Perceptual and Motor Skills Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Ammons Scientific

Journal description

Perceptual and Motor Skills: experimental or theoretical articles dealing with perception or motor skills, especially as affected by experience; articles on general methodology; special reviews.

Current impact factor: 0.66

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2009 Impact Factor 0.552

Additional details

5-year impact 0.55
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.07
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.16
Website Perceptual & Motor Skills website
Other titles Perceptual and motor skills
ISSN 0031-5125
OCLC 4704366
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Ammons Scientific

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 9 months
  • Conditions
    • Author's version
    • On author's personal, grantor, institution or university website
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Authors may also post abstract
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
  • Classification
    ​ white

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: -According to attention-restoration theory (ART), natural environments can provide restorative experiences. In this pilot study, a mixed-methods approach was used to examine the potential of using exercise in a natural environment to enhance exercise behaviors. The study included an assessment study and an intervention study (overall n = 19). The participants underwent a standardized exercise program including biking and circuit strength training, either indoors or outdoors in nature. Measurements included connectedness to nature, perceived exertion, perceived environmental restorativeness, enjoyment, affect, future exercise intention, and self-reported exercise behavior. The participants also wrote a brief text describing the way in which the environment influenced their feelings while exercising. Quantitative data were analyzed using the Spearman rank correlation and linear mixed-effects modeling. The qualitative information was analyzed thematically. The integrated results indicated that, in accordance with ART, exercising in nature was associated with a greater potential for restoration and affective responses, which in some participants led to enhanced intention to exercise and increased exercise behavior. However, some perceived that the indoor exercise provided a more effective workout. Further studies on larger samples are needed.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 09/2015; DOI:10.2466/06.PMS.121c17x0
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    ABSTRACT: -The present study compared brain activity of adolescents with or without burnout during their responses to a computerized version of the Stroop Color and Word Test. The Sport Adaptation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered to 460 Korean high school student athletes. Electroencephalographic data were recorded from frontal, central, parietal, and occipital brain regions while these participants were performing the Stroop Color and Word Test. A 2 (group) × 2 (condition) × 15 (electrodes) three-way analysis of variance was used to analyze the data. Results indicated that the athletes without burnout exhibited significantly higher accuracy than their counterparts with burnout on the Stroop Color and Word Test. The athletes without burnout also showed higher amplitudes for theta, alpha, and beta power in the frontal areas than the athletes with burnout.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 09/2015; DOI:10.2466/22.PMS.121c16x7
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    ABSTRACT: -This study assessed the effect of energy shots on selected fine motor tasks. The participants were college-age male (n = 19; M age = 20.5 yr., SD = 0.7) and female (n = 21; M age = 21.1 yr., SD = 0.7) volunteers who were assessed on hand steadiness, choice reaction time, rotary pursuit, and simple reaction time. The energy shots group scored significantly poorer on the hand steadiness tests and significantly better on choice reaction time and simple reaction time tests. The enhanced reaction time and disruption in hand steadiness afforded by energy shots would not be apparent in many gross motor activities, but it is possible that reaction time improvement could be beneficial in sports that require quick, reflexive movements. However, the potential adverse psychological and physiological effects warrant discretionary use of such products.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2015; DOI:10.2466/25.PMS.121c15x5
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    ABSTRACT: -Two experiments including 24 (M age = 29 yr., SD = 9; 6 men) and 25 participants (M age = 27 yr., SD = 9; 8 men), respectively, examined how arm movement extent affects the perception of visual locations. Linear arm movements were performed on a horizontal plane from a start position until an auditory signal occurred. Subsequently, the position of a visual target located along the movement path was judged. The target was judged as further away with an increase in movement extent. The results indicated that motor-related signals are taken into account in visual perception of locations. There were no indications, though, that changes of location perception prompted subsequent changes of action planning, which demonstrates the short-term nature of action-induced plasticity of space perception under the present conditions.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2015; 121(1). DOI:10.2466/25.24.PMS.121c14x3
