Fruits Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: EDP Sciences

Journal description

Fruits is a bimonthly and scientific journal for original articles and reviews in English. All fruit crops in temperate, mediterranean, subtropical, and tropical regions are concerned. Fruits covers a wide range of subjects (agronomy, physiology, genetics, crop protection, post-harvest storage, product processing and marketing).

Current impact factor: 0.88

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 0.883
2013 Impact Factor 0.8
2012 Impact Factor 0.776
2011 Impact Factor 0.764
2010 Impact Factor 0.348

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.90
Cited half-life 9.00
Immediacy index 0.08
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.18
Website Fruits website
Other titles Fruits (Paris, France: 1978: Online)
ISSN 0248-1294
OCLC 38876971
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

EDP Sciences

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institutional website or OAI compliant website
    • Some journals require an embargo for deposit in funder's designated repositories (see journal)
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used (see journal)
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Non-commercial
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Fruits 11/2015; 70(6):341-349. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015035
  • Fruits 11/2015; 70(6):325-332. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015023
  • Fruits 07/2015; 70(4):239-248. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015020
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Apples have been part of the human diet since ancient times and are one of the most commonly consumed fruit worldwide, rich in phenolic compounds. Phenolics are naturally occurring non-nutritive plant compounds, possessing several health benefits. The effect of storage conditions on phenolics concentrations and on the antioxidant activity of apple juice and pomace was studied. Materials and Methods. Experiments were carried out with two apple varieties, an ancient Tuscan variety, Panaia-red, and a commercial variety, Golden Delicious. The antioxidant activity was assessed by means of two different in vitro tests: scavenging of DPPH· radical, and inhibition of tyrosine nitrationmediated by peroxynitrite (ONOO-). Analyses of juices were carried out immediately after production and after 2 weeks storage in 3 different temperature conditions: 4 °C, -20 ?C and room temperature after pasteurisation. Results and discussion. Highly significant differences were recorded between the two varieties, the Panaia-red juice having a higher concentration of phenolic compounds and a higher antioxidant activity. During apple juice storage, phenolic compound concentrations and antioxidant capacity remained quite stable. A correlation between antioxidant activity and phenolic concentration was observed (0.69 ≤ r ≤ 0.97). Conclusion. The effects of a short storage time and different conditions of storage on the phenolic concentration and antioxidant activity seem to be less relevant than variety effects. The apple pomace revealed an amount of phenolic compounds, ranging from 6.8 to 15.5 mg GAE 100 g-1 DM of total polyphenols, which paves the way for their use as ingredients in foods lacking in polyphenols.
    Fruits 07/2015; 70(4):213-223. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015015
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. The edible fruit of jiotilla (Escontria chiotilla (Weber) Rose), a cactus endemic to Central Mexico, mature asynchronously and are characterized by the presence of bracts in the fruit peel (pericarpel). In order to establish a harvest index, a series of physical, chemical, and morphological classical parameters coupled with histological observations were determined at four different stages of fruit development from anthesis to mature fruit (S1-S4). Materials and methods. Flowers and fruit samples at each stage were collected for analysis from randomly selected plants from the desert shrub. Results and discussion. The single sigmoid growth curve exhibited major and minor changes between S2 and S3, S3 and S4, respectively. Growth cessation and maturation began at S3, the maximum concentration of total sugars occurred in S3, and the maximum value of firmness decreased in S3 and S4. A thinning of the fruit peel due to aerenchyma compression occurred in the transition period S3-S4 and fruit firmness was the mechanical parameter more closely associated with it. Poor relationships with ripening stages were shown by the other physicochemical parameters measured. Conclusions. We propose two morphological-histological indicators of harvest: 1) Fruit peel thickness, and 2) Color and texture changes of the bracts. The infundibuliform flower adapted to confine, protect and improve the aqueous reserves in the ovary of the cactus species becoming a special berry with a successful strategy for saving water during fruit development and ripening. This strategy involves structural and physiological adaptive traits to survive in arid lands.
    Fruits 07/2015; 70(4):201-212. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015013
  • Fruits 05/2015; 70(3):125-126. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015019
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction.Aphis pomi (De Geer) has developed resistance to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides, as a result of long-term application of these insecticides in conventional apple orchards. For many years, the only mechanism of resistance identified in aphids was overproduction of insecticide-detoxifying esterases. Materials and methods. Insecticide resistance of A. pomi, collected from two conventional apple orchards (localities of Radmilovac - RA and Bela Crkva - BC) and one organic apple orchard (locality of Surčin - SU), was tested by bioassays and biochemical assays. Results and discussion. Compared with LC50 values for the susceptible population (organic orchard), both populations from the conventional orchards were highly resistant to pirimicarb (234.5 and 52.9 times) and moderately resistant to dimethoate (10.7 and 9.0 times). Increased esterase activity was determined in these two resistant aphid populations. Each of them also produced one esterase isoform more than the