Preventive Medicine (PREV MED)
Recognized for its authoritative contributions to the entire field of preventive medicine and public health, Preventive Medicine: An International Journal Devoted to Practice and Theory is a respected source of information on applied research into all aspects of prevention. Special Features include Original Research, Pertinent Issues and Innovation in Cancer Cardiovascular disease Health education Individual and population risk factor screening Respiratory and infectious disease Public health planning Tobacco and other substance abuse Stroke and hypertension Other lifestyle-related diseases.
- Impact factor3.22Show impact factor historyHide impact factor history
- WebsitePreventive Medicine website
Other titlesPreventive medicine
Material typePeriodical, Internet resource
Document typeJournal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource
- Author can archive a pre-print version
- Author can archive a post-print version
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- Pre-print can not be deposited for The Lancet
Publications in this journal
Preventive Medicine 10/2012;
Preventive Medicine 02/2012;
Preventive Medicine 01/2012; XX(XX):XX-XX.
Article: Medical societies recommendations for immunization with Human Papillomavirus vaccine and disclosure of conflicts of interests.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To review the recommendations on Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination issued by different medical societies, as well as disclosures of any conflict of interests regarding such recommendations. METHODS: The search for recommendations was mainly conducted through the Internet, together with a bibliography search on Pubmed (November 2008). The countries were selected to encompass a broad range of healthcare systems and income levels. RESULTS: In all, 18 documents were identified: 4 from the U.S., 5 from Canada, and 1 from France (all 10 in favor of recommending vaccination), 5 from Spain (3 in favor of vaccination and 2 recommending no vaccination until further evidence of the vaccine effectiveness to prevent cervical cancer becomes available), 2 from Argentina (one in favor of vaccination and another pointing to the missing information on the vaccine's cost-effectiveness), and 1 from Chile (recommending no vaccination until more information becomes available). Only two documents disclose specific conflicts of interests for authors (American Cancer Society and Chilean Working Group on HPV). One of the Canadian documents did not include any conflict of interest statement, although Merck and GSK are listed among the sponsors. CONCLUSIONS: Disclosure of conflicts of interest in documents where medical societies issue recommendations on HPV vaccination is very unusual. However, lack of disclosure is more frequent (near twice) when recommendations are in favor of the vaccinationPreventive Medicine 01/2009; 48(5):449-453.
Article: Economic evaluations of massive HPV vaccination: within-study and between study variations in incremental cost per QALY gained.Preventive Medicine 01/2009; 48(5):444-448.
Article: Ten-year risk prediction in French men using the Framingham coronary score: results from the national SU.VI.MAX cohort.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the ability of the Framingham risk function to predict the 10-year coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in French men. 3440 men, aged 45 to 60 years, free of CHD at baseline, were selected from the SU.VI.MAX cohort. The expected number of event, obtained from applying the Framingham risk score to the baseline SU.VI.MAX biological and clinical data of 1994/1996, were compared to the actual risks observed in the cohort. The accuracy of the Framingham risk function was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The overall Framingham risk function predicted twice as many CHD events than observed. The area under the ROC curve for Framingham risk score was 74%. The Framingham risk function may discriminate between high risk from low risk subjects, but it is not valid for estimating absolute 10-year CHD risk in this French population.Preventive Medicine 08/2008; 47(1):61-5.
Article: The formation of specific action plans can enhance sun protection behavior in motivated parents.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To determine whether formulating specific plans with regard to sunscreen use can influence parental sun protection behavior (i.e., applying sunscreen to their child). In the spring of 2005, an electronic survey on sun protection behavior was performed among 436 parents in the Netherlands. Participants were randomly allocated to a 'questionnaire-only' control group or an experimental group, in which they were asked to formulate implementation intentions, i.e., specific action plans detailing when, where and how they would use sunscreen to protect their child from the sun in the upcoming summer. Parental sunscreen use was assessed at a 5-month follow-up. Although the intervention had no overall effect, a significant groupxintention interaction effect existed (p=0.02). Implementation intentions were effective in the subgroup of highly motivated participants, increasing adequate parental sunscreen use by 13.5%. Implementation intentions did not increase parents' intentions towards sunscreen use, indicating that their behavioral effect was not due to heightened motivation. This is the first study to report on the efficacy of implementation intentions in the area of sun protection behavior and skin cancer prevention. The results add further support to the growing body of evidence that implementation intention formation can be an important strategy to facilitate behavioral enactment, particularly in motivated respondents.Preventive Medicine 08/2008; 47(1):127-32.
Preventive Medicine 08/2008; 47(1):1-2.
