Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms (NUCL INSTRUM METH B)

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

Section B of Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research covers all aspects of the interaction of energetic beams with atoms, molecules and aggregate forms of matter. This includes ion beam analysis and ion beam modification of materials as well as basic data of importance for these studies. Topics of general interest include: atomic collisions in solids, particle channelling, all aspects of collision cascades, the modification of materials by energetic beams, ion implantation, irradiation - induced changes in materials, the physics and chemistry of beam interactions and the analysis of materials by all forms of energetic radiation. Modification by ion, laser and electron beams for the study of electronic materials, metals, ceramics, insulators, polymers and other important and new materials systems are included. Related studies, such as the application of ion beam analysis to biological, archaeological and geological samples as well as applications to solve problems in planetary science are also welcome. Energetic beams of interest include atomic and molecular ions, neutrons, positrons and muons, plasmas directed at surfaces, electron and photon beams, including laser treated surfaces and studies of solids by photon radiation from rotating anodes, synchrotrons, etc. In addition, the interaction between various forms of radiation and radiation-induced deposition processes are relevant.

Current impact factor: 1.19

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.186
2012 Impact Factor 1.266
2011 Impact Factor 1.211
2010 Impact Factor 1.042
2009 Impact Factor 1.156
2008 Impact Factor 0.999
2007 Impact Factor 0.997
2006 Impact Factor 0.946
2005 Impact Factor 1.181
2004 Impact Factor 0.997
2003 Impact Factor 1.041
2002 Impact Factor 1.158
2001 Impact Factor 1.041
2000 Impact Factor 0.955
1999 Impact Factor 1.118
1998 Impact Factor 1.093
1997 Impact Factor 1.016
1996 Impact Factor 1.14
1995 Impact Factor 1.193
1994 Impact Factor 1.073
1993 Impact Factor 1.157
1992 Impact Factor 1.152

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.11
Cited half-life 8.70
Immediacy index 0.34
Eigenfactor 0.03
Article influence 0.40
Website Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms website
Other titles Nuclear instruments & methods in physics research. Section B, Beam interactions with materials and atoms, Nuclear instruments and methods in physics research., Beam interactions with materials and atoms
ISSN 0168-583X
OCLC 10511347
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: By means of molecular dynamics simulations, we study the effects of pulsed ionization in uranium oxide (UO2), which occurs when UO2 is bombarded with swift ions or fission fragments. A general formula is developed to predict melting radius under various conditions due to electron stripping and Coulomb explosion (CE). A critical density model is suggested in which the melting volume is proportional to ionization period, if the period is above a critical value. The maximum melting radius depends on the time period of structural relaxation above the melting temperature, which increases with increasing initial substrate temperatures due to a lower heat dissipation rate. Furthermore, shock waves are observed to emit from CE core but the kinetic energy wave peak exists only in U sublattices. The absence of kinetic energy waves in O sublattices is explained by their relatively higher thermal vibration which cancels the work done from the compression waves.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358:65-71. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.04.077
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a study on the fabrication of tunable distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) by gamma/ion irradiation of Si and subsequent formation of porous silicon multilayers. Porous Si multilayers with 50 bilayers were designed to achieve high intensity of reflection. The reflection spectra appear to have a broad continuous band between 400 and 800 nm with a distinct central wavelength corresponding to different wave reflectors. The central wavelength and the width of the stop band are found to decrease with increase in irradiation fluence. The Si samples irradiated with highest fluence of 2 × 1013 ions/cm2 (100 MeV Ag ions) and 60 kGy (gamma) showed a central reflection at λ = 476 nm and 544 nm respectively, in contrast to un-irradiated sample, where λ = 635 nm. The observed changes are attributed to the density of defects generated by gamma and ion irradiation in c-Si. These results suggest that the gamma irradiation is a convenient and alternative method to tune the central wavelength of reflection without creating high density of defects by high energy ion implantation. This study is expected to provide useful information for fabricating tunable wave reflectors for optical communication and other device applications.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.05.040
