Current Eye Research Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Informa Healthcare

Journal description

The principal aim of Current Eye Research is to provide rapid publication of full papers, short communications and minireviews, all of high quality. Current Eye Research publishes articles encompassing all the areas of eye research. Subject areas include the following: clinical research, anatomy, physiology, biophysics, biochemistry, pharmacology, developmental biology, microbiology and immunology.

Current impact factor: 1.64

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 1.639
2013 Impact Factor 1.663
2012 Impact Factor 1.71
2011 Impact Factor 1.28
2010 Impact Factor 1.36
2009 Impact Factor 1.513
2008 Impact Factor 1.519
2007 Impact Factor 1.443
2006 Impact Factor 1.208
2005 Impact Factor 1.116
2004 Impact Factor 1.097
2003 Impact Factor 1.113
2002 Impact Factor 1.311
2001 Impact Factor 1.3
2000 Impact Factor 1.511
1999 Impact Factor 1.385
1998 Impact Factor 1.261
1997 Impact Factor 1.182
1996 Impact Factor 1.171
1995 Impact Factor 1.285
1994 Impact Factor 1.291
1993 Impact Factor 0.962
1992 Impact Factor 1.267

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.68
Cited half-life 9.80
Immediacy index 0.46
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.48
Website Current Eye Research website
Other titles Current eye research
ISSN 0271-3683
OCLC 6629649
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Informa Healthcare

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institution website
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Non-commercial
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • NIH funded authors may post articles to PubMed Central for release 12 months after publication
    • Wellcome Trust authors may deposit in Europe PMC after 6 months
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of rutin on oxidative stress and apoptosis induced by H2O2 in human lens epithelial (HLE) cells and the associated mechanisms involved. Methods: Cell viability was assessed by 4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and cell apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry, TUNEL assay and DNA fragmentation assay after 24 h treatment of 100 μM H2O2 with or without rutin pretreatment at various concentrations. The level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was examined using 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate by flow cytometry. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) was measured by xanthinoxidase method and the contents of glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression change of Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3 at mRNA and protein levels were detected by real-time polymerized chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western-blot analysis, respectively. Activation and translocation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-кB/p65) were examined by Western blot and immunocytochemistry. Results: Rutin pretreatment protected HLE cells from H2O2-induced cell viability decrease and apoptosis. In addition, in the presence of rutin, H2O2-induced intracellular excessive ROS and MDA were attenuated, whereas intracellular SOD and GSH depletion were prevented. Moreover, rutin also inhibited the up-regulation of caspase-3 and Bax expression and rescued down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression. Lastly, rutin blocked the activation and translocation of NF-кB/p65 induced by H2O2. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that rutin effectively protects HLE cells from H2O2-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. The involved mechanisms may be related to the regulation of ROS production, the inhabitation of lipid peroxidation, the protection of intracellular antioxidant system and its modulation of Bcl-2/Bax family and NF-кB/p65 signaling pathway.
    Current Eye Research 11/2015; DOI:10.3109/02713683.2015.1082186
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate theoretical biomechanical advantages of human corneas treated with small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) compared with femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK) Patients and methods: In a prospective, comparative, non-randomized, consecutive case series patients with moderate to high myopia and/or astigmatism underwent corneal refractive surgery. Patients either received standard FS-LASIK or SMILE. Preoperatively and up to 3 months postoperatively data were analyzed including tomography with Pentacam HR, Goldmann tonometry, non-contact tonometry, and deformability of the cornea using an ultra-high-speed camera (Corvis ST). Data were analyzed and p < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant (t-test). Results: Seventy-three patients (128 eyes) were treated. Forty-eight eyes of 29 patients underwent FS-LASIK and 80 eyes of 44 patients underwent SMILE. Preoperative spherical equivalent (SE) was -3.23 ± 1.64 D (FS-LASIK group) and -4.83 ± 1.63 D (SMILE group) (p < 0.0001). Almost all parameters obtained by Corvis ST between preoperative and postoperative measurements showed significant changes after refractive surgery. Significant changes were seen between both groups postoperatively. However, matched pair subgroup analysis (n = 69; 26 eyes FS-LASIK; 43 eyes SMILE) of eyes with initially equal pachymetry, intraocular pressure, SE, and difference of pre- to postoperative pachymetry (p>0.05), showed no significant changes in parameters measured with Corvis ST (p>0.05). Conclusions: Corneal biomechanical parameters measured preoperatively with Corvis ST showed significant differences postoperatively in total and in both groups. In subgroup analysis with homogenous groups, FS-LASIK showed no significant changes in biomechanical data measured with Corvis ST compared with SMILE.
