseline and final follow-up visit was measured with the use of optical coherence tomography. Results were analyzed using univariate and multivariable statistical models. A total of 11 patients (22 eyes) with BSCR were identified. The majority of BSCR eyes (86%) had clinically inactive disease. Follow-up ranged from 2 months to 27 months. Mean age was 55 years. Patients with BSCR had significantly thinner choroid compared with controls (P < 0.001). Furthermore, the rate of choroid thinning for patients diagnosed with BSCR (2.68 μm per month) was significantly higher than that of controls (0.27 μm per month) (P = 0.003). There was no statistically significant difference in the rate of choroidal thinning between the two eyes of patients with BSCR (P = 0.859), indicating that the choroidal thinning was symmetrical. Despite having clinically inactive uveitis, eyes with BSCR can develop progressive choroidal thinning. The clinical relevance of this choroidal thinning, or degeneration, remains to be fully elucidated.
    Retina 04/2015; 35(4). DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000489
  • Retina 03/2015; 35(3):E22-E23.
  • Retina 03/2015; 35(3):E20-E21.
  • Retina 03/2015; 35(3):E18-E19.
  • Retina 03/2015; 35(3):E16-E18.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare retinal sensitivity obtained with MP1 and MAIA microperimeters in patients affected by retinal dystrophies (RD) and in healthy subjects. Thirty-six patients affected by RD and 25 healthy subjects were considered for the study. All patients and controls underwent a complete ophthalmic examination including fundus-related perimetry, performed by means of two microperimeters, the MP1 (Nidek Technologies) and the MAIA (CenterVue). Main outcome of the study was the comparison of retinal sensitivity. Such comparison was performed converting the MP1 decibel (dB) values to their MAIA equivalent dB values. Mean retinal sensitivity in patients affected by RD was 5.68 ± 6.08 dB (mean ± SD) on MP1 (9.66 ± 10.06 dB converted to their equivalent MAIA values) and 14.66 ± 9.37 dB on MAIA (P < 0.0001). Mean retinal sensitivity in healthy subjects was 18.46 ± 3.10 dB on MP1 (22.44 ± 7.08 dB on their converted equivalent MAIA values) and 28.52 ± 1.12 dB on MAIA (P < 0.0001). Thirty eyes affected by RD (41%) showed retinal areas characterized by sensitivity under 1 dB on MP1, whereas the MAIA examination of the same areas revealed a mean retinal sensitivity of 4.7 dB. Moreover, 28 of these eyes disclosed also areas of absolute scotoma on MP1, but examining the same areas on MAIA, just 13 of these eyes (46%) disclosed an absolute scotoma. In addition, in a subgroup of 6 eyes affected by RD (8%) showing a retinal sensitivity of 20 dB on MP1, the corresponding value on MAIA varied from 26.3 dB to 30.0 dB, with a mean value of 27.8 ± 1.3 dB. The MAIA microperimeter provides a more accurate characterization of functional impairment in RD with respect to the MP1 system, especially in cases with low and high retinal sensitivity. MAIA microperimeter could reveal particularly useful in precisely identifying and monitoring subtle changes in retinal sensitivity, especially in view of the availability of therapies aiming at a functional rescue in patients with RD.
    Retina 03/2015; 35(8):1. DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000504
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate stereopsis in patients undergoing vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane and to investigate the relationship between stereopsis and foveal microstructures. This study included 55 eyes of 55 patients who underwent vitrectomy for unilateral epiretinal membrane and 27 age-matched normal subjects. We examined stereopsis using the Titmus Stereo Test, TNO stereotest, and, optical coherence tomography before surgery and 6 months after surgery. Central foveal thickness, central retinal thickness at the parafovea (CRT-3 mm), macular volume, and retinal layer thickness were measured with the optical coherence tomography software and an image-processing program. Epiretinal membrane surgery significantly improved stereopsis in Titmus Stereo Test and in TNO. Stereopsis after surgery was significantly worse than in normal subjects. In stepwise multiple regression analysis, preoperative stereopsis showed a significant association with preoperative CRT-3 mm. Postoperative stereopsis was significantly correlated with postoperative inner nuclear layer thickness. Postoperative Titmus Stereo Test and TNO were significantly related to preoperative CRT-3 mm and preoperative macular volume and inner nuclear layer thickness, respectively. Vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane improved stereopsis, albeit not to a normal level. Titmus Stereo Test, a stereotest with a smaller index, was related to CRT-3 mm, whereas TNO with a larger index was correlated with retinal volume of the entire posterior pole and mean inner nuclear layer thickness.
