Revue de médecine vétérinaire (REV MED VET-TOULOUSE )


The Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire publishes four kinds of text: Scientific reviews on subjects related to veterinary and comparative medicine. 2) Original reports on fundamental or applied research. 3) Continuous education articles, that should be easily understandable by non-specialists. 4) Clinical reports.

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    ABSTRACT: Les hémoparasitoses constituent une des principales contraintes à l’élevage dans les zones de savanes humides. Une étude parasitologique a été menée dans les anciennes régions des Savanes et de la Vallée du Bandama situés respectivement au nord et au centre de la Côte d’Ivoire. Son objectif était d’étudier la prévalence des principaux hémoparasites. Un total de 660 échantillons sanguins a été prélevé sur des bovins de différents sexes, races et groupes d’âge. Les prévalences des hémoparasites ont été déterminées à l’examen de frottis colorés au Giemsa. Quatre espèces d’hémoparasites ont été observées dans les deux régions : Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma vivax, Anaplasma marginale et Babesia bovis. Les prévalences des Trypanosomes ont varié significativement en fonction du milieu, probablement en relation les conditions de ce milieu (climat, végétation). Nos travaux ont révélé que les prévalences des maladies à tiques (A. marginale et B. bovis) sont aussi bien élevées dans le Nord que dans le centre du pays (supérieur 45 pour cent) avec toute de même des différences entre région. B. bovis est plus présent dans le Centre que dans le Nord, contrairement à A. marginale qui est plus présent dans le Nord que dans le Centre. Parmi les hémoparasites à tiques, seule la prévalence B. bovis a subi l’influence des saisons, elle a été plus élevée en saison de pluie qu’en sèche. L’influence du sexe sur la prévalence des hémoparasitoses n’a pas été statistiquement prouvée. Des études complémentaires en vue d’évaluer l’impact des hémoparasites sur la morbidité des bovins sont nécessaires.
    Revue de médecine vétérinaire 08/2014; 165:297-303.
  • Revue de médecine vétérinaire 07/2014; 165(7-8):201-212.
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    ABSTRACT: The equine influenza virus (EIV) is a major pathogen of respiratory diseases in horses, donkeys and mules. Equine influenza (EI) characterized by a very rapid spread and remains a disease with high economic stakes for the equine industry. The clinical signs associated with infection by the EIV are fever and high dry cough, followed by a mucopurulent nasal discharge. Rapid diagnostic tests have become available in recent years to enable the practitioner to quickly confirm infection and implement control strategies to prevent widespread outbreaks. Vaccination and careful management can limit the spread and severity of disease among groups of horses. In this review will be discussed successively virological characteristics, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
    Revue de médecine vétérinaire 02/2014; 165(1-2):31-43.
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    ABSTRACT: Two agricultural by-products (crude olive cake, OC and a mix of greenhouse wastes of tomato and cucumber, GHW) were evaluated for ruminal dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) degradation kinetics. Duplicate bags containing 3 g ground raw material each were incubated in the rumen of two ruminally cannulated Assaf rams for 4, 8, 16, 24, 48 and 72 h. Rate and extent of ruminal degradation were estimated. Significant effects of by-product type were observed in rapidly soluble and potentially degradable fractions, and degradation rates of DM, CP, ADF and NDF. The rapidly soluble DM, CP, ADF and NDF fractions were 16.19, 15.21, 10.64 and 14.06% for GHW, and 7.21, 6.64, 6.00 and 5.62% for OC. The potentially degradable DM, CP, ADF and NDF fractions, respectively, were 55.82, 62.30, 49.40 and 55.09% for GHW, and 47.61, 44.26, 46.34 and 48.53% for OC. The DM, CP, ADF and NDF disappearance in GHW were higher (P < 0.05) compared to those in OC. Similarly, the effective degradability (ED) of DM, CP, ADF and NDF in GHW were higher compared to OC (P < 0.05). Keywords: sheep, olive cake, tomato and cucumber wastes, in situ degradability
    Revue de médecine vétérinaire 01/2014; 165(3-4):93-98.
  • Revue de médecine vétérinaire 01/2014; 165(5-6):137-143.
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    ABSTRACT: Bovine parafilariosis is a well-known seasonal parasitic disease that has been present for a long time in Asia, Africa and South America. In Europe, reports on bovine parafilariosis are comparably scarce. The reports presented here describe the clinical findings in Parafilaria bovicola infected Simmental cows from two different locations in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Both history and clinical findings were suggestive for the disease, while the diagnosis was set by microscopic findings of filarid eggs in sero-haemorrhagic exudates and adults isolation. Treatment with ivermectin was successful, leading to a good clinical outcome. In addition, phone survey was conducted incorporating large number of veterinarians in the western region of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Only three (10.7%) out of 28 interviewed veterinarians had diagnosed parafilariosis previously. This case report on parafilariosis and the preliminary epidemiologic study give evidence to the presence of a disease in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Revue de médecine vétérinaire 01/2014; 165(11-12):323-326.
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    ABSTRACT: The persistence of infectivity of avian influenza virus (AIV) subtype H6N2 was investigated in faeces collected 5th days after experimental infection (105.25 EID50/ 100 μL) of 4 ducks (Anas plathyrynchos) according to the humidity of the samples and to the ambient temperature. For that, the weights of the ballshaped and thin-layer faeces (0.2 cm thickness) were determined for 3 days and the bacterial microflora and the virus titres using haemagglutination test on allantoic fluids from 6-9 days old chicken embryos inoculated with faecal samples were measured in parallel. In a second step, the H6N2 survival for 18 days according to the ambient temperatures (4°C, 15°C and 22°C) was determined in faecal samples keeping at constant humidity. Whereas the microflora was preserved, the virus was no more detected in thin layer faeces after a 24 hour drying (corresponding to a reduction weight of 72%) whereas virus titres were still around 100.75 EID50 /100 μL in ball shaped faeces (with a reduction weight of 42.7%). When faecal humidity remained constant, the H6N2 virus persisted until 14, 6 and 2 days at 4°C, 15°C and 22°C, respectively. These results suggest that in natural conditions, the persistence of the avian influenza A virus H6N2 in the environment may be promoted by humidity and low temperatures as in winter months.
    Revue de médecine vétérinaire 06/2013; 164(7):343-347.