Postepy biochemii (Postepy Biochem )

Description

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  • 5-year impact
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  • Website
    Postepy Biochemii website
  • Other titles
    Postepy biochemii
  • ISSN
    0032-5422
  • OCLC
    301567728
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ageing leads to irreversible alterations in the nervous system, which to various extent impair its functions such as capacity to learn and memory. In old neurons and brain, similarly to what may take place in other cells, there is increased oxidative stress, disturbed energetic homeostasis and metabolism, accumulation of damage in proteins and nucleic acids. Characteristic of old neurons are alterations in plasticity, synaptic transmission, sensitivity to neurotrophic factors and cytoskeletal changes. Some markers of senescence, whose one of them is SA-beta-galactosidase were used to show the process of neuronal ageing both in vitro, and in vivo. Some research suggest that, despite the fact that neurons are postmitotic cells, it is cell cycle proteins which play a certain role in their biology, e.g. differentiation. However, their role in neuronal ageing is not known or explained. Ageing is the serious factor of development of neurodegenerative diseases among others Alzheimer disease.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(2):177-86.
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    ABSTRACT: Filamin A (FLNA, filamin-1) is a homodimeric protein, commonly expressed in animal organisms. Its basic function in the cell is actin crosslinking and forming 3D cytoskeleton structure. Filamin-1 interacts with more than 60 different proteins with various functions such as: cell membrane and cytoskeleton formation, maintaining cell shape, intracellular signaling, nuclear functions or GTP-binding proteins regulation. FLNA interactions with oncogenesis- and metastasis-related proteins, such as K-RAS, TRAF2 or NIK indicate its crucial role in cancer progression. Filamin-1 undergoes proteolytic fragmentation producing products, translocation of which to the nucleus may be related to alterations in the cell metastatic ability. It was also demonstrated that FLNA dysfunctions can lead to sensitization of cells to ionizing irradiation or common chemotherapeutics: bleomycin and cisplatin. These findings indicate that FLNA can be considered as a novel target in anti-cancer therapy.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(1):77-83.
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    ABSTRACT: The genetic material is constantly subjected to DNA damage which is caused by physiological processes occuring in the cell and is exposed to exogenous DNA damaging agents. Eucariotic cells have developed a system called the DNA damage response (DDR), which is responsible for maintaining genomic inegrity. DNA damage can lead to senescence, DNA repair as well as to cell death. The key protein in the DDR pathway is p53. This protein undergoes numerous posttranslational modifications and can be involved in the activation of many genes and proteins leading to survival or cell death. In cell senescence the p53 protein leads to the induction of p21, which causes cell cycle arrest. In apoptosis p53 participates in the activation of caspases, which are responsible for the degradation of many proteins.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(2):248-62.
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    ABSTRACT: Chemical modifications of proteins are crucial for studying their functions, biophysical properties and cellular localization. The most important is the protein fluorescent modification utilized in biochemistry, molecular biology and medicinal diagnostics. Precision of fluorophore attachment in certain part of the protein or amino acid sequence is very important for the labeling and subsequent characterization or protein applications. One of the most important type of probes used for fluorescent protein labeling are biarsenical probes. They are not only to localize proteins in cell but based on their chemical properties they are widely applied for studying protein folding, degradation, control of the activity, protein inactivation with singlet oxygen, oligomerization and protein purification. Here, author presents principles of protein labeling with biarsenical probes with special attention to factors affecting proper protein modification. Review includes the most interesting applications of biarsenical probes in molecular biology, molecular diagnostics and analytical biochemistry.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(1):102-10.