susceptible population, when 1-naphthyl acetate was used as a substrate for zymographic detection; when 2-naphthyl acetate was used as a substrate, only one resistant population produced two new esterase isoforms. In one of the resistant populations acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was significantly less inhibited by pirimicarb than in the other resistant population and the susceptible population, which indicates that this population developed another resistance mechanism - Modification of AChE (MACE). Conclusion. Detoxification of insecticides by the metabolic resistance mechanism of esterase enzymes and mechanism of modification of AChE was proven in one aphid population (RA). The other population (BC) has developed only metabolic resistance (enhanced metabolism by esterases), without modification of the insecticide target site (AChE). Development of insecticide resistance was caused by long-term application of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (organophosphates and carbamates) in these conventional orchards.
    Fruits 05/2015; 70(3):135-142. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015005
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. New ecological agricultural practices contribute to improved pest management and root development of pineapple, but tools to quantify the root development in cultural profiles in situ are lacking. The spatial distribution of the root length density (RLD) is a key factor for the absorption of water and nutrients. A robust model was sought to predict the RLD from the number of intersections of roots per unit area (RID) in a soil profile (trench method). Materials and methods. The procedure was based on the extraction of cubes of 1 dm3 of undisturbed soil on profiles under pineapple plants in triplicate, in which the RID was counted on three perpendicular faces of the cubes and the RLD was measured inside the cubes. Results and discussion. A model predicting the RLD (RLDc) from counting of the RID was developed and successfully tested: RLDc = RID.CO.CE, where CO = 2.65 is an orientation coefficient, and CE = 1.69 is an empirical coefficient. These two coefficients are fixed. Conclusion. The model allows an estimate of pineapple RLD and its spatial variability from simple counts of roots on a soil profile. A practical example of this model is given, characterizing and comparing in situ root profiles of pineapple plants.
    Fruits 05/2015; 70(3):143-151. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015010
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Pre-harvest fruit development of apple can have a great effect on its storable quality. However, little research has focused on fruit metabolism during growth. Our objective was to study cell wall metabolism during the various stages of fruit growth and softening to gain more insight into the nature of fruit development and ripening. Materials and methods. Apple varieties Fuji and Golden Delicious (GD) were used to investigate cell wall metabolism and related gene expression during fruit growth and softening. Results and discussion. During fruit growth, cell wall components underwent similar changes in the two cultivars although the covalent soluble pectin (CSP) content in Fuji fruit was much higher than that in GD fruit. The activities of cell wall enzymes and the related gene expression indicated that cell wall degradation was involved in fruit growth. However, these changes showed significant differences between the two cultivars during storage. The water soluble pectin (WSP) content increased more rapidly and the content of CSP and hemi-cellulose decreased more obviously, showing a more significant correlation with firmness loss in GD fruit than with Fuji. Accordingly, the activities of cell wall enzymes and the related gene expression were significantly higher in the GD fruit. Conclusion. Cell wall metabolism and the related gene expression showed significant differences between Fuji and GD fruit during growth and softening. Both acted on fruit growth and enlargement but revealed a significant cultivar-dependency with regards to fruit softening.
    Fruits 05/2015; 70(3):153-161. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015006
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Native to Asia, Hovenia dulcis Thunb. (Rhamnaceae), known as Japanese grape, is also found in central and southern America, southern Europe and North Africa. The fruit is a small capsule, attached to peduncle or pseudofruit, which, when mature, is the edible part. In order to increase knowledge about the potential of these pseudofruits as an alternative to other fruits available in the market, or as a new ingredient for the food industry, this study aimed to characterize the nutritional value of H. dulcis peduncles harvested at different stages of maturation. Materials and methods. Samples of H. dulcis pseudofruit were collected for five months, from an immature stage to a senescent one (Hd01, Hd02, Hd03, Hd04 and Hd05), in Curitiba, Parana, Brazil. Analysis of moisture, ash, minerals (Ca, Mg, Na, K, Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn), proteins, lipids, vitamin C, available carbohydrates, soluble sugars and dietary fiber (soluble and insoluble) were performed. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Duncan's test were applied to the analytical results. Results and discussion. Soluble sugar content increased during maturation, probably due to starch hydrolysis and water loss. This product (Hd02 to Hd05) can be considered an interesting source of dietary fiber, according to Brazilian and European regulations. Total ash content increased during the development of these pseudofruits, due to the concentration of minerals, by reducing moisture in the mature product. Conclusion. Together with fibers, Cu, Ca and Mn were the most relevant dietary contributions of mature H. dulcis peduncles, being a good means to improve the nutritional quality of modern diets, requiring further investigation of their sensory and nutritional characteristics.
    Fruits 05/2015; 70(3):181-187. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015011
