Problems of economics (Probl Econ )

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe, Inc; International Arts and Sciences Press

Description

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  • Other titles
    Problems of economics
  • ISSN
    0032-9436
  • OCLC
    1642678
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • Problems of economics 06/1989; 32(1):33-51.
  • Problems of economics 01/1989; 31(8):6-24.
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    ABSTRACT: A more efficacious social policy, including state assistance to families in the material support and rearing of children, has become very urgent in connection with the necessity of accelerating economic and social development.
    Problems of economics 12/1988; 31(7):72-81.
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    ABSTRACT: While the rapid and continuous increase in the size of the national economy's work force has been one of the main factors in the USSR's economic growth until recent times, this source has now dried up. The constantly growing level of employment of the able-bodied population in the national economy has reached its practical limit. The work force in the public sector together with full-time university and secondary school students of working age comprised 74% of all labor resources in 1950; 78% in 1960; 90% in 1970; and more than 91 % in 1975 (1); at the present time this figure is even higher. Mothers of small children and large families are for the most part the only people who are either not employed or attending school, i.e., who work in the home or on a personal household plot. The household and the personal household plot, which were the main source of labor power in the sixties, do not have any reserves at the present time (with the exception of individual regions, chiefly in Central Asia).
    Problems of economics 11/1988; 31(6):6-28.
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    ABSTRACT: Among the various complex social processes upon which the formation and use of our society's principal wealthâits human potentialâdepends, an important place belongs to demographic processes. They realize one of the necessary functions of any society: the continuous renewal of generations of people and the reproduction of the population. The way in which the population is reproduced determines the growth or reduction of its size, the change in the composition of the population with respect to sex and age, and many other >i>quantitative>/i> features that comprise the "demographic measurement" of the human factor. At the same time, demographic processes also have a deep impact on many social >i>qualities>/i> of people, which also must be taken into account when we speak of man's growing role in the acceleration of society's development.
    Problems of economics 07/1987; 30(2):5-21.
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    ABSTRACT: The acceleration of the nation's social and economic development which, as indicated in the draft of the new Program of the CPSU, is the Party's strategic course, presupposes the "qualitative transformation of all aspects of life in Soviet society: radical modernization of its material-technical base on the strength of advances of the scientific-technological revolution (STR) and improvement in social, and especially economic, relationshipsâ¦"
    Problems of economics 05/1987; 29(12):5-22.
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    ABSTRACT: The June (1983) Plenum of the CPSU Central Committee emphasized that the most important factors in the development of societyâsocial, national, and demographicâmust be thoroughly considered and reflected in the formulation of economic development plans. What is more, when we study the modern demographic situation, it is important to determine not only the size, sex, and age composition of the population as a whole and its able-bodied segment at a certain point in time, but also to forecast the future situation. Unlike many other factors that influence socioeconomic development, the demographic structure of the nation's able-bodied population is predetermined for a long time (15-20 years) in advance with a high degree of accuracy, since the death rate will change negligibly in the future, and the birth rate will make itself felt only after the forecast period.
    Problems of economics 08/1986; 29(3):61-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The policy of restricting the growth of large cities in the USSR is not only basically substantiated in theory (which naturally does not mean that no further research is required in this area) but is also an integral part of the decisions of all the latest congresses of the CPSU. The practical scientific and applied aspects of this policy have received less attention. Nor is there total clarity on specifically what must be done to secure the more consistent and effective implementation of the indicated measures. In particular, the optimal combination of administrative measures and measures inherent in the economic mechanism proper is especially important here. At the same time, it is necessary to proceed from the fact that problems of large cities vividly reflect all major socioeconomic reforms and changes.
    Problems of economics 01/1985; 27(8):3-19.
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    ABSTRACT: The Twenty-sixth Congress of the CPSU emphasized the urgency of formulating and implementing an effective demographic policy and of resolving population problems that have recently become critical, thereby necessitating the analysis of theoretical and practical problems of demographic policy as a key component of demographic research.
    Problems of economics 08/1984; 27(3):3-21.
