Water Air and Soil Pollution (WATER AIR SOIL POLL )

Publisher: Springer Verlag


Water Air & Soil Pollution is an international interdisciplinary journal on all aspects of pollution and solutions to pollution in the biosphere. This includes chemical physical and biological processes affecting flora fauna water air and soil in relation to environmental pollution. Because of its scope the subject areas are diverse and include all aspects of pollution sources transport deposition accumulation acid precipitation atmospheric pollution metals aquatic pollution including marine pollution and ground water waste water pesticides soil pollution sewage sediment pollution forestry pollution effects of pollutants on humans vegetation fish aquatic species micro-organisms animals ecological implications of pollution and pollution models. Water Air & Soil Pollution also publishes manuscripts on methods used in the study of environmental pollutants environmental toxicology environmental biology environmental engineering related to pollution biodiversity as influenced by pollution environmental biotechnology as applied to pollution (e.g. bioremediation) environmental modelling and biorestoration of polluted environments. Water Air & Soil Pollution publishes research letters (short communications of significant research generally not exceeding six journal pages) regular papers reviews and book reviews. Special and topical issues are published in the companion journal Water Air & Soil Pollution: Focus .

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    Water, Air, and Soil Pollution website
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    Water, air, and soil pollution, Water, air, & soil pollution
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Springer Verlag

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The diversity and spatial structure of soil fungi (SF) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) communities in the southern taiga forest litter were studied in sites with two contrasting contamination levels with copper smelter emissions. The operational taxonomic unit richness and evenness in the communities of both target groups decreased under contamination. The community structure of contaminated and control areas differed for SF, whereas they were similar for AMF. According to spatial structure analysis results on a scale of tens of meters, a gradual change of composition with distance was revealed for the SF community within 30-m intervals in the control sites. No spatial autocorrelation was found for AMF in the control sites. However, pronounced patchiness was characteristic of both SF and AMF communities within 10 m of contaminated sites. In the contaminated area, no specific spatial structure determinants of the studied communities was found among environmental factors such as water content, heavy metal concentrations in the forest litter, sample plot localization relative to canopy density, and herb vegetation diversity and abundance. However, in the control sites, AMF richness depended on herb abundance and litter chemistry.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Two lakes, one from the remote high altitude on the southern slope of the Himalaya (Lake Gosainkunda) and another from the urban mid-hill area (Lake Phewa) were studied for evaluating anthropogenic inputs of the pollutants, particularly mercury (Hg) and other trace elements (TEs) (such as Al, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb).A total of 77 water samples, 24 from Lake Gosainkunda and 53 from Lake Phewa were collected from different depth profile during October/November 2010. Concentrations of Hg were significantly higher in Lake Gosainkunda compared to Lake Phewa probably due tolong-range transport of Hg and its deposition on high altitudes of the Himalayas, in addition to the probable natural geological sources. Some of the TEs(such as Al, V, Cr, Mn, Fe and Co)show crustal origin in Lake Gosainkunda, whereas others such as Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb indicatepossible anthropogenic origin (EF>4). On the other hand, Al, V, Cr, Ni and Cu show crustal origin in Lake Phewa and the remaining TEs (Mn, Fe, Co, Zn, Cd and Pb) showed high EF values relative to the crustal elements suggesting potential anthropogenic inputs of the pollutants.The study further indicates that two studied lakes have different potential sources for Mn, Fe, Co, Ni and Cu regarding TE pollution. A high enrichment of Cd and Pb in high altitude lake (with less anthropogenic activities) compared to the low altitude lake (with high anthropogenic activities) indicates atmospheric long-range transportation of the pollutants in remote areas of the Himalayas which might be possible as air masses pass through the industrial areas and deposit in the high altitudes.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 12/2014; Accepted.
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    ABSTRACT: Acid mine drainage (AMD) poses serious environmental problems. This study assessed the effect of plant age, rhizosphere bacteria, and citric acid (CA) on the metal plaque formation and metal uptake in Phragmites australis cultured in a synthetic AMD solution. Iron-oxidizing bacteria (Fe(II)OB) enhanced the formation of Fe plaque, which slightly decreased Fe and Mn uptake. CA reduced the growth of Fe(II)OB and formation of Fe plaque, thereby increasing the Fe and Mn accumulations in reeds. Adult reeds had developed more Fe plaque on the root surface than seedlings. However, the adult reeds still accumulated higher concentrations of metals due to their higher tolerance to toxic environments and bigger biomass. With 9.02 g/L CA, adult reeds accumulated 0.51 ± 0.00 mg Mn, 109.38 ± 1.37 mg Fe, and 1.77 ± 0.04 mg Al. More investigation may be needed to further study the effect of CA when applied to AMD-contaminated field.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 12/2014; 226(1).
