Fruits (Fruits )

Publisher: EDP Sciences


Fruits is a bimonthly and scientific journal for original articles and reviews in English. All fruit crops in temperate, mediterranean, subtropical, and tropical regions are concerned. Fruits covers a wide range of subjects (agronomy, physiology, genetics, crop protection, post-harvest storage, product processing and marketing).

  • Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
  • Cited half-life
  • Immediacy index
  • Eigenfactor
  • Article influence
  • Website
    Fruits website
  • Other titles
    Fruits (Paris, France: 1978: Online)
  • ISSN
  • OCLC
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

EDP Sciences

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On authors website or institutional website or OAI compliant sites
    • Some journals require an embargo for deposit in Funding Agency recommended Repositories (see journal)
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used (see journal)
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • On a non-profit server
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Many fruit trees with a hard seed coat exhibit seed dormancy, posing problems for their regeneration. Vitex doniana, an indigenous multipurpose but threatened fruit and vegetable tree that supports the livelihoods of many households in West Africa, is a typical example. In our research, we evaluated five dormancy-breaking treatments. We tested the effects of sulphuric acid at 95% concentration (T1); 3 d sun-drying + 48 h soaking in tap water (T2); 3 d alternation of 8 h sun-drying + 1 h soaking in tap water (T3); 2 weeks sun-drying with regular watering in the daytime (T4); and physical shock (T5). These treatments were compared with two controls (T0 and Tc), with seeds from two different sources. The germination percentage, mean germination time, time to first germination and time to threshold germination (20%) were compared; the seedling height, diameter and biomass produced were monitored for 15 weeks.We used generalised linear models and correlation tests to compare the effects of the various treatments on germination and seedling growth. T3 significantly enhanced seed germination in V. doniana (72% after 12 months). T4 best promoted homogeneity in germination (p < 0.01), followed by T3. The best seedling growth was obtained with T4 and T3. Alternation of sun-drying followed by soaking of seeds, a technique with almost no cost, improved seed germination in V. doniana and, in 33 d, just over 1 month, 20% germination can be achieved. Vitex doniana is a fast-growing species (at the nursery stage), in contrast to the common opinion. Our method should be further investigated to assess the adequate soaking and drying length so as to speed up germination and reach homogenous cohorts.
    Fruits 06/2014; 69(4):279-291.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Plants develop mechanisms that allow them to compartmentalize injuries that they suffer during their life. In trees, pruning and injection treatments must be used in accordance with precise rules to reduce risks resulting from the injuries created. Sealing in palms. Palms, contrary to widespread belief, are quite capable of “healing” injuries (sealing); because of an anatomy quite different from trees, the sealing process in palms is much simpler. Compartmentalization of injection wounds. The controversy on the use of injection in trees is due essentially to initial mistakes that have then been rectified. Injection in palms against the red palm weevil. For palms, for decades, this technique has been employed without problems and with great efficiency against various pests, including Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, the red palm weevil (RPW). Its use has been reserved for exceptional situations either to face abnormal pest proliferation, uncontrollable by other techniques, or to implement eradication programs. Integrated eradication program. In such a program, the main aim of injection treatments is preventive. With long-persistence insecticides, the number of treatments could be greatly reduced. The resulting savings in time and money would enable the organization of the treatments of all the palms located in an infested area, and consequently the rapid eradication of the pest. New perspectives. We established that insecticides applied by injection were capable of protecting palms with only two or even one treatment per year. These results suggest a radical improvement in programs to eradicate RPW, while considerably reducing the risks to health and the environment compared with spray treatments.
