Ophthalmic Research (OPHTHAL RES )

Publisher: Blackwell Publishing


ëOphthalmic Researchí features original papers, reviews and short communications reporting basic and clinical experimental studies. Authors from throughout the world cover morphologic, physical, physiologic, pharmacological, biochemical and molecular biological aspects of ophthalmology and experimental eye research. Articles on methodological problems are included as well. The results of new experimental research are also interpreted in light of their importance to the clinical work of the eye specialist. This journal provides a record of international research for both researchers and clinicians in ophthalmology.

  • Impact factor
    Show impact factor history
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
  • Cited half-life
  • Immediacy index
  • Eigenfactor
  • Article influence
  • Website
    Ophthalmic Research website
  • Other titles
    Ophthalmic research
  • ISSN
  • OCLC
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Blackwell Publishing

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • Some journals impose embargoes typically of 6 or 12 months, occasionally of 24 months
    • no listing of affected journals available as yet
  • Conditions
    • See Wiley-Blackwell entry for articles after February 2007
    • Publisher version cannot be used
    • On author or institutional or subject-based server
    • Server must be non-commercial
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged with set statement ("The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com ")
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • 'Blackwell Publishing' is an imprint of 'Wiley-Blackwell'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To report the clinical outcome of autologous cultured limbal epithelial cell transplantation (CLECT) followed by deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in paediatric eyes and to correlate the clinical outcome with the phenotype of rejuvenated corneal epithelium. Methods: Four patients with total limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) underwent autologous CLECT. Cultivated cell sheets were transplanted onto the damaged ocular surface followed by DALK surgery. Excised corneal buttons were subjected to histopathological analysis. Data recorded included age, sex, laterality, nature of injury, follow-up period, severity of stem cell deficiency, visual acuity, Schirmer's test and impression cytology. Results: At a mean follow-up period of 19.5 ± 7.4 (range 9-26) months after CLECT, all 4 eyes showed epithelialized and clinically stabilized ocular surface. Manual DALK was performed in all 4 eyes, with a mean follow-up of 9.75 ± 4.5 (range 5-15) months. All eyes exhibited smooth and clear corneal epithelium with improved visual acuity. Excised corneal buttons demonstrated organized corneal epithelial morphology and showed expression of cornea-specific CK3/12 marker. Conclusion: Restoration of severely damaged ocular surface following chemical injury by using 2-stage meticulous approaches offers a new modality for the treatment of severe LSCD. Transplantation of cultivated autologous limbal epithelial cell sheet followed by DALK surgery can efficiently restore the corneal phenotype with improved vision.
    Ophthalmic Research 06/2013; 50(1):59-64.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Epithelial basement membrane dystrophy (EBMD) is by far the most common corneal dystrophy. In this study, we used a newly developed method of immunofluorescence staining and imaging to study the entire corneal nerve architecture of a donor with unilateral EBMD. Method: Two fresh eyes from a 56-year-old male donor were obtained; the right eye of the donor was diagnosed with EBMD and the left was normal. After slit lamp examination, the corneas were immunostained with anti-β-tubulin III antibody. Images were recorded by a fluorescent microscope equipped with a Photometrics digital camera using MetaVue imaging software. Results: The left cornea appeared normal as observed by slit lamp and stereomicroscope, but the right eye had numerous irregular geographic patches in the basement membrane. Immunofluorescence showed no difference in the stromal nerve distribution between the 2 eyes, but there were areas without innervations in the EBMD cornea. Subbasal nerve fibers also showed tortuous courses and fewer divisions. There was a significant decrease in the density of subbasal nerve fibers and the number of terminals in the right eye. Conclusion: We show for the first time detailed nerve architecture in an EBMD cornea. Our results suggest that EBMD-induced abnormalities of basement membrane altered epithelial nerve architecture and decreased nerve density, contributing to the pathology of the disease.
    Ophthalmic Research 01/2013; 49(4):185-191.
