Journal of Plant Nutrition (J PLANT NUTR )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis


This authoritative journal serves as a comprehensive, convenient source of new and important findings exploring the influence of currently known essential and nonessential elements on plant physiology and growth - offering prompt publication of outstanding original research and review papers in this vital area of plant and soil science. Includes special symposium issues that focus on essential nutrients, heavy metals, and trace elements! Refereed by an internationally renowned editorial board ensuring the high level of scholarship, the Journal of Plant Nutrition provides insightful coverage of nutritional topics, such as hydroponics nutrient requirements for greenhouse crops container production media analysis of pine bark, peat, and artificial media floriculture production vegetable crop production fruit crop production ornamental production tropical crops foliage plants agronomic crops forestry and much more!

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    Journal of plant nutrition (Online), Journal of plant nutrition
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Publications in this journal

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    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2047; 27(11):2047-2066.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to examine effect of foliar titanium (Ti) application on vigor, fruiting, and quality and fruit storability of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) trees. The experiment was carried out during 2000–2001 on mature “Szampion” apple trees/M.26 planted in a course-textured soil with a low level of organic matter and optimal status of nutrients. The trees were sprayed with TiCl4 solution: (1) before blooming, at the stage of green and pink bud; (2) during blooming, at the beginning of flowering and the petal fall; (3) after blooming, 1 and 3 weeks after petal fall; and (4) before fruit picking, 4 and 2 weeks before commercial harvest. In each spray, Ti was applied at a rate of 2.5 g ha. Trees sprayed with water served as a control. The results showed that foliar Ti sprays had no effect on vigor, fruit set, yielding, and appearance and apple storability. Foliar Ti application after flowering increased leaf Ti 30, 60, and 90 days after full bloom. Titanium sprays before harvest enhanced status of this element in fruit and leaves 90 days after bloom. Concentrations of essential macro- and microelements in leaf and fruit tissues were not affected by foliar Ti sprays. These results indicate that foliar Ti sprays of apple trees are not beneficial under conditions of optimal nutrition.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2033; 27(11):2033-2046.
  • Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2019; 27(11):2019-2032.
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of increasing chloride content in nutrient solution on nutrient composition in root environment, interaction of nutrients in leaves and yield of greenhouse tomato cv. ‘Grace F1’ grown in rockwool were searched. In Experiment I (2004–2005) the levels of 15, 30, 60, and 90 mg Cl·L−1 but in Experiment II (2006) 30, 60, 90 and 120 mg Cl·L−1 of nutrient solution were tested. The sources of chloride were water (9.6–10.7 mg Cl·L−1) and calcium chloride (CaCl2·2H2O) but the rest of nutrients and sodium in all treatments were on the same levels. It was found that increasing content of chloride from 15 to 60 mg Cl·L−1 enhanced the total and marketable fruit yield. Within the range of 60 to 90 mg Cl·L−1 the yield was on the optimum level but the content of 120 mg Cl·L−1 declined it. Increasing chloride content in the nutrient solutions was reflected in rising of chlorine content in leaves. The concentration of chloride above 60 mg C·L−1 reduced the content of nitrogen but above 90 mg C·L−1 declined the content of calcium, sulfur and zinc in leaves. The antagonism between Cl:N, Cl:Ca: Cl:S and Cl:Zn was appeared. More variable interaction were between Cl:K and Cl:B. At the low levels of chloride, from 15 to 60 mg Cl·L−1, potassium and boron content were decreased but at the higher ones, from 90 to 120 mg·L−1, these nutrients had increasing course. It was not found out the effect of chloride contents on macro and microelement contents in nutrient solution emitted from drippers however their content upraising in root medium (rockwool). The highest increase was found out for Na 95.1 and 64.9 % (Exp. I and II - respectively), next for Ca (76.0, 70.1 %), Cu (62.5 and 71.0 %), Cl (43.6, 24.4), B (33.3, 21.0 %), N-NO3 (30.4, 49.6 %), Zn (29.5, 32.8 %), S-SO4 (25.9, 25.5 %), K (24.5, 24.1 %), Fe (19.8, 19.2 %), Mn (17.5, 21.3 %) and Mg (14.9, 11.7). Advantageous effect of chloride on tomato yield justified the need to introduce for the practice adequate chlorine nutrition, and recommend to maintain 60 to 90 mg Cl·L−1 in nutrient solution. The best yield appeared when content of chlorine in leaves (8th or 9th leaf from the top) was in the range 0.48-0.60 % of Cl in d. m.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 02/2015; 38(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Nutrient supply is important for yield and quality of canola (Brassica napus L.) crop production. A controlled study was conducted to determine the effects of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and zinc (Zn) supply and their interactions on yield and accumulation of four microelements in canola grain. Results showed that seed yield increased 1.45 to 5 times by increasing N and up to 24.4% by increasing P supply, with significant N-by-P interactions. Nitrogen-by-Zn interaction also exhibited large effects on grain metal concentrations, with increased iron (Fe) and copper (Cu) as increasing N supply, and decreased Mn concentration at all N supply levels above 0 N. Zinc concentration was decreased at low N and increased at high N levels compared to 0 N. Increasing P supply reduced grain Fe and Zn accumulations, but had no effect on Mn and Cu. Overall, this study revealed that canola yield and micronutrient accumulations can be improved by appropriate nutrient supply.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 02/2015; 38(3).