    Current Eye Research 11/2015; DOI:10.3109/02713683.2015.1082185
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    ABSTRACT: The corneal subbasal nerve plexus (SNP) offers high potential for early diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Changes in subbasal nerve fibers can be assessed in vivo by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and quantified using specific parameters. While current study results agree regarding parameter tendency, there are considerable differences in terms of absolute values. The present study set out to identify factors that might account for this high parameter variability. In three healthy subjects, we used a novel method of software-based large-scale reconstruction that provided SNP images of the central cornea, decomposed the image areas into all possible image sections corresponding to the size of a single conventional CLSM image (0.16 mm(2)), and calculated a set of parameters for each image section. In order to carry out a large number of virtual examinations within the reconstructed image areas, an extensive simulation procedure (10,000 runs per image) was implemented. The three analyzed images ranged in size from 3.75 mm(2) to 4.27 mm(2). The spatial configuration of the subbasal nerve fiber networks varied greatly across the cornea and thus caused heavily location-dependent results as well as wide value ranges for the parameters assessed. Distributions of SNP parameter values varied greatly between the three images and showed significant differences between all images for every parameter calculated (p < 0.001 in each case). The relatively small size of the conventionally evaluated SNP area is a contributory factor in high SNP parameter variability. Averaging of parameter values based on multiple CLSM frames does not necessarily result in good approximations of the respective reference values of the whole image area. This illustrates the potential for examiner bias when selecting SNP images in the central corneal area.
    Current Eye Research 03/2015; DOI:10.3109/02713683.2015.1010686
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract PURPOSE: To perform prediction analysis between topographic, pachymetric and wavefront parameters in keratoconus, suspects, and normal cases and to look at the possibility of a unified equation to evaluate keratoconus. METHODS: This cross-sectional, observational study was done in cornea services of a specialty hospital. Fifty eyes of 50 candidates with a diagnosis of normal, keratoconus suspect, and keratoconus were included in each group (total 150 eyes). All eyes underwent detailed analysis on Scheimplug + Placido device (Sirius, CSO, Italy). Main parameters evaluated were topographic [maximum keratometry (Max Km), average keratometry and astigmatism at 3, 5, and 7 mm], pachymetric [central and minimum corneal thickness (MCT) and their difference, corneal volume] and corneal aberrations [higher order aberrations root-mean-square (HOARMS), coma, spherical, residual].Central tendency, predictive fits and regression models, were computed. RESULTS: The measured variables had a significant difference in mean between the three groups (Kruskal-Wallis, p < 0.001). Max Km, MCT, and HOARMS had significant fits with other topographic, pachymetric and wavefront parameters, respectively. Inter-relations between these three (Max Km, MCT, and HOARMS) were also stronger for keratoconus (R2 from 0.75 to 0.33) compared to suspect/normal eyes (R2 from 0.15 to 0.003). These three variables (Max Km, MCT and HOARMS) were used as representative variables to create the unified equations. The equation for the pooled data was (Kmax = 59.5 + 2.3 × HOARMS-0.03 × MCT; R2 = 0.7, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Major variables used for grading keratoconus (MaxKm, MCT, HOARMS) can be linked by linear regression equations to predict the pathology's behavior. KEYWORDS: Classification; higher order aberrations; keratoconus; pachymetry; predictive analysis; topography
    Current Eye Research 03/2015;

  • Current Eye Research 02/2015; 40(7):1. DOI:10.3109/02713683.2015.1004723
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To investigate the association of nailfold capillaroscopy, heart rate variability (HRV), and clinical characteristics of glaucoma with the plasma matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) level in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Materials and methods: We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional study on 25 patients with NTG. Subjects with systemic diseases were excluded. The patients underwent a complete ophthalmic examination and were referred to the Rheumatology Department, where nailfold capillaroscopy and HRV assessment were performed. The patients were assigned to the lowest and highest HRV groups according to the standard deviation value of the qualified normal-to-normal intervals of the HRV assessment. Blood samples from all the subjects were assayed for MMP-9 concentrations. Results: The systemic MMP-9 level was significantly associated with the nailfold capillaroscopy result (ρ = 0.439, p = 0.032). Of the 25 patients, seven had optic disc hemorrhage (ODH). The mean MMP-9 concentration was 4375.6 ± 2923.2 pg/ml in ODH patients and 5932.1 ± 1265.4 pg/ml in patients without ODH. However, there was no significant association of HRV parameters or disc hemorrhage with the systemic MMP-9 level. Conclusions: The systemic MMP-9 level was associated with the nailfold capillaroscopy results in patients with NTG but had no direct association with ODH.
