Journal of Constructional Steel Research (J CONSTR STEEL RES )

Publisher: Elsevier


The Journal of Constructional Steel Research provides an international forum for the presentation and discussion of the latest developments in structural steel research and their applications. It is aimed not only at researchers but also at those likely to be most affected by research results, i.e. designers and fabricators. Original papers of a high standard dealing with all aspects of steel research including theoretical and experimental research on elements, assemblages, connection and material properties are considered for publication. Those presenting research findings in a form suitable for practical use are especially welcome. Papers reporting work in progress will also be included, provided the long-term practical implications of the research are evident as will state-of-the-art papers, or those by designers and fabricators dealing with issues bearing directly on research. The journal will also present technical notes, book reviews, discussions and letters to the Editor. It is intended that at intervals summaries will be included indicating current research activities throughout the world, and reports of conferences and meetings related specifically to constructional steelwork. Announcements of conference and symposia are also included in the form of a calendar.

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  • Website
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research website
  • Other titles
    Journal of constructional steel research (Online), JCSR
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  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

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    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
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    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A considerable volume of literature is found regarding the effect of an opening in thin cylindrical shells under different loading. Among these, quite a few of the references are directly related to the cutouts along the length of the shells in the form of entrance doors. The main focus of this study is the tubes with door-shaped cutouts under axial loading. Different buckling modes as well as the effect of geometric parameters of a cutout were examined in this study. A stiffening method was also used to decrease the effect of the cutout on the capacity of such structures.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 02/2015; 105:129–137.
  • Shanshan Cheng, Long-yuan Li, Boksun Kim
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents a numerical investigation on the buckling behaviour of plasterboard protected CFS channel-section beams subjected to uniformly distributed loads when exposed to fire on its one side. The work involves three phases, namely heat transfer analysis, pre-buckling analysis and buckling analysis. The heat transfer analysis is accomplished using two-dimensional finite element analysis methods, from which the temperature fields of the channel-section beams are obtained. The pre-buckling analysis is completed using the Bernoulli bending theory of beams with considering the effects of temperature on strain and mechanical properties. The buckling analysis is performed using combined finite strip analysis and classical Fourier series solutions, in which the mechanical properties are considered to be temperature dependent. The results show that there are significant temperature variations in web, fire exposed flange and lip. Also, it is found that the buckling behaviour of the beam with temperature variation in its section is quite different from that of the beam with a constant uniform temperature in its section.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.
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    ABSTRACT: A series of cyclic tension-compression loading tests under large strains with amplitude up to 20% is presented.•The steel hysteresis material behaviour difference between under large strains and under small strains has been examined.•The loading history effects on the cyclic response of structural steel have been studied.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.
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    ABSTRACT: Ultimate condition in CFT wall under tension in reverse channel connection flanges•Analytical method for calculating yield line resistance•Analytical method for calculating membrane action resistance•Analytical method for calculating maximum CFT deformation
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 194 double shear bolted connections of cold-formed stainless steel were tested.•Steady state and transient state test methods were used.•Austenitic stainless steel grade EN 1.4571 generally has a better performance.•The current design predictions are generally conservative at elevated temperatures.•Results from the two test methods have a similar strength reduction tendency.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.
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    ABSTRACT: Slip factor and bolt pre-tension force for slip-resistant bolted connections after fire were investigated experimentally. 74 connections made up of four plates and four class 10.9 bolts were first heated to specified temperature levels, and then cooled to ambient temperature and tested. Slip load tests were conducted to obtain the slip factor and bolt pre-tension force for the post-fire connections. In case of slip factor tests the bolts in connections after fire were replaced by new bolts and the pre-tension in the new bolts was measured, so the slip factor could be determined from the post-fire slip load. While in case of bolt pre-tension tests the old bolts were kept and the residual pre-tension was calculated based on the slip factor data obtained from accompanying tests. Two friction surface treatment methods were considered which were blast-cleaning (Class A) and inorganic zincs paint coated after blast-cleaning (Class B). Nine temperature levels from 200 °C to 700 °C were considered. Test results show that heating–cooling process has significant effects on both slip factor and bolt pre-tension force. The slip factor after fire increases with increasing temperature level, and residual bolt pre-tension force decreases with increasing temperature level. The increase in slip factor for Class A friction surface is much greater than that for Class B friction surface. Tri-linear models are proposed to calculate the normalized slip factor and bolt residual pre-tension force for slip-resistant 10.9 bolted connections after fire. New suggestions are proposed for post fire checking of slip-resistant bolted connections.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104:1–8.
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    ABSTRACT: Analytical model is developed for long-term analysis of concrete-filled steel tubular arches.•Mathematical expressions and closed-form solutions are derived to analyse both deep and shallow arches.•New conclusions are drawn for the behaviour predication and stability assessment of concrete-filled steel tubular arches.•Finite element model is established and numerical analyses are performed to validate the analytical results.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.
