Silvae Genetica (SILVAE GENET)

Publisher: Bundesforschungsanstalt für Forst- und Holzwirtschaft (Germany), JD Sauerlaender's Verlag

Journal description

Current impact factor: 0.28

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 0.278
2013 Impact Factor 0.24
2012 Impact Factor 0.44
2011 Impact Factor 0.778
2010 Impact Factor 0.689
2009 Impact Factor 0.543
2008 Impact Factor 0.667
2007 Impact Factor 0.545
2006 Impact Factor 0.311
2005 Impact Factor 0.34
2004 Impact Factor 0.356
2003 Impact Factor 0.261
2002 Impact Factor 0.244
2001 Impact Factor 0.354
2000 Impact Factor 0.312
1999 Impact Factor 0.513
1998 Impact Factor 0.483
1997 Impact Factor 0.463
1996 Impact Factor 0.491
1995 Impact Factor 0.372
1994 Impact Factor 0.473
1993 Impact Factor 0.275
1992 Impact Factor 0.46

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.51
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.13
Website Silvae Genetica website
Other titles Silvae genetica
ISSN 0037-5349
OCLC 11054817
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

JD Sauerlaender's Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Publisher's version/PDF must be used
    • Upon publication in publisher archive
  • Classification
    ​ blue

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In natural plant populations, the spatial genetic structure (SGS) is occasionally associated with evolutionary and ecological features such as the mating system, individual fitness, inbreeding depression and natural selection of the species of interest. The very rare Mexican P. chihuahuana tree community covers an area no more than 300 ha and has been the subject of several studies concerning its ecology and population genetics. The overall aim of most of these studies has been to obtain data to help design preservation and conservation strategies. However, analysis of the fine-scale SGS in this special forest tree community has not yet been conducted, which might help enrich the above mentioned conservation programs. In this study, we examined the SGS of this community, mostly formed by P. chihuahuana Martínez, Pinus strobiformis Ehrenberg ex Schlechtendah, Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco, and Populus tremuloides Michx, in 14 localities at both the fine and large scales, with the aim of obtaining a better understanding of evolutionary processes. We observed a non-significant autocorrelation in fine-scale SGS, suggesting that the genetic variants of all four tree species are randomly distributed in space within each sampled plot of 50 x 50 m. At the larger scale, the autocorrelation was highly significant for P. chihuahuana and P. menziesii, probably as a result of insufficient gene flow due to the extreme population isolation and small sizes. For these two species our results provided strong support for the theory of isolation by distance.
    Silvae Genetica 12/2014; 63(4):149-159.
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    ABSTRACT: European common ash is an important component of mixed forest ecosystems in Bavaria and is considered a valuable tree species under climate change. The first aim of the present study was to assess the genetic diversity within and between ash populations in Bavaria in comparison with neighboring regions. Because ash stands have been heavily attacked by ash shoot disease in the last few years, the second aim of the study was to genetic differences between susceptible and less susceptible trees (trees with defoliation up to 30%) within populations. Altogether 41 populations were investigated using nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites. The results showed high genetic variation within and high genetic differentiation between ash populations. Higher chloroplast microsatellite variation was detected in populations from south-eastern Bavaria compared to other regions. The comparison of susceptible and less susceptible groups of individuals within each population revealed medium to high genetic differences in some cases. For the observed heterozygosity, higher values were found for the group of less susceptible trees compared to the group of all trees or to the group of susceptible trees within each population. This could be a first indication that individuals with a higher heterozygosity might be able to withstand ash dieback in a better way compared to homozygotic individuals. Within the group of less susceptible trees a relatively wide genetic base exists whereupon a future breeding programme can be built. Thus it is of utmost importance for the species to maintain less affected trees in order to keep the genetic potential for future adaptation processes within ash populations, seed production and regeneration.
    Silvae Genetica 03/2014; 63:198 – 212.
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    ABSTRACT: Engelhardia roxburghiana is a common half evergreen tree with a wide distribution in southeast Asia. Despite its ecological and pharmaceutical values, its genetic diversity is poorly studied. Our objective was to develop nuclear microsatellite markers to investigate the level of genetic diversity within and among populations in the future. Using the microsatellite-enriched library and PCR-based screening method, 12 microsatellite markers were developed and showed polymorphism in a population. The number of alleles per locus for these 12 microsatellites ranged from four to 15. The observed and expected heterozygosities ranged from 0.358 to 0.897 and from 0.369 to 0.886, respectively. The developed microsatellites will be useful for studying genetic diversity and population structure in E. roxburghiarus.
    Silvae Genetica 01/2014; 63(3):109-112.
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    ABSTRACT: A set of 19 SSR (Simple Sequence Repeats), 9 ISSR (Inter-Simple Sequence Repeats) and 5 AFLP (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism) primer combinations were used to evaluate the variability among 53 genotypes of Pinus roxburghii selected based on resin yield from the natural zone of occurrence of this species in Uttarakhand, India. The selected trees of pine varied in resin yield from 0.25 to 8 kg/year/tree. Based on the comparative assessment of SSR, ISSR and AFLP markers, SSR markers were found most polymorphic with an average PIC value of 0.327 and 2.42 alleles per marker, while ISSR markers showed the highest effective multiplex ratio (15.536) and marker index (4.958). AFLP markers showed the maximum resolving power (8.099) which was comparable to the resolving power (8.059) of ISSR markers. UPGMA-based dendrogram using SSR markers revealed more distinct grouping of genotypes on the basis of resin yield as compared to ISSR and AFLP markers. AMOVA by collection site revealed no significant variation among the populations. Whereas, AMOVA by resin yield using SSR, ISSR and AFLP markers revealed F-ST values to be 0.1096, 0.0483 and 0.2422 indicating moderate, low and great genetic differentiation among the groups. This clearly indicated that the variation at the molecular level was attributed to the resin yield and not the site of collection.
