Perceptual and Motor Skills (PERCEPT MOTOR SKILL )

Publisher: Ammons Scientific

Description

Perceptual and Motor Skills: experimental or theoretical articles dealing with perception or motor skills, especially as affected by experience; articles on general methodology; special reviews.

  • Impact factor
    0.49
  • 5-year impact
    0.55
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.07
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.16
  • Website
    Perceptual & Motor Skills website
  • Other titles
    Perceptual and motor skills
  • ISSN
    0031-5125
  • OCLC
    4704366
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Ammons Scientific

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 9 months
  • Conditions
    • Author's version
    • On author's personal, grantor, institution or university website
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Authors may also post abstract
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
  • Classification
    ​ white

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: -The purpose was to present the new scale of novelty seeking in the context of wilderness. A study of the psychometric properties of the Wilderness Novelty Seeking Scale was conducted, with an exploratory and a confirmatory factor analysis being carried out and the coefficients of the scale's reliability and stability over time being tested. The convergent validity of the WNSS scale was indicated by positive correlations with sensation seeking, openness to experience, and need for cognition. The divergent validity of the WNSS scale was indicated by non-significant correlations with state-trait anxiety and depression. The correlation between the Wilderness Novelty Seeking Scale and psychological well-being was analyzed. The Wilderness Novelty Seeking Scale seems to be a reliable and valid tool.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: -Research on racket sports has traditionally focused on expert players and has treated energy expenditure and tactics as independent factors. These prior studies could not assess how energy expenditure and tactics changed as a function of experience and skill. Here, the specific relationship between playing tactics and energy expenditure in badminton were assessed. Participants were classified into five stages of badminton experience on the basis of conative criteria: structural (physical abilities), technical (technical skills), and functional (tactics). The physical activity of 99 players (47 beginners, 15 intermediates, 30 advanced, and 7 experts) was measured using a three-axis accelerometer during a badminton set (21 points, no extra scoring). The results showed that physical activity (counts/sec.) ranged between about 115 (Stage 1) and 155 (Stage 5), and differed significantly across the conative stages. For Stages 2 and 4, defined by an increase in use of tactics, physical activity increased substantially. For Stage 3, defined by a decrease in use of tactics, physical activity decreased significantly. Thus, tactically-oriented play appears to be closely related to physical activity.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: -This stage 2 trial investigated the therapeutic effect of single channel, peroneal functional electrical stimulation (FES) for improving gait and muscle activity in people with neurological injuries who were enrolled in an inpatient rehabilitation program. Twenty-six patients (16 male; M age = 51.3 yr., SD = 16.2; 2-33 days post-injury) completed the study. Participants were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 13) or control group (n = 13). The experimental group received FES and the control group received sensory stimulation during 45-min. gait training sessions three times a week for the duration of their stay in a rehabilitation facility (average of four sessions for both groups). Changes in gait speed, tibialis anterior muscle electromyography (EMG), and FIM™ locomotion scores were compared between groups. No significant differences were found, as both groups demonstrated similar improvements. The current results with this small sample suggest a low dose of gait training with single channel FES did not augment gait nor EMG activity beyond gait training with sensory stimulation; therefore, clinicians will likely be better served using a larger dose of FES or multichannel FES in this clinical population.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: -The results of Experiment 1 indicated that noise and illumination intensity have a significant effect on character identification performance, which was better at 30 dBA than at 60 and 90 dBA, and better at 500 and 800 lux than at 200 lux. However, the interaction of noise and illumination intensity did not significantly affect visual performance. The results of Experiment 2 indicated that noise and illumination intensity also had a significant effect on reading comprehension performance, which was better at 30 dBA than at 60 and 90 dBA, and better at 500 lux than at 200 and 800 lux. Furthermore, reading comprehension performance was better at 500 lux lighting and 30 dBA noise than with 800 lux and 90 dBA. High noise intensity impaired visual performance, and visual performance at normal illumination intensity was better than at other illumination intensities. The interaction of noise and illumination had a significant effect on reading comprehension. These results indicate that noise intensity lower than 30 dBA and illumination intensity approximately 500 lux might be the optimal conditions for visual work.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014;
  • Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: -Cross-sectional studies and short term interventions focusing on fitness and bone mineral density (BMD) are common. However, few investigations have studied the effect of fitness on BMD over an extended period of time. The present study was conducted to determine the extent to which cardiorespiratory fitness influences risk of BMD loss at the hip over 6 yr. A prospective cohort design was used with 245 healthy, middle-aged women. Hip BMD was assessed using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Calcium and vitamin D were measured using the Block Food Frequency Questionnaire. Menopause status was measured by a questionnaire. Results showed that fit and unfit women experienced similar changes in hip BMD over time. Specifically, unfit women experienced a non-significant 7% increased risk of losing hip BMD compared to their counterparts (RR = 1.07, 95% CI = 0.66, 1.73). Adjusting statistically for differences in age, initial body weight, and hip BMD, weight change, menopause status, calcium and vitamin D intake, and time between assessments had little effect on the relationship. Fitness level did not influence risk of hip BMD loss over time.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: - Stamps (2013) reported that the visual permeability of a boundary strongly influenced perceived enclosure, while boundary depth had almost no effect. Specifically, Stamps found that perceived enclosure demonstrates a highly negative correlation with distal permeability, a moderately negative correlation with proximate permeability, and a very low positive correlation with distal distance. The present comment suggests that environmental properties may affect physical perception, mental processes, and human behavior - not only in a physical but also in a social environment.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014; 119(1):254-257.
