Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington (Bull Biol Soc Wash )

Publisher: Biological Society of Washington

Description

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  • Other titles
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington (Online), Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington
  • ISSN
    0097-0298
  • OCLC
    80991912
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 01/2009;
  • Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 01/2009; 17(1):52-59.
  • Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 01/2009; 17(1):8-18.
  • Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 01/2009; 17(1):20-23.
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    ABSTRACT: Based on historical specimens in the collection of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., 25 species of Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) were collected on Plummers Island between 1902 and 1960. This represents approximately 32% of the recorded fauna of Maryland. Neoharmonia venusta venusta (Melsheimer) was the most commonly collected species.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: Based on the examination of approximately 8100 specimens of Lepidoptera in the collection of the National Museum of Natural History and a review of relevant literature, we document 836 species in 488 genera and 48 families from Plummers Island, Maryland. Although the Lepidoptera are probably the best studied insect order on Plummers Island, data from the Washington, D.C. area indicate that there likely are many more microlepidoptera and butterflies on the site that are yet to be documented. Most families that were sampled adequately both historically (1901–1920) and in recent years (1998–2005) show a reduction in species richness and considerable species turnover. However, interpretation of these data is difficult owing to differences in sampling techniques and sampling frequency over the last 100 years.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: The published records of the fleas (Siphonaptera) known to occur on Plummers Island, Montgomery County, Maryland are reviewed. Peromyscopsylla scotti is reported for the first time, bringing the total number of species known from the Island to ten.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: During 2004 and 2005 insects were collected on or adjacent to Plummers Island, Montgomery County, Maryland using an ultraviolet light trap (2004 (2005) and two Malaise traps (2005). Forty-seven species of Trichoptera were identified from this material, representing 13 families and 25 genera. Most of the species are common and widely distributed over eastern North America, and none is considered of special concern or sensitive.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: Copepod (Crustacea) species diversity was remarkably low on Plummers Island, Maryland, and its immediate environs over a year-long sampling period in 1996 and 1997, compared to that previously and contemporaneously reported nearby within the Potomac River Basin; only two species were found on the Island and two others in the adjacent side channel of the Potomac River. Subsequent sampling in 2004 resulted in records of eight species, seven of which were not found in 1997; six of these were collected on the Island. One explanation for the paucity of species in 1996–1997 is the extreme floods of January and September 1996; the January flood reached a height not recorded since 1972 and destroyed canal locks. These floods scoured much of the Potomac floodplain and may have caused severe local population losses. The scarcity of aquatic microhabitats on the Island undoubtedly also contributed to the low local diversity.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: The National Insect Collection was searched for specimens of Mecoptera collected on or near Plummers Island, Montgomery County, Maryland, and the records were taken from those found. A special effort was made in 2004 and 2005 to collect insects on or adjacent to Plummers Island, using a number of techniques. In addition to the usual ultraviolet light traps, two Malaise traps were operated during the season in 2005. Eleven species of Mecoptera were identified from this material: nine taken in the 1900s and three in 2004–2005. They belong to four families and four genera. Most are species widely distributed over eastern North America, and none is considered endangered.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: Based on an examination of the collection of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., seven species of Silphidae (Coleoptera) were collected on Plummers Island, Maryland, from 1905 to 2004. This is 38.8% of the known silphid fauna of Maryland. The most commonly collected species is the habitat- and carrion-generalist Nicrophorus tomentosus Weber.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: Five species of freshwater triclad planarians were found on Plummers Island and the adjacent mainland property, Montgomery County, Maryland. One species (Dugesia [G.] tigrina) occupying the Potomac River and a tributary, is tolerant of degraded habitat. The other four occupy vernal pools (Hymanella retenuova and Phagocata velata) or spring-seeps (Phagocata morgani and Paraplanaria dactyligera) and appear to be indicators of high quality aquatic habitat. These five species represent 36% of the total known Maryland fauna of 14 species.