Urologia Internationalis (UROL INT )

Publisher: Blackwell Publishing

Description

Concise but fully substantiated international reports of clinically oriented research into the etiology, pathophysiology and current management of urogenital disorders form the nucleus of original as well as basic research papers. These are supplemented by up-to-date reviews by international experts on the state-of-the-art of key topics of clinical urological practice. Essential topics receiving regular coverage include the introduction of new techniques and instrumentation as well as the evaluation of new functional tests and diagnostic methods. Special attention is given to advances in surgical techniques and clinical oncology. An expert discussion panel provides an international forum for exchanging ideas on the current management of clinical and technical problems of urologic surgery. The regular publication of selected case reports represents the great variation in urological disease and illustrates treatment solutions in singular cases.

  • Impact factor
    1.07
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    1.02
  • Cited half-life
    6.70
  • Immediacy index
    0.18
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.30
  • Website
    Urologia Internationalis website
  • Other titles
    Urologia internationalis
  • ISSN
    0042-1138
  • OCLC
    66468728
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Blackwell Publishing

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • Some journals impose embargoes typically of 6 or 12 months, occasionally of 24 months
    • no listing of affected journals available as yet
  • Conditions
    • See Wiley-Blackwell entry for articles after February 2007
    • Publisher version cannot be used
    • On author or institutional or subject-based server
    • Server must be non-commercial
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged with set statement ("The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com ")
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • 'Blackwell Publishing' is an imprint of 'Wiley-Blackwell'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The German Research Activities on Natural Urologicals (GRANU) study was a randomized, partially blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial that investigated the efficacy of pumpkin seed in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH/LUTS). Subjects and Methods: A total of 1,431 men (50-80 years) with BPH/LUTS were randomly assigned to either pumpkin seed (5 g b.i.d.), capsules with pumpkin seed extract (500 mg b.i.d.) or matching placebo. The primary response criterion was a decrease in International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) of ≥5 points from baseline after 12 months. Secondary outcome measures included IPSS-related quality of life, IPSS single items and diary-recorded nocturia. Results: After 12 months, the response rate (intention-to-treat/last-observation-carried-forward approach) did not differ between pumpkin seed extract and placebo. In the case of pumpkin seed (responders: 58.5%), the difference compared with placebo (responders: 47.3%) was descriptively significant. The study products were well tolerated. Overall, in men with BPH, 12 months of treatment with pumpkin seed led to a clinically relevant reduction in IPSS compared with placebo. Conclusion: In order to fully justify a recommendation for the use of pumpkin seed to treat moderate LUTS, these findings need to be substantiated in a confirmatory study or systematic review. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: From the late 15th century onwards, cutting for stones in patients' heads to cure mental illness was depicted in European art. The earliest and most famous painting of this kind is The Cure of Folly, painted by Jheronimus Bosch around the turn of the 15th to the 16th century. In general, these depictions are thought to relate to surgical as well as mental health practices of that time. However, it can be questioned whether barber surgeons or quacks cut for stones in patients' heads, and if they did not, what the meaning of Bosch's and other artists' paintings might be. Paintings from the 15th to 17th centuries and historical sources from the history of medicine as well as art history served as a basis for this contribution. The combination of sources from the histories of urology and psychiatry opens a new perspective on depictions of cranial lithotomy. Taking this into account, it does not seem likely that surgeons or quacks cut for cranial stones in early modern Europe. Few therapy options existed to effectively treat mental problems, and, hence, most interpretations of Bosch's picture point to the gullibility of patients as its central theme. At the same time, the depictions of cranial lithotomy may illustrate the limits of the medical profession and an abstract hope for successful psychosurgery analogous to the surgical removal of stones from the urinary tract. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Increased pneumoperitoneum pressure during laparoscopic surgery can result in acute kidney injury. We aimed to clarify whether intraabdominal pressure tolerance is modified in various degrees of unilateral kidney hydronephrosis in rabbits. Methods: A total 90 rabbits were randomly allocated to three groups (group PN, PM and PS, i.e. rabbits with no, mild and severe hydronephrosis, respectively, subjected to intraabdominal pressures). Rabbits in group PM (n = 30) and group PS (n = 30) underwent a surgical procedure inducing a mild or severe left hydronephrosis. Rabbits in all groups were then allocated to 5 subgroups. Then, they were subjected to intraabdominal pressures of 0, 6, 9, 12, and 15 mm Hg, respectively. Acute kidney injury was assessed by measuring serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), tubular cell apoptosis, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and cysteine-rich 61 (Cyr-61/CCN1) expression. Results: Acute kidney injury with increased tubular apoptosis and KIM-1 and Cyr-61 expression occurred when intraabdominal pressure reached 15, 15 and 9 mm Hg in PN, PM and PS groups, respectively. The Scr and BUN levels were similar in all groups. Conclusions: In rabbits, kidneys with severe hydronephrosis were more likely to suffer acute injury when they were exposed to pneumoperitoneal pressure. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To describe our surgical experience and clinical outcome in laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with level 1 renal vein tumor thrombus. Patients and Methods: 11 patients with RCC level 1 renal vein tumor thrombus were treated by LRN plus thrombectomy. The mean age was 66.8 years (SD ±11.313); the mean body mass index was 24.76 (SD ±5.091). In all cases, the surgical technique was defined by tumor characteristics and the surgeon's preferences. Results: Surgery was technically successful in all 11 patients. A hand-assisted approach was performed in 3 patients, while pure laparoscopy was used in 8. The mean surgical time was 108.3 min (SD ±28.284); the mean estimated blood loss was 108.33 ml (SD ±106.066); the average hospital stay was 2.8 days (SD ±0.707). There was 1 intraoperative complication (splenic laceration) that was managed laparoscopically. Pathologic examination confirmed RCC in all cases. There were no positive surgical margins. With a mean follow-up of 29 months (27-39), 2 patients had a recurrence. Conclusion: This report provides further evidence of the technical feasibility, safety and oncologic adequacy of the laparoscopic approach in RCC with level 1 renal vein involvement. A longer follow-up and multi-institutional studies are needed to adequately evaluate its potential oncologic benefit. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Basic science studies of ureteral physiology and pathophysiology are commonly performed on animal ureters due to several limitations associated with human ureteral sampling. In this work we question whether animal ureters are good replicas of human ureteral behavior for pharmacological studies. Materials and Methods: Ureteral rings from human, porcine and ovine ureters underwent the same organ bath protocol. After stimulation with KCl, ureters were subjected to different doses of vardenafil. Basic contractility and ureteral response to vardenafil were analyzed. Results: A different pattern of basic contractility was evidenced between species. Vardenafil administration induced a dose-dependent reduction in KCl-induced amplitude increase in human ureters and a dose-dependent reduction in autonomic contractile rhythm of porcine and ovine ureters. Although animal ureters could predict the relaxant response of human samples to vardenafil, its effect would have been overestimated using only animal models. Conclusions: Human ureteral investigations cannot entirely be replaced by existing animal models since results of the latter will vary significantly according to the tested pharmaceutical agent. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Outcome prediction of pT3 urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) after radical cystectomy (RC) remains challenging. The objective of our study was to determine high-risk patients with poor survival outcome in a heterogeneous group substaged pT3 who might profit from early adjuvant chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: We compiled clinicopathological and immunohistochemical data of E-cadherin (E-cad) expression in 116 patients with pT3 UCB after RC in our single-center series. Multivariable Cox regression models including substaged pT3 established clinicopathological features, and the expression of the predictive immunohistochemical feature E-cad was used to identify independent predictors on progression-free (PFS), cancer-specific (CSS) and overall survival (OS), respectively. Results: No significant differences were found addressing clinicopathological data and substaged pT3. In multivariable Cox regression models, lymph node involvement was an independent predictor for PFS (p < 0.001), CSS (p < 0.001) and OS (p = 0.002), respectively. Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) significantly influenced PFS (p = 0.016). ASA score 3/4 independently predicted CSS (p = 0.049) and OS (p = 0.032). Neither pT3 substages nor E-cad expression were significant prognosticators for survival. Conclusions: In pT3 UCB patients with ASA 3/4, positive lymph node status and/or presence of LVI, administration of chemotherapy should be considered due to the high risk of poor oncological outcome. The immunohistochemical marker E-cad was not an independent predictor. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To increase the safety and effectiveness of treatments for overactive bladder (OAB) with moderate symptoms in elderly patients. Patients and Methods: Patients were examined at the Urodynamic Department of the Regional Diagnostic Center (Vladivostok, Russian Federation) from September 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012. The assignment of patients [n = 177, average age 69. 4 years, 98 women (55.4%) and 79 men (44.6%)] was random and blind in this placebo-controlled study. Patients were distributed into subgroups according to the method of treatment as follows: group А1: n = 57, trospium 30 mg/day + solifenacin 10 mg/day; group А2: n = 61, trospium 15 mg/day + solifenacin 5 mg/day; group А3: n = 59, placebo. All patients underwent a urodynamic examination in accordance with international standards before and 2 months after treatment. ICIQ-SF questionnaires recommended by the International Continence Society (ICS) and bladder diaries were used to evaluate the clinical results. The clinical severity of the OAB symptoms and the effectiveness of the treatment were evaluated based on the frequency of episodes of incontinence (EI) per day. Three or fewer EI per day were considered moderate dysfunction of the lower urinary tract. Results: Groups of elderly patients with moderate symptoms of OAB who were treated with standard- and low-dose trospium and solifenacin demonstrated a significant increase in the median values of reflex volume, bladder capacity, and detrusor compliance and a decrease in the frequency of urination and urinary urgencies. The frequency of EI in both of the main groups decreased by almost 2-fold in comparison to the initial data and reached the following values: group А1: 1.27 (-1.08), p ≤ 0.05; group A2: 1.49 (-1.18), p ≤ 0.05. The correlation with the decrease in the frequency of EI in these groups was r = 0.85 (p ≤ 0.01). The percentage of patients with a significant decrease (EI ≥1.0) among those treated with standard- and low-dose trospium and solifenacin increased synchronously, prompting us to suppose the absence of a direct correlation between medicine dose and therapeutic effect for moderate OAB symptoms. Conclusion: The combination of low-dose trospium and solifenacin provides good clinical and urodynamic effects in elderly patients with moderate symptoms of OAB. Combination of these drugs in standard doses for such patients is excessive. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer (PCA) alter the normal growth patterns of zonal anatomy with changes of prostate volume (PV). Chronic inflammatory infiltrates (CII) type IV are the most common non-cancer diagnosis of the prostate after biopsy. Objective: To evaluate associations of both PV index (PVI), i.e. the ratio of transitional zone volume (TZV) to peripheral zone volume (PZV), and CII with PCA in patients undergoing biopsy. Subjects and Methods: Between January 2007 and December 2008, 268 consecutive patients who underwent prostate biopsy were retrospectively evaluated. PV and TZV were measured by transrectal ultrasound. PZV was computed by subtracting the PV from the TZV. CII were evaluated according to standard criteria. Significant associations of PVI and the presence of CII (CII+) with PCA risk were assessed by statistical methods. Results and Limitations: We evaluated 251 patients after excluding cases with painful rectal examinations, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >20 μg/ml and metastases. The PCA detection rate was 41.1%. PVI was a negative independent predictor of PCA. A PVI ≤1.0 was directly [odds ratio (OR) = 2.36] associated with PCA, which was detected more frequently in patients with a PVI ≤1.0 (29.1%) than in those with a PVI >1.0 (11.9%). CII+ was inversely (OR = 0.57) and independently associated with PCA, which was detected less frequently in cases with CII (9.9%) than in those without CII (21.1%). Potential study limitations might relate to the fact that PV was not measured by prostatectomy specimens and there was PSA confounding for CII and PCA. Conclusions: Low values of PVI are directly associated with risk of PCA, which was almost 2.5 times higher in patients with a PVI ≤1.0. The PVI might be an effective parameter for clustering patients at risk of PCA. CII+ was inversely associated with risk of PCA and decreased the probability of detecting PCA by 43%. The role of the PVI and CII in PCA carcinogenesis needs further research. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To establish predictors of clinical failure in patients operated with radical prostatectomy (RP) for clinically localized prostate cancer (PC) by analyzing the pathological characteristics of positive surgical margins (PSM). Patients and Methods: The RP specimens of 303 consecutive patients operated with RP between 1985 and 2009 were reviewed. PSM were analyzed with regard to the PSM length, location and multifocality and the Gleason score (GS) at the PSM. Results: Of the 163 patients with PSM, 79 (48%) progressed to clinical failure compared to 30 (22%) in the negative-margin-status group. In univariate analysis, a GS at the PSM ≥4 + 3 = 7 (p = 0. 