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, applying humic acid (HA) has been common in turfgrass management. A series of experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of HA on qualitative and quantitative characteristics of “Speedygreen” perennial ryegrass (Lolium Perenne L.). Different concentrations of HA (0, 100, 400, and 1000 mg L−1) were applied monthly as foliar application. Results showed that leaf phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and zinc (Zn) content, fresh and dry weight, chlorophyll content, and root fresh weights were not affected by HA. Meanwhile, HA improved the root and shoot development, except for root fresh weight. While just 100 mg L−1 improved height, visual quality, nitrogen (N) content, roots length, and surface of roots, all of HA concentrations were effective on iron content. These results suggest that HA foliar application might be of benefit to enhance some nutrients uptake and root development of ryegrass possibly leading to improved drought resistance.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015; 38(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Zinc (Zn) and phosphorus (P) deficiency is a common nutritional problem for the production of many crops in semi-arid Mediterranean region of Turkey. This problem results in the application of increasing amounts of fertilizers. Minerals (such as pyrite) including iron (Fe) and sulfur (S) can decrease soil pH may be a critical factor in crop production under low supply of Zn and P in calcareous and clay soils. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of pyrite application on wheat-maize-wheat growth, P and Zn concentration with three successive pot experiments. Bread (Seri-82) (Triticum durum L.) durum (Kunduru) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and maize (Zea mays L.) RX 788 hybrid was grown in Zn and P-deficient calcareous soils from Central Anatolian Sultanönü and Çukurova Karaburun. Plants were grown under greenhouse conditions at five rates of pyrite (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2 g pyrite kg−1 soil) in three consecutive experiments. Pyrite application increased shoot dry matter production of wheat and maize. With time effect of pyrite on plant growth and nutrient uptake was more. In accordance with growth data, pyrite application enhanced P and Zn concentration of plants, especially under Zn deficient Sultanönü soil then Karaburun soil. Plants grown in Karaburun soil had more P and Zn concentration than grown in Sultanönü soil. The results obtained indicate that pyrite can be used as a zinc fertilizer sources for gramine plants such as wheat and maize.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015; 38(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Current sugarcane nitrogen (N) rate recommendations are based of crop age and soil type. Fertilization is typically done up to two months prior to rapid N uptake by sugarcane crop. This study was established to evaluate the effect of N rate and application timing on sugarcane yield and quality. Treatments included four different N rates (0, 45, 90, and 135 kg N ha−1) and four different application times (mid-April, late-April, mid-May, and late-May) arranged in a split-plot design with application time as the main plot and N rate as the sub-plot. Two of three site-years showed a significant positive effect of N rate on sugarcane yield. Further, the critical N rates range from 40 to 60 kg N ha−1 for responsive years, which is lower than current N rate recommendations. Results indicated that N fertilization could be delayed to later in the growing season in 5 of 6 sites.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015; 38(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Preemergence (PRE) herbicides negatively impacting turfgrass root growth may compromise macro- and micronutrient accumulation in foliar tissue. Research was conducted to determine the effects of indaziflam (35 and 52.5 g ha−1), prodiamine (0.84 kg ha−1), oxadiazon (3.36 kg ha−1), and isoxaben (1.12 kg ha−1) applications in hydroponic culture on hybrid bermudagrass [C. dactylon (L.) Pers. x C. transvaalensis Burtt-Davy] tissue nutrient content. Prodiamine, indaziflam, and isoxaben reduced visual root mass relative to non-treated plants. Consequently, these herbicides reduced phosphorus (P), sulfur (S), and potassium (K) content in turf foliar tissue. Treatment with indaziflam reduced magnesium (Mg) and manganese (Mn) content in turf foliar tissue compared to non-treated plants. This response was not observed with prodiamine and could explain the significant foliar injury (>70%) observed with both rates of indaziflam. Data in the current study illustrate that PRE herbicide applications affect hybrid bermudagrass nutrient content. Future studies should evaluate foliar applications of Mg and Mn for either preventing or remediating leaf tissue injury following PRE herbicide application.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015; 38(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum), and weeping lovegrass (Eragrostis curvula) were evaluated for use as a vegetative cover over a brine solid waste surface impoundment. Grass seed and sod were established at soil cap depths of 0, 5.1, 10.2, and 15.3 cm over a brine field. Results indicated that each grass species had benefits for either soil stabilization, phytoremediation, and/or establishing a suitable vegetative cap. Results indicated that seashore paspalum leaf tissue assimilated significantly greater quantities of essential elements potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), sulfur (S), and molybdenum (Mo) compared to bermudagrass, and weeping lovegrass. Seashore paspalum also contained the highest concentration of chloride in the plant tissue, indicating that seashore paspalum could be a potential brine remediator. Seashore paspalum and bermudagrass were suitable vegetative grass species selections for the Gulf Coast states. Bermudagrass and seashore paspalum successfully germinated from seed and established from seed and sod. Weeping lovegrass leaf uptake of Ba and Hg was highest. Therefore, each grass species had benefits being used in a stabilization or remediation environment.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015; 38(2).
