Water Air and Soil Pollution (WATER AIR SOIL POLL )

Publisher: Springer Verlag


Water Air & Soil Pollution is an international interdisciplinary journal on all aspects of pollution and solutions to pollution in the biosphere. This includes chemical physical and biological processes affecting flora fauna water air and soil in relation to environmental pollution. Because of its scope the subject areas are diverse and include all aspects of pollution sources transport deposition accumulation acid precipitation atmospheric pollution metals aquatic pollution including marine pollution and ground water waste water pesticides soil pollution sewage sediment pollution forestry pollution effects of pollutants on humans vegetation fish aquatic species micro-organisms animals ecological implications of pollution and pollution models. Water Air & Soil Pollution also publishes manuscripts on methods used in the study of environmental pollutants environmental toxicology environmental biology environmental engineering related to pollution biodiversity as influenced by pollution environmental biotechnology as applied to pollution (e.g. bioremediation) environmental modelling and biorestoration of polluted environments. Water Air & Soil Pollution publishes research letters (short communications of significant research generally not exceeding six journal pages) regular papers reviews and book reviews. Special and topical issues are published in the companion journal Water Air & Soil Pollution: Focus .

Impact factor 1.69

  • Hide impact factor history
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
  • Cited half-life
  • Immediacy index
  • Eigenfactor
  • Article influence
  • Website
    Water, Air, and Soil Pollution website
  • Other titles
    Water, air, and soil pollution, Water, air, & soil pollution
  • ISSN
  • OCLC
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite the decreased emission loads of mercury, historical deposits of this metal in various compartments of the environment may become an additional diffuse source in the future. Global climate change manifests itself in the temperate zone in several ways: warmer winters, shorter icing periods, increased precipitation and heightened frequency of extreme events such as strong gales and floods, all of which cause disturbances in the rate and direction of mercury biogeochemical cycling. The present study was conducted at two sites, Oslonino and Gdynia Orlowo (both in the coastal zone of the Gulf of Gdansk), from which samples were collected once a month between January 2012 and December 2012. In the Southern Baltic region, climate changes can certainly enhance coast to basin fluxes of mercury and the transfer of bioavailable forms of this metal to the food web. They may also, in the future, contribute to uncontrollable increases of mercury in the seawater.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 01/2015; 226:2248.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The diversity and spatial structure of soil fungi (SF) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) communities in the southern taiga forest litter were studied in sites with two contrasting contamination levels with copper smelter emissions. The operational taxonomic unit richness and evenness in the communities of both target groups decreased under contamination. The community structure of contaminated and control areas differed for SF, whereas they were similar for AMF. According to spatial structure analysis results on a scale of tens of meters, a gradual change of composition with distance was revealed for the SF community within 30-m intervals in the control sites. No spatial autocorrelation was found for AMF in the control sites. However, pronounced patchiness was characteristic of both SF and AMF communities within 10 m of contaminated sites. In the contaminated area, no specific spatial structure determinants of the studied communities was found among environmental factors such as water content, heavy metal concentrations in the forest litter, sample plot localization relative to canopy density, and herb vegetation diversity and abundance. However, in the control sites, AMF richness depended on herb abundance and litter chemistry.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The disposal of Potentially Toxic-Element (PTE)-loaded sludge that is produced during industrial or commercial wastewater treatments evoke concerns because of the probability of hazardous environmental consequences. In the current work, we proposed a chelant-assisted decontamination technique of the laboratory-produced PTE-loaded (As, Cd, Pb) polymeric-Fe-coated sludge and subsequent recovery of the chelants and PTEs. The chelant options include both biodegradable (EDDS, GLDA and HIDS) and non-biodegradable (EDTA) alternatives. The washing performance was compared and discussed in terms of the solution pH and relative stabilities of the complexes of PTEs and chelants in solution. The changes in solution pH or chelants have no significant effect on the chelant-induced removal efficiency of Cd, and the same result was observed for Pb at extreme and moderate acidic pH. The As-extraction rate is also improved with chelant in the solution despite a limited interaction between the chelant and the arsenic species in the solution. The column-packed solid-phase extraction (SPE) system, which was equipped with macrocycle, chelating resin, or ion-exchange resin, was used to explore the corresponding separation performance of the PTEs and chelant. The macrocycle-equipped SPE system shows better selectivity than other SPEs in terms of extraction and recovery performance of the PTEs regardless of the chelants. Some unique points of the proposed process are minimum environmental burden due to the use of biodegradable materials in the washing solution and cost minimization by recycling the ingredients.