    Fruits 04/2014; 69(2):143-157.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract – Introduction. Pithecellobium dulce is a legume native to tropical America that produces edible arils which can be white or red. The plant is also grown in Asia and, to date, predominantly fruits produced in Asia have been the subject of scientific studies. We studied white and red arils produced in America. Materials and methods. White aril and red aril fruits were evaluated in an array of reagent-based assays to determine nutritional and nutraceutical properties. Results and discussion. White arils and red arils showed similar physicochemical characteristics, with high content of vitamin C (79.7–82.6 mg·100 g–1 fresh weight) and dietary fiber (5.83–6.12% fw). The anthocyanin content of red arils (29.5 mg·100 g–1 fw, as cyanidin-3-glucoside equivalents) was similar to that of strawberry. Total phenolics (517 mg·100 g–1 fw, as gallic acid equivalents) and antioxidant activities (ABTS, 224 mg; DPPH, 223 mg, as vitamin C equivalents) of red arils were 1.3 times higher than those in white arils. The methanolic extract of red arils showed a higher α-glucosidase inhibition (IC50 2.9 mg·mL–1) than acarbose (IC50 4.9 mg·mL–1). The methanolic extract [(50, 100 and 500) μg per tube] of red and white arils showed positive-strong antimutagenic activities (inhibition in the range 25–70%) in the assay (Salmonella typhimurium YG1024 strain, 1-nitropyrene as mutagen, 200 ng per tube). We are reporting for the first time remarkably high characteristics (i.e., antioxidant, inhibition of α-amylase and α-glucosidase and content of dietary fiber) of P. dulce fruits, mainly of the red ones; properties which combined permit us to suggest that consumption of these fruits could have beneficial health effects in people with diabetes.
    Fruits 09/2013; 68(5):397-408.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Pescabivona is the name of an autochthonous peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batch] population of the central west of Sicily. In a previous work, this fruit was submitted to chemical analysis, while in this paper, sensory evaluation is considered. Materials and methods. Samples of four Pescabivona landraces were harvested throughout the harvest season. A trained panel outlined the sensory profiles and the data were processed by ANOVA and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). A correlation between sensory analysis and instrumental data was finally carried out. Results and discussion. The results demonstrated a high standard of quality for the four landraces studied, with some differences in aroma intensity and in some other parameters, with sweetness and aroma being highly correlated with overall liking. PCA did not clearly separate the different landraces as they have the same origin. Some correlations between sensory analysis and instrumental data were verified. The sensory liking was correlated with the main ripeness parameters, as well as with the pulp firmness. Conclusion. The data obtained contribute to outlining a complete fruit profile for product comparison and shelf-life monitoring. As previously verified for chemical parameters, the sensory evaluation indicates a substantial similarity among the landraces. The good agreement between sensory evaluation and composition makes sensory analysis a precious tool to assess quality of Pescabivona landraces.
    Fruits 06/2013; 68(03):195-207.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract – Introduction. Carotenoids have been described as possessing several important functional properties and health benefits. These properties make these compounds ideal for the always increasing functional food industry as well as for promoting the consumption of the natural products in which they are contained. Here, we report the first characterisation of the non-saponified carotenoid composition in fresh peach fruits and commercial peach juice and jam. Materials and methods. Fully mature yellow-fleshed peach fruits produced in Sicily were purchased at a local market; they were peeled and the pulp was analysed. Commercial peach juice and commercial peach jam from three different known manufacturers were also purchased at the local market. Both the juice and jam analysed were produced by local manufacturers from the same kind of fresh fruit studied in this work. After carotenoid extraction with organic solvents, the samples were analysed by a direct HPLC-DAD-APCI-MS methodology. Results and discussion. Three free carotenoids (zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin and β-carotene) and three monoesters of β-cryptoxanthin were identified and detected in all the samples analysed. Interestingly, the carotenoid profile remained the same in all the samples, and it was not affected by the peach processing occurring during the production of the peach juice and jam. Moreover, small differences were observed in the relative contents of the identified components among the samples investigated.
    Fruits 01/2013; 68(1):39-44.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Mango fruits grown under high-density planting show a progressive decline in crop yield after 14–15 years, due to overcrowding of canopies, which suggests regular canopy management is necessary. Hence, the effects of pruning treatment on fruit yield and quality of ‘Amrapali’ mango were studied in India over two consecutive years, 2010 and 2011. Materials and methods. Mango trees were subjected to pruning (removal of 50 cm of shoot from the apex) in the month of September 2009 with unpruned trees serving as control. Fruits were harvested at the commercial maturity stage and quality parameters were assessed both in fresh fruits and following ripening at room temperature [(35 ± 2) °C and (80 ± 5)% RH)]. Results and discussion. Fruit yield of pruned trees was found to decrease during the first year