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    ABSTRACT: The "Basic Directions of Economic and Social Development of the USSR in 1981-85 and the Period up to 1990" adopted by the Twenty-sixth Congress of the CPSU call for the "consistent implementation of a policy of restricting the growth of large cities and for the development of small and medium-sized towns â¦" These measures are aimed at preventing the excessive growth of very large cities to the detriment of the development of smaller urban settlements. They are associated with the increased migration of the population to larger cities under the influence of the concentration of social production, which constitutes the basis of the rapid growth of the number of cities and the even more dynamic growth of their size.
    Problems of economics 11/1983; 26(6):23-39.
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    ABSTRACT: The major socioeconomic reforms that have been carried out in our country in the sixty years that have elapsed since the formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and measures instituted by the party and the government for the purpose of raising the people's living standard have led to positive changes in population structure and trends. The result has been a dramatic lowering of infant mortality, longer life expectancy, the eradication of a number of diseases, the higher educational level of the population, the higher skill level of the work force, etc.
    Problems of economics 07/1983; 26(2):61-77.
  • Problems of economics 07/1983; 26(2):78-92.
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    ABSTRACT: In the present era demographic problems exert a growing influence both on the internal policies of individual countries and on international relations in general. They are attracting the ever greater attention of experts, politicians, and the broad public. This is attested to by the very fact that the Third World Population Conference held in Bucharest in 1974, unlike the first two (held in Rome in 1954 and in Belgrade in 1965), was run by the United Nations at the government level and culminated in the adoption of an action plan in this area. A conference scheduled for 1984 will evaluate the results of its fulfillment and the elaboration of future international programs designed to promote the improvement of the extremely acute demographic situation in the world.
    Problems of economics 03/1983; 25(10):3-33.
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    ABSTRACT: The need for migration policy stems from objective processes in the development of socialist production and from its constant structural and territorial modifications, which are especially palpable under present conditions, at a time when vast new regions of our country are undergoing intensive development. The Twenty-sixth Congress of the CPSU called for the "accelerated growth of the economic potential of the eastern regions." (>u>1>/u>) This requires an influx of a large number of skilled workers and hence the corresponding migration of the population. Such migration on one scale or another is constantly required. In socialist society this necessitates planned migration policy and its equally planned improvement in close conjunction with the control of other socioeconomic processes.
    Problems of economics 11/1982; 25(6):80-8.
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    ABSTRACT: A great deal of demographic research is currently being conducted in our country. Significantly, it is based not only on official statistics but in large measure also on special sociological-demographic surveys. Each such survey is specifically targeted, making possible more profound analyses of the socioeconomic and sociopsychological mechanisms of demographic processes. Especially valuable from the methodological point of view have been the studies by R. I. Sifman, V. A. Belova, L. A. Darskii, and A. I. Antonov carried out over the last few years.
    Problems of economics 01/1982; 24(5-7):240-9.
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    ABSTRACT: It was noted at the Twenty-fifth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union that Soviet scientists should not lose sight of population problems, which have recently been growing more acute, and that the formulation of an effective demographic policy is an important task for the entire range of natural and social sciences.>sup>1>/sup> This means that a very thorough and comprehensive study of demographic processes is necessary.
    Problems of economics 01/1982; 24(5-7):282-95.
  • Problems of economics 01/1981; 24(5-7):191-217.
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    ABSTRACT: The proportion between natural and migratory growth of population varies not only in different regions of the country but even within the same region. Thus the share of in-migration in the overall growth of the urban population in Western Siberia between 1959 and 1969 was 53%, while the share of natural growth was 47%; in the Tiumen Region, on the other hand, inmigration accounted for 85% of total population growth, while natural growth accounted for 15%. (>u>1>/u>) This state of affairs resulted from the intensive development of the region's productive forces in connection with the discovery of oil and gas deposits within its confines.
    Problems of economics 02/1978; 21(7):55-64.
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    ABSTRACT: While the rational use of labor resources under socialism has always been a matter of great importance, it is especially important at the present stage in connection with the need to augment the role of intensive factors of development of production and in the face of the decline in the growth of labor resources.
    Problems of economics 02/1977; 20(7):96-109.
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    ABSTRACT: The rational use of labor resources is a key factor in the growth of the country's economic potential. In the process of formulating the national economic plan, especially in long-term planning, the demographic composition of labor resources exerts a certain influence on its basic parameters. In this connection the interbranch distribution of the able-bodied population with due regard to its demographic structure assumes great importance.
    Problems of economics 02/1975; 20(8):59-70.

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