Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America; European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Journal description

The Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics publishes high-quality, peer-reviewed papers from around the world on the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric orthopaedic disorders. It cuts across disciplinary as well as national boundaries to provide the broadest possible coverage of the unique problems facing the pediatric orthopedist.

Current impact factor: 1.47

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 1.474
2013 Impact Factor 1.426
2012 Impact Factor 1.163
2011 Impact Factor 1.156
2010 Impact Factor 1.153
2009 Impact Factor 1.226
2008 Impact Factor 1.569
2007 Impact Factor 1.036
2006 Impact Factor 1.152
2005 Impact Factor 0.897
2004 Impact Factor 0.937
2003 Impact Factor 0.673
2002 Impact Factor 0.786
2001 Impact Factor 0.698
2000 Impact Factor 0.636
1999 Impact Factor 0.603
1998 Impact Factor 0.592
1997 Impact Factor 0.595
1996 Impact Factor 0.572
1995 Impact Factor 0.473
1994 Impact Factor 0.351
1993 Impact Factor 0.275
1992 Impact Factor 0.293

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.60
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.20
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.58
Website Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics website
Other titles Journal of pediatric orthopedics, Journal of pediatric orthopaedics
ISSN 0271-6798
OCLC 6681640
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • Pre-print must be removed upon acceptance for publication
    • Post-print may be deposited in personal website or institutional repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must include statement that it is not the final published version
    • Published source must be acknowledged with full citation
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Must link to publisher version
    • NIH authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 12 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Wellcome Trust and HHMI authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 6 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Publisher last reviewed on 19/03/2015
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 3.5 million children use psychotropic drugs for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). With an increase in use of these types of drugs, thorough understanding of their potential side effects on the growing skeleton is needed. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is an association between use of ADHD medication and diminished bone health. Methods: Three waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey public-use data set, collected from 2005 through 2010, were compiled for this study (N=5315). Bone health was measured using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans, which were performed for participants aged 8 to 17 years to determine bone mineral density (BMD) for 3 regions: (1) total femur; (2) femoral neck; and (3) lumbar. Use of ADHD medications was determined by self-reported responses to questions regarding prescription drug use, which were answered by either the respondent or the respondent's parent or guardian. Multiple statistical techniques were used to produce estimates of association between ADHD medication use and z score age and sex standardized BMD measures, including survey adjusted univariate, survey adjusted multiple linear regression, and generalized estimating equations with a propensity-matched subsample (N=1967). Multivariate models adjusted for covariates including time period, age, sex, race/ethnicity, family income to poverty ratio, and total number of prescription medications. Results: Conservative estimates of the difference in standardized BMD measures between the ADHD medication group and the nonmedicated group range from -0.4855 (+/-0.27; P<0.001) for total femoral, -0.4671 (+/-0.27; P<0.001) for femoral neck, and -0.3947 (+/-0.29; P<0.01) for lumbar. Significantly more children on ADHD medications versus match subjects on no medication had BMDs with in osteopenic range (38.3% vs. 21.6%, P<0.01). Discussion: The findings suggest that there are real and nontrivial differences in BMD for children and adolescents taking ADHD medications, as compared with similar children not taking any prescription medications. Prescribing physicians and parents should be aware of potential bone health risks associated with these medications. Level of Evidence: Level III-case-control study.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 09/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000651
  • Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 09/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000655
  • Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 09/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000657
  • Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 08/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000609
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is a dearth of literature examining the causes of cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and when such morphology appears. The purpose of the current study was to analyze how the ossific portion of the proximal femur develops over time with respect to standard cam-type FAI parameters. A collection of 193 femurs from cadavers aged 4 to 21 years were evaluated. The age, sex, ethnicity, and status of the proximal femoral physes (open or closed) of each were recorded. Each specimen was digitally photographed in standardized anteroposterior and modified axial positions. From these photographs, the anterior offset, anterior offset ratio (AOR), and α-angle were determined. A cam lesion was defined as an α-angle >55 degrees on the lateral view. The mean age of the specimens was 17.5±4.2 years. The majority were male (69%) and African American (79%) with closed physes (78%). There were significant differences among discrete age groups with respect to α-angle (P=0.01), anterior offset (P<0.01), and AOR (P<0.01). In addition, younger femurs with open physes had a significantly