Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (REV PALAEOBOT PALYNO )

Publisher: International Conference on Palynology, Elsevier


The Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology is an international journal for articles in all fields of palaeobotany and palynology dealing with all groups, ranging from marine palynomorphs to higher land plants. Original contributions and comprehensive review papers should appeal to an international audience. Typical topics include but are not restricted to systematics, evolution, palaeobiology, palaeoecology, biostratigraphy, biochronology, palaeoclimatology, paleogeography, taphonomy, palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, vegetation history, and practical applications of palaeobotany and palynology, e.g. in coal and petroleum geology and archaeology. The journal especially encourages the publication of articles in which palaeobotany and palynology are applied for solving fundamental geological and biological problems as well as innovative and interdisciplinary

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    Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology website
  • Other titles
    Review of palaeobotany and palynology, Review of palaeobotany & palynology
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    Periodical, Internet resource
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    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

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    • Pre-print can not be deposited for The Lancet
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Holocene distribution of nine tree taxa (Picea, Abies, Betula, Fagus, Carpinus betulus, Corylus, deciduous and evergreen Quercus, and Olea) in Italy is visually shown by pollen maps. Hundred pollen sites were selected, percentages were derived from original pollen counts or digitized from published diagrams, and represented on maps in subsequent time windows at 1000-year intervals. The pollen maps depict the Holocene history of Italian forest cover as a complex puzzle influenced by very diverse climate, physiography, edaphic and ecological processes, and a long history of human activity. A reasonably good match between the abundance and distribution of pollen data during the last thousand years and the current tree species distribution in Italy indicates that the Holocene pollen maps may represent a fundamental basis for a better understanding of the modern vegetation patterns, often showing discontinuous ranges and complex distributions. Although clear latitudinal gradients were not detected, regions characterized by high precipitation values hosted dense forest cover since the Holocene onset, while areas with arid climate experienced a delayed increase in trees and a faster decrease during the last four millennia. Fagus, Carpinus betulus and Picea show displacement in their distribution in Italy in the course of the Holocene. Other taxa, like deciduous and evergreen Quercus, and Betula have always occupied the same locations during the Holocene, but show changes in abundance. Abies had a broken distribution in Italy throughout the postglacial. Its populations are currently found within the regions they occupied at the onset of the Holocene. The importance of considering all the available records in their geographical context to reconstruct complex vegetational patterns is discussed
    Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Over the last millennia, the land between the Alps and the Mediterranean Sea, characterized by extraordinary habitat diversity, has seen an outstanding cross-cultural development. For the first time, this paper reports on the census of the Holocene archaeological sites that have been studied as part of archaeobotany in Italy (continental Italy, the Italian peninsula and islands) over the last quarter in a century. Pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs, seeds and fruits, woods/charcoals and other plant remains have all been analysed in multidisciplinary researches. A list of 630 sites has been provided by more than 15 archaeobotanical teams. The sites are located across the 20 regions of Italy, and in the Republic of San Marino (356 sites in northern Italy, 118 in central Italy, 156 in southern Italy and on the islands). They belong to several cultural phases: 321 sites are only pre-Roman, 264 are Roman/post-Roman, and 45 sites cover a broader range of time, present in both time spans. Site distribution is plotted in maps of site density according to geographical districts and the main chronological phases. The reference list helps to find analytical data referring to the descriptive papers that may be scattered throughout monographies and specific books on the matter.
    Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The pollen morphology of the seven known European bladderworts: Utricularia australis, U. bremii, U. intermedia, U. minor, U. ochroleuca, U. stygia and U. vulgaris was studied. Their pollen grains, coming from different populations, were investigated using both light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy to give data on size, shape (P/E ratio), number of colpori and exine ornamentation: important diagnostic characteristics for Utricularia pollen. Within the investigated species, the pollen grains were usually medium sized (~ 30 μm), sub-isopolar, radially symmetric and zonocolporate. For the non-fruiting species U. bremii, U. stygia and U. ochroleuca, the grains were often malformed, asymmetric or in the form of gigapollen or micropollen. A significant number of gigapollen grains were observed in U. stygia while micropollen was observed in U. ochroleuca. The shape of the normal grains was variable from suboblate to prolate spheroidal and they were (10)-11-18-(19)-zonocolporate. The prevalent ornamentations were psilate (on mesocolpi) and fossulate (on apocolpium) except for U. bremii, which had a somewhat perforate ornamentation. The pollen of U. stygia is described here for the first time. A pollen key, based on these micromorphological data, is presented for European Utricularia species.
    Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 06/2014; 205:22-30.