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    ABSTRACT: The growth responses of maize plants cultivated in sandy soil amended with five different superabsorbent hydrogels were studied. Soil amended by superabsorbent hydrogels could enhance growth of maize and the level of enhancement was concomitant with the rate of the added hydrogel. Morphologically, plants grown in soil with the highest concentration of hydrogel (0.4%) were healthier and taller, and root lengths were longer. Fresh and dry weights were increased. Addition of hydrogel could improve water availability in the soil, so that water contents were higher in plants grown in the amended soil compared with those of control. Although maize growth was enhanced by the addition of any hydrogel, plants showed different responses to different hydrogels. The used hydrogels were beneficial in newly reclaimed deserts that suffered from drought stress conditions.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015; 38(3):325.
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    ABSTRACT: The study was carried out between 2008 and 2010 on 8-year-old pomegranate (Punica Granatum L.) trees cultivar ‘Kandhari Kabuli.’ The potential efficiency of bio-organics used along with chemical fertilizers on cropping behavior, quality attributes, nutrient availability, physico-chemical, and biological properties of soil were investigated. Bioorganic nutrient sources, namely, vermicompost (VC), biofertilizers (BF), farm yard manure (FYM), and green manure (GM), along with chemical fertilizers was evaluated in 13 different treatment combinations. Conjoint treatment application of VC at 20 kg tree−1, BF at 80 g tree−1, FYM at 20 kg tree−1, GM as sun hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) along with 75% of the recommended dose of nitrogen–phosphorus–potassium (N–P–K) chemical fertilizers significantly resulted in maximum fruit set (52.03%) and fruit yield (34.02 kg tree−1). All of the fruit quality characteristics were also improved significantly when compared to nitrogen–phosphorus–potassium (N–P–K) chemical fertilizers. This superior combination also enhanced physical-chemical and biological properties of the rhizosphere soil. Microbial biomass of in terms of Pseudomonas, total culturable soil fungi, Azotobacter chroococcum, actinobacteria, and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi improved 385.57, 60.26, 134.19, 168.02, and 39.87%, respectively, over control. This combination also resulted in considerable greater concentration of leaf macro-and micronutrients: N (2.63%), P (0.25%), K (1.57%), iron (Fe; 197.87 mg kg−1), copper (Cu; 14.65 mg kg−1), zinc (Zn; 59.36 mg kg−1), and manganese (Mn; 200.45 mg kg−1).
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015; 38(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Field experiments were conducted to investigate impact of nitrogen (N) rate and time (splits) on partial factor productivity (PFP) and agronomic N use efficiency (NUEA) of maize (Zea mays L.) at the New Developmental Research Farm of The University of Agriculture Peshawar-Pakistan, during two consecutive years in summer 2002 and 2003 under low and high plant densities. The 2 x 3 x 6 factorial experiment having two plant densities (D1 = 60,000 and D2 = 100,000 plants ha-1) and three N levels (N1 = 60, N2 = 120 and N3 = 180 kg N ha-1) as main plots, and six ways of N applications (viz. two equal, three equal, three unequal, four equal, five equal, and five unequal splits) as sub-plots. The results indicated that both PFP and NUEA of maize were highest at high than at low plant density. Both PFP and NUEA showed negative relationship with increase in N rate. The highest PFP and NUEA were obtained when N was applied in five equal splits but these results were comparable with treatments receiving N in four equal and five unequal splits. These results suggest that application of N in four or five splits under high plant density increasing both PFP and NUEA as well as grain yield of maize under calcareous soils in Northwest Pakistan.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Leaf thickness plays an important role in leaf and plant functioning and is related to species’ strategies of resource acquisition and use. Leaf thickness in small grains crops was measured as specific leaf area (SLA) (leaf area in cm2 produced g-1 leaf dry weight plant-1) and specific leaf weight (SLW) (leaf dry weight in mg produced cm-2 leaf area plant-1). The four small grains crops (cool season C3 cereals) studied were: wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), rye (Secale cereale L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and oats (Avena sativa L.). The null hypothesis tested was that SLA and SLW in small grain crops do not differ at different growth stages and NPK source. Eight NPK sources used in the experiment were: S1 = 20-20-20, S2= 20-27-5, S3 = 7-22-8, S4 = 10-10-10-20S, S5 = 11-15-11, S6 = 31-11-11, S7 = 24-8-16, and S8 = 19-6-12, and each was applied at the rate of 300 mg pot-1 at the time of sowing to each crop species. The experiment was performed in completely randomized design with three repeats at the Green House of Dryland Agriculture Institute, West