Dental journal of Malaysia (Dent J Malaysia)

Publisher: Malaysian Dental Association

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Other titles Dental journal of Malaysia
ISSN 0126-8023
OCLC 2370083
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • Dental journal of Malaysia 01/2009; 30(2):90-99.
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    ABSTRACT: A brief review of the history of developments in classical soil mechanics is made. It is remindeq that the development of soil mechanics had a very strong input from the experimental side both the laboratory and field works. Also emphasized is the need for every country to develop their own texts to suit the soil conditions, which are found abundant in their region; this will then strengthen our university education in Geotechnics. While the use of various types of computer softwares has become a necessity in our day-to-day life, they will only give meaningful results if and only if the appropriate soil properties are used and the correct mode of analysis is performed. Case histories are presented from the well-documented Muar clay test embankments and the reservoir of excellent data available on major projects in the Bangkok Plain.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 01/2002;
  • Dental journal of Malaysia 01/1999; 20:36-39.
  • Dental journal of Malaysia 01/1998; 19(1):7-13.
  • Dental journal of Malaysia 01/1998; 19(2):7-14.
  • Dental journal of Malaysia 01/1994;
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    ABSTRACT: A study has been conducted on 198 employees of a steel-mill industry. These participants were examined for mucosal lesions in the oral cavity and including the commissures and vermillion borders of the lips. The prevalences of 16 types of lesions are reported.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 12/1988; 10(2):37-40.
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    ABSTRACT: This is a case report of an oral lichenoid drug reaction of the buccal sulci in a female diabetic patient who was on an anti-hypertensive drug, alpha-methyldopa (Aldomet) and an oral hypoglycaemic drug, chlorpropamide (Diabinese). The clinical features, histological findings and management are presented.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 12/1988; 10(2):15-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The replacement of missing teeth by means of the recently-introduced anchorage system is described. The indications, contra-indications, advantages and disadvantages of the anchor-retained bridge are also discussed. This bridge should be an addition to the repertoire of the restorative dentist as it has a definite place in fixed prosthodontic work in carefully selected cases.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 12/1988; 10(2):21-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Artifacts in oral surgical specimens could be ascribed to tissue alteration before, during or after biopsy procedures. A case of mandibular ameloblastoma presenting with a series of vacuoles in the subgingival tissue is described. The differential diagnosis and significance of these artifacts are discussed.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 12/1988; 10(2):25-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The bacterium Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans is found in large numbers in subgingival plaque and gingival tissues of patients with LJP and PLS. This bacterium too has been found to cause infective bacterial endocarditis in patients at risk. Antibiotic prophylaxis is necessary for at risk patients with LJP and PLS because significant bacteraemia is produced during extensive periodontal instrumentation, extractions and surgery which are required in managing these cases. The current antibiotic regimens recommended by the American Heart Association/Council on Dental Therapeutics are not effective against this bacterium. A two-stage prophylactic approach is advocated, first with tetracycline for two weeks to eliminate the Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, followed by the regimens recommended by the American Heart Association on the day of the dental procedure itself. Tetracycline should not be used concurrently or as a substitute for the recommended regimens by the American Heart Association/Council on Dental Therapeutics.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 12/1988; 10(2):31-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The present study analysed the development of caries in 653 first permanent molars annually over a period of 5 years in children who were 7 years-old at baseline. The cumulative caries experience increased from 6.0% at baseline to 35.2% at the end of the study period. There were no appreciable differences in the annual incremental rate of caries experience among males and females. At baseline, the Malays and Indians have the highest and lowest caries experience respectively. At 12 years of age, the Chinese have the highest caries experience whilst the data for the Malays and Indians were comparable. The highest cumulative percentage increase in caries experience for the Malays, Chinese and Indians were between the ages of 7 to 8, 9 to 10 and 8 to 9 respectively while the average annual caries increment were 4.5%, 7.3% and 5.0% respectively.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 12/1988; 10(2):41-4.
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    ABSTRACT: With the current concern about mercury exposure to patients as well as dental personnel, it is important to re-evaluate the procedures to be taken in order to minimise the exposure. A review of the literature provides further insight into this important problem.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 12/1988; 10(2):5-10.
