Public Health (PUBLIC HEALTH )

Publisher: Society of Community Medicine (Great Britain); Society of Medical Officers of Health (Great Britain); Royal Institute of Public Health and Hygiene (Great Britain); Society of Public Health (Great Britain); Royal Institute of Public Health (Great Britain), Elsevier


Provides international coverage of preventive medicine, epidemiology, social and community medicine. Key areas include: child health, communicable disease prevention, health promotion and health service planning.

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  • Website
    Public Health website
  • Other titles
    Public health (London, England), Public health
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  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Voluntary deposit by author of pre-print allowed on Institutions open scholarly website and pre-print servers
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and publisher exists
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PMC after 12 months
    • Authors who are required to deposit in subject repositories may also use Sponsorship Option
    • Pre-print can not be deposited for The Lancet
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To examine the trends in prevalence of overweight and obesity, as well as the impact of stunting on overweight/obesity, among rural children aged <60 months in southeast China between 1998 and 2005. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the population-based Child Health Care Surveillance System (CHCSS) from eight counties in southeast China were used. Overweight and obesity were defined as weight-for-height/length z score >2 and >3 standard deviations (SDs), respectively, and stunting was defined as height/length-for-age z score <-2 SD, in accordance with the 2006 World Health Organization growth standard. METHODS: A total of 550,693 clinic visit records of 280,931 children from the CHCSS, collected between 1998 and 2005, were included in the analysis. The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence rates of overweight, obesity and stunting were estimated for each year, and the trends over time were examined. The impact of stunting on overweight/obesity was determined using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight increased from 3.7% in 1998 to 3.9% in 2005 (P < 0.001), but no increase in the prevalence of obesity was observed (0.5% in 1998 and 0.6% in 2005; P > 0.05). The prevalence of obesity increased significantly in 2005 compared with 1998 among boys aged ≥24 months, but was similar between 1998 and 2005 for girls aged ≥12 months. The prevalence of stunting decreased from 3.9% in 1998 to 1.6% in 2005 (P < 0.001). There was a positive association between stunting and overweight/obesity in both 1998 and 2005, although the association was attenuated in 2005. CONCLUSION: There was a small increase in the prevalence of overweight among rural preschool children in southeast China from 1998 to 2005. The prevalence of obesity remained stable. However, the prevalence of stunting decreased and its positive influence on overweight/obesity was weaker in 2005.
    Public Health 11/2013;
  • Public Health 08/2013; 1.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The existence of a negative 'Glasgow effect' on health has been much disputed. Previously, Glasgow's poor health was believed to be due to high levels of poverty. However, more recent studies investigating adult health outcomes have shown an effect over and above that of deprivation. To examine the existence of a 'Glasgow effect' on mental well-being and subjective health of an adolescent sample. Data from the 2006 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children cross-sectional survey were analyzed. Data were modelled using multilevel logistic and linear modelling for the following outcomes: happiness, confidence, feeling left out, self-rated health, multiple health complaints (MHC), life satisfaction and health-related quality of life (KIDSCREEN-10). The models were further adjusted for family affluence and family status, as proxy measures of socio-economic status. The proportions of pupils that reported being very happy, always confident and never left out were greater among pupils in Glasgow compared with pupils in the rest of Scotland, as were mean life satisfaction and KIDSCREEN scores. Frequencies of MHC and subjective health were not significantly different in Glasgow compared with the rest of Scotland. Similar results were observed following the modelling procedures, adjusting for age, sex, grade and school type (state or independent), for all outcomes other than life satisfaction, and effect sizes increased further after adjustment for family affluence and family status. The odds of a pupil in Glasgow being very happy, for example, were 1.48 [credible interval (CI) 1.19-1.83] those of a pupil outside Glasgow. After adjustment for family affluence and family status, the odds were 1.59 (CI 1.28-1.98). An interaction term between Glasgow and grade was not significant for all mental well-being outcomes, although there was some suggestion that a negative Glasgow effect on self-rated health is emerging by Secondary 4. The Glasgow effect may not be all bad. The findings suggest that mental well-being is more prevalent in Glasgow compared with the rest of Scotland during adolescence. Further research is recommended to investigate the Glasgow effect during this life stage.
    Public Health 12/2011; 126(2):96-103.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Most comparisons of health in Europe take place at the national level. However, there is increased interest in looking at health data at a sub-national level. This study aimed to establish the availability of health data at a regional level and to develop a methodology for the comparisons of health indicators at a sub-national level. In previous work on indicators at a regional level in the European Union, the authors recommended the development of such indicators. This paper takes into account the expansion of the European Union which took place in 2004. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study using routinely available data. METHODS: Similar to previous projects, a network of country correspondents was used and data were collected on a similar range of topics. In addition, a supplementary list of data was collected from one region of each country. RESULTS: Twenty-three countries out of the 25 member states of the European Union participated in the study. Where available, data were of relatively good quality. Data on mortality were most readily available, but data on important public health topics such as obesity were much more difficult to obtain. CONCLUSIONS: A database and a set of indicators for relevant sub-national areas of countries in the European Union, including new countries, were constructed. Data collection from the new countries was more straightforward due to the requirement for them to adhere to the nomenclature of territorial units for statistics (NUTS) levels. The lack of adherence to NUTS levels in the 'old' countries of the European Union continues to create problems. There remains an urgent need to introduce comprehensive sub-national data collection on important public health topics such as obesity and smoking.