higher mean α-angle (P<0.01), lower mean anterior offset (P<0.01), and higher mean AOR (P<0.01) compared with older ones with closed physes. Specimens defined as having a cam deformity had a statistically higher α-angle (P<0.01) and lower anterior offset (P<0.01), but there was no difference in AOR values compared with specimens without a cam lesion (P=0.1). The apparent decline in α-angles as age increases indicates that the traditional α-angle in younger patients measures a different anatomic parameter (ossified femur excluding the cartilaginous portion) than in older patients (completely ossified femur). This suggests that the bony α-angle is inappropriate in the evaluation of cam lesions in the immature physis. The AOR, rather than the anterior offset, may be more accurate in the evaluation of the growing proximal femur. This study provides novel insight into, and enhances the understanding of, the development of cam-type FAI.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 06/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000605
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The main objective of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of displaced tibial shaft fractures with intact fibula in children after nonoperative management and operative treatment by elastic stable intramedullary nailing. A study was performed on 80 consecutive children, 56 males, 24 females from 2 Institutions, with displaced and closed tibial shaft fracture with intact fibula. All patients underwent regular clinical and radiographic follow-up visits for at least 2 years after injury. In total, 26 patients (group A-Institution I) were treated surgically by elastic stable intramedullary nailing and 54 patients (18 patients from group B-Institution I and 36 patients from group C-Institution II) were treated nonoperatively with closed reduction and casting. groups A, B, and C did not significantly differ on sex (P=0.37), side (P=0.54), and fracture site (P=0.14).Valgus deformity was significantly controlled in group A patients only (P=0.001); during follow-up in group B patients (P=0.017), and showed no significant change between pretreatment images and last follow-up in group C patients (P=0.71). Procurvatum deformity was significantly controlled in group A patients only (P=0.001); it showed no significant improvement after conservative treatment in group B (P=0.73) and C patients (P=0.8). Recurvatum was significantly improved in group A (P<0.001) and C patients (P<0.001) but remained unchanged in group B patients (P=0.15). Varus deformity improved significantly in all patient groups.Immobilization time was significantly shorter in group A compared with group B and C patients (P<0.001).However, numerical differences, although statistically significant, were not clinically relevant for all variables but immobilization time. This study showed good functional and radiologic outcomes in the pediatric population who had sustained closed, traumatic, displaced fracture of tibial diaphysis without associated fibula fracture.On the basis of the findings reported here, it is not contraindicated to operate skeletally immature patients with displaced fracture of tibial diaphysis without associated fibula fracture. However, results were essentially the same and either method is a satisfactory choice for pediatric tibia shaft fractures with an intact fibula. In particular, we found that conservative treatment was as efficacious as surgical treatment apart from the length of time for immobilization. Level III.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000528
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Displaced tibial shaft fractures are common in adolescent patients, yet there is no standardized management strategy. We compared surgical fixation and closed reduction and casting (CRC) of these fractures to assess treatment outcomes and determine predictors of failure. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all patients aged 12 to 18 who presented with a displaced tibial shaft fracture that required reduction over an 8-year period. Exclusion criteria included open fractures and lack of follow-up to radiographic union or to 6 months from the index procedure. Fractures were initially treated based on surgeon preference either with CRC or with immediate intramedullary nailing. Seventy-four patients met inclusion criteria: 57 were initially managed with CRC and 17 with operative fixation. Radiographic healing was defined as bridging of 3 cortices and adequacy of final alignment was defined as <5 degrees of angular deformity in both planes and <1.0 cm of shortening. Outcomes were analyzed both on intent-to-treat principles and by definitive treatment method. Results: Although all fractures in both groups achieved bony healing, 23 of the 57 patients who underwent CRC failed closed treatment and ultimately required surgery (40.3%). Multivariate analysis of patient and fracture characteristics revealed fracture displacement of >20% (odds ratio=7.8, P<0.05) and the presence of a fibula fracture (odds ratio=5.06, P=0.05) as predictors of closed treatment failure. Patients ultimately managed with intramedullary nailing trended toward increased adequacy of final alignment (92.5% vs. 72.4%, P=0.10) but required longer hospitalization (5.4 vs. 1.9 d, P<0.001) and had a higher incidence of anterior knee pain (20% vs. 0%, P<0.01). There was no significant difference between groups with respect to time to healing. Conclusions: Treatment outcomes between initial operative fixation and closed reduction of displaced tibia fractures in adolescents are similar, but patients must be counseled about the high failure rates with CRC. Predictors of CRC failure include initial fracture displacement and the presence of a fibula fracture-these variables should be considered when selecting a treatment method. Level of Evidence: Level III-Therapeutic study.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000532