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 01/2015; (Article In Press).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two lakes, one from the remote high altitude on the southern slope of the Himalaya (Lake Gosainkunda) and another from the urban mid-hill area (Lake Phewa) were studied for evaluating anthropogenic inputs of the pollutants, particularly mercury (Hg) and other trace elements (TEs) (such as Al, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb).A total of 77 water samples, 24 from Lake Gosainkunda and 53 from Lake Phewa were collected from different depth profile during October/November 2010. Concentrations of Hg were significantly higher in Lake Gosainkunda compared to Lake Phewa probably due tolong-range transport of Hg and its deposition on high altitudes of the Himalayas, in addition to the probable natural geological sources. Some of the TEs(such as Al, V, Cr, Mn, Fe and Co)show crustal origin in Lake Gosainkunda, whereas others such as Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb indicatepossible anthropogenic origin (EF>4). On the other hand, Al, V, Cr, Ni and Cu show crustal origin in Lake Phewa and the remaining TEs (Mn, Fe, Co, Zn, Cd and Pb) showed high EF values relative to the crustal elements suggesting potential anthropogenic inputs of the pollutants.The study further indicates that two studied lakes have different potential sources for Mn, Fe, Co, Ni and Cu regarding TE pollution. A high enrichment of Cd and Pb in high altitude lake (with less anthropogenic activities) compared to the low altitude lake (with high anthropogenic activities) indicates atmospheric long-range transportation of the pollutants in remote areas of the Himalayas which might be possible as air masses pass through the industrial areas and deposit in the high altitudes.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 12/2014; Accepted.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The performance of a laboratory-scale biofilter packed with a mixture of compost and woodchip on formaldehyde removal from polluted air streams was investigated. The reactor was inoculated with aerobic sludge as a source of bacteria, obtained from a municipal wastewater treatment plant. A nutrient solution was daily added to the reactor media. An airflow containing different concentrations of formaldehyde (from 20 ± 2 to 276 ± 5 mg m−3) was introduced into the reactor. In inlet formaldehyde concentration, an average removal efficiency and elimination capacity of 91 % and 0.36 g m−3 h−1 were attained, respectively, at180 s empty bed residence time (EBRT). After acclimatization of the system for increased formaldehyde concentrations of up to 276 ± 5 mg m−3 and for EBRT of 180 s, those values were stabilized at around 72 % and 3.98g−3 h−1, respectively. The experimental results showed that the system was effective for a high loading rate of formaldehyde with an acceptable EBRT. Compared to the application of compost alone as a media, a mixture of compost and woodchip (50/50 v/v%) enhanced the performance of the biofilter. The most predominant microorganism involved in the biodegradation of formaldehyde was a species of citrobacter called Citrobacter freundii, an aerobic gram-negative bacillus. Pressure drop of the reactor over the entire operations was about 1 mmH2O m−1.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 12/2014; 226(1).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A novel alginate–montmorillonite biopolymer-clay composite bead formulation for water defluoridation was developed in this study. Montmorillonite was dispersed alginate solution, and the mixture was cross-linked in an aqueous solution of aluminum(III). The resulting cross-linked beads were characterized using FTIR, SEM, and mechanical measurements. In order to reveal the defluoridation capacity of the beads, batch adsorption experiments were carried out. Optimum conditions and effect of competing ions were investigated. Experimental data were modeled using several isothermal, kinetic, and thermodynamic models. Maximum Langmuir adsorption capacity was reached as 31.0 mg g−1 at 25 °C. It is also found that the adsorption is physical in nature and follows the Elovich kinetic model, and the fluoride removal efficiency is not affected by the presence of most competing anions. The results show that aluminum alginate–montmorillonite composite beads can be used as effective and natural sorbents for fluoride removal from water.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 12/2014; 226(1).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bacterial antibiotic resistance has long been a public health concern worldwide. Although antibiotic abuse highly correlates with occurrence of resistant pathogens in hot spots like animal feedlots, it remains obscure how frequently these resistance genotypes would emerge and/or retain in natural circumstances. In this study, we monitored seven antibiotic resistance genes in various surface waters. All seven resistance genes were detectable in Puzih River samples, including strA (40.6 %), cmlA (29.7 %), blaTEM (9.1 %), tet(B) (8.5 %), sul1 (7.9 %), mecA (3.6 %), and tet(A) (2.4 %). Among these genes, strA was observed in four out of five sampling occasions during the 1.5-year monitoring period and most of the genes were detected at least two times over five samplings. These results imply that surface waters in Taiwan act as potential reservoirs for several resistance genotypes. Moreover, high prevalence of tet(A) (92.0 %) and sul1 (96.0 %) in swine farm wastewater samples suggests routine antibiotic usage and particularly, the fodder supplements could indeed be a risk factor to antibiotic resistance in environments. sul1, tet(A), blaTEM, and strA were detectable in domestic water treatment plants and reservoirs, suggesting that several resistance genotypes against antibiotics as streptomycin, ampicillin, tetracycline, and sulfonamides are likely to persist in natural circumstance and may consequently contaminate the drinking water systems.