Urologia Internationalis (UROL INT )

Publisher: Blackwell Publishing

Description

Concise but fully substantiated international reports of clinically oriented research into the etiology, pathophysiology and current management of urogenital disorders form the nucleus of original as well as basic research papers. These are supplemented by up-to-date reviews by international experts on the state-of-the-art of key topics of clinical urological practice. Essential topics receiving regular coverage include the introduction of new techniques and instrumentation as well as the evaluation of new functional tests and diagnostic methods. Special attention is given to advances in surgical techniques and clinical oncology. An expert discussion panel provides an international forum for exchanging ideas on the current management of clinical and technical problems of urologic surgery. The regular publication of selected case reports represents the great variation in urological disease and illustrates treatment solutions in singular cases.

  • Impact factor
    1.07
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    1.02
  • Cited half-life
    6.70
  • Immediacy index
    0.18
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.30
  • Website
    Urologia Internationalis website
  • Other titles
    Urologia internationalis
  • ISSN
    0042-1138
  • OCLC
    66468728
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Blackwell Publishing

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    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • 'Blackwell Publishing' is an imprint of 'Wiley-Blackwell'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To identify the prognostic factors causing persistent storage symptoms following transurethral resection of the prostate in patients with benign prostatic enlargement (BPE). Methods: A total of 116 men with symptomatic BPE requiring surgery were enrolled in the study between January 2011 and December 2012. The patients underwent basic clinical evaluations including transrectal ultrasound, International Prostate Symptom Score and urodynamic study. After 6 months, International Prostate Symptom Score and uroflowmetry were rechecked. The definition of persistent storage symptoms was patients with storage scores >7 points. Logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic analysis were conducted. Results: The 116 patients were divided into a persistent storage symptom-positive group (n = 33) and a storage symptom-negative group (n = 83). Multivariate analysis showed that the degrees of worse initial storage symptoms (odds ratio [OR] = 8.32), small bladder capacity (OR = 4.31), impaired detrusor contractility (OR = 2.96) and age (OR = 1.05) were consistently associated with persistent storage symptoms. Conclusions: This short-term study confirms the positive and consistent correlations between the baseline degree of worse initial storage symptoms, bladder capacity, detrusor contractility and age and the improvement in storage symptoms. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Despite the wide diffusion of minimally invasive approaches, such as laparoscopic (LRP) and robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP), few studies compare the results of these techniques with the retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) approach. The aim of this study is to compare the surgical, functional, and oncological outcomes and cost-effectiveness of RRP, LRP, and RALP. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed in the PubMed and Embase databases in December 2013. A 'free-text' protocol using the term 'radical prostatectomy' was applied. A total of 16,085 records were found. The authors reviewed the records to identify comparative studies to include in the review. Results: 44 comparative studies were identified. With regard to the perioperative outcome, LRP and RALP were more time-consuming than RRP, but blood loss, transfusion rates, catheterisation time, hospitalisation duration, and complication rates were the most optimal in the laparoscopic approaches. With regard to the functional and oncological results, RALP was found to have the best outcomes. Conclusion: Our study confirmed the well-known perioperative advantage of minimally invasive techniques; however, available data were not sufficient to prove the superiority of any surgical approach in terms of functional and oncologic outcomes. On the contrary, cost comparison clearly supports RRP. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (LNU) offers a superior morbidity profile compared with open nephroureterectomy (ONU) in treating upper urinary tract urothelial cell carcinoma. Evidence of oncological equivalence between LNU and ONU is limited. We compare operative and oncological outcomes for LNU and ONU using matched-pair analysis. Methods: Of 159 patients who underwent a nephroureterectomy at a single institution between April 1992 and April 2010, 13 pairs of ONU and LNU patients were matched for gender, age, tumour location, tumour grade and stage. Operative details, post-operative characteristics and recurrences were collated and survival rates analysed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: There was no significant difference in mean operation time between LNU (191 min) and ONU (194 min, p = 0.92). There was no significant difference in the 5-year survival rate between LNU and ONU (overall survival 59.1% vs. 73.5%, p = 0.18; progression-free survival 24.0% vs. 56.0%, p = 0.14; cancer-specific survival 60.9% vs. 73.5%, p = 0.56; bladder cancer recurrence-free survival 8.7% vs. 0.0%, p = 0.09). Conclusion: Amidst limited RCT and comparative studies, this study presents further evidence of oncological equivalence between LNU and ONU. There was a trend towards poorer outcomes following LNU though, which merits further study. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To directly compare the diagnostic performance of targeted MRI-guided biopsy (MR-GB) and systematic transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUS-GB). Methods: Thirty-five patients with at least one negative TRUS-GB, persistently elevated or rising prostate-specific antigen and a lesion suspicious for prostate cancer (PC) on multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) scored by using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) were included. A median of three targeted biopsies per lesion were obtained and systematic TRUS-GB was performed subsequently by an independent urologist without knowledge of the MRI findings. Definite pathology reports were analyzed for anatomical location and criteria of clinical significance. Results: The tumor detection rate was significantly higher with MR-GB compared with TRUS-GB (16/35, 46% and 8/35, 23%, respectively, p < 0.05). MR-GB detected PC in all patients with positive TRUS-GB. All tumors detected by MR-GB exhibited at least one criterion of clinical significance. PC lesions showed a significantly higher PI-RADS sum score compared with benign lesions. Conclusions: MR-GB is more effective compared with TRUS-GB in detecting clinically significant PC in men after previous negative TRUS-GB. PI-RADS scores give additional information and could be part of the decision-making process when considering retrial biopsy. Additional systematic biopsy can be omitted in patients undergoing targeted MR-GB. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is the most common male malignancy. Radiation therapy and radical prostatectomy are the main curative treatment options for organ confined disease. Despite the good long-term oncologic outcomes, roughly 40% of patients undergoing surgery develop biochemical recurrence, manifested as a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Those patients are at higher risk of developing a local or distant recurrence. The diagnosis of a nodal recurrence is challenging. This report is about a 66-year-old male, who had a radical prostatectomy in 2006. Postoperatively, the PSA was never undetectable. Radiotherapy was delivered in 2007, but the PSA rose again. Anti-androgen therapy was started, but he developed painful mastodynia. A ((11)C) choline PET-CT showed an enlarged suspicious lymph node at the left common iliac and a salvage pelvic lymphadenectomy was performed. Postoperatively, the PSA remained undetectable for the last 5 years. The use of lesion - targeted therapy for oligometastatic disease is a new concept in urology, aiming at reducing the tumor burden. Therefore, even though this surgical approach might not be associated with a durable response over time, the tumor load is decreased and further cancer progression might be delayed, allowing to postpone the delivery of hormone therapy. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Aberrant methylation levels in the cytosine-phosphate-guanine island (CpGi) region from exon 1 to intron 1 of the zygote arrest 1 (ZAR1) gene have been reported in several types of human cancers, including melanoma, brain tumor, and hepatocellular carcinoma. In the present study, methylation levels at the CpGi of ZAR1 exon 1/intron 1 in bladder cancer specimens were analyzed using mass spectrometry. Materials and Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from 20 sporadic bladder cancers, and the methylation levels at ZAR1 CpGi were quantitatively examined by the MassARRAY EpiTYPER method. Result: The methylation levels at specific CpG sites of the ZAR1 CpGi were significantly lower in high-grade bladder cancers than in low-grade tumors. Conclusions: The results of the present study indicated a decreased methylation level at CpG sites of ZAR1 exon 1/intron 1. CpGi could serve as a biomarker for invasive bladder cancer. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The German Research Activities on Natural Urologicals (GRANU) study was a randomized, partially blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial that investigated the efficacy of pumpkin seed in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH/LUTS). Subjects and Methods: A total of 1,431 men (50-80 years) with BPH/LUTS were randomly assigned to either pumpkin seed (5 g b.i.d.), capsules with pumpkin seed extract (500 mg b.i.d.) or matching placebo. The primary response criterion was a decrease in International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) of ≥5 points from baseline after 12 months. Secondary outcome measures included IPSS-related quality of life, IPSS single items and diary-recorded nocturia. Results: After 12 months, the response rate (intention-to-treat/last-observation-carried-forward approach) did not differ between pumpkin seed extract and placebo. In the case of pumpkin seed (responders: 58.5%), the difference compared with placebo (responders: 47.3%) was descriptively significant. The study products were well tolerated. Overall, in men with BPH, 12 months of treatment with pumpkin seed led to a clinically relevant reduction in IPSS compared with placebo. Conclusion: In order to fully justify a recommendation for the use of pumpkin seed to treat moderate LUTS, these findings need to be substantiated in a confirmatory study or systematic review. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: From the late 15th century onwards, cutting for stones in patients' heads to cure mental illness was depicted in European art. The earliest and most famous painting of this kind is The Cure of Folly, painted by Jheronimus Bosch around the turn of the 15th to the 16th century. In general, these depictions are thought to relate to surgical as well as mental health practices of that time. However, it can be questioned whether barber surgeons or quacks cut for stones in patients' heads, and if they did not, what the meaning of Bosch's and other artists' paintings might be. Paintings from the 15th to 17th centuries and historical sources from the history of medicine as well as art history served as a basis for this contribution. The combination of sources from the histories of urology and psychiatry opens a new perspective on depictions of cranial lithotomy. Taking this into account, it does not seem likely that surgeons or quacks cut for cranial stones in early modern Europe. Few therapy options existed to effectively treat mental problems, and, hence, most interpretations of Bosch's picture point to the gullibility of patients as its central theme. At the same time, the depictions of cranial lithotomy may illustrate the limits of the medical profession and an abstract hope for successful psychosurgery analogous to the surgical removal of stones from the urinary tract. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Basic science studies of ureteral physiology and pathophysiology are commonly performed on animal ureters due to several limitations associated with human ureteral sampling. In this work we question whether animal ureters are good replicas of human ureteral behavior for pharmacological studies. Materials and Methods: Ureteral rings from human, porcine and ovine ureters underwent the same organ bath protocol. After stimulation with KCl, ureters were subjected to different doses of vardenafil. Basic contractility and ureteral response to vardenafil were analyzed. Results: A different pattern of basic contractility was evidenced between species. Vardenafil administration induced a dose-dependent reduction in KCl-induced amplitude increase in human ureters and a dose-dependent reduction in autonomic contractile rhythm of porcine and ovine ureters. Although animal ureters could predict the relaxant response of human samples to vardenafil, its effect would have been overestimated using only animal models. Conclusions: Human ureteral investigations cannot entirely be replaced by existing animal models since results of the latter will vary significantly according to the tested pharmaceutical agent. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Increased pneumoperitoneum pressure during laparoscopic surgery can result in acute kidney injury. We aimed to clarify whether intraabdominal pressure tolerance is modified in various degrees of unilateral kidney hydronephrosis in rabbits. Methods: A total 90 rabbits were randomly allocated to three groups (group PN, PM and PS, i.e. rabbits with no, mild and severe hydronephrosis, respectively, subjected to intraabdominal pressures). Rabbits in group PM (n = 30) and group PS (n = 30) underwent a surgical procedure inducing a mild or severe left hydronephrosis. Rabbits in all groups were then allocated to 5 subgroups. Then, they were subjected to intraabdominal pressures of 0, 6, 9, 12, and 15 mm Hg, respectively. Acute kidney injury was assessed by measuring serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), tubular cell apoptosis, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and cysteine-rich 61 (Cyr-61/CCN1) expression. Results: Acute kidney injury with increased tubular apoptosis and KIM-1 and Cyr-61 expression occurred when intraabdominal pressure reached 15, 15 and 9 mm Hg in PN, PM and PS groups, respectively. The Scr and BUN levels were similar in all groups. Conclusions: In rabbits, kidneys with severe hydronephrosis were more likely to suffer acute injury when they were exposed to pneumoperitoneal pressure. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To describe our surgical experience and clinical outcome in laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with level 1 renal vein tumor thrombus. Patients and Methods: 11 patients with RCC level 1 renal vein tumor thrombus were treated by LRN plus thrombectomy. The mean age was 66.8 years (SD ±11.313); the mean body mass index was 24.76 (SD ±5.091). In all cases, the surgical technique was defined by tumor characteristics and the surgeon's preferences. Results: Surgery was technically successful in all 11 patients. A hand-assisted approach was performed in 3 patients, while pure laparoscopy was used in 8. The mean surgical time was 108.3 min (SD ±28.284); the mean estimated blood loss was 108.33 ml (SD ±106.066); the average hospital stay was 2.8 days (SD ±0.707). There was 1 intraoperative complication (splenic laceration) that was managed laparoscopically. Pathologic examination confirmed RCC in all cases. There were no positive surgical margins. With a mean follow-up of 29 months (27-39), 2 patients had a recurrence. Conclusion: This report provides further evidence of the technical feasibility, safety and oncologic adequacy of the laparoscopic approach in RCC with level 1 renal vein involvement. A longer follow-up and multi-institutional studies are needed to adequately evaluate its potential oncologic benefit. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Outcome prediction of pT3 urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) after radical cystectomy (RC) remains challenging. The objective of our study was to determine high-risk patients with poor survival outcome in a heterogeneous group substaged pT3 who might profit from early adjuvant chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: We compiled clinicopathological and immunohistochemical data of E-cadherin (E-cad) expression in 116 patients with pT3 UCB after RC in our single-center series. Multivariable Cox regression models including substaged pT3 established clinicopathological features, and the expression of the predictive immunohistochemical feature E-cad was used to identify independent predictors on progression-free (PFS), cancer-specific (CSS) and overall survival (OS), respectively. Results: No significant differences were found addressing clinicopathological data and substaged pT3. In multivariable Cox regression models, lymph node involvement was an independent predictor for PFS (p < 0.001), CSS (p < 0.001) and OS (p = 0.002), respectively. Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) significantly influenced PFS (p = 0.016). ASA score 3/4 independently predicted CSS (p = 0.049) and OS (p = 0.032). Neither pT3 substages nor E-cad expression were significant prognosticators for survival. Conclusions: In pT3 UCB patients with ASA 3/4, positive lymph node status and/or presence of LVI, administration of chemotherapy should be considered due to the high risk of poor oncological outcome. The immunohistochemical marker E-cad was not an independent predictor. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To increase the safety and effectiveness of treatments for overactive bladder (OAB) with moderate symptoms in elderly patients. Patients and Methods: Patients were examined at the Urodynamic Department of the Regional Diagnostic Center (Vladivostok, Russian Federation) from September 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012. The assignment of patients [n = 177, average age 69. 4 years, 98 women (55.4%) and 79 men (44.6%)] was random and blind in this placebo-controlled study. Patients were distributed into subgroups according to the method of treatment as follows: group А1: n = 57, trospium 30 mg/day + solifenacin 10 mg/day; group А2: n = 61, trospium 15 mg/day + solifenacin 5 mg/day; group А3: n = 59, placebo. All patients underwent a urodynamic examination in accordance with international standards before and 2 months after treatment. ICIQ-SF questionnaires recommended by the International Continence Society (ICS) and bladder diaries were used to evaluate the clinical results. The clinical severity of the OAB symptoms and the effectiveness of the treatment were evaluated based on the frequency of episodes of incontinence (EI) per day. Three or fewer EI per day were considered moderate dysfunction of the lower urinary tract. Results: Groups of elderly patients with moderate symptoms of OAB who were treated with standard- and low-dose trospium and solifenacin demonstrated a significant increase in the median values of reflex volume, bladder capacity, and detrusor compliance and a decrease in the frequency of urination and urinary urgencies. The frequency of EI in both of the main groups decreased by almost 2-fold in comparison to the initial data and reached the following values: group А1: 1.27 (-1.08), p ≤ 0.05; group A2: 1.49 (-1.18), p ≤ 0.05. The correlation with the decrease in the frequency of EI in these groups was r = 0.85 (p ≤ 0.01). The percentage of patients with a significant decrease (EI ≥1.0) among those treated with standard- and low-dose trospium and solifenacin increased synchronously, prompting us to suppose the absence of a direct correlation between medicine dose and therapeutic effect for moderate OAB symptoms. Conclusion: The combination of low-dose trospium and solifenacin provides good clinical and urodynamic effects in elderly patients with moderate symptoms of OAB. Combination of these drugs in standard doses for such patients is excessive. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To establish predictors of clinical failure in patients operated with radical prostatectomy (RP) for clinically localized prostate cancer (PC) by analyzing the pathological characteristics of positive surgical margins (PSM). Patients and Methods: The RP specimens of 303 consecutive patients operated with RP between 1985 and 2009 were reviewed. PSM were analyzed with regard to the PSM length, location and multifocality and the Gleason score (GS) at the PSM. Results: Of the 163 patients with PSM, 79 (48%) progressed to clinical failure compared to 30 (22%) in the negative-margin-status group. In univariate analysis, a GS at the PSM ≥4 + 3 = 7 (p = 0. 013) and a PSM length >3.0 mm (p < 0.005) were significantly associated with higher clinical failure rates compared to a GS at the PSM ≤3 + 4 = 7 and ≤3.0 mm in extent, respectively. A linear extent of the PSM ≤3.0 mm appeared to have the same clinical outcome as in the group with a negative margin status. In multivariate analysis, a PSM length >3.0 mm remained an independent predictor of clinical failure. Conclusions: PSM length is an independent predictor of clinical failure following RP. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer (PCA) alter the normal growth patterns of zonal anatomy with changes of prostate volume (PV). Chronic inflammatory infiltrates (CII) type IV are the most common non-cancer diagnosis of the prostate after biopsy. Objective: To evaluate associations of both PV index (PVI), i.e. the ratio of transitional zone volume (TZV) to peripheral zone volume (PZV), and CII with PCA in patients undergoing biopsy. Subjects and Methods: Between January 2007 and December 2008, 268 consecutive patients who underwent prostate biopsy were retrospectively evaluated. PV and TZV were measured by transrectal ultrasound. PZV was computed by subtracting the PV from the TZV. CII were evaluated according to standard criteria. Significant associations of PVI and the presence of CII (CII+) with PCA risk were assessed by statistical methods. Results and Limitations: We evaluated 251 patients after excluding cases with painful rectal examinations, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >20 μg/ml and metastases. The PCA detection rate was 41.1%. PVI was a negative independent predictor of PCA. A PVI ≤1.0 was directly [odds ratio (OR) = 2.36] associated with PCA, which was detected more frequently in patients with a PVI ≤1.0 (29.1%) than in those with a PVI >1.0 (11.9%). CII+ was inversely (OR = 0.57) and independently associated with PCA, which was detected less frequently in cases with CII (9.9%) than in those without CII (21.1%). Potential study limitations might relate to the fact that PV was not measured by prostatectomy specimens and there was PSA confounding for CII and PCA. Conclusions: Low values of PVI are directly associated with risk of PCA, which was almost 2.5 times higher in patients with a PVI ≤1.0. The PVI might be an effective parameter for clustering patients at risk of PCA. CII+ was inversely associated with risk of PCA and decreased the probability of detecting PCA by 43%. The role of the PVI and CII in PCA carcinogenesis needs further research. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To identify the predictive variables affecting the outcome after radical surgery for bladder cancer by a newer statistical methodology, i.e. nonparametric combination (NPC). Methods: A multicenter study enrolled 1,312 patients who had undergone radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in 11 Italian oncological centers from January 1982 to December 2002. A statistical analysis of their medical history and diagnostic, pathological and postoperative variables was performed using a NPC test. The patients were included in a comprehensive database with medical history and clinical and pathological data. Five-year survival was used as the dependent variable, and p values were corrected for multiplicity using a closed testing procedure. The newer nonparametric approach was used to evaluate the prognostic importance of the variables. All of the analyses were performed using routines developed in MATLAB© and the significance level was set at α = 0.05. Results: A significant prognostic predictive value (p < 0.01) for tumor clinical staging, hydronephrosis, tumor pathological staging, grading, presence of concomitant carcinoma in situ, regional lymph node involvement, corpora cavernosa invasion, microvascular invasion, lymphatic invasion and prostatic stroma involvement was found. Conclusions: The NPC test could handle any type of variable (categorical and quantitative) and take into account the multivariate relation among variables. This newer methodology offers a significant contribution in biomedical studies with several endpoints and is recommended in presence of non-normal data and missing values, as well as solving high-dimensional data and problems relating to small sample sizes. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To systematically review the efficacy and safety of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for the treatment of renal calculi >2 cm. Methods: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database about RIRS and PCNL for the treatment of renal stones. The retrieval time ended in December 2013. All clinical trials were retrieved and their included references investigated. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of all included studies, and the eligible studies were included and analyzed using the RevMan 5.2 software. Results: Two randomized controlled trials and six clinical controlled trials were included, involving a total of 590 patients. Our meta-analysis showed that there were not significant differences in stone-free rate (relative risk [RR] = 0.95, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.88-1.02, p = 0.11) and fever (RR = 0.95, 95% CI 0.54-1.67, p = 0.85) between RIRS and PCNL. We found that hospital stay (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -2.10, 95% CI -3.08 to -1.11, p < 0.10) and bleeding (RR = 0.20, 95% CI 0.06-0.68, p = 0.01) were lower and operation time was longer (WMD = 19.11, 95% CI 7.83-30.39, p < 0.10) for RIRS. Conclusion: RIRS is a safe and effective procedure. It can successfully treat patients with stones >2 cm with a high stone-free rate and significantly reduce hospital stay without increasing complications. RIRS can be used as an alternative treatment to PCNL in selected cases with larger renal stones. However, further randomized trials are needed to confirm these findings. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To evaluate the impact of retrograde pyelography (RPG) in patients treated with ureteroscopy (URS) for ureteral calculi. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients treated with and without RPG prior to URS at a single institution from 2010 to 2013. Assessment of stone-free rates and intraoperative complications. Results: Out of 469 URS, 211 (45%) were done with and 258 (55%) without RPG. Complete stone removal was achieved in 86.8% without RPG compared to 73% with RPG (p = 0.0001). Partial stone removal rates were similar in both groups (p = 0.77). Stone removal was not achieved in 9.3 vs. 22.7% (p = 0.0001), with concordant findings in the distal (7.4 vs. 16.9%, p = 0.007) and the proximal ureter (14.5 vs. 38.6%, p = 0.002). Patients with RPG had a threefold higher chance of an unsuccessful URS (OR 3.05, 1.71-5.43, p < 0.0001) and were less likely of having a complete stone removal (OR 0.37, 0.22-0.61, p < 0.0001). Ureteral avulsions (0%) and ureteral perforation rates were similar (4.7 vs. 3.8%, p = 0.65). Conclusions: Patients treated with an RPG prior to URS had significantly inferior stone-free rates. RPG was identified as an independent risk factor for inferior results. RPG neither facilitates nor diminishes complication rates during URS. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: We conducted this study to determine whether it is justifiable for transplant centers to reject cadaveric donor organs based on marginal organ quality. There is a growing discrepancy between the demand for renal transplants and the number of transplants conducted. For the many patients on the renal transplant waiting list, this translates into increased dialysis-associated morbidity, mortality and a reduced quality of life. Patients and Methods: In our retrospective analysis, we focused on deceased donor kidneys that had been rejected in other transplant centers because of poor organ quality (111 patients) and then accepted for transplantation at our center, compared with a control group consisting of 343 patients. Results: Cold ischemia time was statistically significantly shorter in the control group (11 vs. 12.5 h, p = 0.005). Also, delayed graft function occurred significantly (p = 0.004) more often in the study group (45.9-30.3%). Parameters regarding perioperative data and recipient outcome did not show significant differences and except for 2 time points at 1 week and 3 months, graft function did not differ either. Conclusions: We propose that acceptance criteria for marginal donor kidneys should be expanded. Centers should reconsider their acceptance criteria in the light of these findings as the results of these transplantations may even be much better if the delay due to reallocation and retransport can be spared. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pedal lymphography (PLG) in the localization diagnosis of chyluria. Methods: Cystoscopy was performed in 153 patients and PLG in 121 cases. Unilateral or staged bilateral ligation and stripping of renal lymphatic vessel were performed according to the results of cystoscopy and/or PLG. Results: Unilateral and bilateral urinary excretion of chyle was detected in 123 and 1 case by cystoscopy, respectively. In 121 cases receiving PLG, 100 cases of unilateral fistulous connection between the renal pelvis and the lymphatic system, 18 cases of bilateral fistulas and 1 case of lymphatic bladder fistula were demonstrated. PLG has a higher diagnostic rate for the detection of bilateral lymphatic renal pelvis fistulas than cystoscopy (p < 0.05). 28 cases received renal pedicle lymphatic disconnection only according to the results of cystoscopy, and 3 of them failed (10.1%). While 121 cases had the same operation according to the results of PLG, only 1 case failed the operation (0.8%). Conclusions: PLG was efficient and safe for the localization diagnosis of chyluria, with a higher detection rate of bilateral fistulas than cystoscopy. PLG might benefit the selection of appropriate therapy and improve the surgical effect. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 08/2014;