    Retina 02/2015; 35(7):1. DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000470
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the performance of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) diagnosis using fundus camera-based indocyanine green angiography, comparing a single sign of "subretinal focal hyperfluorescence" on indocyanine green angiography with a modification of the EVEREST criteria. Color fundus photograph, flash fundus camera-based fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine green angiography of 241 eyes of 230 consecutive patients with exudative maculopathy due to PCV or typical age-related macular degeneration were graded independently by 2 retinal specialists using a modified EVEREST criteria, which requires the presence of subretinal focal hyperfluorescence plus any 1 of 5 additional criteria. Discordant cases were adjudicated by a senior retinal specialist to arrive at the final diagnosis. Sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating curve of subretinal focal hyperfluorescence versus the EVEREST criteria and combinations of individual EVEREST criteria were compared. Among the 241 eyes with exudative maculopathy, 131 eyes had PCV and 110 eyes had typical age-related macular degeneration. Using a single sign of subretinal focal hyperfluorescence alone for the diagnosis of PCV, sensitivity was 85.3% and specificity was 80.9%, with an area under the receiver operating curve of 83.1%. When applying the EVEREST definition, sensitivity was reduced to 78.4% but specificity improved to 87.1% with a similar area under the receiver operating curve of 82.8%. The frequency of individual criteria was highly variable, with stereo nodular appearance (73.7%) and orange nodule (55.0%) being the most common and branching vascular network, massive hemorrhage, and hypofluorescent halo in the presence of subretinal focal hyperfluorescence being less common (21.5%-28.1%). The EVEREST criteria have a higher specificity for the diagnosis of PCV than subretinal focal hyperfluorescence alone and may be applied to flash fundus camera-based indocyanine green angiography in a clinical setting. Stereo nodular appearance is the most important additional criterion.
    Retina 02/2015; 35(7). DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000482
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    ABSTRACT: To examine treatment decisions by ophthalmologists versus reading center fluid identification from optical coherence tomography in Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials (CATT). Fluid in 6,210 optical coherence tomography scans (598 patients) in "as needed treatment" arm of CATT Year 1 was compared with ophthalmologist's treatment: positive fluid agreement (PFA, fluid+, treatment+) and positive fluid discrepancy (PFD, fluid+, treatment-), negative fluid agreement (fluid-, treatment-) and negative fluid discrepancy (fluid-, treatment+). For PFDs, fluid location and visual acuity were characterized. Treatment and reading center fluid determination agreed in 72.1% (53.0% PFA, 19.1% negative fluid agreement) and disagreed in 27.9% (25.7% PFD, 2.2% negative fluid discrepancy) of visits, with no discrepancies for 20.9% of patients. Compared with PFA, PFD occurred more commonly with lower total foveal thickness (mean ± SD: 265 ± 103 PFD, 366 ± 151 μm PFA), presence of intraretinal fluid only, smaller fluid areas (PFA areas greater than twice those of PFD, P < 0.001), and greater decrease in retinal and lesion thickness. Mean acuities before, at, and after PFD were 65.8, 66.9, and 66.3 letters. Treatment decisions by ophthalmologists matched reading center fluid determination in the majority of visits. More pronounced response to treatment and smaller foci of fluid likely contributed to PFD. Positive fluid discrepancy did not have substantial impact on subsequent visual acuity.
    Retina 02/2015; 35(7). DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000483
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of dexamethasone implant for the treatment of macular edema secondary to ischemic retinal vein occlusions (IRVO). Consecutive patients affected by macular edema related to IRVO were prospectively recruited. After a comprehensive ophthalmological examination, including visual acuity, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography, each patient received a first implant. Further re-treatments were performed on the basis of macular edema detection from the fourth month on. The primary outcome measure was the change in Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letter score at the 12-month examination. Secondary outcome measures included changes in central foveal thickness and number of implants over the follow-up. Fifteen patients with central IRVO and 14 patients with branch IRVO were recruited. The median ETDRS letter score at baseline was 10 (Snellen Equivalent 20/640) in the central IRVO subgroup, improving to 37 (Snellen Equivalent 20/200) at the 12-month examination. The median ETDRS letter score in the branch retinal vein occlusion subgroup changed from 48 (Snellen equivalent 20/125) at baseline to 62 (Snellen equivalent 20/63) at the 12-month examination. The baseline median central foveal thickness was 749 μm in central IRVO, and 459 μm in branch IRVO, improving to 363 μm and 323 μm, respectively, at the 12-month examination. Mean number of implants was 2.8 in the central IRVO and 2 in the branch IRVO. Dexamethasone implant can reduce macular edema in eyes affected by IRVO, leading to a slight improvement in visual acuity.
