physica status solidi (a) (Phys Status Solidi )

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons


Description physica status solidi was established in 1961. In 1970 it was divided into two series: physica status solidi (a) - applied research and physica status solidi (b) - basic research. The aim of physica status solidi is the rapid publication of important and new results in the field of solid state physics both in fundamental and applied research. The journal publishes Review Articles Original Papers and Rapid Research Notes each volume contains an author index. Each issue of the two series provides 8 thematic categories: structure and lattice properties; surfaces interfaces thin films; nonelectronic transport; electronic states low-dimensional systems; electronic transport superconductivity; magnetic properties magnetic resonances; dielectric and optical properties; device-related phenomena. Series (a) is devoted to applied research and covers materials science and applications including growth and preparation techniques solid-state diagnostics and other methodical aspects solid-state phase transitions device-related phenomena etc. Kurztext physica status solidi wurde 1961 in einer Serie gegründet. 1970 wurde eine Teilung der Zeitschrift in angewandte Forschung (physica status solidi (a) - applied research) und Grundlagenforschung (physica status solidi (b) - basic research) vorgenommen. Readers Physicists chemists crystallographers materials scientists dealing with solid-state physics in basic research and teaching

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    Physica Status Solidi A website
  • Other titles
    Short notes., Physica status solidi., Short notes., Physica status solidi., A,, Short notes., The rapid research notes of physica status solidi, Rapid research notes., Physica status solidi., Rapid research notes., Physica status solidi., A,, Rapid research notes., Rapid research note., Physica status solidi., Rapid research note., Physica status solidi., A,, Rapid research note., Physica status solidi. A, Applied research, Applied research, PSS., Physica status solidi., Physica status solidi
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    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

