The Physician and sportsmedicine

Journal description

The Physician and Sportsmedicine is a peer-reviewed monthly journal serving the practicing physician's professional and personal interests in the medical aspects of exercise, sports, and fitness. The most widely read clinical sports medicine journal in the world, we cover practical, primary care-oriented topics such as diagnosing and treating knee and ankle injuries, managing chronic disease, preventing and managing overuse injuries, helping patients lose weight safely, and all manner of exercise and nutrition topics.

Current impact factor: 1.49

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.49
2012 Impact Factor 1.344
2011 Impact Factor 1.023
2008 Impact Factor 0.2
2007 Impact Factor 0.2
2006 Impact Factor 0.322
2005 Impact Factor 0.38
2004 Impact Factor 0.339
2003 Impact Factor 0.322
2002 Impact Factor 0.492
2001 Impact Factor 0.399
2000 Impact Factor 0.318
1999 Impact Factor 0.259
1998 Impact Factor 0.236
1997 Impact Factor 0.239

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.08
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Physician and Sportsmedicine Online, The website
Other titles Physician and sportsmedicine, Physician and sports medicine, Sportsmedicine, Sports medicine
ISSN 0091-3847
OCLC 1787159
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present case study is an analysis of the effect of compression socks on hemostatic activation following a marathon in a female endurance athlete found to be heterozygous for the coagulation factor V (F5 1691 G>A [Arg>Gln rs6025/560]) risk allele that predisposes one to a genetically inherited disorder of blood clotting, Factor V Leiden. Markers for coagulation and fibrinolysis were obtained 24 h prior to (PRE), immediately after (FINISH) and 24 h after (POST) completion of two marathons: the first in which the runner was not wearing compression socks, and the second in which the runner wore compression socks throughout the race. Compression socks worn during a marathon appeared to lower the overall impact on hemostasis as well as clot formation in this particular athlete as evidenced by lower t-PA (-56%), TAT (-63%) and D-dimer (-30%). Hemostatic activation may be lower with the use of compression socks, and thus may be effective for preserving hemostasis in endurance athletes at risk.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 05/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1043183
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    ABSTRACT: The popularity of ice hockey has grown in recent years and injuries are a concern given the physical nature of the sport. We sought to report the rates, mechanisms, and severity of boys' US high school ice hockey injuries. We hypothesized that body checking would be a major source of injury and that concussions would be common. We also expected to find that competition would have a higher rate of injury than practice. Descriptive epidemiology study. Boys' US high school ice hockey injury data from 2008/2009 through 2012/2013 academic years were obtained from the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance System, High School Reporting Information Online database. The primary outcome was rate of injury per 10,000 athlete exposures (AEs). Overall, 724 boys ice hockey injuries occurred during 311,817 AEs for an injury rate of 23.2 per 10,000 AEs. Injury rates were significantly higher during competition compared to practice (rate ratio = 7.8, 95% confidence interval: 6.5-9.4). Concussion was the most frequent injury reported at a rate of 6.4 per 10,000 AEs. Body checking was the mechanism of injury in over 46% of injuries. The head/face/neck region (33.8%) and upper arm/shoulder region (20.6%) were the most commonly injured body sites. Just over 6% of injuries resulted in surgical intervention. Injuries among high school ice hockey athletes are common. Increases in the number of high school ice hockey injuries will likely parallel the increase in high school ice hockey participation in the United States.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 05/2015; 43(2):119-125. DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1035210
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    ABSTRACT: Research on the mechanism of concussion in recent years has been focused on the mechanism of injury as well as strategies to minimize or reverse injury. Sports-related head injury research has led to the development of head protective gear that has evolved over the years. Headgears have been designed to protect athletes from skull fractures, subdural hemorrhages and concussions. Over the years, through experience of athletes and continued scientific research, improvements in helmet design have been made. Although these advances have decreased the number of catastrophic injuries throughout sports, the effects on concussions are promising, but largely unproven. In this review, we will discuss development of helmets and studies analyzing their level of protection for both concussion and head injury. This will help us understand what future developments are still needed to minimize the risk of concussion among athletes in various forms of sports.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 04/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1039922