  • Ophthalmic Research 01/2013; 50(2):99-107.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In order to characterize the biological effects and molecular mechanism underlying indocyanine-green (ICG)-mediated photo-oxidative cell damage, human cultured retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) cells preloaded with ICG were exposed to 810-nm laser irradiation. Cell viability and death induction were examined, as well as the modulation of proteins involved in cell death and DNA repair. ARPE-19 cells preloaded with 100 microM ICG were irradiated using continuous and micropulsed 810-nm laser for the dye photoactivation, and cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated. The expression and subcellular localization of Bax, Ku70, Ku80 and clusterin/ApoJ were analyzed by immunocytochemistry and Western blot. ICG photoactivation induced apoptosis in RPE cells. The micropulsed laser irradiation induced a higher percentage of cell killing as compared to continuous wave. Cell killing was inhibited by sodium azide, suggesting the involvement of reactive oxygen species in the laser-induced cell damage. Bax was strongly induced after 4 and up to 24 h of treatment. The nuclear proapoptotic isoform of clusterin/ApoJ was selectively upregulated after 24 h of treatment. The DNA repair machinery was upregulated after 4 and up to 24 h. These data elucidate some molecular mechanisms involved in cell death induced by ICG photosensitization. The increase and relocalization of Bax into the mitochondria and the upregulation and translocation of the proapoptotic isoform of clusterin/ApoJ in the nucleus demonstrated the involvement of these proteins in the photo-oxidative cell death pathway. These data point out new molecular targets and suggest potential applications in the therapy of the retinal diseases that could benefit by selective RPE treatment.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(3):164-73.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To study the interaction between latanoprost and pilocarpine on cultured rabbit ciliary muscle (RCM) cells, and investigate the time courses of the two drugs, when given alone or in combination. Cultured RCM cells were treated for 24 h with different concentrations of latanoprost acid, pilocarpine and mixtures of latanoprost acid and pilocarpine. RNA was extracted, expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) and TIMP-2 were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and the optimum concentrations of those drugs were found. Then the cells were treated with the optimum concentrations of those drugs for various periods. RNA was extracted after the treatment and expressions of MMP-1, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 were detected by RT-PCR again. Changes in [Ca(2+)](i) were estimated by fluorescence measurement using the Ca(2+) indicator Fluo-3 AM with a laser scanning confocal microscope. [Ca(2+)](i) of each cell was monitored continually after administration of the drugs. Gray values at 5 s and 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 min were chosen for statistical analysis, and the influence and time-effect relationship of those drugs on [Ca(2+)](i) of the cultured cells were evaluated. Exposure of the cells to increasing concentrations of latanoprost acid induced increased MMP-1 mRNA and decreased TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 mRNA in a dose-dependent manner. After 24 h of treatment, the optimum concentration of latanoprost acid for maximal changes in MMP-1 and TIMP-2 expression was 2 x 10(-7)M, and for maximal changes in TIMP-1 expression, the optimum concentration was 5 x 10(-7)M. When the optimum concentrations of latanoprost acid were chosen to treat the cells for various periods, the optimum time of the peak MMP-1 expression and trough TIMP-1 expression was 24 h, and of the trough TIMP-2 expression, it was 36 h after initiation of treatment. No significant expression changes of MMP-1, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 mRNA were found when the cells were treated with pilocarpine at any concentration or at any time. Exposure of the cells to the mixtures of latanoprost acid and pilocarpine induced the same changes and time course of MMP-1, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 mRNA expression as exposure of the cells to latanoprost acid alone. Exposure of ciliary muscle cells to pilocarpine induced an increase in [Ca(2+)](i), with the peak of increase observed at 5 s after initiation of treatment; then [Ca(2+)](i) gradually decreased near to baseline level within 10 min. Exposure of the cells to latanoprost acid did not significantly change [Ca(2+)](i). Exposure of the cells to the mixtures of latanoprost acid and pilocarpine induced the same [Ca(2+)](i) change as exposure to pilocarpine alone. Latanoprost and pilocarpine have no interaction in their various effects on the cultured RCM cells.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(4):232-40.