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Pediatric spine trauma often results from high-energy mechanisms. Despite differences in healing potential, comorbidities, and length of remaining life, treatment is frequently based on adult criteria; ligamentous injuries are fused and bony injuries are treated accordingly. In this study, we present short-term results of a select group of adolescent patients treated using percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation without fusion. Methods: An IRB-approved retrospective review was performed at a level 1 pediatric trauma center for thoracolumbar spine fractures treated by percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation. Patients were excluded if arthrodesis was performed or if instrumentation was not removed. Demographics, injury mechanism, associated injuries, fracture classification, surgical data, radiographic measures, and complications were collected. Radiographs were analyzed for sagittal and coronal wedge angles and vertebral body height ratio and statistical comparisons performed on preoperative and postoperative values. Results: Between 2005 and 2013, 46 patients were treated surgically. Fourteen patients (5 male, 9 female) met inclusion criteria. Injury mechanisms included 8 motor vehicle collisions, 4 falls, and 2 all-terrain vehicle/motorcycle collisions. There were 8 Magerl type A injuries, 4 type B injuries, and 2 type C injuries. There was 1 incomplete spinal cord injury. Implants were removed between 5 and 12 months in 12 patients and after 12 months in 2 patients. Statistical analysis revealed significant postoperative improvement in all radiographic measures (P<0.05). There were no neurological complications, 1 superficial wound dehiscence, and 2 instrumentation failures (treated with standard removal). At last follow-up, 11 patients returned to unrestricted activities including sports. Average follow-up was 9 months after implant removal and 19.3 months after index procedure. Conclusions: Adolescent thoracolumbar fractures present unique challenges and treatment opportunities different from the adult patient. We present a nonconsecutive series of 14 patients temporarily stabilized with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for injuries including 3-column fracture dislocations and purely ligamentous injuries. Temporary fusionless instrumentation can provide successful management of select thoracolumbar spine injuries in pediatric trauma patients. Level of Evidence: Level IV-Retrospective case series.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000520
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) undergoing reconstructive hip surgery are at risk for developing avascular necrosis (AVN). The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the reported frequency of AVN, the amount and quality of literature available, and possibly identity risk factors for developing AVN following reconstructive surgery for hip displacement in children with CP. Methods: We performed a review of the literature using EMBASE and MEDLINE databases. Studies investigating the outcome of reconstructive hip surgery in patients with CP that identified the presence or absence of AVN were included. Study quality was assessed using the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies and the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine scale. Results: Three hundred and ninety-nine articles were identified using our search strategy. Twenty-nine studies were included for data extraction after full-text review. The frequency of AVN ranged from 0% to 46% with an overall rate across studies of 7.5%. Presence of AVN was the primary outcome in 2 studies. The frequency of AVN in these studies was significantly higher than other studies at 37% and 46%. No statistically significant associations were found between age at surgery, severity of hip subluxation, length of follow-up, or type of surgery (combined varus derotation osteoomy and pelvic osteotomy vs. varus derotation osteotomy alone), and the rate of AVN. The majority of studies did not comment on methods used for determining diagnosis or severity of AVN and clinical significance was not well documented. Conclusions: Children with CP undergoing reconstructive hip surgery are at risk of developing AVN. Frequency and severity of this complication is poorly documented in the literature. On the basis of current evidence no significant risk factors were identified; however, it is not possible to draw firm conclusions about them. Incidence of AVN was higher in studies in which AVN was a primary outcome suggesting that the true frequency of AVN may be higher than is currently understood. Level of Evidence: Level IV-systematic review, therapeutic studies.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000485
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Osteomyelitis shows a strong predilection for the tibia in the pediatric population and is a significant source of complications. The purpose of this article is to retrospectively review a large series of pediatric patients with tibial osteomyelitis. We compare our experience with that in the literature to determine any factors that may aid diagnosis and/or improve treatment outcomes. Methods: A 10-year retrospective review was performed of clinical records of all cases of pediatric tibial osteomyelitis managed at the 2 children's orthopaedic departments in the Auckland region. The Osteomyelitis Database was used to identify all cases between 1997 and 2007, at Starship Children's Hospital, and 1998 and 2008 at Middlemore's Kids First Hospital. Results: One hundred ninety-one patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria, and had a review of clinical notes and relevant investigations. The average duration of symptoms before presentation to hospital was 5.7 days. Less than 40% of patients had a recent episode of trauma. Almost 60% of patients could not bear weight on admission. Over 40% of patients had a temperature above 38[degrees]C. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was elevated in 78% and the C-reactive protein was elevated in 90% of patients. In total, 42% of blood cultures and almost 75% of tissue cultures were positive, with Staphylococcus aureus being the most commonly cultured organism. X-rays, bone scans, and magnetic resonance imaging were all used to aid the diagnosis. About 43% of patients had surgery. Treatment length was an average of 2 weeks 6 days of intravenous antibiotics followed by 3 weeks 2 days of oral treatment. Six postsurgical complications and 46 readmissions were noted: 25 for relapse, with the remainder due to social and antibiotic-associated complications. Conclusions: Although generally diagnosed on presentation, pediatric tibial osteomyelitis can require more sophisticated investigations and prolonged management. Treatment with intravenous and oral antibiotics and surgical debridement where indicated can lead to a good clinical outcome, although complications are often noted. Level of Evidence: Level IV-Prognostic study.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000472