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Small fruit size is a limiting factor in marketing apple (Malus x domestica). Several techniques have been used to improve fruit size, among them blossom and fruit thinning with plant growth regulators such as auxins and cytokinins to reduce crop load. Materials and methods. In the present study, carried out in 3 consecutive years (2012-2014), we evaluated the photosynthesis inhibitor metamitron (MM) as a thinner for 'Golden Delicious' apple. Results. MM applied once at 180-225 g ha-1 (150-190 mg L-1 in the form of 0.1%-0.125% Brevis® at 1200 L ha-1) at the 6-mm fruit-diameter stage increased dark-adapted chlorophyll fluorescence, measured as a reduction in Fv/Fm values and resulted in significant fruit thinning. Consequently, the average time spent on hand thinning was reduced from 20-30 days ha-1 to 2-5 days ha-1 and there was a considerable and significant shift to larger fruit size. Discussion. The relatively low effective doses of MM compared to those used in Europe and the USA were likely due to the higher night temperatures for 3 weeks postapplication, which increased respiration and caused assimilation deficiencies during that critical period of fruit development. Conclusion. In a warm growing environment the thinner MM is highly effective on apple, since only one application (FB+7) of relatively low dose (190 mg L-1 MM as 0.125% Brevis®) is enough for optimal fruitlet thinning.
    Fruits 05/2015; 70(3):127-134. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015007
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) is a preservation technique currently used by the fresh-cut fruit industry. Fruit quality may vary according to the concentration of oxygen (O2) in the packaging. However, there is no published research on the effects of a pure O2 modified atmosphere in the packaging of fresh-cut pineapple. There are also no comparative studies of the differences between pure O2 and conventional low O2 MAP on the quality of fresh-cut pineapple. Materials and methods. Pineapple slices were sealed with a tray sealer using a polyethylene (PE) / polypropylene (PP) composite film and one of the following atmosphere treatments: (4% O2 + 5% CO2), (100% O2), and ambient air (control). We evaluated the effects on quality and microbial spoilage of fresh-cut pineapple. Results and discussion. Both modified atmosphere treatments delayed decreases in firmness, soluble solid contents (SSC), reducing sugar, and ascorbic acid. Pineapple slices packaged in pure O2 contained lower amounts of sugar and ascorbic acid and displayed more browning than the slices in the low O2 concentration. Additionally, both modified atmosphere treatments strongly delayed the growth of microorganisms. Aerobic bacteria, yeast and mold levels in pineapple slices packaged in pure O2 were higher than those packaged with the low O2 atmosphere during long-term storage. Conclusion. Modified atmosphere packaging using low O2 concentration (4% O2 + 5% CO2) was better able to maintain the quality of fresh-cut pineapple than packaging with pure O2 atmosphere.
    Fruits 03/2015; 70(2):101-108. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015003
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Since its arrival in Senegal in 2004, Bactrocera invadens (Diptera Tephritidae) synonymized with Bactrocera dorsalis has caused much economic damage in mango crops. Effective and efficient control activities against B. invadens were necessary in order to continue mango production, and biological control measures were envisaged. In such conditions, the government of Senegal allowed the Asian parasitoid Fopius arisanus to be released in some orchards around Ziguinchor. Materials and methods. The dynamics of fruit fly species was studied with lure traps (methyl eugenol and terpinyl acetate with Dichlorvos). Mango fruit were sampled from the control orchard and orchards with released F. arisanus, to compare the differences in tephritid infestation. Results and discussion. The levels of B. invadens populations were 1.6-2.5 times higher in the control than in orchards where F. arisanus was released. The fruit were also 5-6 times more infested in the control orchard than in those that received F. arisanus. Between May and July 2012 the majority of the pupae (92%) collected from fruit samples developed into adult flies, while only 39% of the pupae transformed to adults between October and December after effective action of the parasitoids. In both orchard treatments, the level of native fruit fly populations was about the same. Wild fruit were infested mostly by Ceratitis cosyra, from which were reared native parasitoids such as Fopius caudatus, F. silvestrii, F. desideratus, Diachasmimorpha fullawayi, D. carinata, Psyttalia cosyrae, and P. concolor. In contrast with Mangifera indica, Citrus spp., Anacardium occidentale, Psidium guayava, Saba senegalensis, and Landolphia heudelotii were mainly infested by B. invadens which showed parasitism by F. arisanus. Pteromalidae and Eulophidae were also found from the pest fly pupae. Killer flies (Diptera: Muscidae) such as Coenosia attenuata Stein, C. atra Meigen and C. tigrina Fabricius emerged from the fruit samples. Conclusion. Sanitation against fruit flies in Casamance should take into account the conservation of natural enemies such as parasitoids and predators for an effective biological control of tephritids.
    Fruits 03/2015; 70(2):91-99. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015001
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. The effects of nitric oxide (NO) on postharvest ripening of persimmon were investigated. Materials and methods. Fruit were dipped for 30 min in 1.0 and 1.5 mM sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a nitric oxide donor, and stored at 1 °C and 90% relative humidity for 56 days. Changes in total antioxidant activity, total phenol compounds, color, firmness, soluble tannins and weight loss were evaluated. Results and discussion. The results showed that fruit ripening was significantly delayed by SNP. Application of 1.0 and 1.5 mM SNP delayed weight loss and retained greater total antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds and firmness compared to the control treatments. No significant differences were observed between the two concentrations of SNP. Conclusion. These results demonstrated that postharvest NO application has potential to delay ripening and maintain quality of harvested persimmon fruit.
    Fruits 03/2015; 70(2):63-68. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2014045