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cyclic 3',5'-guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), a central molecule in the phototransduction cascade, is also involved in a number of other physiological processes in the retina, like stimulating the absorption of subretinal fluid by activating the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell pump. The aim of this study was to quantify cGMP synthesis by RPE cells and to investigate the role of two separate enzymatic pathways (soluble versus particulate guanylyl cyclase) in its production. cGMP expression was evaluated by immunochemistry and radioimmunoassay following culture of the D407 RPE cell line in the presence of a nonselective phosphodiesterase inhibitor (IBMX), in combination with the particulate guanylyl cyclase stimulator atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) or the soluble guanylyl cyclase stimulator sodium nitroprusside (SNP). Stimulation of the particulate guanylyl cyclase in RPE cells with ANP resulted in high intra- and extracellular cGMP levels. Stimulation of the soluble guanylyl cyclase by SNP resulted in a slight elevation of cGMP levels compared to controls. These results show that cultured human RPE cells are capable of producing cGMP and that most cGMP is generated following stimulation of the particulate guanylyl cyclase pathway.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(1):55-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To report detection of leprosy in ocular tissue by histopathology and its confirmation by genetic analysis. Excised tissue from a clinically-suspected ocular leprosy patient was processed and analyzed histopathologically. The DNA from the paraffin-embedded tissue was extracted, an 85 A-C intergenic region of Mycobacterium leprae was amplified using specific primers and analyzed by conventional as well as real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). With periodic acid-Schiff-hematoxylin (PAS-H) staining the specimen showed presence of a thin fibrinous layer of inflammatory cells. The majority of the tissue was fibrovascular with extensive infiltration by histiocytes having reticulated cytoplasm. Modified PAS-H and acid-fast staining (AFS) showed the presence of several acid-fast organisms within the cytoplasm of histiocytes and mast cells. Conventional PCR showed a 250-bp DNA from excised conjunctival tissue, which was in agreement with the positive controls for M. leprae. Through RT-PCR, it was calculated that the suspected tissue had 44.68 pg of M. leprae DNA, which is 8937.06 genome copies of M. leprae. Presence of inflammatory cells and AFS bacilli in tissue presented a typical picture of leprosy. M. leprae DNA can be detected using RT-PCR in ocular tissues when acid-fast bacteria are seen in histopathological sections. And when the diagnosis of leprosy is inconclusive and acid-fast bacteria are seen, RT-PCR for M. leprae DNA could be used as a rapid confirmatory test to identify the presence of M. leprae and, therefore, the diagnosis of leprosy.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(2):63-8.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: RhoA is a small guanosine triphosphatase which participates in signaling pathways of axonal repellents or inhibitors. However, the distribution and expression of RhoA in the rat retina after optic nerve injury has not been elucidated yet. To study the distribution and expression of RhoA in the rat retina after optic nerve injury. Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the distribution of RhoA in rat retina after optic nerve injury. The expression of RhoA was analyzed by Western blot. In normal retina and the retina 1 day after optic nerve injury, RhoA was distributed in the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) layer. Three days after optic nerve injury, it existed in RGCs and the inner plexiform layer. However, 7 days after surgery its immunoreactivity was abundant not only in the RGC and inner plexiform layers but also in the inner nuclear and outer plexiform layers. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of RhoA increased significantly in the retina after optic nerve injury in comparison with normal retina. These results indicate that the distribution and expression of RhoA were extended and enhanced after optic nerve injury, and that RhoA plays an important role in optic nerve regeneration.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(3):174-8.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fuchs heterochromic cyclitis (FHC) is a chronic inflammatory eye disease, usually presenting as unilateral anterior uveitis. Up to date no disease susceptibility genes have been described for FHC. The allele frequency of HLA DRB1 and DQB1, polymorphisms of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha promoter region (-376, -308, -238), the promoter (-318), first exon (+49) and (AT)n repeat polymorphism of the cytotoxic T cell antigen 4 (CTLA4) gene were analysed in 44 FHC patients and 139 healthy controls. The CTLA4 -318 C/T genotype was increased in FHC patients [odds ratio (OR) 3.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-6.5], as well as long CTLA4 (AT)n microsatellite alleles with more than 16 AT repeats (OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.3-5.3). A trend towards the -308 G/A TNF-alpha genotype was found in the patient cohort, whereas no difference in HLA class II allele distribution was observed. Conclusion:CTLA4 but not TNF-alpha or HLA class II DRB1 and DQB1 may represent a candidate gene for disease susceptibility in FHC.