Diseases of Aquatic Organisms (DIS AQUAT ORGAN)

Publisher: Inter Research

Journal description

Diseases affect all facets of life - at the cell, tissue, organ, individual, population and ecosystem level. Since life originated in an aquatic medium, studies of disease phenomena in the wide array of aquatic taxa contribute significantly to the analysis, comprehension, prevention and treatment of diseases in general, including those of organisms now inhabiting terrestrial environments and of humans. DAO aims to fully cover these important research areas

Current impact factor: 1.75

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 1.752
2013 Impact Factor 1.586
2012 Impact Factor 1.734
2011 Impact Factor 2.201
2010 Impact Factor 1.572
2009 Impact Factor 1.687
2008 Impact Factor 1.586
2007 Impact Factor 1.598
2006 Impact Factor 1.509
2005 Impact Factor 1.361
2004 Impact Factor 1.583
2003 Impact Factor 1.263
2002 Impact Factor 1.561
2001 Impact Factor 1.653
2000 Impact Factor 1.556
1999 Impact Factor 1.515
1998 Impact Factor 1.213
1997 Impact Factor 1.183
1996 Impact Factor 1.181
1995 Impact Factor 1.071
1994 Impact Factor 0.906
1993 Impact Factor 0.948
1992 Impact Factor 1.123

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.99
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.38
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.59
Website Diseases of Aquatic Organisms website
Other titles Diseases of aquatic organisms, DAO
ISSN 0177-5103
OCLC 13369805
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Inter Research