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lead and tungsten are potential alternative materials for shielding reactor ex-core components with high 16N activity when available space limits application of concrete. Since the two materials are vulnerable to photonuclear reactions, the nature and intensity of the secondary radiation resulting from (γ,n) and (n,γ) reactions when 16N decay radiation interact with these materials need to be well known for effective shielding design. In this study the MCNP code was used to calculate the photoneutron and capture gamma-ray spectra in the two materials when irradiated by 16N decay radiation. It was observed that some of the photoneutrons generated in the two materials lie in the low-energy range which is considered optimum for (n,γ) reactions. Lead is more transparent to the photoneutrons when compared to tungsten. The calculations also revealed that the bremsstrahlung generated by the beta spectrum was not sufficient to trigger any additional photoneutrons. Both energetic and less energetic capture gamma-rays are observed when photoneutrons interact with nuclei of the two materials. Depending on the strength of the 16N source term, the secondary radiation could affect the effectiveness of the shield and need to be considered during design.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.05.012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Formation of Ag precipitates in an Al–1 wt%Ag alloy after aging at different temperatures was studied by positron annihilation spectroscopy. It is found that the aggregation of Ag atoms takes place during natural aging process after the Al–Ag alloy was homogenized at 550 °C and quenched to room temperature water. The Ag nanoclusters could trap positrons and thus positron annihilation measurements give information on the precipitation of Ag atoms. After artificial aging at 120 °C, the Ag signal is enhanced, which indicates further aggregation of Ag atoms. However, after artificial aging of the sample at 200 °C, no Ag nanoclusters are observed. Instead, the quenched-in vacancies show gradual recovery during this aging process. This is probably due to the dissolving of Ag clusters into Al matrix at 200 °C. Furthermore, after the sample was first heat treated at 200 °C and then aged at 120 °C, Ag nanoclusters appear again. This implies that the formation of Ag precipitates during natural aging process is assisted by the quenched-in vacancies. Temperature dependence of the positron annihilation measurements indicates that Ag nanoclusters are shallow positron traps, which makes it difficult to observe the real-time Ag precipitation formation by positrons during artificial aging of Al–Ag alloy.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358:59-64. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.05.031
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Metallic multilayer nanocomposites are known to have excellent interface self-healing performance when it comes to repairing irradiation damages, thus showing promise as structural materials for advanced nuclear power systems. The present study investigated the neutron irradiation displacement damage rate, spectra of the primary knocked-on atoms (PKAs) produced in the cascade collision, and the H/He ratio in four kinds of metallic multilayer nanocomposites (Cu/Nb, Ag/V, Fe/W, and Ti/Ta) versus neutrons’ energy. Results suggest that the three neutron induced damage effects in all multilayer systems increased with the increasing of incident neutrons’ energy. For fission reactor environment (1 MeV), multilayer’s displacement damage rate is 5–10 × 1022 dpa/(n/cm2) and the mean PKAs energy is about 16 keV, without any noteworthy H/He produced. Fe/W multilayer seems very suitable among these four systems. For fusion reactor environment (14 MeV), the dominant damage effect varies in different multilayer systems. Fe/W multilayer has the lowest displacement damage under the same neutron flux but its gaseous transmutation production is the highest. Considering the displacement damage and transmutation, the irradiation resistance of Ag/V and Ti/Ta systems seems much greater than those of the other two.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.05.042
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A novel application of particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) has been developed to detect the presence of chlorinated and brominated flame retardant chemicals in polyurethane foams. Traditional Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (GC–MS) methods for the detection and identification of halogenated flame retardants in foams require extensive sample preparation and data acquisition time. The elemental analysis of the halogens in polyurethane foam performed by PIXE offers the opportunity to identify the presence of halogenated flame retardants in a fraction of the time and sample preparation cost. Through comparative GC–MS and PIXE analysis of 215 foam samples, excellent agreement between the two methods was obtained. These results suggest that PIXE could be an ideal rapid screening method for the presence of chlorinated and brominated flame retardants in polyurethane foams.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.05.006
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Surface blistering morphologies of W thin films irradiated by 30 keV He ion beam were studied quantitatively. It was found that the blistering morphology strongly depends on He fluence. For lower He fluence, the accumulation and growth of He bubbles induce the intrinsic surface blisters with mono-modal size distribution feature. When the He fluence is higher, the film surface morphology exhibits a multi-scale property, including two kinds of surface blisters with different characteristic sizes. In addition to the intrinsic He blisters, film/substrate interface delamination also induces large-sized surface blisters. A strategy based on wavelet transform approach was proposed to distinguish and extract the multi-scale surface blistering morphologies. Then the density, the lateral size and the height of these different blisters were estimated quantitatively, and the effect of He fluence on these geometrical parameters was investigated. Our method could provide a potential tool to describe the irradiation induced surface damage morphology with a multi-scale property.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.06.010