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: The biota of Plummers Island, Maryland, the research home of the Washington Biologists' Field Club, has been the subject of countless biological investigations over the last 100 years. While the flora and vertebrate fauna are fairly well known, the invertebrate fauna remains poorly documented with the exception of several families of insects. This paper presents a brief description of the site, notes on land-use over the last 100 years, and comments on collecting and research activities focused on invertebrates. It also serves as an introduction for the contributions that constitute this volume—a collection of papers on various aspects of the invertebrate fauna.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: Plummers Island, Maryland has been studied by naturalists for over 100 years. The bees collected on the Island and the immediately adjacent mainland represent six families, 41 genera, and 232 species. About 20% (47 species) are parasitic and do not collect pollen. Most bees are generalist (polylectic) foragers, but there are a few species that appear to visit only a few species or genera of plants (oligolectic foragers). Three exotic species are among the fauna, including the European honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). Based on historical specimens in the collection of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), and contemporary survey efforts, the number of bee species on the Island appears to have increased since the 1920s–1960s, and there is no evidence of local species extinction. It is possible that the use of Malaise and pan traps in addition to hand nets have increased collecting efficiency so that the increase in species richness is an artifact of collecting techniques rather than a biological phenomenon. Alternatively, increased species richness may reflect the resiliency of bees and an increase in available nesting sites as heavily shaded forests of the eastern United States have become open through deforestation and urbanization. While the vegetation of the Island has matured through natural succession, the surrounding Washington, D.C. metropolitan area has seen major urban, industrial, and infrastructure development and the resultant opening of forests, increasing bee habitat. Plummers Island is likely a refugium for surrounding bee populations.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: Ninety-one species of sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) are recorded for Plummers Island, Maryland. Records are from collections during the periods of 1902–1924, 1958–1972, and 2005. An estimated 97 species currently may occur on the Island. Indications are that species composition has changed through the years. Only 22 of the 51 species (43%) collected during 1902–1924 have been collected in subsequent years, and only 26 of the 48 species collected in 2005 (54%) have been collected previously. Records also are given for 20 species of 11 families of Apocrita: 6 species of Aulacidae, 3 of Evaniidae, 1 of Gasteruptiidae, 1 of Heloridae, 1 of Ibaliidae, 1 of Pelecinidae, 1 of Roprionidae, 2 of Rhopalosomatidae, 1 of Stephanidae, 2 of Trigonalidae, and 1 of Vanhorniidae.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: Plummers Island, a small site situated along the northern shore of the Potomac River in Montgomery County, Maryland, has been the research home of the Washington Biologists' Field Club for more than 100 years. Field work conducted by club members from 1901 to about 1925 resulted in the accumulation of thousands of insect specimens of all orders from the Island, most of which are deposited in the collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Little collecting was conducted from ca. 1930–1950. In the 1960s sampling by Karl Krombein focused on bees and wasps and that by Terry Erwin on carabid beetles. Since 1998 the Lepidoptera fauna, leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae), and darkling beetles (Tenebrionidae) all have been the subject of investigations. In 2005 and 2006 Malaise traps were deployed to sample other orders (e.g., Trichoptera, Diptera, Hyemenoptera). While the four major insect orders (i.e., Coleoptera, Diptera, Lepidoptera, and Hymenoptera) are represented by large numbers of historical specimens, only Lepidoptera have been surveyed thoroughly in recent times; notable exceptions include specific families: carabid beetles, leaf beetles, darkling beetles, sawflies, and bees and wasps. Based on an examination of the insect collection of the National Museum of Natural History and a review of relevant literature, we document 3012 insect species in 253 families, encompassing 18 insect orders: Collembola, Odonata, Dermaptera, Blattodea, Phasmatodea, Orthoptera, Psocoptera, Thysanoptera, Hemiptera, Neuroptera, Megaloptera, Coleoptera, Mecoptera, Trichoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera, Siphonaptera, and Hymenoptera.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: From 1902–2005, 75 species of Crambidae and 48 species of Pyralidae were collected on Plummers Island, Montgomery County, Maryland. An annotated list of the two families is provided, along with photographs of all recorded species. The Pyraloidea of Plummers Island have wide distributions in eastern United States with some species occurring as far west as Texas and a few others ranging from coast to coast. Hosts recorded in the literature are given, but they are unknown for 36% of the species. The majority of Pyraloidea feed on vascular plants, but hosts are diverse including algae, scale insects, and immatures of wasps, and bagworms.
    Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 04/2008;