compared with the fruit yield of unpruned trees; later on, it increased during the second year. Pruning resulted in significantly higher fruit weight, fruit firmness, total carotenoids, antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content. Early maturity of fruits was observed from unpruned trees with faster color change, higher total soluble solids and lower titratable acidity. The fruits harvested from pruned trees showed slower ripening, and lower respiration, ethylene evolution rate and enzyme activity as compared with fruits from unpruned trees. Both anthracnose and stem-end rot disease percentage were reduced in ripe fruits from pruned trees. Conclusion. Pruning treatment appears to be an alternative strategy to obtain better yield and quality in densely populated old mango orchards.
    Fruits 01/2013; 68(5):367-381.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract – Introduction. Sweet cherry fruit is a very perishable commodity, because fruits decay and lose water rapidly after harvest as a consequence of their high respiratory rate. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of the combination of hot water plus essential oil treatments and hot water treatment alone on the quality of ‘0900 Ziraat’ sweet cherries during cold storage. Materials and methods. Fruits were divided into four groups and were treated by dipping into water at 24 °C for 30 s (control), dipping into water at 60 °C for 30 s, and dipping into water at 60 °C for 30 s plus either menthol treatment or thymol treatment. After treatments, all fruits were packed in polypropylene bags and stored at 0–1 °C temperature and 90–95% relative humidity for 45 days. Physical and chemical changes were determined at 15-day intervals during storage. Results and discussion. All of the postharvest treatments improved fruit quality characteristics compared with fruit of the control. According to the data, after 45 days of storage, combination treatments were found to be more effective in controlling decay. The treated fruits had higher total anthocyanin and total phenolic compounds. In control fruits, total anthocyanin and total phenolic compounds initially showed a slight increase, but their accumulation significantly decreased with time.
    Fruits 08/2012; 67(4):285–291.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Food processing significantly lowers the quality of fruits and vegetables, which is a major concern for the food industry. Micronutrients are particularly affected, and among them beta-carotene, which exhibits very interesting sensory, nutritional and biological properties. The literature concerning beta-carotene degradation is extensive, but the conclusions are very different as a function of the biological, chemical and food transformation points of view. This paper proposes a synthesis of complementary approaches in the study of beta-carotene during food transformation and storage. Degradation reactions. Degradation compounds are numerous, including isomers, epoxides, apocarotenones, apocarotenals and short-chain cleavage products, among them some flavour compounds. A detailed reaction scheme of isomerisation and autoxidation of beta-carotene could be deduced from the literature data. The main pathways are well documented, but the global reaction scheme is still incomplete. Furthermore, most of the mechanistic studies are carried out in model systems, thus data may misrepresent beta-carotene behaviour in real food products. Kinetics during processing and storage. The determination of degradation kinetics permits the identification of the fastest reactions, i.e., generally those with the greatest impact, and also the quantification of the effect of the factors which can lower beta-carotene content. Temperature, occurrence of oxygen, food composition and food structure are shown to affect the beta-carotene loss rate significantly. However, the methodologies used to obtain the kinetic parameters are of major importance, and finally, most of the results found in the literature are specific to a study and difficult to generalise. Discussion and conclusion. Mechanistic and kinetic approaches each provide interesting data to improve understanding and monitoring of beta-carotene. The combination of all this data, together with thermodynamic and analytical considerations, permits the building of observable reaction schemes which can further be transcribed through mathematical models. By this multidisciplinary approach, scarcely used for the time being, knowledge could be capitalised and useful tools could be developed to improve beta-carotene retention during food processing and storage.
    Fruits 11/2011; 66(6-10.1051/fruits/2011058):417-440.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract — Introduction. Ultrafiltration (UF) is a single-unit operation for the clarification and fining of fruit juices. The purpose of the UF is to remove suspended solids as well as haze-inducing and turbidity-causing substances to obtain a clear juice during storage. Specifically, the polymerization of phenolic compounds and their interaction with other components (e.g., proteins) could cause a haze complex and turbidity in fruit juices, which can foul the ultrafiltration membrane
    Fruits 06/2011; 67(3):215.