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(2):116-20.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It was the aim of this study to assess the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and extravascular matrix patterns (EMPs) in iris and ciliary body melanomas and their correlations with histopathologic parameters. The study was conducted on 3 iris and 15 ciliary body melanomas. All tumors were subjected to immunohistochemical techniques for VEGF-A and MMP-9 expressions, the presence of EMPs was assessed, and routine paraffin sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin. Cell type, tumor localization, degree of pigmentation, necrosis, mitotic index, lymphocytic infiltration and sclera invasion were analyzed using light microscopy. The mean patient age at the time of treatment was 43 years (range 19-69, median 39.5); 10 (55.6%) patients were males and 8 (44.4%) females. Histopathological cell types were spindle cells in 55.6%, mixed cells in 16.7%, and epithelioid cell types in 27.8% of tumors. Positive reaction for VEGF-A and MMP-9 was present in 66.7 and 72.3% of the tumors, respectively. Microvascular loops and/or networks were seen in 33.4% of the tumors, with the remaining 66.7% of tumors displaying one or more of the other patterns. Metastatic disease developed in only 1 patient during follow-up. Tumor cell type, tumor size, mitotic rate, degree of pigmentation and EMPs were not correlated with metastasis. This study suggests that VEGF-A and MMP-9 were positive in the majority of iris and ciliary body melanomas. No correlation was found between VEGF-A and MMP-9 immunoreactivity and EMPs and occurrence of metastases in cases of anterior uveal melanoma.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(1):40-4.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare the 24-hour efficacy of dorzolamide and timolol maleate administered twice daily to primary open-angle glaucoma patients whose intraocular pressure (IOP) could not be adequately controlled with latanoprost monotherapy. In this double-blind prospective crossover clinical comparison trial, 36 primary open-angle glaucoma patients with uncontrolled IOP despite treatment with latanoprost applied once daily were administered timolol and dorzolamide twice daily. The treatment sequence was randomized. All patients underwent measurements for four 24-hour tonometric curves: at baseline and after each 4-week period of treatment. The IOP measurements were taken at 06:00, 09:00, 12:00, 15:00, 18:00, 21:00, 24:00 and 03:00 h. The between-group differences were tested for significance by means of parametric analysis of variance at each time point and circadian curve. The peak values within circadian curve were defined. The mean of the exact amount and percentage of additional IOP reductions from baseline were evaluated and success rates (a minimum of 10% reduction) were determined for both drug regimens. The mean peak/circadian curve IOPs were 23.4 +/- 2.2/21.8 +/- 2.2 mm Hg at dorzolamide baseline, 23.3 +/- 2.2/21.7 +/- 2.1 mm Hg at timolol baseline, and reduced to 20.2 +/- 1.7/18.7 +/- 1.7 mm Hg and 20.7 +/- 2.4/19.4 +/- 1.6 mm Hg, respectively. When added to latanoprost, both dorzolamide and timolol lowered IOP at circadian curve significantly (p < 0.05). Dorzolamide reduced baseline IOP values at each time point. Timolol also significantly reduced baseline IOP values at all time points except at 03:00. The mean of the exact amount and percentage of reduction in IOP at circadian curve and 5 out of 8 time points were significantly greater with dorzolamide add-on treatment (p < 0.05). The successful reduction rates were 86% for the dorzolamide group and 61% for the timolol group (p = 0.016; chi(2) test). Both of the combinations are effective in lowering IOP, the exact amount and percentage of reduction is greater with the latanoprost + dorzolamide regimen, especially at night-time.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(1):24-31.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to examine the in vivo effects of berberine, an alkaloid isolated from some medicinal herbs, on monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 (CINC-1) expression in rat lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced uveitis. LPS was injected intraperitoneally. Berberine was orally administered. MCP-1 mRNA and CINC-1 mRNA were measured by semiquantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and real-time polymerase chain reaction. MCP-1 and CINC-1 protein concentration in the aqueous humor were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Histopathologic study was performed in the anterior ocular segments. Berberine dose-dependently inhibited LPS-induced MCP-1 mRNA and CINC-1 mRNA expression of the iris-ciliary body. The alkaloid inhibited chemokines, protein and cell levels in the aqueous humor in rats stimulated with LPS. On histopathologic study, the inflammatory cell infiltration was diminished by the berberine treatment. These findings indicate that berberine dose-dependently inhibited the expression of MCP-1 and CINC-1 induced by LPS and diminished the anterior uveitis.