013) and a PSM length >3.0 mm (p < 0.005) were significantly associated with higher clinical failure rates compared to a GS at the PSM ≤3 + 4 = 7 and ≤3.0 mm in extent, respectively. A linear extent of the PSM ≤3.0 mm appeared to have the same clinical outcome as in the group with a negative margin status. In multivariate analysis, a PSM length >3.0 mm remained an independent predictor of clinical failure. Conclusions: PSM length is an independent predictor of clinical failure following RP. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To systematically review the efficacy and safety of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for the treatment of renal calculi >2 cm. Methods: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database about RIRS and PCNL for the treatment of renal stones. The retrieval time ended in December 2013. All clinical trials were retrieved and their included references investigated. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of all included studies, and the eligible studies were included and analyzed using the RevMan 5.2 software. Results: Two randomized controlled trials and six clinical controlled trials were included, involving a total of 590 patients. Our meta-analysis showed that there were not significant differences in stone-free rate (relative risk [RR] = 0.95, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.88-1.02, p = 0.11) and fever (RR = 0.95, 95% CI 0.54-1.67, p = 0.85) between RIRS and PCNL. We found that hospital stay (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -2.10, 95% CI -3.08 to -1.11, p < 0.10) and bleeding (RR = 0.20, 95% CI 0.06-0.68, p = 0.01) were lower and operation time was longer (WMD = 19.11, 95% CI 7.83-30.39, p < 0.10) for RIRS. Conclusion: RIRS is a safe and effective procedure. It can successfully treat patients with stones >2 cm with a high stone-free rate and significantly reduce hospital stay without increasing complications. RIRS can be used as an alternative treatment to PCNL in selected cases with larger renal stones. However, further randomized trials are needed to confirm these findings. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To identify the predictive variables affecting the outcome after radical surgery for bladder cancer by a newer statistical methodology, i.e. nonparametric combination (NPC). Methods: A multicenter study enrolled 1,312 patients who had undergone radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in 11 Italian oncological centers from January 1982 to December 2002. A statistical analysis of their medical history and diagnostic, pathological and postoperative variables was performed using a NPC test. The patients were included in a comprehensive database with medical history and clinical and pathological data. Five-year survival was used as the dependent variable, and p values were corrected for multiplicity using a closed testing procedure. The newer nonparametric approach was used to evaluate the prognostic importance of the variables. All of the analyses were performed using routines developed in MATLAB© and the significance level was set at α = 0.05. Results: A significant prognostic predictive value (p < 0.01) for tumor clinical staging, hydronephrosis, tumor pathological staging, grading, presence of concomitant carcinoma in situ, regional lymph node involvement, corpora cavernosa invasion, microvascular invasion, lymphatic invasion and prostatic stroma involvement was found. Conclusions: The NPC test could handle any type of variable (categorical and quantitative) and take into account the multivariate relation among variables. This newer methodology offers a significant contribution in biomedical studies with several endpoints and is recommended in presence of non-normal data and missing values, as well as solving high-dimensional data and problems relating to small sample sizes. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To evaluate the impact of retrograde pyelography (RPG) in patients treated with ureteroscopy (URS) for ureteral calculi. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients treated with and without RPG prior to URS at a single institution from 2010 to 2013. Assessment of stone-free rates and intraoperative complications. Results: Out of 469 URS, 211 (45%) were done with and 258 (55%) without RPG. Complete stone removal was achieved in 86.8% without RPG compared to 73% with RPG (p = 0.0001). Partial stone removal rates were similar in both groups (p = 0.77). Stone removal was not achieved in 9.3 vs. 22.7% (p = 0.0001), with concordant findings in the distal (7.4 vs. 16.9%, p = 0.007) and the proximal ureter (14.5 vs. 38.6%, p = 0.002). Patients with RPG had a threefold higher chance of an unsuccessful URS (OR 3.05, 1.71-5.43, p < 0.0001) and were less likely of having a complete stone removal (OR 0.37, 0.22-0.61, p < 0.0001). Ureteral avulsions (0%) and ureteral perforation rates were similar (4.7 vs. 3.8%, p = 0.65). Conclusions: Patients treated with an RPG prior to URS had significantly inferior stone-free rates. RPG was identified as an independent risk factor for inferior results. RPG neither facilitates nor diminishes complication rates during URS. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pedal lymphography (PLG) in the localization diagnosis of chyluria. Methods: Cystoscopy was performed in 153 patients and PLG in 121 cases. Unilateral or staged bilateral ligation and stripping of renal lymphatic vessel were performed according to the results of cystoscopy and/or PLG. Results: Unilateral and bilateral urinary excretion of chyle was detected in 123 and 1 case by cystoscopy, respectively. In 121 cases receiving PLG, 100 cases of unilateral fistulous connection between the renal pelvis and the lymphatic system, 18 cases of bilateral fistulas and 1 case of lymphatic bladder fistula were demonstrated. PLG has a higher diagnostic rate for the detection of bilateral lymphatic renal pelvis fistulas than cystoscopy (p < 0.05). 28 cases received renal pedicle lymphatic disconnection only according to the results of cystoscopy, and 3 of them failed (10.1%). While 121 cases had the same operation according to the results of PLG, only 1 case failed the operation (0.8%). Conclusions: PLG was efficient and safe for the localization diagnosis of chyluria, with a higher detection rate of bilateral fistulas than cystoscopy. PLG might benefit the selection of appropriate therapy and improve the surgical effect. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: We conducted this study to determine whether it is justifiable for transplant centers to reject cadaveric donor organs based on marginal organ quality. There is a growing discrepancy between the demand for renal transplants and the number of transplants conducted. For the many patients on the renal transplant waiting list, this translates into increased dialysis-associated morbidity, mortality and a reduced quality of life. Patients and Methods: In our retrospective analysis, we focused on deceased donor kidneys that had been rejected in other transplant centers because of poor organ quality (111 patients) and then accepted for transplantation at our center, compared with a control group consisting of 343 patients. Results: Cold ischemia time was statistically significantly shorter in the control group (11 vs. 12.5 h, p = 0.005). Also, delayed graft function occurred significantly (p = 0.004) more often in the study group (45.9-30.3%). Parameters regarding perioperative data and recipient outcome did not show significant differences and except for 2 time points at 1 week and 3 months, graft function did not differ either. Conclusions: We propose that acceptance criteria for marginal donor kidneys should be expanded. Centers should reconsider their acceptance criteria in the light of these findings as the results of these transplantations may even be much better if the delay due to reallocation and retransport can be spared. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To conduct a meta-analysis examining p53 expression as a potential risk factor in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUT-UC) and to systematically review the available data. Methods: A comprehensive literature review was performed from January 1991 to August 2012, using search engines such as PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and KoreaMed. All retrieved references were manually reviewed, and two authors independently extracted the data. The quality of case-control and cohort studies was assessed using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) checklists. Heterogeneity among studies was examined using the Q statistics and Higgins' I(2) statistic. Results: Of 302 abstracts of original research studies, nine case-control trials fit our criteria for inclusion in the analysis. Of the nine articles included, four scored 'low' and five scored 'modest' in the quality assessment performed according to the SIGN checklists. Analysis of the correlation between different factors and p53 expression in UUT-UC showed that pathologic stage (≥pT3 or <pT3) differed significantly between the p53 and non-p53 groups (OR = 2.720, p < 0.001). Statistically significant correlations were also detected between p53 expression and histologic grade (OR = 4.507, p < 0.001) and female gender (OR = 2.724, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The results of our meta-analysis suggest that p53 expression in UUT-UC was correlated with advanced pathologic stage, high histologic grade and female gender. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The incidence, treatment, and outcome of urethral recurrence (UR) after radical cystectomy (RC) for muscle-invasive bladder cancer with orthotopic neobladder in women have rarely been addressed in the literature. Patients and Methods: A total of 12 patients (median age at recurrence: 60 years) who experienced UR after RC with an orthotopic neobladder were selected for this study from a cohort of 456 women from participating institutions. The primary clinical and pathological characteristics at RC, including the manifestation of the UR and its treatment and outcome, were reviewed. Results: The primary bladder tumors in the 12 patients were urothelial carcinoma in 8 patients, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma in 1 patient each, and mixed histology in 2 patients. Three patients (25%) had lymph node-positive disease at RC. The median time from RC to the detection of UR was 8 months (range 4-55). Eight recurrences manifested with clinical symptoms and 4 were detected during follow-up or during a diagnostic work-up for clinical symptoms caused by distant metastases. Treatment modalities were surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and bacillus Calmette-Guérin urethral instillations. Nine patients died of cancer. The median survival after the diagnosis of UR was 6 months. Conclusions: UR after RC with an orthotopic neobladder in females is rare. Solitary, noninvasive recurrences have a favorable prognosis when detected early. Invasive recurrences are often associated with local and distant metastases and have a poor prognosis. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To compare the treatment outcome of tamsulosin 0.4 mg (TAM) with or without solifenacin 5 mg (SOL) for the most bothersome symptom in male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) with overactive bladder (OAB). Subjects and Methods: Male LUTS/OAB (≥50 years) patients who had a total International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS) of ≥12, I-PSS urgency-related question of ≥2, and quality of life (QoL) of ≥3 points were enrolled. Patients who complained of storage symptoms as the most bothersome were included in the 'storage' group. Patients who complained of voiding symptoms as the most bothersome were included in the 'voiding' group. The change in the I-PSS was compared between the two groups 4 weeks after commencing treatment. Results: In the storage group, 172 were able to finish this study (TAM: 88, TAM + SOL: 84). The improvement of I-PSS and QoL with TAM + SOL was significantly greater than with TAM alone (p < 0.001). In the voiding group, 108 were able to finish the study (TAM: 54, TAM + SOL: 54). The improvement of I-PSS and QoL with TAM alone was significantly greater than with TAM + SOL (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The most bothersome symptom in male LUTS/OAB should be considered when choosing the appropriate medical treatment. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To report 9 cases of en bloc kidney transplantation from pediatric donors in China and share the clinical experience. Methods: From February 2010 to February 2014, 9 pediatric donors (aged 5 months to 6 years) were assigned to us by the modern donation and allocation system after cardiac death. The en bloc kidneys were recovered in all 9 patients. The inferior vena cava and aorta of the donors were anastomosed to the external vein and artery of the recipients (7 adults and 2 children). Alprostadil or enoxaparin sodium was used for anticoagulation. Results: The kidneys attained immediate perfusion after vascular anastomosis, except for one renal artery that developed thrombosis several minutes later, necessitating nephrectomy of the unilateral graft. The other eight en bloc grafts maintained normal function during the follow-up period of 1-50 months and all the patients survived. There were no rejections or other complications. Based on ultrasonography, the grafts increased in size during the follow-up period. Conclusions: These results indicate that en bloc renal transplantation from pediatric donors is an acceptable procedure, and more widespread use could increase the number of potential donors. Splitting of pediatric donor en bloc kidneys for transplantation into two recipients may also be feasible in well-matched cases. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: This study sought to evaluate the clinical outcome after extended sentinel lymph node dissection (eSLND) and radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer (PCa). Subjects and Methods: From August 2002 until February 2011, a total of 819 patients with clinically localized PCa, confirmed by biopsy, were treated with RRP plus eSLND. Biochemical recurrence-free survival (RFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS) were assessed with Kaplan-Meier curves. Various histopathological parameters were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: The mean follow-up was 5.3 years. Lymph node (LN) metastases occurred in 140 patients. We removed an average of 10.9 LNs via eSLND from patients with pN1 PCa. Postoperatively, 121 pN1 patients temporarily received adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy. The mean survival periods for RFS, RFS after secondary treatment, CSS, and OS were 4.7, 7.0, 8.8, and 8.1 years, respectively. The cancer-specific death rate of the 140 pN1 patients was 13.6%. RFS, CSS, and OS were significantly correlated with pathological margin status, LN density, the total diameter of evident metastases, and membership in the subgroup 'micrometastases only'. Conclusion: Despite the presence of LN metastases, patients with a low nodal tumor burden demonstrate a remarkable clinical outcome after undergoing eSLND and RRP, thus suggesting a potential curative therapeutic approach. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;

Related Journals