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    ABSTRACT: History of the formulation of the "chemiosmotic" energy coupling concept of oxidative phosphorylation and photophosphorylation is described. A short CV of its author Peter Mitchell is also presented.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(1):33-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Lunasin is a bioactive peptide originally isolated from soybean and has demonstrated chemopreventive and anticancer properties against: skin, colon, prostate and breast cancers. Lunasin by binding to the receptors of colon cancer cells prevents its adhesion to the liver tissue. When the receptor is blocked, new blood vessels cannot differentiate which prevent the spread of cancer. In the model estrogen-independent breast cancer, lunasin and aspirin administration inhibits cell proliferation, arrest cell cycle in S-phase as well as a decreases expression of cancer genes. Lunasin has also been found to exert potent antioxidant properties, reducing lipopolysaccharide induced production of ROS by macrophage cells, and acting as a potent free radical scavenger. Using the modifying the of DNA method it has been demonstrated that CpG islands were hypomethylated in RWPE-1 cell lines and hypermethylated RWPE-2 in cell line.Despite of numerous and promising evidence of antitumor activity of lunasin, there are still not explained all the mechanisms of its action in the processes of carcinogenesis.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(1):84-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Senescence can result from decreased potential of the immune system to respond to foreign and self antigens. The most common effect is the inhibition to destroy dying and cancer cells and the decrease of the immune response to pathogens. Aging is closely related to inflammatory phenotype, which facilitate the development of age-related diseases. The mammal immune system is highly organized and adapted to react to a wide range of antigens. According to the immunological theory, the causative agents of senescence are multilevel changes of development and functions of immune cells. Some of changes can be beneficial for the maintenance of homeostasis and lifespan in continuously changing endogenous environment and immune history of the organism.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(2):221-32.
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    ABSTRACT: NADPH oxidase NOX4 is a source of reactive oxygen species in many tissue of human body. NOX4 products of activity are connected with various processes that take on the cellular and tissue level. One of them is cellular senescence. The role of this oxidase in the regulation of replicative and oncogene-induced senescence was shown in both normal and cancer cells. On the other hand NOX4 also stimulates to proliferation various types of cancer and primary cells, what promotes pathologies. NOX4 participates in epithelial-mesenchymal transition, important for tumor cells invasion and metastasis. Many research concern the role of NOX4 in the physiology and pathology of the cardiovascular system. It was shown that NOX4 has an impact on vasoconstriction, atherosclerosis development, vascular cells hypertrophy, apoptosis and differentiation. NOX4 plays both positive and negative role in the organism. Better understanding of NOX4 regulation and its involvement in signaling pathways give a hope to control the development of many diseases.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(1):69-76.
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    ABSTRACT: Annexins are a family of membrane interacting proteins, widely distributed in vertebrates. Their involvement in the endosomal transport is due to annexin capability of binding cellular constituents such as membrane phospholipids and intracellular protein partners in a calcium dependent manner. Furthermore, annexins, through endosomal transport of particular receptors and specific cargo, may regulate various processes involved in signal transduction. Cell surface receptors after activation by signal molecule are internalized during endocytosis and transduce signal downstream the signaling pathway. The optimal conditions to modulate the signal are provided by the compartment specific membrane platforms carrying signal transducing complexes. In this review we describe a role of some members of the annexin family, annexin A1 (AnxA1), annexin A2 (AnxA2), annexin A6 (AnxA6) and annexin A8 (AnxA8) in the epidermal growth factor (EGF) signal transduction pathway. Annexins due to their specialized structure and specific localization in the cell may modulate signal transduction either directly, by interacting with EGF receptor (EGFR) or indirectly by interacting with EGF pathway regulators and effectors, by participating in formation and stabilization of the cholesterol enriched signal transduction platforms and by participating in EGFR transport and degradation.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(1):55-61.