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    ABSTRACT: A wood type preserved in Oligocene sediments of Coayuca de Andrade, Puebla, Mexico, is described and compared to Loxopterygium Hook.f. (Anacardiaceae). Among the characters that sustain this assignment are growth rings are marked by 2–3 rows of flattened latewood fibers. The vessel elements are circular to oval, predominantly solitary and radial multiples of 2, 3. The perforation plates simple, intervascular pits are alternate, oval and polygonal, with lenticular apertures, some of the coalescent. Axial parenchyma is paratracheal scanty. Rays correspondent to the heterogeneous Kribs type IIB and one to two radial canals occur in multiseriate rays. These same characteristics are important to distinguish it from the extant species in the genus and support the recognition of a new species, Loxopterygium andradensii Méndez-Cárdenas et al. The presence of this new species in the Cenozoic of Mexico confirms the importance of Anacardiaceae in the flora and vegetation of low latitude North America, reinforcing the idea that some elements of the Neotropical flora were in North America before the Plio-Pleistocene Great Biotic exchange and that at some point it was important for the diversification of some taxa.
    Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 04/2014; 207(2014):38-43.
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    ABSTRACT: Foulden Maar crater in Otago, southern New Zealand contains a thick sequence of earliest Miocene (~ 23 Ma) biogenic lacustrine sediments that have preserved a rich terrestrial biota. Diverse spores and pollen recovered from a 183 m core through these sediments provide evidence of warm temperate to subtropical environments with high rainfall and cloud cover. Charcoal, burnt and dark-coloured pollen are common in reworked tephra below the lacustrine diatomite. At this early post-eruptive depositional period a diverse regional podocarp/Casuarina/Brassospora lowland forest flora was present, with gleichenaceous ferns suggesting a locally acidic environment, possibly supporting a fire-induced fernland. The regional vegetation soon became dominated by Nothofagus (Brassospora), while a diverse subtropical forest with abundant Mallotus/Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) developed on fertile volcanic soils around the maar. Evidence from palynomorphs combined with plant macrofossils represented in the lake sediments paints a picture of highly diverse lake margin vegetation that included rare ferns (Davallia), occasional conifers (Podocarpus and Prumnopitys), and a diverse array of monocots including at least one palm, two orchids, and species of Astelia, Cordyline, Freycinetia, Luzuriaga, Ripogonum and Typha. Overall, the vegetation close to the lake was dominated by a wide range of dicots, including Aquifoliaceae (Ilex), Araliaceae, Atherospermataceae (Laurelia), Chloranthaceae, Cunoniaceae, Elaeocarpaceae, Gyrostemonaceae (Gyrostemon), Lauraceae (Beilschmiedia, Cryptocarya, Litsea), Onagraceae (Fuchsia), Meliaceae (Dysoxylum), Monimiaceae (Hedycarya), Myrsinaceae, Myrtaceae, Rutaceae, Santalaceae, Sapindaceae (Cupania), Malvaceae, Strasburgeriaceae, Winteraceae and at least ten Proteaceae. Mistletoes, including several species of Loranthaceae were present. Pollen from bur reeds, bulrushes, flaxes, jointed rushes and sedges suggest that there were some swampy, shallow water edges to the generally steep-sided crater. Pollen evidence from alternate dark and light layers, regarded as being biogenic varves from sedimentology, shows no strong signal for differences in summer and winter pollen deposition. Based on palynology the age of the site is latest uppermost Rhoipites waimumuensis Zone to lower early Proteacidites isopogiformis Zone (New Zealand local stages, late Waitakian–early Otaian, ~ 23 Ma), agreeing with radiometric dates.
    Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Among the most prominent examples for the disjunct distribution of xeromorphic-sclerophyllous plants in Macaronesia and eastern Africa–Arabia, referred to as the Rand flora biogeographic pattern, is the “dragon tree group” within Dracaena (Asparagaceae). However, little is known about the evolutionary origin of this iconic group of semi-desertic trees. Here, we use exceptionally well-preserved fossils from western Anatolia to demonstrate range and ecological shifts of the lineage probably leading to some of the modern dragon trees. Compression fossils of apical leaf rosettes and detached leaves of Dracaena tayfunii spec. nov. were compared to modern Dracaena using the architecture of leaf-bearing branches, leaf morphology, and highly diagnostic leaf epidermal features observed with light and electron scanning microscopy. The palaeoecology of Dracaena was inferred using the depositional setting and associated plant taxa. The ca. 16 million-year-old (Ma) Dracaena from western Anatolia shows a character combination restricted today to the Macaronesian dragon tree, Dracaena draco: (1) Leaves are arranged in terminal rosettes; (2) leaves are ensiform, oblong, with a conspicuously dilated base (pseudo-sheath); and (3) leaf epidermis is strongly papillate with sunken stomata overarched by papillae of four neighbouring epidermal cells. Depositional setting, taphonomy, and the fossil plant association indicate that the Miocene Dracaena either grew in seasonally dry swamps within a complex fluvial–lacustrine environment or on adjacent slopes under a humid, warm climate. Hence, semi-desertic modern dragon trees allied to D. draco displaying distinct xeromorphism may have originated from a western Eurasian mesic lineage that had evolved xeromorphic characteristics by the Miocene. The morphology of this mesic ancestor later enabled the lineage to colonize and survive in the semi-desertic environments where it is found today. The new fossil species of Dracaena represents a classic example of pre-adaptation and niche shift.
    Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 01/2014; 200:211–228.
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    ABSTRACT: Research on charcoal remains from prehistoric caves located in the south Adriatic-Sea coast reveals the regional palaeovegetation composition and its strong relationship to rapid changes of the eustatic sea level, during the last glacial–interglacial cycle and early Holocene. We intend to characterize biogeographical conditions mechanically disturbed by the glacial–interglacial transgressive eustatic level, which destroyed the trees and shrubs managed by prehistoric Adriatic human populations. Thus it appears that some ligneous taxa, such as deciduous taxa (Quercus, Prunoideae, etc.) and the genus Pistacia, may be considered markers of the rapid eustatic changes within this littoral environment.
    Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 01/2014;

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