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    ABSTRACT: -To address the obesity epidemic there is an increasing effort to emphasize physical activity and fitness in adolescence as opposed to fundamental motor skills. However, what effect this might have on health-related fitness is unclear. This study sought to determine the degree to which motor development competencies in preschool could predict high school fitness. In the initial study, participants were 143 male and 139 female preschoolers (M age = 4.8 yr., SD = 0.7) from four preschool programs in suburban area of a Southern state who completed the Test of Gross Motor Development. Eleven years later, 75 boys and 65 girls (M age = 15.8 yr., SD = 0.7) from the original sample were located and completed the AAHPERD Health Related Fitness Test (1.5 mile run, sit-up, sit-and-reach, body fat percentage). Test of Gross Motor Development scores were found to be strong predictors for all measures of fitness, but object control skills were more predictive of overall physical fitness than locomotor skills. Therefore, educators should consider teaching sport skill development in early childhood over general activity to improve long-term fitness.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014; 119(1):279-291.
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    ABSTRACT: -None of the tasks used to induce boredom have undergone rigorous psychometric validation, which creates potential problems for operational equivalence, comparisons across studies, statistical power, and confounding results. This methodological concern was addressed by testing and comparing the effectiveness of six 5-min. computerized boredom inductions (peg turning, audio, video, signature matching, one-back, and an air traffic control task). The tasks were evaluated using standard criteria for emotion inductions: intensity and discreteness. Intensity, the amount of boredom elicited, was measured using a subset of the Multidimensional State Boredom Scale. Discreteness, the extent to which the task elicited boredom and did not elicit other emotions, was measured using a modification of the Differential Emotion Scale. In both a laboratory setting (Study 1; N = 241) and an online setting with Amazon Mechanical Turk workers (Study 2; N = 416), participants were randomly assigned to one of seven tasks (six boredom tasks or a comparison task, a clip from Planet Earth) before rating their boredom using the MSBS and other emotions using the modified DES. In both studies, each task had significantly higher intensity and discreteness than the comparison task, with moderate to large effect sizes. The peg-turning task outperformed the other tasks in both intensity and discreteness, making it the recommended induction. Identification of reliable and valid boredom inductions and systematic comparison of their relative results should help advance state boredom research.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014; 119(1):237-253.
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    ABSTRACT: -This study was conducted to compare mechanical work during vigorous walking (which utilizes greater arm swings and step lengths) with that during normal walking and to examine whether individual differences (delta: vigorous walking - normal walking) in mechanical work during vigorous walking affected oxygen uptake (VO2). Six adult men (M age = 28.5 yr., SD = 3.9) performed normal and vigorous walking on a treadmill at 1.11, 1.53, and 1.94 m/sec. At all speeds, external work during vigorous walking was greater than that during normal walking, and the delta of total work was significantly correlated with that of VO2. Thus, it was suggested that increased mechanical work (particularly total work) in vigorous walking would increase the metabolic cost.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014; 119(1):6-19.
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    ABSTRACT: -This study assessed the sensitivity to functional change of the total score on age- and severity-relevant dimensions (Goal Total score) of the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM)-88 compared with GMFM-88 Total, GMFM-66, and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) Mobility scores in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Correlations among the four parameters were calculated to assess how sensitivity may differ according to the severity of CP. 64 children with CP (M age = 43.8 mo., SD = 16.5, range = 21 to 84 mo.; 36 boys, 28 girls) were recruited. The GMFM and PEDI assessments were performed over an interval of 6 mo. The effect sizes for changes over time were large (0.88 to 1.26) for the selected GMFM-88 Goal Total scores. The minimally important differences of the GMFM-88 Goal Total scores were within the mean range of change, with CP severity categorized as GMFCS Levels I/II, Level III, and Levels IV/V. The selected GMFM-88 Goal Total scores showed from poor to good correlations with GMFM-88 Total, GMFM-66, and PEDI Mobility scores. The results indicated that age- and severity-relevant GMFM-88 Goal Total scores were the optimal parameter to detect meaningful change in children with CP for clinical and research use.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014; 119(1):305-319.
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    ABSTRACT: -A 1995 data set from a survey of college students carried out by the Centers for Disease Control was examined to explore whether participation in sports was associated with recent suicidal behavior. Overall, participation in college sports was associated with a reduced incidence of suicidal ideation in the past year, but had no association with attempted suicide in the past year. However, this protective effect was found for European American students, Hispanic Americans, and Asian Americans, but not for African Americans, and was stronger for male students than for female students.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014; 119(1):38-41.
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    ABSTRACT: -This study investigated differences between 50- to 70-yr.-old taxi and non-taxi drivers with respect to cognitive process-related skills. Psychological indicators associated with perceptuomotor, attentional, and spatial memory recall abilities were collected for 173 taxi drivers (7 women, 166 men; M age = 57.5 yr.) and 175 non-taxi drivers (85 women, 90 men; M age = 58.2 yr.). The taxi drivers had shorter reaction times and motor times in response to stimuli in simple stimulus-response tasks. There was an age-related decline in monocular vision detection on both sides, processing speed for fovea stimuli, and higher-level cognition for drivers. Accordingly, the frontal visual information processing speed of the taxi drivers was superior to the non-taxi drivers, but a distinct age-related decline was observed for all drivers.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014; 119(1):100-122.
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    ABSTRACT: -Unconscious priming is sensitive to contextual factors. The present study examined this adaptive process using masked arrow primes (< or >). Some targets required specific "fixed" left/right responses (< or >) and others required "free" left/right responses (<>). Different groups (n = 30 each) received response-congruent primes (SOA = 75 msec.) on 0.2, 0.5, or 0.8 of the fixed-response trials. Fixed responses were facilitated by congruent primes and free responses were faster when congruent with the prime. Critically, these masked priming effects emerged only in the 0.8 group. The pattern of extant prime-proportion effects in this paradigm best supports an adaptive associative-strength account rather than memory-recruitment or response-bias-suppression accounts.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2014; 119(1):59-68.

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