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    ABSTRACT: The Boston Athletic Association's annual marathon, also referred to as BAA in this article, continues to be a source of subjects for exercise and endurance performance research. We performed a systematic literature review of BAA studies published in the 7 years since our prior report. We identified 20 articles published from January 2008 to February 2015. Nine were related to cardiology; six were related to exercise physiology; four were related to metabolism; and one was related to marathon qualifying times. As in our prior, report cardiovascular studies remained the dominant topic, but with risk factors for atherosclerosis and thrombosis as the present focus. Cardiac issues remain the largest subject area for BAA studies, but with more emphasis on the effect of prolonged exercise on atherosclerotic and thrombotic risk factors. This shift is associated with an increase in marathon participation by older, recreational runners at increased risk of cardiac complications due to exercise.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 04/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1039923
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    ABSTRACT: Physicians diagnosing and managing knee injuries have become familiar with the lateral capsule sign, or Segond fracture on radiography. The Segond fracture is considered highly suggestive of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear in the adult population. This conclusion is not as well described in the pediatric patient. Recent anatomic studies have confirmed the presence of the anterolateral ligament (ALL), a structure described by Dr. Segond, and hypothesized to be the etiology of the lateral capsular avulsion. Although case reports of Segond fractures with an intact ACL in pediatric patients have been presented, there is usually a concomitant rotatory instability, tendinous injury, physeal fracture or posterolateral disruption. It is not currently clear the role that the ALL plays in the setting of Segond fracture with an intact ACL. We present a case of an isolated Segond fracture and briefly review the literature relating to this diagnosis. The literature suggests that a Segond fracture without an ACL tear is more common in the pediatric age group compared to adults. Our unique case is the presence of an isolated Segond fracture in a pediatric athlete.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 04/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1037229
  • The Physician and sportsmedicine 03/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1027640
  • The Physician and sportsmedicine 03/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1027639
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    ABSTRACT: The large amount of scientific literature regarding vitamin D can be overwhelming and confusing. Some organizations have made specific guidelines and recommendations regarding optimal blood levels of vitamin D. In the sports medicine literature, new information about the effects of vitamin D on performance and bone health abound. Most of these articles seem to raise more questions than they answer. Are athletes at increased risk of vitamin D deficiency? Does vitamin D deficiency affect athletic performance? Should athletes be tested for deficiency? What is the optimal goal for vitamin D levels in athletes and is this different from the general population? The goal of this article is to provide clinical insight and clarity, both for those practicing in the primary care setting as well as for those taking care of athletes.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 03/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1020248
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    ABSTRACT: A fixed-dose combination biphasic immediate-release (IR)/extended-release (ER) hydrocodone bitartrate (HB)/acetaminophen (APAP) tablet is being developed for the management of acute pain severe enough to require opioid treatment and for which alternative treatment options are inadequate. This Phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study evaluated the analgesic efficacy and safety of IR/ER HB/APAP (n = 201) versus placebo (n = 202) over a period of 48 hours in patients with acute moderate to severe pain following unilateral bunionectomy. Patients received three tablets of placebo or IR/ER HB/APAP as an initial dose (hour 0) followed by two tablets every 12 hours for a total daily dose of 37.5/1625 mg HB/APAP on day 1 and 30/1300 mg HB/APAP thereafter. The primary efficacy outcome was the summed pain intensity difference (SPID) over the first 48 hours (SPID48) after the first dose. SPID48 was significantly greater with IR/ER HB/APAP versus placebo (p < 0.001). SPID dosing interval analyses demonstrated consistent, superior pain relief with IR/ER HB/APAP for each dosing interval (all p < 0.001). Mean PID was greater with IR/ER HB/APAP versus placebo beginning 30 minutes after the first dose (p < 0.05), and IR/ER HB/APAP