Clinics in Chest Medicine (CLIN CHEST MED )

Publisher: Elsevier


Each issue of Clinics in Chest Medicine reviews new diagnostic and management techniques for a single clinical problem--and makes them simple to apply. Its concise, comprehensive, and its editors and authors are respected experts.

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    Clinics in chest medicine
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    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sleep disturbances are common in pregnancy and may be influenced by a multitude of factors. Pregnancy physiology may predispose to sleep disruption but may also result in worsening of some underlying sleep disorders, and the de novo development of others. Apart from sleep disordered breathing, the impact of sleep disorders on pregnancy, fetal, and neonatal outcomes is poorly understood. In this article, we review the literature and discuss available data pertaining to the most common sleep disorders in perinatal women. These include restless legs syndrome, insomnia, circadian pattern disturbances, narcolepsy, and sleep-disordered breathing.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Maturational changes of breathing during sleep contribute to the unique features of childhood sleep disorders. The clinician's ability to evaluate common disorders related to sleep in children relies on an understanding of normal patterns of breathing during sleep across the ages. This article reviews respiratory physiology during sleep throughout childhood. Specific topics include an overview of respiration during sleep, normal parameters through childhood including respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, and measures of carbon dioxide, normal patterns of apneas throughout childhood, and features of breathing during sleep seen in term and preterm infants.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Restrictive lung disease leads to ventilatory defects and diffusion impairments. These changes may contribute to abnormal nocturnal pathophysiology, including sleep architecture disruption and impaired ventilation and oxygenation. Patients with restrictive lung disease may suffer significant daytime fatigue and dysfunction. Hypercarbia and hypoxemia during sleep may impact progression of lung disease and related symptoms. Little is known about the impact of treatment of sleep disruption on sleep quality and overall prognosis in restrictive lung disease. This review discusses the pathophysiology of sleep and comorbid sleep disorders in restrictive lung diseases including interstitial lung disease, neuromuscular disease, and obesity hypoventilation syndrome.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Sleep-related breathing disorder or sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) encompasses central sleep apnea (CSA), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and sleep-related hypoventilation or hypoxemic syndromes. SDB is common in neurologic conditions that affect the central and/or peripheral nervous systems. Patients with neurologic conditions are at risk for SDB due to a combination of factors such as muscular weakness, damage to areas of the brain that control respiration, use of sedating medications, and weight gain from limited physical activity. This article discusses recognition and treatment of SDB as important aspects of treating patients with neurologic disease.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A comprehensive assessment is the foundation of a successful pulmonary rehabilitation programme. There is a broad selection of outcome measures that tend to be categorized into measures of exercise performance (including measures of strength) quality of life (health status), psychological well-being, nutritional status and more recently knowledge and self-efficacy. There is a growing interest in the measurement of physical activity too, although this is a current line of research activity. A sophisticated suite of outcomes allows the rehabilitation program to be personalised to the individual and deliver effective rehabilitation.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 06/2014; 35(2):353-361.
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    ABSTRACT: Behavioral change is critical for improving health outcomes in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. An educational approach alone is insufficient; changes in behavior, especially the acquisition of self-care skills, are also required. There is mounting evidence that embedding collaborative self-management (CSM) within existing health care systems provides an effective model to meet these needs. CSM should be integrated with pulmonary rehabilitation programs, one of the main goals of which is to induce long-term changes in behavior. More research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of assimilating CSM into primary care, patient-centered medical homes, and palliative care teams.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 06/2014; 35(2):337-351.
  • Article: Preface.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 01/2009; 29(4):xiii.
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is a multigenic and multifactorial disease. Predisposing genes have been identified and fast progress in molecular technologies including systematic genome-wide association studies and large-scale resequencing will aid the discovery of further risk loci and variants. The exploration of the molecular epidemiology of genetic variants in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis will allow an assessment of their prognostic usefulness. To this end, different granulomatous disorders of known and unknown etiology should be investigated jointly by genetic, immunobiological, and proteomic approaches. The definition of individual genetic risk profiles in sarcoidosis and other chronic inflammatory disorders seems achievable and a useful route for clinical translation.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 10/2008; 29(3):391-414, viii.