    Current Eye Research 02/2015; 40(10):1-7. DOI:10.3109/02713683.2014.971937
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Our aim was to evaluate the serum prolidase activity, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total oxidant status (TOS) in patients with keratoconus. Material and method: A total 69 keratoconus patients and 72 control subjects with similar age and gender were evaluated within the scope of this study. The keratoconus group was divided into four stages with the modified Krumeich classification. Serum prolidase activity, TAC and TOS were measured and compared between the patient and control groups. Results: The median serum prolidase enzyme activity value was 528.3 (684.1-416.7) U/L in the keratoconus group and 606.2 (812.9-482.3) U/L in the control group. The difference between the groups was statistically significant (p = 0.027). The median TAC value was 1.24 (1.37-1.05) mmol/L in the keratoconus group and 1.29 (1.38-1.18) mmol/L in the control group. The median TOS value was 2 (4-1) μmol/L in the keratoconus group and 3 (4-2) μmol/L in the control group. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of TAC or TOS (p = 0.113 and p = 0.366, respectively). There was a positive correlation between TAC and TOS in keratoconus group but not in the control group (r = 0.670, p = 0.001 and r = 0.141, p = 0.241, respectively). No significant relationship was seen between the keratoconus group stages and serum prolidase activity, TAS or TOS (p = 0.894, p = 0.155 and p = 0.381, respectively). Conclusion: In conclusion, a significant relationship was found between decreased serum prolidase activity and keratoconus but there was no significant relationship between keratoconus and serum TAC or TOS.
    Current Eye Research 02/2015; DOI:10.3109/02713683.2015.1004717
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    ABSTRACT: Materials and methods: Porcine OMEC were seeded on laminin-coated lotrafilcon A therapeutic CLs with the density of 8 × 10(4) cells/lens and cultured in a defined serum and xenobiotic-free medium. Confocal immunofluorescence microscopy was used to analyze the following: (1) cellular morphology by using rhodamine-phalloidin staining of F-actin, (2) phenotype by applying antibodies against the progenitor cell marker p63 and the putative stem cell marker ABCG2 and (3) cell viability by using propidium iodide and Hoechst 33342 dual staining. Results: Porcine OMEC attached well to the CLs, and cell-to-cell contacts were evident. After three days in culture, the OMEC displayed a confluent monolayer with uniform cobblestone morphology, whereas stratified cultures with 2-3 layers were formed after six days. No significant difference in expression of p63 was observed after three-day culture (79.4 ± 14.8%) compared with six-day culture (60.3 ± 18.9%). ABCG2 expression in the basal cell layer was 6.3 ± 1.0% and 4.8 ± 1.8% after three- and six-day culture, respectively. The basal layer viability of cultured OMECs was 99.3 ± 0.2% and 82.8 ± 1.1% after three and six days culture, respectively. Conclusions: The use of therapeutic CLs has potential as a substrate and carrier for OMEC cultured in a xenobiotic- and serum-free culture system.
    Current Eye Research 02/2015; DOI:10.3109/02713683.2015.1004720
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To compare bactericidal activities of daptomycin (DAP) and vancomycin (VAN) in an experimental rabbit model of Enterococcus faecalis endophthalmitis. Materials and methods: The right vitreous cavities of 24 New Zealand rabbits were inoculated with 100 colony-forming units of E. faecalis; and after 24 h, rabbits were randomly divided into three groups. DAP group (n = 8, 0.2 mg/0.05 ml intravitreally), VAN group (n = 8, 1 mg/0.05 ml intravitreally) and balanced salt solution group (BSS, n = 8, 0.05 ml intravitreally). Clinical examination scores were recorded, and vitreous aspirates were obtained for microbiological analysis on days 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4. Rabbits were sacrificed, and the eyes were enucleated for histopathological assessment. Results: There was no difference between the DAP, VAN and BSS groups in terms of the clinical grading of endophthalmitis 24 h after the inoculation. The bacterial counts were similar between the VAN and DAP groups except on day 1, where it was significantly lower than those in the VAN group (p = 0.003). On day 4, 62% of the eyes treated with DAP, and 50% of the eyes treated with VAN were sterilized. All of the eyes from the BSS group showed increasing bacterial growth from day 0 to day 4. There was no difference between the DAP and VAN groups in terms of the histopathological and clinical examination scores, while they were significantly lower than those in the BSS group. Conclusions: This study demonstrates evidence of the effectiveness of DAP for the treatment of experimental E. faecalis endophthalmitis.