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The cross-sections for the 9Be(p,d0)8Be nuclear reaction and for 9Be(p,p0)9Be backscattering were measured at a laboratory scattering angle of 165° in the energy range from 400 to 4150 keV, the cross-section for the 9Be(p,α0)6Li nuclear reaction was determined in the energy range from 400 to 1300 keV. The cross-sections were determined using thin films. The absolute accuracies are about 4.4–8.6% for the backscattering, 4.6–24% for the 9Be(p,d0)8Be nuclear reaction, and 4.5–5% for the 9Be(p,α0)6Li nuclear reaction cross-section. The derived cross-section data were benchmarked in the energy range 1100–4100 keV by comparison to measured spectra from bulk beryllium. The cross-section data are presented in graphical and tabular forms.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.05.004
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper we present the first comprehensive analysis of the 1 MV AMS system at the Centro Nacional de Aceleradores (CNA, Seville, Spain) for 236U studies in environmental samples. In the last years, this radionuclide has become key in the AMS community, due to the very demanding 236U/238U abundance sensitivities required for general applications. As we demonstrate, the AMS system at the CNA is able to achieve sensitivity for the 236U/238U ratio of about 3 × 10−11 despite its compact design. The use of “239Pu”/238U ratio as a proxy for “236U”/235U background correction is proposed and tested with natural samples that were also studied on the 600 kV Tandy AMS system at the ETH Zürich. This correction is significant in the CNA case, due to the low mass resolving power of the low-energy spectrometer and to the lack of a third filter on the high-energy side. With the measurement of reference solutions supplied by the Institute for Reference Materials and Methods (IRMM-075), and reference natural matrixes provided by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA-Soil-6, IAEA-375; 384; 386 and IAEA-RGU), we show that the 1 MV AMS system at the CNA can be routinely used for determinations of anthropogenic 236U at environmental levels.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358:45-51. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.05.008
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the interaction between defects and transition metal impurities in creating magnetic properties in wide band-gap semiconductors, single crystals of ZnO were irradiated with high-energy electrons, protons and Co ions. Magnetization of samples was measured before and after room temperature irradiation. The measurements reveal that only Co implantation creates measurable magnetization, which is related to the simultaneous introduction of defects. Consequences of the experimental results are discussed.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.06.014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Surface modifications caused by a swift heavy ion irradiation on crystalline p-type gallium antimonide crystal have been reported. Single crystal, 1 0 0〉 orientations and ∼500 μm thick p-type GaSb samples with carrier concentration of 3.30 × 1017 cm−3 were irradiated at 100 MeV Fe7+ ions. We have used 15UD Pelletron facilities at IUAC with varying fluences of 5 × 1010–1 × 1014 ions cm−2. The effects of irradiation on these samples have been investigated using, spectroscopic ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy and ultraviolet–visible–NIR spectroscopy techniques. Ellipsometry parameters, psi (Ψ) and delta (Δ) for the unirradiated sample and samples irradiated with different fluences were recorded. The data were fit to a three phase model to determine the refractive index and extinction coefficient. The refractive index and extinction coefficient for various fluences in ultraviolet, visible, and infrared, regimes were evaluated. Atomic force microscopy has been used to study these surface modifications. In order to have more statistical information about the surface, we have plotted the height structure histogram for all the samples. For unirradiated sample, we observed the Gaussian fitting. This result indicates the more ordered height structure symmetry. Whereas for the sample irradiated with the fluence of 1 × 1013, 5 × 1013 and 1 × 1014 ions cm−2, we observed the scattered data. The width of the histogram for samples irradiated up to the fluence of 1 × 1013 ion cm−2 was found to be almost same however it decreased at higher fluence. UV reflectance spectra of the sample irradiated with increasing fluences exhibit three peaks at 292, 500 and 617 nm represent the high energy GaSb; E1, E1 + Δ and E2 band gaps in all irradiated samples.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.06.018
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In order to systematically investigate the influence of the interface on the magnetic properties, polycrystalline NiZn ferrite thin films were irradiated with 60 keV proton in the dose range from 5 × 1012 to 5 × 1016 ions/cm2. A non-destructive approach by proton irradiation was found to finely adjust the magnetic properties of polycrystalline NiZn ferrite thin films such as coercivity, perpendicular magnetic anisotropy as well as the effective g value. The coercivity is about 725 Oe for high proton dose ferrite, which is twice larger than the unirradiated one. The ferromagnetic resonance measurements indicated that perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and the effective g value increase with the irradiation dose. Our finding indicates that all modifications of these magnetic properties were associated with the change of interface due to the diffusion and the stress induced by proton irradiation. The change of the effective g value is a result of lattice expansion and the decrease of the magnetic dipole interaction between the columnar grains. This work provides a feasible way to tailor the magnetic properties of thin films by ion irradiation and promotes investigations for the stability of magnetic thin film devices in space or unclear radiation environments.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.05.010