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    ABSTRACT: A refined finite element model is developed to simulate the hysteresis behavior of tubular steel braces.•A modified fracture model is tested to predict the fracture life of tubular steel braces under cyclic loadings.•The effects of initial imperfection and initial yield on the hysteresis behavior are investigated.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper presents novel experimental results and observations from three one-quarter scale tests on two-way concrete slabs supported by protected steel edge beams under fire conditions. The sizes of the protected secondary edge beams were varied to study the effect of beam stiffness on the fire behaviour of the assemblies. Test results showed that as the stiffness of the protected secondary edge beams increased, the slab central deflection decreased and failure of the slab occurred later. However, composite action between the edge beams and the concrete slab plays a key role in mobilising this beneficial effect. Once the composite slab-beam action is weakened by cracks in the slab over the main or secondary edge beams, the benefit associated with a greater stiffness of the edge beams is lost. Tensile membrane action was mobilised at a deflection equal to 0.9 to 1.0 of the slab thickness irrespective of the bending stiffness of the edge beams. The commencement of tensile membrane stage was marked by one of three indicators: (a) concrete cracks which formed a peripheral compressive ring in the slab; (b) horizontal in-plane displacements along the slab edges; and (c) horizontal and vertical displacements of four corner protected steel columns. The test results were used to validate a finite element model developed using Abaqus/Explicit. Good correlation between the predicted and experimental results was obtained.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 105:86-96.
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    ABSTRACT: Sandwich panels are subjected to asymmetrically applied concentrated force.•Panels with flat and microprofiled upper face were examined.•Face profiling affects the mechanical and kinematical response.•Additional support does not guarantee a higher capacity.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.
  • Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: With the increase in mechanical strength, the yield to tensile strength ratio becomes more close to 1 and the elongation ratio appears a significant decrease, indicating a deterioration in the ductility and seismic behavior of high strength steel (HSS). For seismic design, understanding of the ductility and cyclic behavior in material level is important to guarantee the abilities of structural steel members to endure expected inelastic deformation under severe earthquake actions. This paper presents an experimental evaluation on the uniaxial cyclic behavior of Q460C steel through 6 cyclic loading tests. The specimens were cut and machined from both steel plates and flanges of hot-rolled H-shaped steel with the nominal yield strength of 460 MPa. For the purpose of comparing to normal strength steel, additional cyclic loading test was conducted on Q345B steel. Full hysteretic loops were achieved for HSS as well as normal strength steel. Based on the observations of the test results, a simple piece-wise model was developed for predicting the cyclic behavior of high strength steel, with considering the observed Bauschinger effect and cyclic strain hardening. To verify the accuracy of the proposed hysteretic model for HSS, quasi-static cyclic loading tests of Q460C steel beam-columns were simulated. The comparison between the experimental and predicted moment–curvature curves showed a good agreement, indicating a reasonable efficiency of the proposed trilinear kinematic hardening model in predicting the hysteretic behavior of HSS beam-columns.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104:37–48.
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    ABSTRACT: Intumescent coated steel structures are studied experimentally and numerically.•Thermal conductivity of the coating is derived for different section factors.•Performance-based fire response of an intumescent painted steel assembly is obtained.•Results are compared to results of a frequently used conventional design procedure.•The conventional design procedure is found to be on the unsafe side for some cases.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.
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    ABSTRACT: A type of steel truss coupling beam with a buckling restrained web was proposed.•The effects of configurations of the steel webs on seismic behavior were investigated.•The proposed coupling beams exhibited excellent energy absorption capacity.•A modified strip model was developed to predict the strength of a coupling beam.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Proposed use of continuous spirals in CFST columns•Significant uni-axial strength and ductility improvement verified by tests•Theoretical model for predicting uni-axial strength of spiral-confined CFST columns developed•Applicability of proposed model verified by comparing with available test results
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.
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    ABSTRACT: In a column-removal scenario for a building structure, the catenary action will play an essential role for the frame in resisting a progressive collapse. This paper investigates the catenary behaviour of welded unreinforced flange-bolted web connections (i.e. WUF-B connection) in plane frames by means of full-scale testing and numerical simulation. Two different layouts of bolts at the beam web were considered, with four bolts arranged in one row or two rows in the two specimens, respectively. The results demonstrate that both specimens of the WUF-B moment connection were able to develop an effective catenary action via the bolted web following the primary flexural phase. The failure modes of the bolted web vary with different bolt arrangements under the catenary action. When all (four) bolts were arranged in one row, the lowest bolt bearing area on the web tends to be compressed to fracture before bolt tear-out failure occurs near the weld access hole. When the bolts were arranged in two rows, however, the shear tab cracked at the section across the bolt holes. The former failure mode is deemed to be more robust than the latter under a column removal scenario.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104:22–36.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An innovative dissipative double split tee joint with hourglass shaped flanges is proposed;•A model able to predict the resistance of the proposed X-shaped T-stub accounting for the moment-shear interaction effects is presented;•A criteria able to define an optimum shape accounting for the reduction of resistance due to shear is proposed;•An experimental analysis on real scale joints devoted to validate the proposed design approach is presented;•A significant improvement in terms of energy dissipation capacity and ductility is provided by the proposed joint
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.
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    ABSTRACT: A fatigue experimental program on puddle iron from an old bridge is carried out.•Strain-life and fatigue crack propagation data obtained for the material•Governing fatigue strength properties and high fatigue crack propagation rates•Riveted and bolted joints with distinct preloads fatigue tested•Variable amplitude S–N data of riveted joints showed consistency of Miner's rule.
    Journal of Constructional Steel Research 01/2015; 104.