    Current Eye Research 02/2015; DOI:10.3109/02713683.2015.1004722
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of the neuroprotective agents riluzole and resveratrol on the survival of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) when administered alone or in combination. Materials and methods: Experimental glaucoma was induced by injecting hyaluronic acid into the anterior chamber of Wistar albino rats weekly for a six-week period. Intraocular pressure was measured before and immediately after glaucoma induction. The neuroprotective effects of daily intraperitoneal injections of riluzole (8 mg/kg) and resveratrol (10 mg/kg) were evaluated and compared. After the six-week period, dextran tetramethylrhodamine was applied into the optic nerve and the density of surviving RGCs was evaluated by counting the labeled RGCs in whole mount retinas for retrograde labeling of RGCs. Results: The mean numbers of RGCs were significantly preserved in all treatment groups compared to the vehicle-treated glaucoma group (G). The mean number of RGCs in mm(2) were 1207 ± 56 in the control group (C), 404 ± 65 in G group, 965 ± 56 in riluzole-treated group in the early phase of glaucoma (E-Ri), 714 ± 25 in riluzole-treated group in the late phase of glaucoma (L-Ri), 735 ± 29 in resveratrol-treated group in the early phase of glaucoma (E-Re), 667 ± 20 in resveratrol-treated group in the late phase of glaucoma (L-Re), and 1071 ± 49 in riluzole and resveratrol combined-treated group in the early phase of glaucoma (E-RiRe group). Conclusions: When used either alone or in combination, both riluzole and resveratrol, two agents with different mechanisms of action in glaucoma, significantly delayed RGC loss in this study's experimental glaucoma model.
    Current Eye Research 02/2015; DOI:10.3109/02713683.2015.1004719
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: A test of validation study was conducted to investigate the use of a novel computerized portable pupillometer to detect and quantify relative afferent pupillary defects (RAPDs). Materials and methods: Binocular pupillary response curves were recorded in patients with RAPDs clinically graded by an examiner (n = 32) and in normal subjects (n = 31) with RAPDs simulated using quantifiable dimmed light intensities. In 14 normal subjects, testing was repeated within two months. Pupillary constriction amplitude (CA), velocity (CV) and onset latency (COL) were used to calculate RAPDs. Results: RAPDs in normal subjects were 0.16 ± 0.12 log units (LU) (range = 0-0.38). In retested normals, inter-visit variability was 0.21 ± 0.12 LU (range = 0-0.42). Significant correlation was found between RAPD values and dimmed light intensity in normal subjects (Pearson's r = 0.87, p < 0.0001) and between clinician and pupillometer grading of RAPDs in patients (r = 0.81, p < 0.0001). Using the upper limit of the one-sided 95% confidence interval (CI) of the ratio of percentage change in CA (LU) as determined from normals, 21/23 (91%) patients with RAPDs ≥ 0.5 LU were distinguished from normals. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for distinguishing RAPDs ≥ 0.5 LU was 0.98 (95% CI = 0.95-1.00). RAPDs calculated using CA and CV correlated more strongly with the clinician's grading compared to COL (Steiger's test p < 0.0001). Conclusions: This novel pupillometer correlated strongly with an expert examiner's clinical grading of RAPDs and detected clinically significant RAPDs with high sensitivity and specificity, suggesting it may have a prominent role as an objective clinical tool in the screening of patients with vision loss.
    Current Eye Research 02/2015; 40(11):1-8. DOI:10.3109/02713683.2014.980007
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose/Aims: To examine the feasibility, patient acceptability, and preliminary effectiveness of a culturally informed, health promotion program designed to improve glaucoma medication adherence among African American's (AA's) with glaucoma. Materials/Methods: A sample of 11 AA glaucoma patients (mean age 61 years; 73% women and 27% men) completed a culturally informed and individually tailored, health promotion program developed for AAs titled, "Glaucoma Management Optimism for African Americans Living with Glaucoma" (GOAL)©. The aim of the brief 4-week program is to enhance glaucoma medication adherence through a combination of education, motivational interviewing (MI), and problem-solving training (PST). Feasibility was assessed on the basis of patient satisfaction with the program, number of sessions completed, and length of sessions. Preliminary efficacy was evaluated using a pre-post design to determine whether the program improved objective glaucoma medication adherence via an electronic Travalert dosing aid as well as satisfaction with aspects of glaucoma treatment, health beliefs about medications, glaucoma symptoms, emotional well-being, and intraocular pressure. Results: Overall patient satisfaction and acceptability was high for the program, interactions with the health educator, program materials, and the length of sessions. Feasibility was also supported given the need for the program, success in recruitment/retention, and ease of implementing the program with AA glaucoma patients in clinic and/or over the telephone. In terms of preliminary efficacy, patients showed significant pre-post improvements in objective medication adherence rates by 15% (p = 0.03), self-efficacy for glaucoma management (p = 0.02), ease of use in administering eye drops (p = 0.03), glaucoma treatment satisfaction (p = 0.05), beliefs about the necessity of taking glaucoma medications (p = 0.05), and functional visual ocular symptoms (p = 0.03). Conclusions: (GOAL)© holds great promise toward improving glaucoma medication adherence and beliefs among AA's with glaucoma.
