Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica (Asclepio )

Publisher: Centro de Estudios Históricos (Spain)

Description

Asclepio. Revista de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia was born in 1948 with the title Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina y Antropología Médica. Particularly devoted to Spanish, European, and Latin American science, Asclepio includes original papers on the history of science, echoing the various historiographic trends in our field of study. It is half-yearly directed to an audience specialized in the history of science, but also to variously educated scientists who may find in history elements for epistemological and social reflection in their scientific work.

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  • Website
    Asclepio website
  • Other titles
    Revista de historia de la medicina y de la ciencia
  • ISSN
    0210-4466
  • OCLC
    221852679
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: From the end of the 19th to the beginning of the 20th century, Morocco’s modernizing projects included plans for signing up to the Geneva Convention and creating a local Red Cross/Crescent society. These plans initially stemmed from the convergence of Moroccan administrative/military reforms and Spanish “regenerationist” interventions. They ran parallel to developments in leading Islamic countries such as Egypt, Persia and the Ottoman Empire though they would have to wait till the country’s independence from Franco-Spanish domination in 1956 to become a reality. Beyond their lack of actual results, those early initiatives would serve as legal ground for Morocco’s “humanitarian sovereignty”, tacitly confirmed by the provisions of the Algeciras Act of 1906. In the following two decades, the resilience of this sovereignty would reveal itself in the sustained competition between the Spanish and the French Red Cross for “humanitarian hegemony” in the country, and also in the repeated and nearly successful demands to establish a local Red Cross/Crescent that were made to the International Committee of the Red Cross by the insurgent leader Abdelkrim during the so-called Rif War.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 06/2014; 66(1).
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    ABSTRACT: En el presente trabajo damos a conocer nuevos hallazgos documentales sobre Crisóstomo Martínez, figura clave para entender la anatomía española del Barroco y el movimiento novator. Se aportan algunos nuevos datos biográficos sobre su probable fecha y lugar de nacimiento y su desconocida familia; igualmente se dan noticias relativas a unas primeras gestiones directas del autor con la Corona en 1683 para la solicitud de la pensión que le permitiría su viaje a París. Además, se analizan los diferentes informes elaborados para la deliberación última de la Corte en esta materia y se da cuenta de los problemas que sufrió el anatomista para el cobro de las cantidades acordadas una vez desplazado a Flandes. ABSTRACT: In this paper we present new documentary findings about Crisóstomo Martínez, a key figure in understanding the Spanish Baroque Anatomy and the movement called «novator». The documents presented show some new biographical data as well as some early news regarding the author’s direct negotiations with the Crown in 1683 in order to apply for the grant that would allow him to take his famous trip to Paris. We also analyze the reports prepared for the final deliberation of the Court on this matter and the problems the artist encountered in collecting the sum that had been agreed upon once he moved to Flanders.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2012; 64(1):189-212.
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    ABSTRACT: The sense of the real, or the material - the dead body - as an inextricable part of the sacred does not disappear in the secular environment of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This article analyzes specific humanitarian narratives centered on the practice of autopsy and mummification, in which the traces of Catholicism act as a kind of spectral discourse of the imagination, where the real is configured in forms of the uncanny, the monstrous or the sacred.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(2):349-78.
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    ABSTRACT: In 1981, Spain was threatened by the sudden appearance of an epidemic-like disease, one which was unknown to that date. The Toxic Oil Syndrome, as it was later named after the oil that caused it, thus demanded a response that became conditioned by the fact that the biological nature of the disease was unknown, but also, significantly by the complex situation in the country at that time. Spain was immersed in process of great political change, as well as a difficult economic situation, the authorities were obliged to react in not ideal conditions and in accordance with the very values that the new model of social relations that was being developed. This paper aims to look at the way in which the Toxic Oil Syndrome acted as a catalyst and accelerated the healthcare reform that, already prior to the outbreak of the epidemic, had been deemed necessary. This work focuses mainly on the response of the health system regarding those affected by the epidemic, as it was forced to treat a group of people with severe physical side effects which would lead to disability within a new framework of social relations. It thus aims to illustrate how many of the measures adopted were in accordance with the main ideas behind the reform, and also how these measures were precursors of those which were later applied to the population as a whole.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(2):521-44.
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    ABSTRACT: The aragonese naturalist Odón de Buen y del Cos for twenty-two annual academic courses professor of natural history at the University of Barcelona and for twenty-three of the University of Madrid. Strong supporter of Darwin's evolutionary theory, experimental work in the field and laboratory, in this paper puts the value of their efforts, as an educator, to popularize the natural sciences and thus separated from the concerns, superstition and fanaticism, which they were basic reasons of the moral and material backwardness in which Spain was found.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(2):405-30.