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on author's personal website, institutional website or institutional repository
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website or institutional website
    • Author's post-print on institutional repository after 12 months embargo
    • Authors covered by funding agency rules, may post author's post-print in PubMed Central after a 6 months embargo
    • If mandated by a funding agency or institution, the author's post-print may be deposited in institutional repository before 12 months, as long addendum is submitted
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used after 5 years embargo
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Reviewed 31/01/2014
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Swimming crab reovirus (SCRV) is the causative agent of a serious disease with high mortality in cultured Portunus trituberculatus. A rapid immunochromatographic assay (ICA) was developed in a competitive assay format and optimized for the detection of SCRV. The gold probe-based ICA test comprised SCRV antigen and goat anti-chicken egg yolk antibody (IgY) sprayed onto a nitrocellulose membrane as the test line and control line, respectively. IgY-gold complexes were deposited onto the conjugate pad as detector reagents. The method showed high specificity with no cross-reactivity with other related aquatic pathogens. The detection limit of the ICA strip was 50 µg ml-1. To evaluate the performance of the ICA test, the strip and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were applied to the same samples (n = 90 crabs). The strip successfully detected SCRV in all of the artificially infected samples. Furthermore, the ICA strip and ELISA tests had high consistency (98.28%). The strip assay requires no instruments and has a detection time of less than 10 min. It is portable and easy to perform in the field. These results indicated that the developed strip could be a promising on-site tool for screening pooled crabs to confirm SCRV infection or disease outbreaks.
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 11/2015; 117(1). DOI:10.3354/dao02921
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    ABSTRACT: Infection by Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, a ciliated protozoan parasite, results in high fish mortality and causes severe economic losses in aquaculture. To find new, efficient anti-I. multifiliis agents, cynatratoside-C was isolated from Cynanchum atratum by bioassay-guided fractionation in a previous study. The present study investigated the anti-theront activity, determined the toxicity of cynatratoside-C to grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idellus and mammalian blood cells, and evaluated the protection of cynatratoside-C against I. multifiliis theront infection in grass carp. Results showed that all theronts were killed by 0.25 mg l-1 of cynatratoside-C in 186.7 ± 5.8 min. Cynatratoside-C at 0.25 mg l-1 was effective in treating infected grass carp and protecting naive fish from I. multifiliis infestation. The 96 h median lethal concentration (LC50) of cynatratoside-C to grass carp and 4 h median effective concentration (EC50) of cynatratoside-C to theront were 46.8 and 0.088 mg l-1, respectively. In addition, the hemolysis assay demonstrated that cynatratoside-C had no cytotoxicity to rabbit red blood cells. Therefore, cynatratoside-C could be a safe and effective potential parasiticide for controlling I. multifiliis.
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 11/2015; 117(1). DOI:10.3354/dao02925
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    ABSTRACT: A new geographic record of the oomycete Olpidiopsis feldmanni infecting the tetrasporophytic stage of the red alga Asparagopsis sp. from the Adriatic Sea, confirmed through morphological identification, allowed us to expand previous observations of this organism. Ultrastructural investigations of environmental material showed a large central vacuole and a cell wall thicker than previously reported from other basal oomycete pathogens of algae. Phylogenetic analysis closely associates O. feldmanni to O. bostrychiae concurrent with structural observations. This constitutes the first genetic characterisation of an Olpidiopsis species that was initially described before 1960, adding to the genetic data of 3 other marine Olpidiopsis species established and genetically characterised in the last 2 decades. The paper discusses concurrences of the ultrastructural observations made here and in previous studies of the marine Olpidiopsis species with those made on the freshwater species.
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 11/2015; 117(1). DOI:10.3354/dao02930
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    ABSTRACT: Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) has recently emerged as a serious disease of cultured shrimp. It has also been described as early mortality syndrome (EMS) due to mass mortalities occurring within 20 to 30 d after stocking of ponds with postlarvae. Here, Penaeus vannamei and Penaeus monodon from shrimp farms in the Philippines were examined for the toxin-producing strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus due to AHPND-like symptoms occurring in marketable size shrimp. In the P. vannamei, histology revealed typical AHPND pathology, such as sloughing of undifferentiated cells in the hepatopancreatic tubule epithelium. Analysis using the IQ2000 AHPND/EMS Toxin 1 PCR test generated 218 bp and 432 bp amplicons confirmative of the toxin-producing strain of V. parahaemolyticus among shrimp sampled from 8 of 9 ponds. In the P. monodon, histology revealed massive sloughing of undifferentiated cells of the hepatopancreatic tubule epithelium in the absence of basophilic bacterial cells. PCR testing generated the 2 amplicons confirmatory for AHPND among shrimp sampled from 5 of 7 ponds. This study confirms the presence of AHPND in P. vannamei and P. monodon farmed in the Philippines and suggests that the disease can also impact late-stage juvenile shrimp.
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 10/2015; 116(3). DOI:10.3354/dao02919
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    ABSTRACT: Immune function is a costly line of defense against parasitism. When infected with a parasite, hosts frequently lose mass due to these costs. However, some infected hosts (e.g. highly resistant individuals) can clear infections with seemingly little fitness losses, but few studies have tested how resistant hosts mitigate these costly immune defenses. We explored this topic using eastern red-backed salamanders Plethodon cinereus and the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). Bd is generally lethal for amphibians, and stereotypical symptoms of infection include loss in mass and deficits in feeding. However, individuals of P. cinereus can clear their Bd infections with seemingly few fitness costs. We conducted an experiment in which we repeatedly observed the feeding activity of Bd-infected and non-infected salamanders. We found that Bdinfected salamanders generally increased their feeding activity compared to non-infected salamanders. The fact that we did not observe any differences in mass change between the treatments suggests that increased feeding might help Bd-infected salamanders minimize the costs of an effective immune response.