    Silvae Genetica 01/2014; 63(3):94-109.
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    ABSTRACT: Rotation-age growth performance of 16 provenances and local growth superiority were assessed from a rotation-age reciprocal coastal Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga rnenziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] provenance test established in the Pacific Northwest of America. Provenance differences for total volume per plot were highly significant. Due to the significant provenance x site interaction effect, the best provenances varied across planting sites in terms of rotation-age volume growth. Local provenance trees exhibited superior volume growth at two of the six planting sites. At the remaining four sites, local provenances performed equally well as average non-local provenances. At the three low-elevation (< 460 m) sites, low-elevation provenances performed significantly better than high-elevation provenances. By contrast, high- and low-elevation provenances had similar growth at the two high-elevation (> 800 m) sites. Southern provenances generally grew faster than northern provenances at the Oregon sites, while northern provenances performed better than southern provenances at the sites in British Columbia. Regression analyses showed that although local growth superiority increased with the geographic distance between provenance's origin and the test site in general (r = 0.47, P < 0.001), it only became obvious when the geographic distance is larger than 435 km in latitude or 370 m in elevation. Significant spatial autocorrelation was found via Mantel test, and geographically or climatically closely located provenances tended to have similar rotation-age volume growth. The results suggested that breeding zones larger than the current second-cycle zones would lead to little loss of rotation-age total volume for coastal Douglas-fir in this region.
    Silvae Genetica 01/2014; 63(3):116-125.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to estimate the abilities of eucalyptus clones to exercise as well as to tolerate competition and to compare their behaviors under auto- or allocompetition. Six commercial clones, belonging to PLANTAR S/A enterprise were evaluated for breast height circumference (BHC), total height (TH) and volume (VOL). At three locations of Minas Gerais, Brazil (two in Curvelo and one in Felixlândia) the clones were planted in two spaces. At 36 months of age each clone was evaluated for exercising and toleration competition amongst each other. The design for each experiment was similar to that of the nine-hole system; the center clone being under competition and the eight surrounding the center clone exercising competition. Each clone under competition was repeated eight times; therefore, for each spacing and location, six contiguous experiments were conducted. From the mean values; the parameters of ability to exercise competition (ci), ability to tolerate competition (tj), the specific competitive ability (sij) and the performance per se of the clones (aj) were estimated using a model similar to that of diallel crosses. The clones differed as to their ci, tj and aj. No one clone exhibited high and positive ci and tj. Regardless of location, spacing, or clone, the performance of autocompetition is similar to that of allocompetition. This indicates that a mixture of clones, if advantageous from the management or industrial point of view, may be performed without harm to the volume of wood produced.
    Silvae Genetica 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A set of eight simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed from 707 Salix expressed sequence tags (ESTs) deposited in GenBank. Each of the EST-SSR amplicons was identical to the original EST, with sequence identity 60.90-96.03% and presence of the expected repeat motifs. Of the eight EST-SSR loci, five were polymorphic among 14 individuals of S. eriocephala, with the number of alleles per locus (N-a), observed heterozygosity (H-o), expected heterozygosity (H-e) and polymorphic information content (PIC) being 2-7 (mean 4.8), 0.29-0.85 (mean 0.65), 0.25-0.84 (mean 0.65) and 0.21-0.78 (mean 0.58), respectively. High rates of cross-species/genus amplification were also observed within fourteen different species. The primer sequences for the eight EST-SSRs have been deposited in the Probe database of GenBank (IDs Pr031820546-Pr031820553). The EST-SSRs developed herein would be a valuable addition of functional markers for genetics and breeding applications in a wide range of Salix species.
    Silvae Genetica 01/2014; 63(3):113-115.
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    ABSTRACT: To select the genetic source of Pinus patula Shiede and Deppe, seed best adapted to different native zones for reforestation, seedlings of 12 provenances native to a selected altitudinal gradient in Oaxaca, southern Mexico, were planted on two sites at contrasting altitudes (high 3000 m above sea level (masl) and low, 2500 masl) within the species natural distribution, and tested for growth in height at age 18, 24 and 36 months. Differences among provenances and between sites showed significance (p<0.05). Seedling growth showed a climatic and altitudinal pattern, in which seedlings from populations originating in low-middle altitudes had higher growth than populations originating in high altitudes, and from the extreme low altitude limit. Results were used to delineate climatic and altitudinal seed zones for contemporary and future climate zones in the decade centered in year 2030, using the average results of six climate-emissions scenarios. The results indicate that splitting the region into four seed zones is appropriate under contemporary climate scenarios with the following altitude limits: Zone 1, from 2300 to 2500 masl; Zone 2, 2500 to 2700 masl; Zone 3, 2700 to 2900 masl and Zone 4 from 2900 to 3100 masl. The equivalence on climatic intervals was also defined for mean annual temperature, precipitation and an annual aridity index (AAI). Values of contemporary AAI occurring at a given altitude by year 2030 were determined, with results suggesting that populations should be shifted 200 to 250 m attitudinally upward, through a program of assisted migration, to realign them to the future climate for which they are adapted.
    Silvae Genetica 01/2014; 63(4):139.