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    ABSTRACT: The composition of zooplankton, benthic macroinvertebrate (BMI) and forage fish communities of 20 lakes in and near Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site were evaluated as part of Environment Canada’s Acid Rain Biomonitoring Program. The pH of study lakes ranged from 4.3 to 6.6. Lake pH was positively correlated with alkalinity, calcium and magnesium concentrations and negatively correlated with colour, aluminium, total organic carbon and nitrogen. Gradients in overall BMI community composition and total BMI richness were strongly related to the gradient in pH, but the composition of zooplankton and forage fish communities were more strongly related to other environmental parameters such as elevation. Potential indicator species for future acid rain monitoring included Daphnia catawba, the amphipod Hyalella azteca, pill/pea clams Pisidium casertanum and Pisidium ferrugineum and larval water scavenger beetle Berosus. These chemical and biological data provide a baseline for future evaluation of the continued effects of anthropogenic deposition to this acid-sensitive region of Atlantic Canada.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 11/2014; 225(12):2211.
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    ABSTRACT: With industrialization, great amounts of trace elements and heavy metals have been excavated and released onto the surface of the earth and dissipated into the environments. Rapid screening technology for detecting major and trace elements as well as heavy metals in variety of environmental samples has been most desired. The objectives of this study were to determine the detection limits, accuracy, repeatability, and efficiency of an X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (Niton XRF analyzer) in comparison to the traditional analytical methods, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) in screening of major and trace elements of environmental samples including estuary soils and sediments, contaminated soils, and biological samples. XRF is a fast and non-destructive method for measuring the total concentration of multi-elements simultaneously. Contrary to ICP-OES, XRF analyzer is characterized by the limited preparation required for solid samples, non-destructive analysis, increased total speed and high throughout, decreased production of hazardous waste, and low running costs as well as multi-elemental determination and portability in the fields. The current comparative study demonstrates that XRF is a good rapid, non-destructive screening method for contaminated soils, sediments, and biological samples containing high concentrations of major and trace elements. Unfortunately, XRF does not have sensitive detection limits for most trace elements as ICP-OES, but it may serve as a rapid screening tool for locating hot spots in uncontaminated field soils and sediments, such as in the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge site.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 11/2014; 225(12):2169.
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    ABSTRACT: In the research in this paper we investigate spatial and temporal variations in the composition of wastewater near Croatian highways in three climatic regions (continental, Mediterranean, highland) during three seasons (autumn, winter and spring). In our paper the spatial division of the investigated areas that pertain to the three afore-mentioned climatic regions was obtained using the method of hierarchical clustering of monitored locations. By methods of principal components, factor analysis and hierarchical clustering of variables we grouped the variables into factors. Whereas 60% of variation in the data was explained by three principal components, six principal components accounted for 88% of data variation. The key section of our research was conducted by the decision trees method. For the purpose of analysis we classified 1533 samples into three classes representing climatic regions separately for each season and obtained the accuracy of 76-90% on test samples. Finally, using decision trees we identified the most important variables that differentiate climatic regions by the level of contamination of water along highways in different seasons.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 10/2014;
  • Water Air and Soil Pollution 10/2014; 225(11).
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    ABSTRACT: Effect of biochar, derived from unfertilized dates, on the immobilization of Cd and Ni, in a sandy loam alkaline soil, was investigated. The biochar was applied to the soil columns at the rate of 0.5, 1, and 2 % (w/w) artificially polluted with 10 mg kg−1 Cd and 100 mg kg−1 Ni. After 1 month incubation of soilbiochar mixture under ambient conditions, the soil bulk density was reduced by 0.19 g cm−3 as compared with no biochar addition with increase in soil pH. A reduction of 53%in the NH4NO3-extractable soilNi was recorded as compared with the corresponding control without biochar addition. After incubation, the water-soluble Ni and NH4NO3-extractable soil Cd and Ni contents were significantly lower in all the biochar treatments than the control. A reduction of 53 % in the NH4NO3- extractable soil Ni was recorded as compared with the corresponding control. The biochar content separated from the incubated soil showed low concentrations of NH4NO3-extractable Cd and Ni. The total Ni and Cd contents recovered from biochar samples after incubation were 35.2 and 3.7 mg kg−1, respectively. Their contents in soil were substantially reduced by the incorporation of biochar amendment (114 to 57.2 mg kg−1 Ni, 9 to 5.6 kg−1 Cd) as compared with the no-biochar control. Therefore, addition of the biochar improved the soil physical properties and succeeded in immobilizing the studied metals.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 10/2014; 225(11):2123.
