Personality and Individual Differences (PERS INDIV DIFFER)

Publisher: International Society for the Study of Individual Differences, Elsevier

Journal description

Personality and Individual Differences is devoted to the publication of articles (experimental, theoretical, review) which aim to integrate as far as possible the major factors of personality with empirical paradigms from experimental, physiological, animal, clinical, educational, criminological or industrial psychology or to seek an explanation for the causes and major determinants of individual differences in concepts derived from these disciplines. The editors are concerned with both genetic and environmental causes, and they are particularly interested in possible interaction effects. Ultimately they believe that human beings are bio-social organisms and that work on individual differences can be most fruitfully pursued by paying attention to both these aspects of our nature. They believe that advances are more likely to be made by the use of the hypothetical-deductive method, though empirical data based on sound research and providing interesting new findings, would of course not be rejected simply because they might not have a good theoretical underpinning. All in all, the traditional type of work on traits, abilities, attitudes, types and other latent structures underlying consistencies in behavior has in recent years been receiving rather short shrift in traditional journals of personality; Personality and Individual Differences aims to reinstate it to its proper place in psychology, equal in importance with general experimental work, and interacting with it to make up a unitary science of psychology. The Second International Conference on Child & Adolescent Mental Health takes place in Kuala Lumpur, 6-10 June 2000. Topics include: Assessment, diagnosis, education and treatment of children and adolescents, Child and adolescent psychopathology/social and emotional development, Cross cultural differences, Mental health issues, Model service delivery programs, Educational practices.

Current impact factor: 1.95

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2009 Impact Factor 1.878

Additional details

5-year impact 2.31
Cited half-life 8.10
Immediacy index 0.26
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.78
Website Personality and Individual Differences website
Other titles Personality and individual differences
ISSN 0191-8869
OCLC 4965018
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:210-213. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.014
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    ABSTRACT: Substantial epidemiological evidence has linked societal-level inequality and outcomes associated with risk-taking (e.g., teen pregnancy, crime, violence). However, little research has examined whether downstream psychological consequences of inequality are similarly associated with risk-related outcomes. We examined whether subjective feelings of personal relative deprivation-a key affective consequence of competitive disadvantage and victimization by inequality-were associated with risk-related individual differences in a diverse community sample (n= 328). Personal relative deprivation was associated with personality traits associated with risk (high impulsivity, low self-control, and facets of sensation-seeking), risk-related attitudes (in ethical, gambling, and health/safety domains), and behavioral outcomes (gambling and problem gambling, future discounting, antisocial conduct, and criminal outcomes), but not with two laboratory behavioral risk tasks. Together, the results indicate that subjective feelings of relative deprivation predict individual differences in key personality traits, attitudes, and behaviors associated with risk.
    Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:22-26. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.031
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    ABSTRACT: The present study investigated which patterns of humor styles exist and if distinct combinations of humor styles differ in psychological well-being levels. The Italian adaptations of the Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ) and the Psychological Well-Being Scale (RPWB) were administered to 244 Italian students. Through k-means clustering three clusters were identified: (1) average score on Self-defeating style and below average scores on the other styles; (2) above average scores on the beneficial styles (Affiliative and Self-enhancing humor) and below average scores on the detrimental styles (Aggressive and Self-defeating humor); (3) above average scores on each of the humor styles. Humor types were found to be related to psychological well-being, with members of Cluster 2 and Cluster 3 reporting higher levels in each RPWB than members of Cluster 1. Moreover, members of Cluster 2 reported higher levels on all well-being dimensions, when compared to members of the other two clusters. Theoretical and research implications of the findings are discussed.
    Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:219-224. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.011

  • Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:143-149. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.053

  • Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:190-198. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.045
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the longitudinal relationships of Post-Traumatic Growth (PTG) and trait resilience with subsequent academic burnout in a sample of adolescent survivors of the Wenchuan earthquake. Participants were administrated the Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory, the Connor and Davidson's Resilience Scale, and the Academic Burnout Inventory at 12 months (Wave one, n= 788) and 24 months (Wave three, n= 329) after the Wenchuan earthquake. Academic burnout included four dimensions: emotional exhaustion, cynicism, academic inefficiency, and physical exhaustion. Results showed that PTG at Wave one was negatively and significantly correlated to academic burnout at Wave one. Trait resilience was found to be negatively and significantly associated with academic burnout at Waves one and three. Furthermore, after controlling for age and gender, trait resilience moderated the longitudinal association between PTG at Wave one and changes in academic burnout, with a stronger and negative association for individuals with low trait resilience. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for psychological service providers to adolescents who have had traumatic experiences.
    Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:108-112. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.048
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    ABSTRACT: Rumination about romantic relationships has been implicated in interpersonal problems generally, and intimate partner violence and stalking of former romantic partners specifically. While various scales exist to measure depressive, angry, or general rumination, no existing scale comprehensively assesses rumination on romantic relationships. This paper describes the development and validation of the Relational Rumination Questionnaire (RelRQ). The RelRQ was developed and tested across two studies involving university students and members of the general population. Study 1 (. n=. 578) used exploratory factor analyses to develop an 18-item RelRQ from a larger item pool. The derived three-factor structure: 1) romantic preoccupation rumination; 2) relationship uncertainty rumination; and 3) break-up rumination was confirmed in Study 2 (. n=. 525), and the scale was revised to a 16-item version. Total RelRQ and subscale scores showed high internal consistency, good test-retest reliability, and expected correlations with related constructs such as insecure attachment, anger rumination, and negative affect. Results indicate that the RelRQ can be used in future studies to test if relational rumination is associated with maladaptive relational outcomes such as intimate partner violence and stalking.
    Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:27-35. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.032
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigates the mediating effects of attachment disorganization in adulthood, along with the organized attachment styles of anxiety and avoidance, to determine whether the connections between early childhood traumatic experiences and externalizing behaviors in adult romantic relationships can be explained by an attachment model that directly assesses a dimensional measure of adult disorganization. In our study, we used 510 adults who were U.S. citizens, all of whom completed online scales that provided retrospective information about childhood trauma, attachment working model information, and current experiences regarding relationship patterns. Our results indicated that adult disorganization mediated the effects between childhood and adult experiences. We also contrasted fearful avoidance with disorganization as mediators, demonstrating that they appear to be different constructs (as is sometimes contested in the literature) and can provide conflicting information about childhood to adult linkages. Our findings suggest that disorganization in adulthood mediates important relationships between early trauma and later adult externalizing outcomes, similar to outcomes seen for disorganization in childhood and adolescence. We therefore extend the existing literature, demonstrating that results from developmental psychology are relevant to social psychologists who study attachment theory in romantic relationships.
    Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:61-65. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.043
  • Thomas J. Bouchard ·

    Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:302-314. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.007

  • Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:225-230. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.004
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined whether and how general intelligence, domain knowledge, motivation, creative behavior, and creative personality predict two models of creativity. Two models of creativity were tested on a sample of 143 college students. Structural equation modeling was used to test the models that included the measures of general intelligence, domain knowledge, motivation, creative behavior, and creative personality as predictors of either creativity as divergent thinking or creativity as expert performance. Results were very different for the two models of creativity. General intelligence and creative personality predicted creativity as divergent thinking. However, general intelligence, domain knowledge, and motivation predicted creativity as creative expert performance. In both models, motivation predicted creative behavior.
    Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:78-84. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.040

  • Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:124-129. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.055
  • Myutan Kulendran · Laura R. Wingfield · Colin Sugden · Ara Darzi · Ivo Vlaev ·

    Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:321-325. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.025
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    ABSTRACT: Mindfulness is a five-facet construct. It consists of observing the present in a non-judgmental and non-reactive manner, describing that environment, and then acting accordingly. When using the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), high levels of mindfulness have been found to predict positive psychological health. However, the factor structure of FFMQ has not been tested in Australia, and results have been limited to particular demographics and confounded by incentives. Furthermore, the FFMQ has been found to be more valid in samples that meditate (session/s of immobile present focus), but it is not clear how committed to meditation the sample needs to be. The first aim of this study was to test the factor structure of the FFMQ in an Australian sample. The second aim of this study was to test how often participants have to meditate to lead to a significant change in mindfulness. Results found that the five facets in the FFMQ constituted as a sub-scale in an Australian sample. Results also found that everyday meditation significantly increased the five facets of mindfulness when compared to meditators with limited commitment, but only the 'Observe' facet of mindfulness significantly increased when compared to meditators with partial commitment. Applications are discussed.
    Personality and Individual Differences 02/2016; 90:73-77. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.041