European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

The European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology publishes original papers short communications and letters to the editors on all aspects of clinical pharmacology and drug therapy in humans. Data from animal experiments are accepted only in the context of parallel experiments in man reported in the same paper. The Journal also accepts review articles on special problems related to these areas and encourages debate on controversial issues.

Current impact factor: 2.97

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 2.966
2013 Impact Factor 2.697
2012 Impact Factor 2.741
2011 Impact Factor 2.845
2010 Impact Factor 3.032
2009 Impact Factor 2.743
2008 Impact Factor 2.497
2007 Impact Factor 2.177
2006 Impact Factor 2.029
2005 Impact Factor 2.298
2004 Impact Factor 2.083
2003 Impact Factor 1.972
2002 Impact Factor 1.955
2001 Impact Factor 1.922
2000 Impact Factor 1.729
1999 Impact Factor 1.771
1998 Impact Factor 1.42
1997 Impact Factor 1.219
1996 Impact Factor 1.308
1995 Impact Factor 1.233
1994 Impact Factor 1.038
1993 Impact Factor 1.006
1992 Impact Factor 1.204

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.96
Cited half-life 8.40
Immediacy index 0.51
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.81
Website European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology website
Other titles European journal of clinical pharmacology (Online), EJCP, Eur j clin pharmacol
ISSN 0031-6970
OCLC 41916239
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
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  • Post-print
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    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Four times daily dosing (qid) with a proton pump inhibitor can cause rapid increase in intragastric pH. We investigated the efficacy of the front-loading with rabeprazole 10 mg qid on a subsequent regimen with rabeprazole 10 mg twice daily (bid) for 7 days in extensive metabolizers (EMs) of CYP2C19. Methods: Five EMs received three different 1-week regimens in a crossover manner as follows: (1) rabeprazole 10 mg bid for 7 days; (2) a front-loading regimen of rabeprazole (rabeprazole 10 mg qid on day 0 and bid on days 1 to 7); and (3) rabeprazole 10 mg qid for 7 days. Five intermediate metabolizers (IMs) and four poor metabolizers (PMs) received rabeprazole 10 mg bid regimen only. Twenty-four-hour intragastric pH-monitorings were performed on days 1, 4, and 7. Area under the intragastric pH-time curves (AUCs) from days 1 to 7 was calculated using 24-h median intragastric pHs on days 1, 4, and 7. Results: Twenty-four-hour intragastric pHs in the front-loading group on days 1, 4, and 7 were 5.1, 4.9, and 5.1, respectively. The median AUC with front-loading in EMs (34.4, pH·day) was significantly higher than that in EMs with rabeprazole 10 mg bid (30.74, p = 0.043). No statistically significant differences in median AUCs were noted among front-loading in EMs, rabeprazole 10 mg qid in EMs (37.2), rabeprazole 10 mg bid in IMs (37.3), and PMs (39.4). Conclusions: The one-day front-loading regimen of rabeprazole 10 mg qid provided sufficient acid inhibition for 7 days, even in CYP2C19 EMs.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00228-015-1941-9
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the prevalence and quality of medication schedules of elderly ambulatory patients and assessed factors associated with the availability of a medication schedule. In particular, we evaluated whether sending out a blank medication schedule template would increase the chances to use such a document. Data originate from the ESTHER study, a cohort study conducted in Saarland, Germany, in which trained study physicians performed home visits. They scanned all medication schedules, recorded the participants' medication, and performed thorough geriatric assessments. As part of the intervention, a blank medication schedule template along with a brochure was mailed to half of the participants (intervention group) 4 weeks prior to the home visits. In total, 553 of 2470 participants (22.4 %) had a medication schedule. Almost two thirds of the schedules were issued by health care professionals (n = 353, 63.8 %). These schedules offered a higher quality, although important information such as over-the-counter (OTC) medication was regularly missing. Self-reported adherence was higher in participants who used self-issued medication schedules; however, self-reported medication adherence in patients with any medication schedule was poorer compared to those patients not using a schedule. Factors associated with the availability of a medication schedule were male sex, a higher number of medicines to take, and a more complex drug regimen. The intervention did not increase the number of patients having a medication schedule. Only a minority of elderly ambulatory patients had a medication schedule at home. Sending out a brochure along with a blank medication schedule template did not increase the prevalence of medication schedules.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 06/2015; 71(9). DOI:10.1007/s00228-015-1888-x