demonstrated faster median time to the onset of perceptible, meaningful, and confirmed pain relief (all p < 0.001). Mean total pain relief scores also indicated greater pain relief with IR/ER HB/APAP versus placebo throughout the 48-hour period (p = 0.012) for all comparisons. A greater proportion of IR/ER HB/APAP versus placebo patients was either "very satisfied" or "satisfied" with their pain relief (69.3% vs 49.4%; p < 0.001). Nausea was the most common treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE; IR/ER HB/APAP, 25%; placebo, 7.9%). All TEAEs in IR/ER HB/APAP-treated patients were mild or moderate in severity. IR/ER HB/APAP provided rapid, significant, and consistent analgesic efficacy over a period of 48 hours in an established model of acute pain and was tolerated with a safety profile similar to other low-dose opioids.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 03/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1025029
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    ABSTRACT: Early passive range of motion (ROM) following arthroscopic cuff repair is thought to decrease postoperative stiffness and improve functionality. However, early aggressive rehabilitation may compromise repair integrity. Our purpose was to perform a systematic review to determine if there are differences between early and delayed rehabilitation after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in terms of clinical outcomes and healing. We performed a literature search with the terms 'arthroscopic rotator cuff', 'immobilization', 'early', 'delayed', 'late', and 'rehabilitation' using PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and EMBASE. Selection criteria included: level I/II evidence ≤ 6 months in duration, comparing early versus delayed rehabilitation following arthroscopic repair. Data regarding demographics, sample sizes, duration, cuff pathology, surgery, rehabilitation, functional outcomes, pain, ROM and anatomic assessment of healing were analyzed. PRIMSA criteria were followed. We identified six articles matching our criteria. Three reported significantly increased functional scores within the first 3-6 months with early rehabilitation compared to the delayed group, only one of which continued to observe a difference at a final follow-up of 15 months. Four articles showed improved ROM in the first 3-6 months post-operatively with early rehabilitation. One noted transient differences in pain scores. Only one study noted significant differences in ROM at final follow-up. No study reported any significant difference in rates of rotator cuff re-tear. However, two studies noted a trend towards increased re-tear with early rehabilitation that did not reach significance. This was more pronounced in studies including medium-large tears. Early rehabilitation after arthroscopic cuff repair is associated with some initial improvements in ROM and function. Ultimately, similar clinical and anatomical outcomes between groups existed at 1 year. While there was no significant difference between groups in anatomic failure of the repaired cuff, there may be a trend towards increased re-tear with larger tears.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 03/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1025683
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract We set out to highlight the significance of posterior symphyseal spurs as an unusual diagnostic possibility in athletes with chronic groin pain and to demonstrate that operative resection was successful in quickly and safely returning the patients to sporting activities. Five competitive nonprofessional male athletes, three soccer players, and two marathon runners (median age: 30 [26/33] years), who presented to us with significant groin and central pubic pain with duration of at least 12 months, and who had failed conservative or surgical interventions (symphyseal plating), were evaluated. Physical examination as well as pelvic radiographs confirmed the diagnosis of posterior symphyseal spurs. Four out of five athletes underwent complete resection of the spur. Size of spurs was 2.2 (1.3/2.9) cm (median) with four of them posterosuperiorly and one posterocentrally located. All of them had uneventful postoperative recovery period and were still pain-free at the latest follow up after 26.6 months (24/30). Median time-to-return to competitive sports level was 10 weeks (8/13). None of the patients developed pubic instability due to symphyseal spur resection. The results of considerable postoperative improvement in our patients highlight the significance of posterior symphyseal spurs as a diagnostic possibility in athletes with chronic groin pain.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 02/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1012038