  • Water Air and Soil Pollution 10/2014; 225(11):1-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Chlordecone (CLD), an organochlorine insecticide, and other persistent organic pollutants continue to contaminate the environment worldwide and have adverse effects on human health through food exposure. Cucurbitaceae take up weathered hydrophobic pollutants from the soil and translocate them to their shoots. As Cucurbitaceae are an important part of the diet in the French West Indies, they are among the main contributors to total dietary intake of CLD. We analyzed the contamination by CLDs (CLD and 5b-hydroCLD) of four cucurbits grown in the field and/or in the greenhouse. Different physiological (crop species) and environmental (soil type, growth conditions) variables were shown to influence uptake of the pollutant from the soil by the crop. Cucurbita species (zucchini and pumpkin) were more contaminated than Cucumis sativus (cucumber), and Sechium edule (christophine or chayote) translocated CLDs to fruits very poorly compared with cucumber and pumpkin. Greenhouse conditions and non-allophanic (nitisols and ferralsols) soils favored plant contamination more than field conditions and allophanic soils (andosols).
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 10/2014; 225(10):225:2153.
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    ABSTRACT: Tropospheric ozone (O3) has long been documented to cause an injury to plants, but a plants’ protectant, widely applicable in agronomical practice, does not exist. We evaluated the potential antiozonate efficacy of the antitranspirant di-1-p-menthene (Vapor Gard) compared with ethylenediurea (EDU) on Bel-W3 tobacco plants. Plants were treated either with water, or by EDU (10, 100, and 500 mg dm−3), or by vapor (1, 5, 10, and 50 ml dm−3) and were exposed either to O3-enriched (90 ppb) or O3-free air, for 12 days and 8 h day−1. EDU when applied at 10 mg dm−3 did not protect the plants against O3, but when applied at 100 and 500 mg dm−3 offered a significant protection to the plants. Vapor, when applied at 1 ml dm−3 did not protect the plants against O3, neither by terms of foliar visible injury nor by terms of aboveground biomass. In addition, when applied at 10 and 50 ml dm−3 caused phytotoxicity to all the plants, which it was expressed as necrotic spots on the leaves’ surface, misshaping of the leaves, or short plants' height. It is obvious that vapor does not protect Bel-W3 tobacco plants against O3. The antiozonate role of di-1-p-menthene is species-specific and probably occurs only under short-term exposures.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 09/2014; 225(10):2139.
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    ABSTRACT: The contamination of hazardous metal(loid) is one of the serious environmental and human health risks. This study isolated a total of 40 cadmium (Cd)- and arsenic (As)-resistant bacterial isolates from coastal sediments by pour plate technique using tryptic soy agar supplemented with Cd or As (50 mg l−1) for use as metal(loid) bioremediation agents. Out of 40, 4 isolates, RCd3, RCd6, RAs7, and RAs10, showed a relatively higher growth rate in Cd- or As-supplemented culture media which were selected for further study. The selected isolates showed a high minimum inhibitory concentration (60–400 mg l−1 for Cd and 400–2200 mg l−1 for As), which demonstrated their remarkable Cd and As resistance capabilities. The metal(loid) removal efficiencies (0.032–0.268 μg Cd h−1 mg−1 and 0.0003–0.0172 μg As h−1 mg−1 [wet weight cell]) of selected isolates indicated their greater magnitude in absorbing Cd compared to As from water. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rDNA sequences revealed that isolates RCd3, RCd6, RAs7, and RAs10 were closely related to Acinetobacter brisouii, Pseudomonas abietaniphila, Exiguobacterium aestuarii, and Planococcus rifietoensis, respectively. Because of high Cd and As resistance and removal efficiency, the selected isolates can survive in a high metal(loid)-contaminated environment and could be a potential tool for bioremediation of high metal(loid)-contaminated effluents to protect the aquatic environment.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 09/2014; 225:2151.