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    ABSTRACT: This year, the Federation of European Biochemical Societies (FEBS) celebrates its 50th anniversary. The Polish Biochemical Society, represented by the Society's President, Kazimierz Zakrzewski, was a founding member of the organization. The text presents a history of collaboration between FEBS and Polish Biochemical Society, the participation of Polish Biochemical Society members in different FEBS activities, as well as the role they played in running the Federation. Author describes FEBS Congresses which taken place in Warsaw, the first 3rd FEBS Meeting in 1966 and then 29th Congress in 2004. The profiles of Jakub Karol Parnas, the founding father of the Polish biochemistry and some crucial Presidents of the Society, are also presented. The text describes Parnas Conferences, organized jointly by Polish and Ukrainian Biochemical Societies from 1996, and growing from 2011 into three-nation event with participation of Ukrainian, Israeli and Polish scientists, largely due to significant help from FEBS. Summarizing the last few years, author judge the cooperation between the Federation and the Polish Biochemical Society as optimal.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(1):25-32.
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    ABSTRACT: Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into specialized cells, that build the whole body. These rare cells are required for homeostasis and tissue replacement throughout the human lifespan, and appear to be characterized by a few specific physiological and biochemical properties, particularly the capacity for self-renewal. Recent studies suggest that stem cells may undergo senescence, what plays a crucial role in organismal aging. Importantly, both senescence and apoptosis are anti-cancer mechanisms that counteract neoplastic transformation of stem cells. On the other hand, mechanisms that suppress the development of cancer may also induce an unwanted consequence: a decline in the number and functional alterations of stem cells with advancing age. These functional changes reflect harmful effects of age on the genome, epigenome, and proteome of stem cells. Some of which arise cell independently and others which are imposed by an age-related change in the local milieu or systemic environment. Remarkably, some of the changes, particularly epigenomic and proteomic ones, are potentially reversible, and both environmental (e.g. caloric restrictions, hypoxia) and genetic interventions can lead to inducible pluripotency. Here, we discuss recent discoveries in the field of senescence of stem cells. These findings have profound implications, not only for our understanding of stem cells' biology and organismal aging, but also for stem cell-based regenerative medicine and stem cell-based therapy of age-related diseases.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(2):161-76.
  • Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(1):1-13.
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    ABSTRACT: During the last three centuries the expected lifespan in civilized countries has increased several times. The fastest growing groups are seniors (65+) and centenarians. Increased lifespan results in postponing of aging and age-related diseases. On the other hand, an increase in the number of people suffering from age-related diseases can be observed. Studies concerning longevity and aging help to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for these processes and give hope for finding the recipe for a healthy and long lifespan. Aging and longevity are modulated by genetic, epigenetic and stochastic factors. Already some variants of genes which correlate with longevity are known. Products of these genes are involved in lipid metabolism and in nutrient sensing signaling pathways such as: insulin/IGF-1 and TOR. Good indicators for human polymorphism study are results obtained using model organisms such as S. cerevisiae, C. elegans, D. melanogaster and laboratory mice. Aging and longevity are evolutionary conserved. Evolutionary theories concerning aging can be divided into two general categories: programmed and non-programmed ones. According to programmed theories aging is adaptive and can lead to altruistic death of kins. Non-programmed theories predict that organisms only have a limited amount of energy that has to be divided between reproductive activities and the maintenance of the non-reproductive aspects of the organism. Aging is the effect of natural degrading processes that result in the accumulation of damage. Accumulation of damaged DNA and proteins can lead to cellular senescence, inflammaging and age-related diseases. Strategies for postponing aging mainly rely on protecting and/or eliminating these lesions.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(2):125-37.
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    ABSTRACT: Cellular senescence is a complex process associated with irreversible cell cycle arrest. We can distinguish replicative senescence, which is telomere dependent and stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS), which is telomere independent. Replicative senescence can be observed in culture after a few weeks or months, depending on the cell type. On the other hand SIPS can be observed a few days after treating with a senescence inducing agent. Till now a universal marker of senescence has not been decribed. Studies concerning senescence are possible thanks to the existance of many markers of senescence which enable to observe molecular as well as biochemical changes associated with this process. The presence of a few markers of senescence allows us to be sure that cells underwent senescence.
    Postepy biochemii 01/2014; 60(2):138-46.