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The microstructure, hardness and corrosion resistance of zirconium-702 before and after high-current pulsed electron beam (HCPEB) irradiation have been investigated. The microstructure evolution and surface morphologies of the samples were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The experimental results indicate that the sample surface was melted after HCPEB irradiation, and martensitic phase transformation occurred. Besides, two kinds of craters as well as ultrafine structures were obtained in the melted layer. TEM observations suggest that high density dislocations and deformation twins were formed after HCPEB irradiation. With the increasing of pulses, microhardness of the irradiated samples was increased from the initial 178 Hv to 254 Hv. The corrosion resistance was tested by using electrode impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization curves. Electrochemical results show that, after HCPEB irradiation, all the samples had better corrosion resistance in 1 mol HNO3 solution compared to the initial one, among which the 5-pulsed sample owned the best corrosion resistance. Ultrafine structures, martensitic phase transformation, surface porosities, dislocations and deformation twins are believed to be the dominant reasons for the improvement of the hardness and corrosion resistance.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.06.020
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Molecular-dynamics simulations were used to calculate threshold displacement energies for each atom type in BaTiO3 perovskite. A primary knock-on atom with an energy range between 10 and 300 eV in principal crystallographic directions at 300 K was introduced. A statistical approach has been applied calculating displacement probability curves along main crystallographic directions. For each sublattice, the simulation was repeated from different initial conditions to estimate the uncertainty in the threshold displacement energy calculated values. The threshold displacement energies vary considerably with crystallographic direction and sublattice. The weighted average threshold displacement energies are 40 eV for oxygen, 64 eV for barium and 97 eV for titanium atoms. These values are comparable to ab initio calculated and experimentally derived values in perovskites. These results are proposed as threshold displacement energies, ideal for simulation programs that use atomic displacement calculation algorithms.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.06.015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several polymorphs exist in alumina (Al2O3), and they transform to a stable α-phase with a hexagonal corundum structure on thermal annealing. This structural change is irreversible as a function of temperature, and transformation of corundum to another metastable crystalline phase has never been observed by heat treatments. In this study, we irradiated single crystals of Al2O3 with Zr ions and obtained an irradiated microstructure consisting of a buried α-Al2O3 layer surrounded on top and bottom by layers of a defect cubic spinel Al2O3 phase. We examined the thermal stability of this microstructure using transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. We found that the corundum phase completely transforms to the spinel phase following annealing at 1173 K for 1 h: the thermodynamically stable phase transforms to the metastable phase by heat treatments. We discuss this unusual structural change within the context of our results as well as previous observations.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.06.005
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ionizing radiation poses a threat to genome integrity by introducing DNA damages, particularly DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) in cells. Understanding how cells react to DSB and maintain genome integrity is of major importance, since increasing evidences indicate the links of DSB with genome instability and cancer predispositions. However, tracking the dynamics of DNA damages and repair response to ionizing radiation in individual cell is difficult. Here we describe the development of an on-line irradiation and in situ live cell imaging system based on isotopic sources at Institute of Heavy Ion Physics, Peking University. The system was designed to irradiate cells and in situ observe the cellular responses to ionizing radiation in real time. On-line irradiation was achieved by mounting a metal framework that hold an isotopic γ source above the cell culture dish for γ irradiation; or by integrating an isotopic α source to an objective lens under the specialized cell culture dish for α irradiation. Live cell imaging was performed on a confocal microscope with an environmental chamber installed on the microscope stage. Culture conditions in the environment chamber such as CO2, O2 concentration as well as temperature are adjustable, which further extends the capacity of the system and allows more flexible experimental design. We demonstrate the use of this system by tracking the DSB foci formation and disappearance in individual cells after exposure to irradiation. On-line irradiation together with in situ live cell imaging in adjustable culture conditions, the system overall provides a powerful tool for investigation of cellular and subcellular response to ionizing radiation under different physiological conditions such as hyperthermia or hypoxia.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 09/2015; 358. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.05.013