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Overdose with baclofen, a derivative of the inhibitory neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid, may lead to severe respiratory and central nervous system depression and can be life-threatening. Prolonged half-lives of baclofen, of up to 34 h, have been reported in patients after overdose. Hemodialysis has proven to be a successful approach to improve clearance of baclofen, but the value of continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) is unclear. We applied CVVH in a patient with acute baclofen overdose. Methods: Pharmacokinetic measurements of baclofen in serum and hemofiltrate were made at six time points after hospital admission. Baclofen concentration-time data were analyzed using non-compartmental methods, and the relative contribution of clearance by hemofiltration to total baclofen clearance was calculated. Results: Baclofen concentrations in serum varied between 1.81 and 0.05 mg/L. Concentrations of baclofen in hemofiltrate were within the same range (between 0.74 and 0.05 mg/L), and the elimination half-life during hemofiltration was estimated at 4.8 h. Total clearance and clearance via hemofiltration were estimated at 6.6 and 2.4 L/h, indicating that clearance could be increased by approximately 57 % by applying hemofiltration. Conclusions: The presented case demonstrates the usefulness of CVVH in the treatment of baclofen overdose and indicates that CVVH can be used as an alternative to hemodialysis in patients with overdose of baclofen.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 01/2015; 71(3). DOI:10.1007/s00228-014-1802-y
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    ABSTRACT: Background Tramadol is widely used for acute, chronic, and neuropathic pain. Its primary active metabolite is O-desmethyltramadol (M1), which is mainly accountable for the μ-opioid receptor-related analgesic effect. Tramadol is metabolized to M1 mainly by cytochrome P450 (CYP)2D6 enzyme and to other metabolites by CYP3A4 and CYP2B6. We investigated the possible interaction of tramadol with the antifungal agents terbinafine (CYP2D6 inhibitor) and itraconazole (CYP3A4 inhibitor). Methods We used a randomized placebo-controlled crossover study design with 12 healthy subjects, of which 8 were extensive and 4 were ultrarapid CYP2D6 metabolizers. On the pretreatment day 4 with terbinafine (250 mg once daily), itraconazole (200 mg once daily) or placebo, subjects were given tramadol 50 mg orally. Plasma concentrations of tramadol and M1 were determined over 48 h and some pharmacodynamic effects over 12 h. Pharmacokinetic variables were calculated using standard non-compartmental methods. Results Terbinafine increased the area under plasma concentration–time curve (AUC0-∞) of tramadol by 115 % and decreased the AUC0-∞ of M1 by 64 % (P
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 01/2015; 71(3). DOI:10.1007/s00228-014-1799-2
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the effects of food on the pharmacokinetics of sublingual asenapine. Healthy male volunteers (n = 26, age 19-53 years) randomly received a single sublingual dose of asenapine 5 mg after ≥10 h fasting (Treatment A, reference), after a high-fat meal (Treatment B) and after ≥10 h fasting with a high-fat meal at 4 h post-dose (Treatment C). Blood samples were drawn over 72 h to measure asenapine plasma concentrations. Effects of food intake on asenapine pharmacokinetics were assessed using bioequivalence criteria and evaluated using a compartmental modelling analysis. Compared with the reference, mean asenapine exposure (AUC0-last and AUC0-∞) was approximately 20 % lower after intake of a high-fat meal prior to dosing, whereas Cmax decreased by only about 10 %. When a high-fat meal was taken 4 h post-dose in the fasting state, asenapine concentrations were similar to the reference during the first 4 h post-dose. After the meal intake, asenapine concentrations decreased quickly for several hours. Compartmental modelling indicated that a transient 2.5-fold increase in asenapine clearance after eating could explain the asenapine concentration-time profiles for both food regimens. To our knowledge, this is the first study investigating the effect of food upon the sublingual administration of a drug. A high-fat meal taken before or 4 h post-dose of sublingual asenapine indirectly caused a transient increase in liver blood flow that resulted in a temporal increase in asenapine clearance. As the effects on asenapine exposure were small and not clinically relevant, no additional restrictions are required for the timing of food intake in relation to asenapine dosing.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 01/2015; 71(1):65-74. DOI:10.1007/s00228-013-1587-4
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    ABSTRACT: N(1)-methylnicotinamide (NMN) was proposed as an in vivo probe for drug interactions involving renal cation transporters, which, for example, transport the oral antidiabetic drug metformin, based on a study with the inhibitor pyrimethamine. The role of NMN for predicting other interactions with involvement of renal cation transporters (organic cation transporter 2, OCT2; multidrug and toxin extrusion proteins 1 and 2-K, MATE1 and MATE2-K) is unclear. We determined inhibition of metformin or NMN transport by trimethoprim using cell lines expressing OCT2, MATE1, or MATE2-K. Moreover, a randomized, open-label, two-phase crossover study was performed in 12 healthy volunteers. In each phase, 850 mg metformin hydrochloride was administered p.o. in the evening of day 4 and in the morning of day 5. In phase B, 200 mg trimethoprim was administered additionally p.o. twice daily for 5 days. Metformin pharmacokinetics and effects (measured by OGTT) and NMN pharmacokinetics were determined. Trimethoprim inhibited metformin transport with K i values of 27.2, 6.3, and 28.9 μM and NMN transport with IC50 values of 133.9, 29.1, and 0.61 μM for OCT2, MATE1, and MATE2-K, respectively. In the clinical study, trimethoprim increased metformin area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) by 29.5 % and decreased metformin and NMN renal clearances by 26.4 and 19.9 %, respectively (p ≤ 0.01). Moreover, decreases of NMN and metformin renal clearances due to trimethoprim correlated significantly (r S = 0.727, p = 0.010). These data on the metformin-trimethoprim interaction support the potential utility of N(1)-methylnicotinamide as an endogenous probe for renal drug-drug interactions with involvement of renal cation transporters.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 01/2015; 71(1):85-94. DOI:10.1007/s00228-014-1770-2