Texas A&M University, Texas, during winter 2009-10. Based on the results, it was observed that both SLA and SLW differed with change in crop species, growth stage and NPK source. Among the crop species, SLA was greater in oats > barley > rye > wheat at different growth stages; while SLW of wheat and rye > barley and oats. The differences in the SLW between wheat vs. rye; and between oats vs. barley at different growth stages were not significant (P ≤ 0.05). Among the NPK sources, application of S7 (24: 8: 16) had higher SLA at 60 and 90 DAE (days after emergence). Application of S6 (31: 11: 11) had higher SLW at 60 DAE due to the production of the lowest leaf area plant-1, but the increase in SLW at 90 DAE with S5 and S4 was due to the higher leaf dry weight plant-1produced. Leaf dry weight and leaf area plant-1 were considered the two most important leaf characteristics that influenced SLA and SLW. On the average, SLA increased with passage of time i.e. 0.70 < 520 < 600 cm2 g-1 at 30, 60 and 90 DAE, respectively; but SLW on the other hand, was highest 3.5 at 60 DAE > 2.2 at 90 DAE > 1.5 mg cm-2 at 30 DAE. The increase in leaf area plant-1 and decline in the leaf dry weight plant-1 increased SLA; in contrast, increase in leaf dry weight plant-1 and reduction in leaf area plant-1 increased SLW indicated reciprocal relationship between SLA and SLW in the crop species.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: The quality of mulberry leaf supports good growth and development of silkworm larvae. Mulberry leaves are hampered by the various detrimental diseases and pests. The mealy bug is one of the important insect pests of mulberry; its sap sucking nature may alter nutritive levels. An attempt was made to evaluate the macro and micro nutritive elemental levels in the infested leaves. There was a large variation of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, manganese and molybdenum in almost all the varieties. There was a small difference in calcium, sulphur, iron, copper, boron and chloride. However, there was no change in zinc content in all the varieties of infested leaves. Disparity shown in majority of the macro nutrients in almost all the mulberry cultivars leads to variation in their quality. This feature of the leaves may hinder the good growth and development of silkworm, in turns producing low quality and poor yield of silk.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015; 38(1).
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of salicylic acid (SA) on iron (Fe) deficiency in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) were studied by adopting the hydroponic experiment. Iron deficiency caused serious chlorosis, inhibited plant growth and dramatically decreased the concentration of Fe in the roots. Furthermore, it decreased the active Fe content and chlorophyll content, and disturbed ionic homeostasis. In addition, Fe deficiency significantly increased the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the superoxide anion (O2•−) generation rate. Addition of SA increased Fe concentration in the shoots and roots, active Fe content, chlorophyll content, the net photosynthetic rate, and transpiration rate. Moreover, SA supplementation alleviated the excess absorption of manganese (Mn), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) induced by Fe deficiency. In addition, the chlorosis symptom was alleviated and the plant growth was improved. Meanwhile, addition of SA increased the activities of catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD), and decreased the content of MDA and the O2•− generation rate. These results suggest that exogenous SA can alleviate Fe-deficiency induced chlorosis by promoting the plant growth, improving the efficiency of Fe uptake, translocation and utilization, protecting antioxidant enzymes system, and stimulating mineral element maintenance.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015; 38(1).
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the genetic variability of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in tolerance to iron (Fe) deficiency, spectral and photosynthetic parameters of 12 peanut cultivars were determined. The results showed that peanut exhibit significant variations in spectral and photosynthetic parameters within cultivars in response to Fe deficiency. The 12 peanut cultivars were separated into three groups, which include (i) a Fe-deficient tolerant cultivar (‘Zhenghong 3’), (ii) a Fe-deficient sensitive cultivar (‘Huayu 22’), and (iii) ten intermediate cultivars. Iron deficiency caused an increase in root biomass, root/shoot ratio, structure independent pigment index and intercellular carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration, but resulted in a decrease in net photosynthetic rate (Pn), quantum yield of PS II photochemistry (Fv/Fm), effective quantum yield of PS II (ΦPS II), photochemical reflectance index, red edge point, and chlorophyll normalized difference index. Iron deficiency-induced decline in net photosynthetic rate may be resulted from the reduction of photosynthetic pigment contents and inhibition of PSII photochemistry.
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 01/2015; 38(1).