    Public Health 06/2009; 123(7):490-5.
  • Public Health 02/2009;
  • Public Health 02/2009;
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Few studies of comorbidity among cocaine users have been undertaken in Brazil, despite the fact that cocaine is one of the most commonly used illegal drugs in the country. The aim of this paper is to review existing data on psychiatric evaluations of cocaine users, and present data from two studies that have addressed this issue as it pertains to the Brazilian public health system. Review and results from two studies (cross-sectional and matched control). The Brazilian literature on PubMed, Lilacs, Psychinfo and DATASUS was searched using the key words: 'psychiatric symptoms', 'diagnosis', 'evaluation', 'assessment', 'cocaine disorders' and others related to this issue. Intake data from two studies of male and female cocaine users were also analysed with regard to psychiatric symptoms as measured by the Symptom Check List - 90 Revised (SCL-90). The literature review found no specific studies regarding psychiatric evaluation of cocaine users in Brazil. Analyses from the two studies presented showed high levels of psychiatric symptoms in this population. In the first study, psychiatric symptoms were measured at treatment entry and their prevalence was high, ranging from 27.4% to 53.4%. In the second study, SCL-90R scores at programme admission were higher in cocaine users than normal controls, with effect sizes ranging from moderate to high. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first article to discuss psychiatric evaluations of comorbidity among cocaine users in Brazil. The results indicate a need to: pay more attention to the evaluation of psychiatric symptoms in cocaine users; emphasize the importance of standardized data collection in this area; and evaluate the course of these symptoms, their impact on outcome, and how they are best addressed in treatment.
    Public Health 01/2009; 122(12):1349-55.
  • Public Health 01/2009; 122(12):1293-4.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Evidence about sociodemographic factors associated with late attendance for antenatal care in the UK is of poor quality. This study aimed to identify any social or ethnic differences in access to antenatal care, and to quantify the effect of any such differences using data collected in a survey of women's experiences of antenatal screening. Cross-sectional survey using a postal questionnaire. A stratified clustered random sampling strategy was used. Hospitals in England were stratified according to ethnic mix. In order to ensure inclusion of an adequate number of women from Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) backgrounds, hospitals with >or= 15% of women of BME origin were oversampled. Pregnant women aged >or= 16 years, receiving care in 15 participating hospitals, were sent a postal questionnaire at 27-31 weeks of gestation. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) comparing social and ethnic groups for attendance for antenatal care, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical factors. In total, 839 women (57%) returned completed questionnaires. Compared with all women giving birth in 2005 in England and Wales, the survey sample contained fewer women aged <20 years (5.8% vs 6.9%), more women aged >35 years (24.1% vs 19.6%) and fewer women who were born outside the UK (14.8% vs 20.8%). Five percent of responders were late attenders for their first antenatal appointment. The odds of late initiation of antenatal care were higher for women born outside the UK [OR 4.37, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.25-8.52; P=0.0004] and for women living without a husband/partner (OR 2.74, 95% CI 1.81-4.16; P=0.0002). In total, 2.5% of women were late attenders for their booking appointment. The odds of late booking were higher for Black women (OR 5.92, 95% CI 2.97-11.83) and women living without a husband/partner (OR 1.95, 95% CI 0.97-3.93; P=0.06). A small proportion of women initiate and/or book late for antenatal care. This study provides recent, good-quality evidence that women born outside the UK and those living without a husband/partner may be at particular risk of late attendance for antenatal care.
    Public Health 12/2008; 122(12):1363-72.
  • Public Health 12/2008; 122(11):1137-8.
  • Public Health 11/2008; 122(12):1311-4.
  • Public Health 11/2008; 122(10):1131-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To provide a cigarette price elasticity reference for adult age groups, and to estimate the smoking behaviour changes in US adults in light of unprecedented state excise tax increases on cigarettes during the 1990s. Individual-level data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for 1993-2000 were merged with state-level cigarette price and tax data. Data were analysed for different age groups using a weighted least squares regression framework. The outcome variables measured were whether an individual was a smoker, whether he/she had tried to quit smoking during the previous year, and how many cigarettes were smoked per day among the total population and among active smokers. This study confirmed previous results that younger individuals are more responsive to price changes than older individuals. Although older age groups are less sensitive to price changes, their smoking behaviour changes are still statistically significant. This study found that while older individuals are less responsive to price changes than younger individuals, their behavioural changes due to cigarette price increases should not be ignored.
    Public Health 11/2008; 122(12):1343-8.

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