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Spine surgery for neuromuscular scoliosis in patients with Duchene's Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) and Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) remained controversial. This study aimed to review the long-term results of spine surgery and its effect on pulmonary function in these patients. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted for the above patients who had undergone surgery from 1990 to 2006 in a tertiary hospital. Their yearly lung function tests, clinical records, and x-ray films before and after surgery were reviewed. All patients had at least 2 lung function tests performed before surgery and at least 3 lung function tests performed after surgery. Records of perioperative pulmonary infections that resulted in hospital admissions were also retrieved from the hospital computer system. Results: Forty patients were reviewed: 29 with DMD, 11 with SMA. The mean follow-up period was 11.6 years. For patients with DMD, the mean correction of Cobb's angle from surgery was 34.1 degrees. The rate of decline of the predicted forced vital capacity preoperatively was 7.80% per year, and was reduced to 4.26% per year postoperatively (P<0.001). For patients with SMA, the mean correction of Cobb's angle from surgery was 44.1 degrees. The rate of decline of the predicted forced vital capacity preoperatively was 5.31% per year, and was reduced to 1.77% per year postoperatively (P<0.001). For both DMD and SMA patients, the difference between the rate of preoperative and postoperative pulmonary infections that resulted in hospital admission were, however, not significant (P=0.433 and 0.452, respectively). Conclusions: Scoliosis surgery in patients with DMD and SMA results in a long-term decreased rate of decline in pulmonary function over a follow-up period of more than 10 years. The level of the apical vertebrae of the scoliosis did not demonstrate a significant trend on the pulmonary function. The frequency of chest infections did not improve by scoliosis surgery. Level of Significance: Level III-Retrospective study.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000396
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Excessive internal or external tibial torsion is frequently present in children with cerebral palsy. Several surgical techniques have been described to correct excessive tibial torsion, including isolated distal tibial rotation osteotomy (TRO). The anatomic changes surrounding this technique are poorly understood. The goal of the study was to examine the anatomic relationship between the tibia and fibula following isolated distal TRO in children with cerebral palsy. Methods: Twenty patients with 29 limbs were prospectively entered for study. CT scans of the proximal and distal tibiofibular (TF) articulations were obtained preoperatively, at 6 weeks, and 1 year postoperatively. Measurements of tibia and fibula torsion were performed at each interval. Qualitative assessments of proximal and distal TF joint congruency were also performed. Results: The subjects with internal tibia torsion (ITT, 19 limbs) showed significant torsional changes for the tibia between preoperative, postoperative, and 1 year time points (mean torsion 13.21, 31.05, 34.84 degrees, respectively). Measurement of fibular torsion in the ITT treatment group also showed significant differences between time points (mean -36.77, -26.77, -18.54 degrees, respectively). Proximal and distal TF joints remained congruent at all time points in the study. Subjects with external tibia torsion (ETT, 10 limbs) showed significant differences between preoperative and postoperative tibial torsion, but not between postoperative and 1 year (mean torsion 54, 19.3, 23.3 degrees, respectively). Measurement of fibular torsion in the ETT treatment group did not change significantly between preoperative and postoperative, but did change significantly between postoperative and 1 year (mean torsion -9.8,-16.9, -30.7 degrees, respectively). Nine of 10 proximal TF joints were found to be subluxated at 6 weeks postoperatively. At 1 year, all 9 of these joints had reduced. Conclusions: Correction of ITT by isolated distal tibial external rotation osteotomy resulted in acute external fibular torsion. The fibular torsion alignment remodeled over time to accommodate the corrected tibial torsional alignment and reduce the strain associated with the plastic deformity of the fibula. Correction of ETT by isolated distal internal TRO resulted in acute subluxation of the proximal TF articulation in almost all cases. Subsequent torsional remodeling of the fibula resulted in correction of the TF subluxation in all cases. Acute correction of TT by isolated distal TRO occurs by distinct mechanisms, based upon the direction of rotational correction. Level of Evidence: Level II-Diagnostic.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 05/2015; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000525