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 10/2015; 116(3). DOI:10.3354/dao02915
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    ABSTRACT: During a survey of the microsporean fauna of the two-spot red snapper Lutjanus bohar Forsskål, 1775, from the Red Sea off Jizan (Saudi Arabia), a species of Glugea Thélohan, 1891 was found that did not conform to any known species. The species is characterized by the presence of spherical xenomas (ca. 2-5 mm in diameter) in the host body cavity. Examination of the lifecycle stages and mature spores using light and transmission electron microscopy also revealed morphological characteristics typical of species of the genus Glugea. Spores were elongated-ovoid with a posterior vacuole surrounded by the polar filament coils. Mature spores were 4.5 (4.0-4.8) μm long and 2.5 (2.0-2.5) μm wide. The polar filament was isofilar with 28 to 30 coils, although in most cases 29 coils, organized in 3 rows. Phylogenetic study based on the partial sequence of the small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene clustered the new microsporidia within the clade grouping species of the genus Glugea. The comprehensive analysis of the parasite's ultra - structural characteristics, together with molecular data for the SSU rDNA gene, suggests that this parasite is a new species of the genus Glugea, for which the name Glugea jazanensis sp. nov. is proposed.
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 10/2015; 116(3). DOI:10.3354/dao02927
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    ABSTRACT: Fatal Brucella ceti infection with histological lesions specific to the central nervous system has been described in only 3 species of cetaceans: striped dolphins Stenella coeruleoalba, Atlantic white-sided dolphins Lagenorhynchus acutus and short-beaked common dolphins Delphinus delphis. This paper describes the first report of a B. ceti-associated meningo encephalitis in a long-finned pilot whale Globicephala melas, showing the increasing range of species susceptibility. Brucella was recovered in larger numbers from cerebrospinal fluid than from brain tissue and is the sample of choice for isolation.
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 10/2015; 116(3). DOI:10.3354/dao02926
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous neoplasia of the intestinal tract in sentinel and moribund zebrafish Danio rerio is common in some zebrafish facilities. We previously classified these tumors as adeno - carcinoma, small-cell carcinoma, or carcinoma otherwise unspecified based on histomorphologic characteristics. Based on histological presentation, the primary differential diagnosis for the intestinal carcinomas was tumor of neuroendocrine cells (e.g. carcinoids). To further characterize the phenotype of the neoplastic cells, select tissue sections were stained with a panel of antibodies directed toward human epithelial (cytokeratin wide spectrum screening [WSS], AE1/AE3) or neuro endocrine (S100, chromogranin A) markers. We also investigated antibody specificity by Western blot analysis, using a human cell line and zebrafish tissues. Nine of the intestinal neoplasms (64%) stained for AE1/AE3; 7 (50%) also stained for WSS. None of the intestinal neoplastic cells stained for chromogranin A or S100. Endocrine cells of the pituitary gland and neurons and axons of peripheral nerves and ganglia stained for chromogranin A, whereas perineural and periaxonal cells of peripheral intestinal ganglia, and glial and ependymal cells of the brain stained for S100. Immunohistochemistry for cytokeratins confirmed the majority of intestinal neoplasms in this cohort of zebrafish as carcinomas.
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 10/2015; 116(3). DOI:10.3354/dao02924
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    ABSTRACT: In February 2014, wild American bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus tadpoles from an artificial pond in the Kyusyu region, Japan, presented with coelomic and subcutaneous edema and erythema within the skin. A pathological examination of 57 tadpoles of American bullfrogs in the region was conducted to evaluate the disease. Crystal deposition of varying degrees was found in the kidneys of 35 tadpoles (61.4%). The crystals were transparent, pleomorphic in shape, highly birefringent in polarized light, and arranged in a radial pattern within the renal tubular lumen. Using Alizarin Red S stain and liquid chromatography, these crystals were identified as calcium oxalate. Severe coelomic and subcutaneous edema was observed in 7 of these 35 tadpoles (20.0%). Ammonia levels in coelomic fluid were extremely elevated (>1000 μg dl-1) in 4 tadpoles examined. These findings suggest that oxalate deposition in kidneys causes metabolic disorder with renal nephropathy. The source of the oxalate could not be determined; however, the presence of calcium oxalates in pond sediments, as revealed by liquid chromatography, suggested that the deposition was most likely due to ingestion of oxalate materials from the environment. This is the first report of oxalate nephropathy in free-living amphibians.
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 10/2015; 116(3). DOI:10.3354/dao02936
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    ABSTRACT: Soft tunic syndrome is a fatal disease in the edible ascidian Halocynthia roretzi, causing serious damage to ascidian aquaculture in Korea and Japan. In diseased individuals, the tunic, an integumentary extracellular matrix of ascidians, softens and eventually tears. This is an infectious disease caused by the kinetoplastid flagellate Azumiobodo hoyamushi. However, the mechanism of tunic softening remains unknown. Because cellulose fibrils are the main component of the tunic, we compared the contents and structures of cellulose in healthy and diseased tunics by means of biochemical quantification and X-ray diffractometry. Unexpectedly, the cellulose contents and structures of cellulose microfibrils were almost the same regardless of the presence or absence of the disease. Therefore, it is unlikely that thinning of the microfibrils occurred in the softened tunic, because digestion should have resulted in decreases in crystallinity index and crystallite size. Moreover, cellulase was not detected in pure cultures of A. hoyamushi in biochemical and expressed sequence tag analyses. These results indicate that cellulose degradation does not occur in the softened tunic.
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 10/2015; 116(2). DOI:10.3354/dao02913