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to assess the impact of clinical characteristics and management on the mid- to long-term follow-up prognosis of unselected over-80-year-old patients hospitalized for a first heart failure (HF) episode in a real-life setting. Despite the increasing proportion of HF patients over 80 years of age, the latter remain a poorly studied population. Analysis was based on the EGB ("Echantillon Généraliste des Bénéficiaires") database. A cohort comprising 1825 adult patients with a first admission for HF between 2009 and 2011 was created and followed until June 2013 for survival analysis. Over-80-year-old patients represented 53 % of this cohort, with a median follow-up of 18.6 (3.3-29.5) months. Only 5 % of patients over 80 years received an optimal treatment at discharge [combination of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEi/ARB), beta-blockers (BB), and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA)]. During the follow-up period, only BB prescription levels (p = 0.02) increased. In over-80-year-olds, in-hospital mortality was 12 % (range, 10-14) and survival was 62.8 % (59.6-65.7) and 48.7 % (45.4-51.9) at 12 and 24 months, respectively. On multivariate analysis, dyslipidemia [0.74 (0.58-0.94), p = 0.02], vitamin K antagonists [0.55 (0.44-0.69), p < 0.001], ACEi/ARB + BB + MRA [0.56 (0.32-0.96), p = 0.04], and ACEi/ARB + BB [0.57 (0.45-0.72), p < 0.001] were associated with improved survival, conversely to cardiogenic shock [3.37 (1.90-5.98), p < 0.001], denutrition [1.61 (1.24-2.09), p < 0.001], and age over 90 [1.35 (1.09-1.67), p = 0.01]. These real-life HF data provide insight into prognostic factors and demonstrate that over-80-year-old HF patients displaying several comorbidities are poorly managed, despite the confirmed clinical benefit of HF drugs.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 12/2014; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00228-014-1794-7
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    ABSTRACT: Objective The objective of this study was to determine the influence of CYP2C9, VKORC1, CYP4F2, and GGCX genetic polymorphisms on mean daily dose of acenocoumarol in South Indian patients and to develop a new pharmacogenetic algorithm based on clinical and genetic factors. Methods Patients receiving acenocoumarol maintenance therapy (n = 230) were included in the study. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of CYP2C9, VKORC1, CYP4F2, and GGCX were genotyped by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. Results The mean daily acenocoumarol maintenance dose was found to be 3.7 ± 2.3 (SD) mg/day. The CYP2C9 *1*2, CYP2C9 *1*3, and CYP2C9 *2*3 variant genotypes significantly reduced the dose by 56.7 % (2.0 mg), 67.6 % (1.6 mg), and 70.3 % (1.5 mg) than wild-type carriers 4.1 mg, p
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 12/2014; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00228-014-1791-x
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is a potent proinflammatory cytokine thought to down-regulate cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme activities. This study aimed to assess the potential influence of two functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL-18 promoter region on the tacrolimus pharmacokinetics in Chinese renal transplant patients. We enrolled 96 renal allograft recipients receiving tacrolimus-based immunosuppressive regiments. Two functional SNPs in the IL-18 gene promoter region at the positions -137G/C (rs187283) and -607A/C (rs1946518) and one SNP (rs776746) of CYP3A5 were genotyped using a Mass ARRAY platform. Tacrolimus daily doses (mg/day) and trough tacrolimus concentration (ng/ml) were continuously recorded for 1 month after transplantation. The tacrolimus C/D ratio was significantly associated with the IL-18 rs1946518 gene polymorphism in the first month after transplantation (P = 0.0225). We studied the influence of its polymorphism on tacrolimus C/D ratios in subjects with different CYP3A5 genotype backgrounds, and among patients with CYP3A5 expressers, the difference among the three genotypes was even more striking (P < 0.001). We did not find significant differences in tacrolimus C/D ratios between the IL-18 rs187238 genotypes, either nominally or according to the CYP3A5 genotype. In a simple linear regression model, age, hemoglobin (Hb), CYP3A5 gene polymorphisms, and IL-18 A-607C gene polymorphisms were associated with log-transformed tacrolimus C/D ratios (P < 0.05). In the final multiple linear regression model, CYP3A5 polymorphisms were the most important variant, accounting for 19.5 % of total variation involved in tacrolimus pharmacokinetics. Our findings suggest that a combined analysis of CYP3A5 and IL-18 promoter polymorphisms may help clinicians develop individualized tacrolimus treatment, which is based on determining CYP3A5 genotype.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 12/2014; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00228-014-1785-8
