Personality and Individual Differences (PERS INDIV DIFFER)

Publisher: International Society for the Study of Individual Differences, Elsevier

Journal description

Personality and Individual Differences is devoted to the publication of articles (experimental, theoretical, review) which aim to integrate as far as possible the major factors of personality with empirical paradigms from experimental, physiological, animal, clinical, educational, criminological or industrial psychology or to seek an explanation for the causes and major determinants of individual differences in concepts derived from these disciplines. The editors are concerned with both genetic and environmental causes, and they are particularly interested in possible interaction effects. Ultimately they believe that human beings are bio-social organisms and that work on individual differences can be most fruitfully pursued by paying attention to both these aspects of our nature. They believe that advances are more likely to be made by the use of the hypothetical-deductive method, though empirical data based on sound research and providing interesting new findings, would of course not be rejected simply because they might not have a good theoretical underpinning. All in all, the traditional type of work on traits, abilities, attitudes, types and other latent structures underlying consistencies in behavior has in recent years been receiving rather short shrift in traditional journals of personality; Personality and Individual Differences aims to reinstate it to its proper place in psychology, equal in importance with general experimental work, and interacting with it to make up a unitary science of psychology. The Second International Conference on Child & Adolescent Mental Health takes place in Kuala Lumpur, 6-10 June 2000. Topics include: Assessment, diagnosis, education and treatment of children and adolescents, Child and adolescent psychopathology/social and emotional development, Cross cultural differences, Mental health issues, Model service delivery programs, Educational practices.

Current impact factor: 1.86

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2009 Impact Factor 1.878

Additional details

5-year impact 2.31
Cited half-life 8.10
Immediacy index 0.26
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.78
Website Personality and Individual Differences website
Other titles Personality and individual differences
ISSN 0191-8869
OCLC 4965018
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although variable-centered analyses predominate the religiosity-health literature, they are limited in that they tend to focus on the (unique) associations between a single facet of religiosity and outcomes. Person-centered analyses allow the identification of distinct subpopulations defined by individuals' full response profiles on facets of religiosity. The present study used latent profile analysis to identify distinct subgroups defined by their scores on the Religious Life Inventory-Revised. Using the Lo–Mendell–Rubin Likelihood Ratio Test, we found that a four-class solution fits optimally in two samples of Christian college students, including questioning (high quest, low intrinsic/extrinsic), intrinsically motivated (high intrinsic), high religiosity (high on all religious orientations), and low religiosity (low on all religious orientations) groups. Across both studies, we found, that the high religiosity, low religiosity and questioning groups reported significantly lower levels of psychological well-being compared to the “Intrinsically Motivated” group. These results corroborate studies suggesting that intrinsic religiosity is a protective factor associated with good psychological well-being among religious students and that personal religious struggles (i.e., quest religiosity) are associated with poorer psychological well-being. Our results point to the utility of person-centered analyses to examine religiosity in unique ways.
    Personality and Individual Differences 01/2016; 88:160-169. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.08.049
  • N. Nelson · R. Shacham · R. Ben-ari
    Personality and Individual Differences 01/2016; 88:209-218. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.08.022
  • Personality and Individual Differences 01/2016; 88:1-5. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.08.027
  • Personality and Individual Differences 01/2016; 88:182-186. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.09.021
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The construct of the “Rescue Personality” as claimed by Mitchell (1983) in the course of Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) was investigated in a sample of 235 German soldiers. As hypothesized, soldiers scored lower on neuroticism, openness and agreeableness but higher on extraversion, conscientiousness, risk and competition seeking as well as resilience compared to a norm sample. Cluster analyses revealed two distinct personality subtypes within the military sample that differed significantly regarding gender ratio and resilience. Male soldiers scored lower on neuroticism and agreeableness but higher on risk and competition seeking and resilience than female soldiers. Military students and military medical personnel differed only in openness. Duration of military service was not associated with personality except for extraversion. The results indicate considerable personality differences between soldiers and the norm population that are largely consistent with the “Rescue Personality” concept. Implications of these personality differences and the existence of the two military personality subtypes for prevention, intervention and personnel selection are discussed.
    Personality and Individual Differences 01/2016; DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.09.020
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    ABSTRACT: Within psychology many approaches have been taken to investigate morality. Arguably, the most prominent approach has been the use of moral reasoning, which is concerned with how individuals arrive at a decision on how they ought to behave. Kohlberg (1958) championed the empirical investigation of individual differences in moral reasoning and his early efforts continue to influence morality research today. This paper will review Kohlberg's seminal model of moral development and explore the assessments that have been created to measure the six stages of development described in this model. In addition, alternative morality theories and their most prominent assessments will be discussed, including the Neo-Kohlbergian approach, Gilligan's Moral Orientations Theory, and Moral Foundations Theory. In closing, the current state of morality assessments will be reviewed, along with recommendations for future development.
    Personality and Individual Differences 01/2016; 88:26-34. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.08.039
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    ABSTRACT: Facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR), a putative marker of pubertal testosterone action, has been reliably linked with various facets of unsociable behavior in men. In order to elucidate the underlying mechanisms, a recent study by Geniole and colleagues (2014) has provided evidence for an association between male fWHR and the psychopathic personality trait fearless dominance in an undergraduate student sample, although the reported effect size was small (βstand = .17). We aimed to replicate and extend this finding by recruiting young adult prison inmates in addition to a sample of undergraduate students, thereby increasing the variance of the psychopathy scores at the high-end of the continuum. We found significant positive associations between fWHR not only with fearless dominance, as reported before, but also with the factor self-centered impulsivity, and with overall psychopathy scores. Results point to a role of testosterone in the development of psychopathic personality traits.
    Personality and Individual Differences 01/2016; 88:99–101. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.08.057
  • Personality and Individual Differences 01/2016; 88:272-279. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.09.018
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    ABSTRACT: Previous research has suggested that self-esteem is a multidimensional, hierarchically organized construct. Studies, however, have primarily used data from child or adolescent populations. In the current project, we examined the factor structure of multidimensional self-esteem in 661 adolescents (350 female) and compared it with the structure in 348 adults (191 female). In addition, we investigated gender-differences in multidimensional self-esteem. Results support the multidimensionality of self-esteem; the hierarchical organization, however, was much weaker than originally proposed. A superordinate factor of global self-esteem was not supported. With respect to age, findings established invariance across age groups. Female participants showed lower social, academic, and physical self-esteem as well as lower self-regard than male participants.
    Personality and Individual Differences 01/2016; 88. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.09.012