    Retina 02/2015; 35(7). DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000492
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To compare the risks and benefits of adding either intravitreal dexamethasone implant (DEX) or preservative-free triamcinolone acetonide (TA) to bevacizumab monotherapy in refractory cystoid macular edema due to retinal vein occlusion. Methods: This is a multicenter, comparative, interventional, retrospective study that included 74 patients who were initially treated with intravitreal bevacizumab and later received either DEX or TA for the treatment of recalcitrant cystoid macular edema due to retinal vein occlusion. Main outcomes were best-corrected visual acuity, central macular thickness, cost of therapy, frequency of intravitreal injections, and side effects. Results: Thirty-nine patients received TA and 35 patients received DEX injections. Groups were similar in age and gender distribution. Although the mean central macular thickness improved significantly for all groups (P < 0.0001), logMAR best-corrected visual acuity did not change significantly after steroid introduction (P = 0.06). Frequency of any intravitreal injection decreased significantly from 0.66 +/- 0.18 to 0.26 +/- 0.08 injections per month after initiation of steroids (P < 0.0001). This effect was greater in the DEX groups (P < 0.0001). Monthly cost decreased with TA but increased with DEX. Conclusion: Adding steroids improved anatomical outcome but did not affect final vision. Injection frequency decreased significantly after adding steroids, more so with DEX. There was no difference between TA and DEX regarding anatomical or functional outcomes or the incidence of side effects.
    Retina 02/2015; DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000475
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of dexamethasone implant for macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion in patients younger than 50 years. Patients with no previous treatment, macular edema with central foveal thickness >250 μm and best-corrected visual acuity between 1.30 LogMAR and 0.30 LogMAR were prospectively recruited for a 12-month follow-up study. After baseline dexamethasone implant, re-treatment was performed starting from the fourth month if a best-corrected visual acuity deterioration with central foveal thickness >250 μm occurred after an initial improvement. The primary outcome was the change in the best-corrected visual acuity. Secondary outcomes included the proportion of eyes gaining at least 3 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study lines, the change in the central foveal thickness, and the number of treatments. Mean best-corrected visual acuity changed significantly from 0.60 ± 0.38 LogMAR at baseline to 0.43 ± 0.48 at the 12-month examination (P = 0.03). Eight of 16 eyes (50%) gained 3 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study lines. Mean central foveal thickness improved significantly from 705 ± 202 μm at baseline to 408 ± 196 μm at 12-month visit (P < 0.001). The patients received a mean of 1.8 ± 0.9 implants with 8/16 eyes and 3/16 receiving 1 and 2 implants, respectively. This present investigation indicates that dexamethasone implant can provide a 3-line improvement in half of the patients younger than 50 years and affected by macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion.
    Retina 02/2015; 35(7). DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000494
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the surgical approach of pars plana vitrectomy combined with 360° retinotomy and silicon oil tamponade in the treatment of patients with large subretinal hemorrhage. Prospective, nonrandomized, and noncomparative case series study. Consecutive patients with breakthrough vitreous hemorrhage and massive subretinal hemorrahge were recruited to have combined surgery of pars plana vitrectomy with 360° retinotomy and silicone oil temponade. The main outcomes were best-corrected visual acuity, retina status, and postoperative complications. Twenty-one patients (21 eyes) were included. The mean follow-up was 19.9 ± 7.4 months. The mean preoperative thickness of subretinal hemorrhage was 4.25 ± 0.69 mm. All the patients were observed to have choroidal neovascularization during the surgical procedure. The mean logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution best-corrected visual acuity (Snellen equivalent) significantly improved from preoperatively 2.64 (hand movement) to 1.73 (7/400), 1.50 (6/200), 1.51 (6/200), and 1.45 (7/200) at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months after the initial surgery, and final follow-up. Postoperative complications included temporary higher intraocular pressure, silicone oil emulsification, lens opacification, epimacular membrane, retinal pigment epithelium loss, and subretinal fibrosis. At the end of the follow-up, retinas were all reattached without any recurrence of choroidal neovascularization. Pars plana vitrectomy combined with retinotomy and silicone oil tamponade is effective for eyes with breakthrough vitreous hemorrhage and massive subretinal hemorrahge.
    Retina 02/2015; 35(8). DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000501