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    ABSTRACT: Over-the-counter combinations containing acetaminophen and phenylephrine for treatment of the common cold and influenza are widespread, but there are few data about pharmacokinetics of these two drugs used in combination. We aimed to investigate pharmacokinetic interactions between acetaminophen and phenylephrine. A series of four randomised, open-label, crossover studies investigating phenylephrine and acetaminophen combination pharmacokinetics were undertaken (n = 28, 30, 6 and 26) using standard non-compartmental analyses. Time-concentration observations from these four studies were pooled to examine the interaction between these two compounds. Data were analysed using non-linear mixed effects models. Non-compartmental analyses showed an approximate doubling of phenylephrine plasma concentration when the standard 10-mg dose was administered in combination with acetaminophen. Population analysis was based on data from 90 subjects with 2050 observations. The relative bioavailability of phenylephrine 10 mg was doubled (Fbio 2.11, 95%CI 1.89, 2.31) when combined with acetaminophen 1000 mg, while the absorption half-time was reduced by 50 %. When combined with 500 mg of acetaminophen, bioavailability increased by 64 % (Fbio 1.64). Phenylephrine 5 mg in combination with acetaminophen 1000 mg produced a phenylephrine plasma time-concentration profile similar to that seen with phenylephrine 10 mg administered alone. The relative bioavailability of phenylephrine was increased when co-administered with acetaminophen.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 12/2014; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00228-014-1788-5
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    ABSTRACT: Periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has received great attention due to its significant association with mortality and morbidity. Accordingly, cardioprotection during PCI is one of the important therapeutic concerns. Regarding the potential cardiovascular benefits of pentoxifylline this study was performed to evaluate whether the pretreatment pentoxifylline could reduce PMI in patients who are undergoing elective PCI. A randomized clinical trial on 85 patients undergoing elective PCI was performed. The intervention group (n = 41) received 1200 mg pentoxifylline in divided doses plus the standard treatment before PCI, while the control group (n = 44) received the standard treatment. For assessing myocardial damage during PCI, the levels of CK-MB and troponin-I were measured at baseline, 8, and 24 h after the procedure. Then, patients were followed up for a 1-month period regarding the major adverse cardiac effect. Comparing with the control group, no significant change of CK-MB at 8 (p = 0.315) and 24 h (p = 0.896) after PCI was documented in pentoxifylline group. Similarly, no significant change was found in troponin-I at 8 (p = 0.141) and 24 h (p = 0.256) after PCI. This study could not support the pretreatment with pentoxifylline in the prevention of PMI in patients undergoing elective PCI. However, the trend was toward the potential benefit of pentoxifylline.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 12/2014; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00228-014-1782-y
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical pharmacology in Russia has long history and is currently active, but rather unrecognized internationally. It is governmentally approved as a teaching/scientific specialty since 1983 and as a medical specialty since 1997. Courses of clinical pharmacology are included in the undergraduate curricula in the 5th and/or 6th year of education at all medical schools in the Russian Federation. Postgraduate education includes initial specialization in internal medicine with further residency in clinical pharmacology. Governmental legislation recommends that every healthcare institution has either a department or a single position of clinical pharmacologist. Major routine duties include information about and monitoring of medication use, consultations in difficult clinical situations, pharmacogenetic counseling, therapeutic drug monitoring, pharmacovigilance, and participation in drug and therapeutics (formulary) committees. There are official experts in clinical pharmacology in Russia responsible for coordinating relevant legislative issues. The chief expert clinical pharmacologist represents the discipline directly at the Ministry of Health. Research in clinical pharmacology in Russia is extensive and variable, but only some of it is published internationally. Russia is a participant of international societies of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics and collaboration is actively ongoing. There are still certain problems related to the development of the discipline in Russia-some healthcare institutions do not see the need for clinical pharmacology. However, the number of clinical pharmacologists in Russia is increasing as well as their role in physicians' education, national healthcare, and research.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 12/2014; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00228-014-1787-6