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    ABSTRACT: -Certain aspects of numerical processing show a connection with spatial abilities. Spatial abilities may be enhanced through the practice of origami. It is possible that the development of spatial abilities will support the development of numerical processing. The goal was to investigate whether spatial and numerical skills can be developed using origami and the folding of three-dimensional shapes. During the course of the 10-wk. training program, consisting of weekly 60-min. sessions, the performance of children with mathematical difficulties showed considerable improvement in spatial and numerical tasks as compared to the control group of children with mathematical difficulties.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2015; DOI:10.2466/24.10.PMS.121c16x1
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    ABSTRACT: -Lifters may use negative acceleration in lifting a very light load. Body kinematic data were recorded in 10 participants lifting a 114 g box. Vertical position and acceleration of the center of mass and angle of the thigh to a vertical line were calculated. Acceleration data between the positions of the body when the thighs were horizontal and as the knees extended to an angle of 45° indicated that negative acceleration was present at 68.9% of time points, more than predicted by chance.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2015; DOI:10.2466/26.25.PMS.121c14x9
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    ABSTRACT: -The speed-accuracy trade-off in throwing has been well described, but its cause is poorly understood. The popular impulse-variability hypothesis lacks relevance to throwing, while the launch window hypothesis has explanatory potential but has not been empirically tested. The current study therefore aimed to quantify the speed-accuracy trade-off and launch window during a throwing task at two different speeds. Nine elite junior baseball players (M age = 19.6 yr.; M height = 1.80 m; M weight = 75.5 kg) threw 10 fastballs at 80 and 100% of maximal throwing speed (MTS) toward a 7 cm target from a distance of 20 m. A 3D motion analysis system measured ball speed and trajectory. A speed-accuracy trade-off occurred, mediated by increased vertical error. This can be attributed to the launch window, which was significantly smaller, particularly its vertical component, during 100% MTS. Maximal throwing speed correlated negatively with launch window size. The launch window hypothesis explained the observed speed-accuracy trade-off, providing a framework within which aspects of technique can be identified and altered to improve performance.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2015; 121(1). DOI:10.2466/25.30.PMS.121c13x4
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    ABSTRACT: -The associations between subjective ratings and objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were examined in normal, and overweight and obese, pubertal boys and compared with their parents' reports. In total, 224 boys (M age = 12.2 yr.) completed the self-report questionnaire and wore an accelerometer for 7 consecutive days. Questionnaire-based indexes of physical activity (PA) were weakly associated with the accelerometer PA data. Correlations between subjective and objective assessments were significantly higher in overweight and obese groups. Parent reports predicted sedentary time better than boys' self-reports but no difference was found for MVPA. Future studies must consider that the source of rating, season, and weight status may be possible sources of confounding when using subjective assessments of PA.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2015; 121(1). DOI:10.2466/10.03.PMS.121c13x7
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    ABSTRACT: -Adequate proficiency at object control skills, which is influenced by biological and environmental constraints, underlies the development of more complex sport-specific skills. This study describes proficiency at six object control skills and demographic correlates associated with each skill and each skill criteria in 9- to 10-year-old children who were randomly selected from 20 schools (N = 826) and tested with the Test of Gross Motor Development-2. Cross-tabulation and hierarchical linear models were used to analyze the effects of sex (433 boys, 393 girls), ethnicity (619 Black, 207 White), and high (n = 312) and low (n = 514) socioeconomic school environments. Twenty-three percent of the sample showed below average proficiency. Significant sex and socioeconomic school environment differences were found favoring boys and children from higher socioeconomic environments, although kicking showed significant interaction effects. It is concluded that environmental opportunities are the primary cause of differences across skills and the rates at which the skills are learned.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2015; 121(1):309-332. DOI:10.2466/10.PMS.121c15x8