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease of unknown etiology with heterogeneous outcome. Based on the natural history or clinical treatment course, the outcomes of cases can be divided into two wings: spontaneous regression (self-limited disease) or progression of extensive fibrotic lesions as a postgranulomatous fibrosis. In addition to examining these outcomes, this article focuses on several related concepts, including chronicity (persistence of the lesions), relapse/recurrence, deterioration, and mortality. It also reviews the outcomes from the point of view of relevant clinical phenotypes, the natural disease course, the effects of treatment, and the effects of lung transplantation. Finally, it considers the effects of pulmonary hypertension, various genetic factors on the outcomes, and the efficacy of several novel therapeutic drugs in treating sarcoidosis.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 10/2008; 29(3):565-74, x.
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is a disease with protean clinical manifestations ranging from no symptoms to sudden death. Radiologic tests are often the key to diagnosis. In this article, the authors review current imaging techniques and discuss emerging technologies used in the noninvasive cardiopulmonary evaluation of the patient who has sarcoidosis.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 10/2008; 29(3):429-43, viii.
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease with a favorable prognosis, high remission rate, and low mortality. Cardiac involvement alters this prognosis. Clinical manifestations most commonly include arrhythmias, conduction abnormalities, and congestive heart failure. Treatment includes immunosuppressant therapy, permanent pacemakers in the setting of conduction abnormalities, and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death. Risk stratification for sudden cardiac death is essential in otherwise asymptomatic patients who have suspected cardiac sarcoidosis.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 10/2008; 29(3):493-508, ix.
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory granulomatous disease that is characterized by diverse organ system manifestations, a variable clinical course, and a predilection for affecting relatively young adults worldwide. Abnormalities on chest radiographs are detected in 85% to 95% of patients who have sarcoidosis. Approximately 20% to 50% of patients who have sarcoidosis present with respiratory symptoms, including dyspnea, cough, chest pain, and tightness of the chest. The clinical course and manifestations of pulmonary sarcoidosis are protean: spontaneous remission occurs in approximately two thirds of patients; up to 30% of patients have chronic course of the lung disease, resulting in progressive, (sometimes life-threatening) loss of lung function. Morbidity that correlates to sarcoidosis occurs in 1% to 4% of patients.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 10/2008; 29(3):459-73, viii-ix.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Research over the past decade has advanced our understanding of the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis and provided new insights into potential causes of this disease. It is important to remember that any etiologic agent of sarcoidosis must be capable of causing the pathologic hallmark of systemic noncaseating granulomas and the heterogeneous clinical features of sarcoidosis. In addition, etiologic agents must be compatible with immunologic features, including polarized T-helper 1 cytokine profiles and oligoclonal T cell expansions consistent with antigen driven processes. Yet, even with studies conducted in this disease, there remains a lack of consensus on the etiology of sarcoidosis. This challenge is likely to be overcome only with additional research that incorporates clinical, genetic, immunologic, environmental, and microbiologic profiles in groups of patients, supplemented with testing of candidate pathogenic agents in experimental models that recapitulate critical features of this disease.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 10/2008; 29(3):365-77, vii.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis continues to be a disease of research interest because of its complicated immune mechanisms and elusive etiology. So far, it has been established that granulomatous inflammation in sarcoidosis is predominantly a T-helper 1 immune response mediated by a complex network of lymphocytes, macrophages, and cytokines. The cause of progression to a chronic and potentially fibrotic form is unclear but may involve loss of apoptotic mechanisms, loss of regulatory response, or a persistent antigen that cannot be cleared. Recent genomic and proteomic technology has emphasized the importance of host susceptibility and gene-environment interaction in the expression of the disease.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 10/2008; 29(3):379-90, vii.
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcoid affecting the skin, eye, or liver can be symptomatic of or cause significant morbidity. When disease is sever, alternative therapies may be needed.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 10/2008; 29(3):509-24, ix.
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is characterized by intense inflammation at the different sites of localization. Many different mediators, such as cytokines, chemokines, and other proteins with various functions, that participate in its complex pathogenesis have been proposed as markers of inflammation. This article examines the principal literature on these different markers analyzed in serum, bronchoalveolar lavage, expired breath, and urine. After many years of research, no single marker sufficiently sensitive and specific for diagnosis of sarcoidosis has yet been found. Greater correlation with clinical parameters is needed and proper validation.
    Clinics in Chest Medicine 10/2008; 29(3):445-58, viii.