Acta physiologica Polonica Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Polskie Towarzystwo Fizjologiczne; Polska Akademia Nauk. Wydział VI--Nauk Medycznych

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Website Acta Physiologica Polonica website
Other titles Acta physiologica polonica
ISSN 0044-6033
OCLC 5285195
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effects of reserpine (Serpasil) and chlorpromazine (Largactil) on preoptic area (POA), supraoptic nucleus (SON) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of hypothalamus were studied in female rats having 4-day normal oestrus cycle. 30 rats were treated with reserpine in three doses i.e. 0.5 mg, 1.0 mg and 1.5 mg/kg body weight, whereas 20 other rats were treated with chlorpromazine in two doses i.e. 5.0 mg and 10.0 mg/Kg body weight. Gomori positive neurosecretory neurons of the hypothalamus were studied by measuring the diameters of nuclei and cells of POA, SON and PVN. When compared to controls both drugs caused a significant (p less than 0.001 to p less than 0.05) decrease in the nuclear and cell size of the neurons.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 10/2013; 32(3):239-45.
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    ABSTRACT: No abstract prepared.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 12/1998; B30.
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    ABSTRACT: The present report indicates that 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) at a single dose causing reduction of Tre has no influence on liver and skeletal muscle content of ATP, ADP and AMP, the ATP/ADP ratio, energy charge potential (ECP) and total adenine nucleotides (TAN). After administration of 2-DG for 3) successive days, the level of ATP, ATP/ADP ratio, the values of ECP and TAN are decreased both in the liver and skeletal muscle. However, 72 hours after the last injection of 2-DG adenine nucleotide contents returned to the values observed in control group, indicating that the in vivo effect of this glucose analogue is fully reversible.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 11/1990; 41(7):76-84.
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    ABSTRACT: Neocortical and hippocampal EEG activity was recorded in 23 rats subjected to the bilateral electrolytic lesions of the diencephalic zona incerta (ZI). The aim was to find whether damage to ZI can replicate insomnia and disturbances in cortical EEG desynchronization and hippocampal theta rhythm found after lesions of the lateral hypothalamic (LH) area. No effect of the ZI lesions on waking-sleep cycle was found. The amplitude and frequency of cortical waves and hippocampal theta rhythm during waking were changed only in some rats. These changes were small, short-lasting and bidirectional (toward and increase or decrease in different subjects). Both the amplitude and frequency of paradoxical sleep theta were depressed in part of animals. Thus the marked EEG changes after LH lesions can not be attributed to simultaneous damage of the adjacent subthalamic region. However, the ZI seems to constitute a part of a larger system regulating cortical arousal and hippocampal theta rhythm.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 11/1990; 41(7):85-97.
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    ABSTRACT: Blood pressure, heart rate, aortic nerve activity and cervical sympathetic discharge were recorded simultaneously in 10 rabbits. Chronic recordings were made with electrodes implanted to the uncut aortic and cervical sympathetic nerves. 1. The alerting acoustic stimulus produced a short lasting decrease in sympathetic activity with a transient bradycardia. 2. In 6 out of 8 rabbits i.v. administration of naloxone chloride (100 mg/kg) diminished or abolished early inhibitory effects evoked by acoustic stimulus. 3. The sympatho-inhibitory system involved in the startling response appears to be independent of the baroreceptor inhibitory reflex and has opposite responsiveness to naloxone. 4. A decrease in efferent sympathetic activity with no accompanying change in the aortic nerve activity suggests some central resetting of the baroreceptor-sympatho-inhibitory reflex. 5. We suggest that the observed autonomic effects following an alerting stimulus are typical for a fear-anxiety drive.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(4-6):199-203.
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    ABSTRACT: In twenty anaesthetized and spontaneously breathing rabbits airway pressures were measured above and below the larynx during tidal respiration through the larynx. Peak inspiratory and expiratory pressures at both sites were recorded in control conditions and then compared to values obtained in the course of progressive denervation of the airways. The two methods of denervation consisted of (1) bilateral section of superior and recurrent laryngeal nerves and of the midcervical vagotomy (horizontal method); (2) right-sided sections of the three nerves followed by left-sided sections (vertical method). Motor denervation of the larynx due to RLNs neurotomy (horizontal method) produced significant increases in intratracheal pressures in both phases of the respiratory cycle. Less prominent increments in pressures were achieved on RLNs neurotomy in the vertical method. SLNs section and vagotomy had little additional effect on airway pressures. Our results indicate that unilateral laryngeal palsy poses far smaller obstruction to breathing than simultaneous bilateral denervation, and that afferent denervation of the larynx has no effect on airway pressures.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(4-6):185-93.
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of hypothalamic hormones in the pituitary portal blood is regarded as the principal factor by which the hypothalamus controls pituitary secretion. In contrast to numerous investigations on hypothalamic hormone release, the regulation of the hypophysial-portal blood flow (HPBF) has been scarcely studied. Hypophysial-portal vessels were exposed according to the Worthington's method [1966]. The 10-min blood samples were collected before and during unilateral or alternative bilateral electrical stimulation of the preganglionic fibers of the superior cervical ganglia (SCG). During blood samples collection the stable systemic arterial blood pressure was maintained by a barostat. The HPBF was estimated according to the determination of the hemoglobin in samples of washed and collected blood from the cut pituitary portal vessels. The mean HPBF was 3.5 microliters/min. Electrical stimulation of SCG. did not change HPBF. This indicates that sympathetic efferents do not participate in the regulation of HPBF under conditions of stabilization of the systemic arterial blood pressure.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(1-3):53-62.

  • Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(1-3):19-24.
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    ABSTRACT: The central effects of pancreatic glucagon and insulin given intracerebroventriculary (i.c.v.) upon sympathetic activity in the cervical trunk and adrenal nerve were examined in Wistar Kyoto rats. Glucagon i.c.v. administration led to an increase in sympathetic nerve activity in both nerves. Insulin injected into lateral ventricle caused opposite to glucagon inhibitory influence on sympathetic discharge in the cervical trunk and adrenal nerve. This two different central effects of glucagon and insulin on sympatho-adrenal system may contribute to glycemia homesthasis.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(4-6):115-21.
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    ABSTRACT: The role of insulin in the control of triacyglycerol (TG) in different types of skeletal muscle has not been fully recognized so the aim of the present study was to fill this gap. The experiments were carried out on control rats, those fed with olive oil or fed with the oil and treated with insulin and on streptozotocin diabetic animals at rest and there after exercise till exhaustion. The level of TG was measured in the white and red layers of the vastus lateralis, the soleus and the diaphragm. It was found that acute feeding with olive oil had no effect on TG level in either muscle type examined. Insulin administered to rats fed with oil increased TG level in the red vastus. Streptozotocin diabetes caused an increase in TG level in muscles with high oxidative potential. Exercise lowered the level of TG only in the red vastus of the diabetic rats. It is concluded that insulin may increase muscle TG level. Accumulation of TG in muscles of rats with acute diabetes is likely to be a result of the high plasma free fatty acid concentration. Acute insulin deficiency did not affect the muscle TG response to exercise.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(4-6):171-6.

  • Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(4-6):213-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) microinjections into the central amygdala (10 g in 0.5 1 into each side) on locomotor activity water intake and dominance behavior in a water competition test was investigated in male Wistar rats. TRH increased the general motility without altering the number of rearings. Intra-amygdaloid TRH injection to submissive rats resulted in a loss of subordinate position in these animals in the water competition test. A tendency to decrease dominance followed the injection of the peptide to the dominant animals. The effect of TRH in the dominance test does not appear to involve influence on the thirst drive as microinjection of the peptide did not change significantly the water consumption in thirsty rats.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(1-3):71-7.

  • Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(4-6):105-13.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the role of muscle chemoreflex in the cardiac response to static exercise the effect of the forearm muscle ischemia on systolic time intervals (STI), heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) recovery following static handgrip was studied in 7 healthy men. During handgrip maintained for 4 min at 30% maximal voluntary contraction HR and BP increased significantly while duration of the pre-ejection period (PEP) and isovolumic contraction time (ICT) were shortened with a significant lowering in the ratio of PEP to the left ventricle ejection time (LVET). Occlusion of the circulation to the forearm muscles for 2 min after cessation of exercise did not prevent a rapid decline of HR or increment in PEP, ICT and PEP-to-LVET ratio while BP remained elevated for as long as blood flow to muscles was restricted. The study failed to demonstrate an appreciable effect of muscle chemoreflex on HR or myocardial contractility, suggesting that input from muscle afferents activated by metabolic stimuli induces the pressor response mainly by the peripheral vasoconstriction.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(4-6):177-84.
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    ABSTRACT: Thermal responses to prazosin (0.75 mg/kg, i.v. as a bolus injection or 3 h infusion) were investigated in febrile rabbits (treated with E. coli lipopolysaccharide, PLPS) at 3 ambient temperatures (Ta) of 5, 19, 28 degrees C. The drug produced antipyresis which increased with the simultaneous drop of Ta. This antipyretic activity was accompanied by an inhibition of heat production or enhanced elimination of heat, depending on Ta. It is suggested that antipyresis produced by prazosin is mainly due to the effector part of the thermoregulatory system.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(1-3):45-52.
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    ABSTRACT: Brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) were elicited by binaural click stimulation and recorded from the rabbits with chronically implanted electrodes and a cannula for intracerebroventricular injection (i.c.v.). 400 BAEPs were averaged off line. The registration was carried out before and after i.c.v. injection of met-enkephalin (2.5 or 25 nmol), naloxone (20 micrograms), or i.v. injection of morphine (1.0, 2.0, 5.0 mg/kg b.w.). Enkephalin caused shortening of interpeak latency time, naloxone caused its lengthening, while the effect of morphine was not unidirectional. Enkephalin caused increase in the surface area below the negative peaks located in the range of 4.5-7.5 ms from the first positive peak, naloxone caused its decrease while the effect of morphine was also in this respect not unidirectional. It is concluded that opiate receptors are involved in the modulation of the auditory brainstem responses.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(1-3):63-70.
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    ABSTRACT: Activities of alanine and aspartate aminotransferase in different muscle types and in the liver of streptozotocin diabetic rats were studied 1,2 and 3 days after administering of streptozotocin. It was shown that the activity of both enzymes was elevated in the "white" layer of the vastus lateralis, in the liver and in the heart, whereas it remained unchanged in the "red" layer of the same muscle, in the soleus and the diaphragm. It is concluded that the effect of acute insulin deficiency on the aminotransferase activity in skeletal muscles depends on the muscle fiber composition and does not appear in muscles with a high oxidative potential. These results indicate that muscle fiber composition should be taken into account when evaluating the role of insulin in amino acid metabolism in the muscle.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(4-6):165-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of ketamine on the activities of the mylohyoid nerve (a branch of the Vth nerve) and of both phrenic nerves were investigated in rabbits anaesthetized with halothane, paralyzed and artificially ventilated. Intravenous administration of ketamine elicited a marked prolongation of the phrenic inspiratory discharge (without significantly affecting its amplitude) and a depression of the mylohyoid expiratory activity. An elimination of the volume-related input from the lungs ("no-inflation manoeuvre") or deflation elicited under these conditions typical apneustic pattern of breathing. The response to tracheal occlusion at peak-inspiration was "classical". We conclude that ketamine inhibits the Vth nerve motor nucleus which is not only an important component of the central inspiratory-inhibitory neurones but also a "relay station" between the vagal and the central inspiratory "off-switch" mechanisms.
    Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(4-6):157-63.

  • Acta physiologica Polonica 02/1990; 41(1-3):1-7.