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    ABSTRACT: -Memory encoding sometimes must occur during a period of sleep deprivation. The question was whether one night of sleep deprivation inhibits encoding on a perceptual learning task (the texture discrimination task). The sample was 18 human participants (M age = 22.1 yr., SEM = 0.5; 8 men). The participants were randomized to a sleep deprivation or sleep control condition and, after the manipulation, were given two administrations of the texture discrimination task. All participants were given an opportunity for a 90 min. nap between the two administrations. Performance was measured by the interpolated stimulus-to-mask-onset asynchrony (i.e., the inter-stimulus interval), at which the percentage of correct responses for the stimuli in the participant's peripheral vision fell below 80%. Offline consolidation was defined as a decrease in this index between the two administrations. Participants who were sleep deprived prior to encoding exhibited similar offline consolidation (M age = -5.3 msec., SEM = 2.3 ) compared to participants who were not sleep deprived prior to encoding (M age = -6.2 msec., SD = 3.9 ); the two-way interaction between time and condition was not significant. In light of reports in the literature, these results indicate encoding following sleep deprivation may be influenced by both the type of task encoded and the brain regions involved in memory processing.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 07/2015; 121(1). DOI:10.2466/23.PMS.121c11x9
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    ABSTRACT: -This study identified several physiological indices that can accurately monitor mental workload while participants performed multiple tasks with the strategy of maintaining stable performance and maximizing accuracy. Thirty male participants completed three 10-min. simulated multitasks: MATB (Multi-Attribute Task Battery) with three workload levels. Twenty-five commonly used mental workload measures were collected, including heart rate, 12 HRV (heart rate variability), 10 EEG (electroencephalography) indices (α, β, θ, α/θ, θ/β from O1-O2 and F4-C4), and two subjective measures. Analyses of index sensitivity showed that two EEG indices, θ and α/θ (F4-C4), one time-domain HRV-SDNN (standard deviation of inter-beat intervals), and four frequency-domain HRV: VLF (very low frequency), LF (low frequency), %HF (percentage of high frequency), and LF/HF were sensitive to differentiate high workload. EEG α/θ (F4-C4) and LF/HF were most effective for monitoring high mental workload. LF/HF showed the highest correlations with other physiological indices. EEG α/θ (F4-C4) showed strong correlations with subjective measures across different mental workload levels. Operation strategy would affect the sensitivity of EEG α (F4-C4) and HF.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 07/2015; 121(1). DOI:10.2466/22.PMS.121c12x5
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    ABSTRACT: -A positive correlation was found between self-reported physical activity, leptin level, and Tanner stage 2 in children aged 10 to 12 years. However, several methodological considerations on the accuracy for assessing physical activity, misclassification of physical activity levels and weight status, the inclusion of possible confounds, and interpretation of the current findings should be examined to clarify the final interpretation.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 07/2015; 121(1). DOI:10.2466/06.10.PMS.121c12x2
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    ABSTRACT: -This study examined how a physical activity course based on the Trans-Contextual Model affected the variables of perceived autonomy support, autonomous motivation, determinants of leisure-time physical activity behavior, basic psychological needs satisfaction, and leisure-time physical activity behaviors. The participants were 70 Turkish university students (M age = 23.3 yr., SD = 3.2). A pre-test-post-test control group design was constructed. Initially, the participants were randomly assigned into an experimental (n = 35) and a control (n = 35) group. The experimental group followed a 12 wk. trans-contextual model-based intervention. The participants were pre- and post-tested in terms of Trans-Contextual Model constructs and of self-reported leisure-time physical activity behaviors. Multivariate analyses showed significant increases over the 12 wk. period for perceived autonomy support from instructor and peers, autonomous motivation in leisure-time physical activity setting, positive intention and perceived behavioral control over leisure-time physical activity behavior, more fulfillment of psychological needs, and more engagement in leisure-time physical activity behavior in the experimental group. These results indicated that the intervention was effective in developing leisure-time physical activity and indicated that the Trans-Contextual Model is a useful way to conceptualize these relationships.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 07/2015; 121(1). DOI:10.2466/06.PMS.121c13x1