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of death during exercise. While initial reports suggested that the most common cause of SCD in young athletes was due to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), a critical review of investigations in several populations (athletes, non-athletes, military, national, and international) supports that the most common finding at autopsy of young individuals with SCD is actually a structurally normal heart (SNH). This information is vital for sports medicine clinicians, especially with regard to the pre-participation evaluation (PPE) since cardiac death associated with a SNH is likely attributed to disorders such as arrhythmia or ion channel diseases. This comprehensive review explores the causes of SCD, along with the symptoms preceding death, which ultimately may help refine the PPE and maximize the ability to detect potentially lethal disease prior to competition.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 02/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1001306
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Summary. ACL reconstruction with the RetroScrew™ shows superior clinical outcomes compared to historical Achilles allograft studies with antegrade screws. Addition of antegrade screw augmentation to retrograde fixation causes an increase in tibial tunnel widening. Introduction. In traditional antegrade screw fixation of Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) soft tissue allografts, the screw is secured in the opposite direction of graft tension, potentially altering the appropriate tension on the graft. The RetroScrew (Arthrex) is a bioabsorbable screw placed in a retrograde fashion, potentially improving the tension of the graft by placing the screw in a proximal-to-distal direction. In addition, the RetroScrew theoretically decreases tibial tunnel widening by closing the aperture of the tibial tunnel, which prevents ingress of synovial fluid. Early tunnel expansion has been implicated due to excessive transverse and longitudinal graft motion. The clinical effects of tunnel expansion have yet to be fully understood. The purpose of this study is to assess the clinical results and tunnel width after ACL soft tissue fixation in the tibia with the RetroScrew. Methods. Fifty-nine patients who underwent ACL reconstruction performed by two surgeons using the RetroScrew device returned for postoperative evaluation at an average of 25 months following surgery with a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Clinical evaluation, SF-36, IKDC and KT-1000 scores were recorded, and knee radiographs were used to measure tibial tunnel widening. Thirty-five patients had backup antegrade screw fixation in conjunction with the RetroScrew, and 24 patients had RetroScrew fixation alone. The results were compared to two previously reported studies on ACL reconstruction with Achilles tendon allograft that used antegrade screws. Results. The average IKDC score was 87 (range: 44-100), with mean KT-1000 side-to-side difference of 1.2 mm (range: 0-5 mm). Tibial tunnel widening was 4.93 mm (SD 3.32) on AP radiographs and 4.40 mm (SD 2.72) on lateral radiographs greater than the native tunnel drilling. Patients with additional backup fixation had significantly more tunnel widening than patients without backup fixation (P < 0.05). There was one failure based on KT-1000 measurements. When compared to previous studies using ACL allografts, RetroScrew patients had statistically superior Lachman exams, KT-1000 side-to-side differences and decreased tibial tunnel widening (P < 0.05) when antegrade fixation was excluded. Conclusion. Patients who underwent Achilles allograft ACL reconstruction with the RetroScrew had improved clinical results compared to historical controls using antegrade fixation. Tibial tunnel widening was increased when using additional antegrade screw fixation, suggesting that the amount of bioabsorbable material within the tibial tunnel was related to the degree of tunnel widening.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 02/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1008380
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Exercise as an important part of life for the health and wellness of children and adults. Inducible laryngeal obstruction (ILO) is a consensus term used to describe a group of disorders previously called vocal cord dysfunction, paradoxical vocal fold motion, and numerous other terms. Exercise--ILO can impair one's ability to exercise, can be confused with asthma, leading to unnecessary prescription of asthma controller and rescue medication, and results in increased healthcare resource utilization including (rarely) emergency care. It is characterized by episodic shortness of breath and noisy breathing that generally occurs at high work rates. The present diagnostic gold standard for all types of ILO is laryngoscopic visualization of inappropriate glottic or supraglottic movement resulting in airway narrowing during a spontaneous event or provocation challenge. A number of different behavioral techniques, including speech therapy, biofeedback, and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, may be appropriate to treat individual patients. A consensus nomenclature, which will allow for better characterization of patients, coupled with new diagnostic techniques, may further define the epidemiology and etiology of ILO as well as enable objective evaluation of therapeutic modalities.
    The Physician and sportsmedicine 02/2015; DOI:10.1080/00913847.2015.1007026