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    ABSTRACT: In restorative and prosthetic dental treatment, casts which duplicate the patient's dentition are frequently mounted in an articulator which simulates jaw movements. In order to relate the mandibular cast to the maxillary cast, records are made in the mouth utilising suitable materials. Three common recording materials will be discussed.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 06/1988; 10(1):51-3.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper reports the activity associated with capsule-derived material and lipopolysaccharide extracted from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans on connective tissue cells. The ability of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to initiate inflammatory and destructive processes in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease was compared to that of capsular material (CM). The biological activities investigated were cytotoxicity to fibroblasts, stimulation of in-vitro bone resorption and Interleukin 1-like activities.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 06/1988; 10(1):21-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The lining epithelium of thirty cases of calcifying odontogenic cysts (COC) was studied light microscopically. Results show two distinct types: 1. the classical highly-differentiated lining epithelium characterised by a basal layer of columnar cells with nuclear polarisation supporting suprabasally several layers of stellate reticulum-like cells and containing variable amount of ghost cells present in all the cases and a necessary criteria for the diagnosis of COC; 2. the undifferentiated lining epithelium which is of 2-3 cells to 5-8 cells thick, non-, para- or orthokeratinised and resembled reduced enamel epithelium. This is seen in some cases in some parts of the cystic lining. Variations within the highly-differentiated epithelium include spindle-cell change, epithelial pearl formation and ghost cell dominant type. In the present series, ten cases were associated with odontome formation, three with melanin pigment and one with clear cells. The study supports the concept that COC are lesions of odontogenic origin that may arise as primary lesions from the remains of the dental epithelium or secondarily from the lining epithelium of pre-existing lesions.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 06/1988; 10(1):42-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Areca (betel) nuts are popularly used as chewing agents. The nuts are chewed as such or processed by roasting, sundrying, soaking or boiling prior to chewing. Various agents such as slaked lime, tobacco, betel leaves are often incorporated into the chew. The habits of betel chewing are closely associated with oral cancer and precancerous lesions. The literature is repleted with numerous works on carcinogenicity of areca nut. It was demonstrated that the incorporation of lime and tobacco to the nut increase the incidence of mucosal changes. Chewers of soaked or boiled nuts demonstrated lower incidence of mucosal changes than those chewers of raw, sundried or roasted nuts. Estimation of the active chemical constituents in the nuts namely arecoline and polyphenols following nut treatments by sundrying, roasting, soaking and boiling, revealed reduction in these chemical contents. Marked reductions were observed when the nuts were subjected to soaking and boiling. These reductions may explain for the different in the incidence of the mucosal changes among users of different processed nut varieties.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 06/1988; 10(1):33-7.
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    ABSTRACT: A study on the oral health status of 198 factory workers (in Antara Steel, Pasir Gudang, Johor) was carried out in November 1986. The subjects were predominantly male (94%) and Malay (91%) with an average age of 27.4 years. The prevalence of caries was 87.4% with a mean DMFT of 7.1 + 5.4. There were 3 subjects with full upper, lower dentures and 16 subjects with partial dentures. Two subjects examined needed dentures but were not wearing them. Thirty five (17.7%) of those examined needed urgent extractions, and 8 needed emergency treatment for fillings. Enamel opacities were found in 141 subjects (75.6%) but only 9 were aware of these defects. Dental health was very poor with 72% examined needing scaling. Seventeen (9%) had gross supra and subgingival calculus. There was a total of 107 (54%) smokers and heavy nicotine stains were found in 41 (20.7%), of the population examined. Examination of soft tissues showed 111 (56%) subjects with recurrent aphthous ulcers whilst 15 (7.6%) suffered from herpes labialis. Five subjects (2.5%) suffered from denture stomatitis whilst the prevalence of other soft tissue lesions was very low.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 06/1988; 10(1):38-41.
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    ABSTRACT: Chlorhexidine, an antiseptic with a wide antimicrobial spectrum, was first introduced as a general disinfectant in medical use. In dentistry, it was first used for disinfecting surgical sites and in endodontics. Its anti-plaque effect was later discovered and this lead to its widespread use as a plaque control agent available over-the-counter without prescription. The author reviews its pharmacological activity, clinical effects, uses and abuses in dentistry.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 06/1988; 10(1):9-16.
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    ABSTRACT: This is a case report of a reactive lesion which occurs only in the gingiva. This lesion is of a long duration causing erosion of the superficial bone. Histologically it is similar to other epulides of the gingiva but in addition contains ossified tissue. The lesion's confusing terminology is being discussed in view of its understanding to an American-trained or a British-trained surgeon. A review of literature showed a recurrence rate of 7-20% thus making it mandatory for a close follow-up of the patient.
    Dental journal of Malaysia 06/1988; 10(1):17-9.