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Previous studies investigating the causes of clubfoot have shown conflicting results, potentially because of retrospective study designs or incomplete assessment of causative factors. The study aim was to examine risk factors for clubfoot in a large prospective Norwegian cohort. Methods: Exposures prior and during pregnancy were identified through the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. This was linked to the Norwegian Medical Birth Registry, which provided clubfoot diagnosis through ICD-10 code Q66.0. Logistic regression analysis investigated associations between potential risk factors and development of clubfoot. Results: A total of 121 clubfoot cases were identified; 1.1 per 1000 births. Parental diagnosis of clubfoot [odds ratio (OR): 31.5; 95% confidence interval (CI):9.61-103.3] and cigarette smoking, both in the three months prior to pregnancy (OR:1.82; 95%CI:1.05-3.18) and the first trimester (OR:2.67; 95% CI:1.28-5.55) were associated with clubfoot. Infants with clubfoot had greater solvent exposure (OR:1.66; 95% CI:1.00-2.76). Oligohydramnios, parental age, parental education, parity, maternal anxiety or depression, alcohol use, season of birth did not have statistically significant associations. Conclusions: In addition to parental diagnosis of clubfoot, results confirm the previously reported association between clubfoot and smoking, and counter previous evidence supporting season of birth, parental education, and other risk factors. Further studies are needed to investigate solvent exposure as a risk factor for clubfoot. Exposure to smoke and solvents can be controlled; this study highlights the importance of public health initiatives to limit these exposures both during pregnancy and in those considering conceiving in the future. Level of Evidence: Level I-prospective cohort study.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 04/2015; Publish Ahead of Print. DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000449
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The emergency room on-call status of pediatric orthopaedic surgeons is an important factor affecting their practices and lifestyles and was last evaluated in 2006. Methods: The entire membership of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA) was surveyed in 2010 for information regarding their emergency room on-call status with 382 surveys returned of over 1000 e-mailed to members of POSNA. Detailed information about on-call coverage, support, and frequency was obtained in answers to 14 different questions. Results: Compared with the prior survey in 2006, the 2010 survey indicated that a higher percentage of pediatric orthopaedic surgeons receive compensation for taking emergency room call; a higher percentage cover pediatric patients only when on-call; and accessibility to operating rooms in a timely manner for trauma cases, although limited, has improved for pediatric patients. Utilization of support staff to meet on-call trauma coverage demands, such as residents, physician's assistants, and nurse practitioners, is becoming more common. Conclusions: Concentration of pediatric orthopaedic trauma has increased the coverage demands on pediatric orthopaedists. This has resulted in a change in reimbursement strategies, and allocation of OR time and hospital staffing resources.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 03/2015; 35(2):199-202.
  • Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 02/2015; Publish Ahead of Print. DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000414
  • Dennis Wenger
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 01/2015; 35(1):e6-e7. DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000367
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Fractures are a significant concern for individuals with Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy with 21% to 44% of males experiencing a fracture. Factors that increase or decrease the risk for fracture have been suggested in past research, although statistical risk has not been determined. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we used the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance, Tracking and Research Network cohort, a large, population-based sample to identify risk factors associated with first fractures in patients with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy. Our study cohort included males with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy born between 1982 and 2006 who resided in Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Iowa, and Western New York, retrospectively identified and followed through 2010. We utilized a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model to determine hazard ratios for relevant factors associated with first fracture risk including race/ethnicity, surveillance site, ambulation status, calcium/vitamin D use and duration, bisphosphonate use and duration, and corticosteroid use and duration. Results: Of 747 cases, 249 had at least 1 fracture (33.3%). Full-time wheelchair use increased the risk of first fracture by 75% for every 3 months of use (hazard ratio=1.75, 95% confidence interval, 1.14, 2.68), but corticosteroid use, bisphosphonate use, and calcium/vitamin D use did not significantly affect risk in the final adjusted model. Conclusions: In this cohort, first fractures were common and full-time wheelchair use, but not corticosteroid use, was identified as a risk factor. The impact of prevention measures should be more thoroughly assessed. Clinical Relevance: Fractures are a significant concern for individuals with dystrophinopathies, but the contribution of various risk factors has not been consistently demonstrated.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 11/2014; 4(10):S183–S184. DOI:10.1016/j.pmrj.2012.09.618
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The etiology of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is multifactorial, but the role of sagittal balance of the pelvis as a contributing factor to its development has not been well studied. Our primary purpose was to determine whether a smaller pelvic incidence (PI), a position-independent anatomic parameter that regulates pelvic orientation, could be a factor that increases shear stress in the epiphyseal growth plate and potentially contributes to the development of SCFE. We also set out to determine whether acetabular retroversion was associated with SCFE.
    Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 10/2014; DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000000342