Article: Preventive potential of body mass reduction to lower cardiovascular risk: the Italian Progetto CUORE study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To estimate effects of weight change on incidence of major cardiovascular events in the Italian population-based Progetto CUORE. Prospective observation in 12 Italian population-based cohorts on etiology of cardiovascular disease. Twenty-thousand six-hundred-forty-seven men and women aged 35-69 years without previous CVD, examined at baseline between 1984 and 1993 and followed for median time 8.5 years, with validated first cardiovascular events. Standardised anthropometric variables, lifestyle and biochemical risk factors for CVD; major cardiovascular events as end-points. Linear regression between BMI and major CVD risk factors was combined with Cox coefficients from a prediction model of CVD, CHD and stroke using major risk factors as dependent variables. Estimated cardiovascular risk reductions with BMI lowered by 1 to 3 U were: for men 3.8% to 10.9% for all cardiovascular events, 4.2% to 12.1% for CHD, and 2.3% to 6.9% for stroke; for women 2.8% to 8.1% for all cardiovascular events, 3.4% to 9.8% for CHD, and 2.1% to 6.2% for stroke. Body weight level influences cardiovascular disease risk in the Italian population.Preventive Medicine 08/2008; 47(1):53-60.
Article: Post menopausal hormones and measures of subclinical atherosclerosis: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether post menopausal hormones are associated with atherosclerosis. We studied the relation of hormone use to coronary calcification and carotid intima-media thickness in a cross-sectional sample of 3245 post menopausal women, of whom 1620 had used hormones for various periods. Adjusted associations with three measures of hormone use (ever use, duration, and type of hormone) were estimated by multivariable regression. The prevalence of coronary calcification was only 4 percentage points lower in women who had ever used hormones than in women who had not (40% versus 44%), and was not monotonically related to longer use: <2 years: 38%; 2-6 years: 36%; 6-13 years: 41%; >13 years: 48%. Similarly, duration of hormone use did not show a monotonic dose-response relation with the calcium score. Mean differences in carotid intima-media thickness according to categories of years of hormone use and type of hormone ranged from -0.10 mm to +0.08 mm, with no consistent patterns. Most adjusted associations were weak and sometimes contrary to our expectation. We did not find meaningful associations between hormone use and subclinical atherosclerosis-neither to support benefit or harm, nor to support the prevailing theory of "healthy user" bias (namely, inverse associations due to residual confounding).Preventive Medicine 08/2008; 47(1):38-45.
Preventive Medicine 08/2008; 47(1):34-5.
Article: Television viewing, leisure-time exercise and acute coronary syndrome in transitional Albania.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To assess the association of leisure-time exercise and television (TV) viewing, a sedentary marker, with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Albania, a transitional country in Southeast Europe. A population-based case-control study was conducted among Tirana residents in 2003-2006. Information on leisure-time exercise (transformed into kilocalories of energy expenditure) and daily hours of TV viewing was obtained by interviewer-administered questionnaire. 460 non-fatal ACS patients (368 men, 92 women) and 628 coronary heart disease-free controls (413 men, 215 women) were studied. Adjusted for socio-demographic characteristics, conventional coronary risk factors and leisure-time exercise, TV viewing was associated with ACS in women (OR=1.66, 95%CI=1.12-2.46 per hour/day viewing), but not in men (OR=0.93, 95%CI=0.81-1.07; P for sex-interaction=0.02). A low level of leisure-time exercise (adjusted also for TV viewing) was associated with ACS similarly in men and women (pooled sexes OR=2.03, 95%CI=1.29-3.22 for bottom vs top tertile of energy expenditure). Leisure-time inactivity is confirmed as an important risk factor for ACS also in Southeastern Europe. TV viewing may be an informative coronary risk marker in transitional societies, especially in women.Preventive Medicine 08/2008; 47(1):112-5.
Article: Motivational factors mediating the association between acculturation and participation in sport among young Turkish and Moroccan women in the Netherlands.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Acculturation of migrant women has been associated with increased participation in physical activity, including participation in sport. We assessed which motivational factors mediate this association among Turkish and Moroccan migrant women in the Netherlands. Data were available from a cross-sectional study conducted in 2003-2004, on health-related behavior among Turkish and Moroccan ethnic groups in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. In total, we included 258 Turkish and 170 Moroccan women (aged 15-30) who participated in a structured interview including questions on participation in sport, acculturation (defined as 'the level of cultural orientation towards Dutch culture'), and motivational factors including attitudes, social influences, and self-efficacy. Acculturation was strongly associated with participation in sport among Turkish women, but not among Moroccan women. Greater participation in sport among the higher acculturated Turkish women was accounted for by "culturally specific beliefs" and to a lesser extent by "perceived disadvantages" and "self-efficacy." These results emphasize that in order to stimulate participation in sport among low acculturated Turkish women, the culturally specific beliefs should be taken into account when developing a culture-sensitive intervention. Further research is necessary to understand why acculturation leads to increased participation in sport in some ethnic groups and not in others.Preventive Medicine 08/2008; 47(1):95-100.
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