    Current Eye Research 01/2015; DOI:10.3109/02713683.2014.1002045

  • Current Eye Research 01/2015; 40(7):1. DOI:10.3109/02713683.2014.1002049
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Unstable tear film characterized by shorting of tear break-up time (BUT) is associated with discomfort and dryness in contact lens wearers. The glycocalyx is thought to be crucial in maintaining the wettability and lubrication of the ocular surface. We evaluated the ocular surface glycocalyx in soft contact lens (SCL) wearers using a fluorescein-labeled wheat germ agglutinin (F-WGA) as a marker to demonstrate the ocular surface glycoconjugates in vivo. Methods: Twenty experienced SCL wearers and 20 healthy volunteers with no history of CL wearing (controls) were enrolled in the study. After applying a 5% F-WGA solution to the eyes of study individuals, fluorescent intensities in their respective central corneas were measured by fluorophotometry. The relationship between F-WGA intensity in the corneal surface and clinical parameters associated with contact lens wear were analyzed. Results: F-WGA fluorescence intensity in the SCL group was 418.5 ± 103.3, which was significantly lower than that of the controls (825.0 ± 179.8; p < 0.0001, Mann-Whitney test). F-WGA fluorescence intensity was not correlated with Schirmer's test values or age, whereas a statistically significant correlation between F-WGA fluorescence intensity and tear film BUT was observed (r = 0.77, p < 0.0001). The decrease in F-WGA fluorescence intensity could be reversed by discontinuation of SCL use. Conclusion: Reduction and/or compositional alteration of ocular surface glycocalyx may be one of the causative factors of SCL-induced eye dryness.
    Current Eye Research 01/2015; DOI:10.3109/02713683.2014.999948
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: The canonical role of glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is as an enzyme in glycolysis. GAPDH is also a principal "moonlighting" protein with additional roles at diverse sites in a variety of cells. Surface GAPDH on mammalian, yeast, and bacterial cells acts as a receptor and also mediates cell contacts. In neurons, extracellular GAPDH localizes at synapses. Two GAPDH binding partners at synapses are α-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid glutamate receptor (AMPA) GluA2 subunit at dendritic spines and L1 cell adhesion molecule at pre-synaptic membranes, and both proteins are also expressed in lenses. Fiber cell membrane protrusions and dendritic spines have similar size, shape, and spacing, contain F-actin, and express clathrin/AP-2 Adaptor at their surfaces linked with Tyr-phosphatase STEP-regulated endocytosis of AMPA/GluA2 receptors. AMPA receptors work with NMDA (N-methyl-d-aspartate) and GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) receptors, calcium calmodulin kinase II (CaMKIIα), channel proteins, STEP, and ephrin receptors, which are also expressed in lenses. In neurons, coordinate AMPA/GluA2 receptor endocytosis with GAPDH is linked with disease. GAPDH was previously characterized as a fiber cell membrane protein and shown to decrease substantially in interior fiber cells in human age-related cataract. Here, we examined GAPDH spatial expression in healthy lenses in two vertebrate species. Methods: In situ methods were used to examine GAPDH expression in lenses of healthy young adult rabbits and chickens. Immunoblots were used to detect L1 in lenses. Results: The present study demonstrated that GAPDH is present at fiber cell borders in adult rabbit and chicken lenses with evidence of focal concentrations along the fiber cell perimeter, and overlapped with detection of p-Tyr-GluA2, L1, STEP, actin and clathrin. We observed that L1-140 kDa was the prominent form in lens. Conclusions: Our findings indicate investigations into GAPDH "moonlighting" activities similar to its role in cell-cell interactions at neuron surfaces are warranted in the lens.
    Current Eye Research 01/2015; DOI:10.3109/02713683.2014.997886