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    ABSTRACT: A growing interest in the nature of the black skin and in the origins of the peoples classified under this trait was accompanied in the eighteenth century by an increasing differentiation of their nature from whites, to the point that they were considered either a degenerated variety of humans, a separate species or inferior animals. Skin and race go together in the natural history of man, which comprises not only anatomical and physiological aspects, but also the history of nations, the Sacred History, and the aesthetic reflection.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(1):39-64.
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    ABSTRACT: The pharmaceutical industry associations, as it happened with other businesses, had a significant rise during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera and II Republic. The 'Cámara Nacional de Industrias Químicas', in Barcelona, represented the national chemical industry to its ultimate assimilation by the 'Organización Sindical' in 1939. In this association, matters relating to pharmaceutical products -- which we will especially deal with in this work -- were managed by the 'Unión Nacional de Laboratorios Químico-Farmacéuticos', which defended the interests of pharmaceutical companies in the presence of government authorities, using the resources and mechanisms also managed by business pressure groups. The inclusion of industrial pharmacy in the Chemical lobby separated the pharmaceutical industry from traditional exercise and its corporate environment. this created ups and downs, conflicts of interests and finally, love and hate relationships with their colleagues of the pharmacy work placement and, of course, with the association that represented them: the 'Unión Farmacéutica Nacional'.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(2):431-52.
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    ABSTRACT: In Spain, during Franco's dictatorship (1939-1975) the teaching and divulgation of science were subordinated to the Catholic religion and many books defended a theistic and creationistic point of view of biology that accepted a literal interpretation of the Book of Genesis and denied the theory of evolution, especially as it relates to human origin. This article is devoted to the main books and characteristics of this way of thinking which reproduced arguments and metaphors of the pre-Darwinian natural theology, arguing that nature was ruled by God and living organisms were the results of his design.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(2):453-76.
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    ABSTRACT: The evolution of Amado Nervo's novellas shows a constant communication with the paradigmatic shifts in the field of psychopathology. His metafictional constructs foreground a playful treatment of some of medicine's key ideas. In some cases, the narrow limits of positivistic psychopathology are overcome in order to anticipate notions that obtain scientific status with modern psychology.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(1):65-88.
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    ABSTRACT: During the founding period of palaeoanthropology, the postulate about tertiary age of humankind was an outstanding subject. First proposals were based on supposed proofs about ancient lithical industry (eoliths). Some discoveries of human fossil remains complicated that issue, because they were dated as pliocene or oldest. This controversy about so-called "tertiary man" soon arrived to Spain. Juan Vilanova y Piera, palaeontologist and professor at Madrid, dealt with it from an antievolutionist point of view. When a human fossil skeleton, included in the Botet's collections, with several apparently primitive traits arrived to Valencia from Argentina, Vilanova got reasserted and exposed his ideas about this question more intensely.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(2):379-404.
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    ABSTRACT: One of the main obsessions of the early modern era was that of determining the notions of true and false, in order to apply them to various fields of knowledge and thus establish the divide between the lawful and unlawful. This trend was to have a particular impact on the fields of religion and science, where it became necessary to distinguish not only between true and false spirits, relics or miracles, but also between genuine and fake astrologers and alchemists. Situated in the middle ground between idealism and materialism, alchemy was prime territory for such tensions, as was demonstrated by a trial held in 1593 at the Jeronymite monastery of Santa Enracia in Saragossa, whose prior accused a friar of making "silver out of smoke and jewels from goblins".
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(2):319-48.
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    ABSTRACT: The institution "Junta do Exame do Estado Actual e Melhoramento Temporal das Ordens Regulares" (Examination Council for the Actual State and Temporal Improvement of the Religious Orders) was created in November of 1789. Among other things, each Religious House should inform that institution about its heritage either the movables and the landed estates. The inventorying included all the goods belonging to wards and drugstores. In this paper, we aim to study those places using records obtained from a variety of Religious Houses with no regional or Religious Order preferences. We will try to give answers to questions related to that spaces such as 'Which objects could be found inside the Houses?'; 'Were they properly equipped?'; and 'Were there big differences between them in what concerns Religious Orders and Houses locations?'.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(1):123-54.
  • Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(1):89-122.
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    ABSTRACT: This article presents a historical synthesis in order to trace how the collective belief in the existence of hermaphrodites and sex-changes was slowly eroded in the changing medical and cultural context of Enlightenment Spain. In order to explain this change, three interlinked processes are outlined. First, the naturalization of the monster and the disappearance of the "marvellous" in Enlightenment science. Second, the consolidation of modern legal or forensic science and the rise of the medical specialist as the relevant authority in the determination of sexual identity. Third, the emergence of the notion of fundamental biological differences between the sexes. The article concludes by discussing the consequences of these shifts for early nineteenth-century Spanish medicine.
    Asclepio; archivo iberoamericano de historia de la medicina y antropología médica 01/2011; 63(1):7-38.

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