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John Wiley and Sons

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Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: A novel atmospheric pressure dry texture process is investigated in order to create nanostructures at the c-Si surface. The texture process uses diluted molecular fluorine (F2) as the process gas. F2 is partially dissociated at an elevated temperature before it is delivered to the c-Si wafer. Thermal activation of fluorine occurs on Si wafer surface in a dissociative chemisorption process leading to the removal of Si in the form of volatile SiFx species. The etching process can be controlled to form nanostructures with different aspect ratios and surface reflection values. In this work, we dry textured multicrystalline (mc) Si wafers to reach weighted surface reflection ∼12% in the wavelength range of 250–1200 nm. Nanotextured mc Si wafers were used to prepare p-type Al-BSF solar cells. The fabricated nanostructured cells show a gain in short circuit current (Jsc) of ∼0.5 mA/cm2 and reached a conversion efficiency of 17.3%.
    physica status solidi (a) 08/2014; 211(8):1.
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    ABSTRACT: Nickel composites reinforced with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) are manufactured via hot pressing. The precursor blends are processed by a colloidal mixing method, which mixes the Ni with a dispersion of MWCNT in ultrasound. The structure of the MWCNTs is evaluated with Raman spectroscopy in order to assess the defect situation, observing that despite increasing the amount of defects, the nanotubes retain their structure. After sintering, interfacial interactions between the MWCNTs and Ni are studied by different approaches. The sintering is analyzed in situ by high temperature X-ray diffraction, noticing no phase formation (particularly, Ni3C) throughout the process. Moreover, the MWCNT/Ni interface is studied with transmission electron microscopy. The observed interface is well defined, conserving the Ni its crystallographic structure. This study shows that no interfacial products are generated by this manufacturing method, thus proposing it as a suitable candidate when the retention of the nanotube original features is needed.
    physica status solidi (a) 03/2014; 211(7):1555-1561.
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    ABSTRACT: Spectral photoluminescence emitted from the front compared to the rear side of a semiconductor layer like a photovoltaic absorber is shown to exhibit significant differences in the high-energy regime. This arises from the excess-carrier depth profile and the absorption of photoluminescence photons during their way through the semiconductor layer depending on photon energy, distance to the absorber exit, and absorption coefficient.We get access to surface-recombination velocities, the minority-carrier diffusion length, the excess-carrier depth profile and the optical band gap by fitting photoluminescence spectra via numerical modeling. The numerical modeling is based on an one-dimensional three-layer system that includes multiple reflection. This procedure is exemplarily demonstrated for a thin-film system based on Cu(In,Ga)Se2.
    physica status solidi (a) 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate that indium–tin-oxide (ITO), when used as an active core material in metal–insulator–metal type devices, facilitates resistive switching. We fabricated devices both on silicon as well as quartz wafers, to demonstrate transparent devices. Furthermore, we investigated the influence of active core thickness on the devices' characteristics, showing that their switching threshold scales with the ITO thickness. Unipolar switching was observed for devices comprising thick ITO films while bipolar switching occurred for both thin and thick ITO films at the absence of high voltage forming steps. Our study demonstrates that ITO holds good potential for resistive memory applications.
    physica status solidi (a) 05/2014; 211(5).
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    ABSTRACT: Germanium with its high carrier mobility is currently being investigated as an alternative material to silicon for advanced MOS devices. We have reviewed the literature on n-type and p-type doping of germanium and established a baseline calibration for technology process simulation. Fundamental parameters for germanium point defects have been selected and extended defect evolution has been calibrated. Models and parameters for accurate simulation of ion implantation, diffusion, and activation of the most common dopants (phosphorus and arsenic for n-type, boron for p-type) have been defined. We discuss the current accuracy and limitations of the process calibration and specify missing experimental data needed for enhancing and broaden the simulation capabilities for germanium processing.
    physica status solidi (a) 12/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We report a low-cost solution fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) ZnO/Si broom-like nanowire (NW, “nanobroom”) heterostructures, consisting of Si NW “backbones” and ZnO NW “stalls”, and their application as photoelectrochemical anodes for solar water splitting and energy conversion. The nanobroom morphology and atomic structure are characterized using the scanning, transmission, and scanning transmission electron microscopies. Both Si NW backbones and ZnO NW stalls are defect-free, single-crystalline, and their surfaces are smooth. The optical absorption and photocurrents from nanobroom array electrodes with different Si and ZnO NW dimensions are studied. The longer Si NW backbones and smaller ZnO NW stalls lead to better light absorption and larger photoanodic current. The ZnO/Si nanobrooms show much higher photoanodic current than the bare Si NWs due to the effective Si/ZnO junction and increased surface area. The nanobroom electrode stability is also investigated and using a thin TiO2 coating layer protecting the NWs against dissolution, long-term stability is obtained without any change in shape and morphology of nanobrooms. Finally, the effect of catalyst to improve the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) at the electrode surface is studied resulting in large enhancement in photoanodic current and significant reduction in anodic turn-on potential. This study reveals the promise of the use of simply fabricated and low-cost 3D heterostructured NW photoelectrodes for clean solar energy harvesting and conversion.
    physica status solidi (a) 12/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Chalcogenide electrocatalysts are very active and tolerant for the oxygen-reduction reaction (ORR) in electrolytes containing small organics. This property of tolerance allows them to be used as tolerant cathodes of direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC) that use highly concentrated methanol. Platinum chalcogenide-based cathodes of direct methanol fuel cells can overcome the problem of the formation of a mixed-potential due to the fuel crossover [Alonso-Vante et al., Patent-FR 12 55944, Appl. Filed 22 June 2012]. In this study, a comprehensive investigation on the origin of the tolerance of Pt chalcogenide electrocatalyst to small organic molecules such as methanol is provided. The XPS spectrum of Se 3d region in PtxSey/C revealed a shift of the selenium emission peak to lower binding energy as compared to a Se/C sample. This negative shift can be explained by charge transfer from the platinum surface atoms to the selenium, which is at the origin of the improved tolerance of Pt towards ORR in the presence of methanol. The physical chemical properties and electrochemical performances in half-cell and mixed-reactant microfluidic fuel cells are discussed.
    physica status solidi (a) 11/2013; 211(9).