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 12/2014; 226(1).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cr interactions with TiO2 were systematically studied using batch and spectroscopic investigations. Sorption of chromium on TiO2 at pH 4.5 increases with increasing Cr concentration. The sorption of Cr(III) is in good agreement with Langmuir isotherm model, whereas that of Cr(VI) is better accounted for by the Freundlich model. At pH 7.0, however, the uptake of Cr(III) by TiO2 is over 95 %, while the extent of Cr(VI) sorption on TiO2 is much less than that of pH 4.5. These results are consistent with SEM observations showing that precipitates of Cr(III) are dominant under neutral pH. The sorption of Cr(VI) on TiO2 decreases with increasing pH. However, Cr(VI) sorption decreases with increasing ionic strength below pH 4.5 whereas the sorption increases with ionic strength above pH 4.5. These observations suggest that Cr(VI) sorption is sensitive to ionic strength, and Cr(VI) could form weakly bound adsorption complexes at the TiO2–water interface. Phosphate competes with Cr(VI) for TiO2 surface sites during sorption processes, and Cr(VI) desorption accelerates and increases in the presence of phosphate. It is noted that the reduction of Cr(VI) is induced by sunlight on the TiO2 surface, but not detected in acidic solution throughout batch experiments at pH ≥ 4.5 for 24 h.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 12/2014; 226(1).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A kind of volcanic tephra (VT) as abundant natural mineral in China was studied for phosphate (P) removal from rural micro-polluted wastewater. Physical and chemical properties of VT were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectrometry, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The uptake of P decreased with the increase of the initial solution pH, and the optimum solution pH required for maximum P removal rate was 2.0. Zeta potential analyses were carried out to vividly describe the surface charges at different solution pH. The equilibrium data were both fitted well for Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models. Thermodynamic parameters including changes in standard enthalpy (ΔH 0), standard entropy (ΔS 0), and standard Gibbs free energy (ΔG 0) were calculated. The removal of P was predominantly based on ion-exchange process when the initial solution pH in the range of 2.0–6.0. A given dose of VT can be recycled for eight times. VT minerals were attempted for P removal from rural micro-polluted wastewater collected in Shanghai, China containing 50 mg L−1 P, and the removal rate was determined to be nearly 100 % with the capacity of 0.5 mg P/g VT minerals. All our results indicated that VT could be a promising choice for P removal from micro-polluted wastewater in rural area with the distinct advantages of being low cost and environmentally benign.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 12/2014; 226(1).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Eutrophication related to excess phosphorus (P) loadings continues to be an important issue for watersheds in North Carolina and other regions. Identifying the contributing sources of P in nutrient-sensitive waters is important for improving water quality. Prior studies have indicated that onsite wastewater treatment systems (OWS) can be a contributing source of P to surface waters, but more information is needed regarding their contribution relative to other wastewater treatment technologies. The goal of this study was to determine if P concentrations in groundwater and surface water were significantly different in a coastal plain watershed served by OWS in comparison to a watershed served by a municipal sewer system (MWS). Groundwater P concentrations were monitored at ten residential sites (five5 OWS and five MWS) once during each season (four times), and stream P concentrations and watershed exports were monitored monthly for 1 year (August 2011–August 2012). Groundwater in the OWS watershed had higher P concentrations than the MWS watershed. Stream P concentrations and P exports were also elevated in the OWS watersheds. However, the OWS were more efficient at reducing P prior to surface water discharge than the wastewater treatment plant that served the MWS watershed. The site-scale and watershed-scale P treatment efficiencies of OWS were between 73 and 99 %, whereas P treatment efficiency for the wastewater treatment plant was 54 %. While the OWS were efficient at reducing P concentrations and loads, OWS were still significant sources of P exports from the studied watershed. Potential contributions of P from OWS should be included in watershed nutrient management strategies along with other known sources such as agriculture and urban runoff if the strategies are to be considered comprehensive.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 12/2014; 226(1).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Carcinogenic heavy metal chromium, in its hexavalent form Cr(VI) is spuriously used in various industrial operations because of its hardness and stability. Due to lack of proper remediation processes, effluents contain Cr(VI) in large excess of WHO’s statutory limit of 50 μg l−1. In this study, a biosorption-based remediation strategy is proposed for the remediation of Cr(VI) from contaminated samples. The novel bacterial strain Enterobacter aerogenes T2 (GU265554, NII 1111) was isolated from Cr(VI)-contaminated tannery effluent and used for bioremediation studies. The cell-free extract (CFE) was prepared and encapsulated in spherical calcium alginate biopolymeric beads. A semi-batch plug-flow-packed bed made of these beads was used for biosorption of Cr(VI). A remediation rate of 932 mg Cr(VI) m−3 water per day with a sorption efficiency of 93.2 % was achieved. The method exhibited the best results when compared to those reported in the literature. Various isotherm models of adsorption such as Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) were studied. The results predicted adsorption in a multi-layered fashion via physisorption. The developed technology could be considered as green since no synthetic chemical was used for sorption of Cr(VI).
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 12/2014; 226(1).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As a biopolymer-modified building block, a poly-dopamine layer can be utilized with a wide range of inorganic and organic materials for an adsorptive and microbial remediation. In this study, dopamine (DOPA) was used as a structural platform to bind silver onto the surface of kapok fibers, and a composite of surface-modified kapok fibers coated with DOPA along with silver were successfully manufactured. After a silver-coating process, a very strong antibacterial property was exhibited against Staphylococcus aureus with a high antibacterial efficiency, over 99 %, which could last for 48 h in peptone water. Enumeration determination was carried out in a spread plate method. For a comparative study, the antibacterial activity of raw kapok fibers and chemically enhanced kapok fibers with DOPA and silver was also evaluated. The results indicated that the chemically enhanced kapok fibers were very useful in controlling a microbial activity on a surface environment.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 12/2014; 226(1).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The composition of zooplankton, benthic macroinvertebrate (BMI) and forage fish communities of 20 lakes in and near Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site were evaluated as part of Environment Canada’s Acid Rain Biomonitoring Program. The pH of study lakes ranged from 4.3 to 6.6. Lake pH was positively correlated with alkalinity, calcium and magnesium concentrations and negatively correlated with colour, aluminium, total organic carbon and nitrogen. Gradients in overall BMI community composition and total BMI richness were strongly related to the gradient in pH, but the composition of zooplankton and forage fish communities were more strongly related to other environmental parameters such as elevation. Potential indicator species for future acid rain monitoring included Daphnia catawba, the amphipod Hyalella azteca, pill/pea clams Pisidium casertanum and Pisidium ferrugineum and larval water scavenger beetle Berosus. These chemical and biological data provide a baseline for future evaluation of the continued effects of anthropogenic deposition to this acid-sensitive region of Atlantic Canada.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 11/2014; 225(12):2211.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: With industrialization, great amounts of trace elements and heavy metals have been excavated and released onto the surface of the earth and dissipated into the environments. Rapid screening technology for detecting major and trace elements as well as heavy metals in variety of environmental samples has been most desired. The objectives of this study were to determine the detection limits, accuracy, repeatability, and efficiency of an X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (Niton XRF analyzer) in comparison to the traditional analytical methods, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) in screening of major and trace elements of environmental samples including estuary soils and sediments, contaminated soils, and biological samples. XRF is a fast and non-destructive method for measuring the total concentration of multi-elements simultaneously. Contrary to ICP-OES, XRF analyzer is characterized by the limited preparation required for solid samples, non-destructive analysis, increased total speed and high throughout, decreased production of hazardous waste, and low running costs as well as multi-elemental determination and portability in the fields. The current comparative study demonstrates that XRF is a good rapid, non-destructive screening method for contaminated soils, sediments, and biological samples containing high concentrations of major and trace elements. Unfortunately, XRF does not have sensitive detection limits for most trace elements as ICP-OES, but it may serve as a rapid screening tool for locating hot spots in uncontaminated field soils and sediments, such as in the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge site.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 11/2014; 225(12):2169.