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(1):32-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been proven to be very effective on tissue regeneration and wound healing. Here we investigate the potential use of PRP in the treatment of symptomatic dry eye. Eighteen consecutive patients with symptomatic dry eye were treated with topical PRP and followed up for 1 month. Disappearance of subjective symptoms, increase in best corrected visual acuity, tear meniscus, tear breakup time, decrease in inflammation, fluorescein staining and improvement in impression cytology were measured. Symptoms improved significantly in 89% of the patients, 28% improved at least 1 line of best corrected visual acuity. A significant improvement on lachrymal meniscus and conjunctival hyperemia and a decrease or disappearance of corneal fluorescein staining were observed. Impression cytology revealed a significant increase in conjunctival goblet cells. Treatment of patients suffering from significant dry eye symptoms with autologous RPR proved to be very effective, improving both patient symptoms and major clinical signs.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(3):124-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the distribution of terbinafine in the cornea and aqueous humor after topical administration. A corn oil ointment of terbinafine 0.2% (resolved in sterile corn oil) was applied to the conjunctival sac of albino rabbits twice (with a 5-min interval). The concentration of terbinafine was determined with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) 5, 15, 30, 60, 120 and 240 min after administration of terbinafine. After topical administration, the concentration of terbinafine increased gradually, reached a peak (1.39 microg/ml at 30 min in the cornea and 82.9 ng/ml at 30 min in aqueous humor, respectively) and then decreased. The concentration was 0.18 microg/g at 240 min in the cornea, but terbinafine could not be tested at 120 min in aqueous humor. Topical ophthalmic terbinafine 0.2% could penetrate into the cornea and aqueous humor at concentrations adequate for inhibition of fungus.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(2):81-3.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the most important angiogenic growth factors for tumor angiogenesis which has been verified to be involved in neovascularization of retinoblastoma. Here, we sought to explore whether RNA interference (RNAi) targeting VEGF could inhibit retinoblastoma angiogenesis and tumor growth. Stable transfection of the two human retinoblastoma cell lines SO-RB50 and HXO-RB44 with VEGF-targeted small interfering RNA (siRNA) expression plasmid significantly inhibited VEGF expression determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot, whereas the control transfection showed no effects. The chemically synthesized VEGF siRNA dramatically suppressed tumor angiogenesis (CD34 immunohistochemistry) and tumor growth in the SO-RB50 subcutaneous xenograft model. Significant downregulation of VEGF expression both on messenger RNA and protein levels in VEGF-siRNA-treated SO-RB50 subcutaneous xenograft was confirmed by real-time PCR and Western blot compared to control. Our data demonstrate the suppression function on angiogenesis and tumor growth of retinoblastoma by VEGF-targeted RNAi. This novel therapeutic strategy promises to play a part in the clinical management of retinoblastoma.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(2):108-15.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Retinoblastoma is the most common cancer of the eye in children and is uniformly fatal if left untreated. Over the past century, there have been great strides in treatment that have resulted in survival rates greater than 95&percnt; in developed countries [1]. However, currently available treatments have serious drawbacks, and many retinoblastoma-bearing eyes continue to require enucleation. External beam radiotherapy, while highly effective in many cases, markedly increases the risk of second primary cancers in the field of radiation in young children with the heritable form of retinoblastoma, which represents about 40&percnt; of all cases [2]. Even in nonheritable cases, radiation can induce disfiguring midfacial hypoplasia. Because of these shortcomings, external beam radiotherapy has been largely replaced by systemic chemotherapy – usually a combination of carboplatin, vincristine and etoposide [3, 4]. When combined with focal laser treatment and cryotherapy, chemotherapy allows many eyes to be salvaged without external radiation. Indeed, the success of combination chemotherapy and focal treatment has spurred the development of a new international classification for intraocular retinoblastoma based on systemic chemotherapy. Nevertheless, chemotherapy has its own drawbacks, including bone marrow suppression, infections and possibly second cancers such as leukemia. In addition, chemotherapy has done little to reduce the need for enucleation in eyes with advanced disease. Sadly, many children with advanced ‘group D’ disease end up being treated with external beam radiotherapy after a full course of chemotherapy has failed, thereby exposing them to the risks of both therapies. Thus, despite many successes in treating retinoblastoma, there is still a long way to go.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(4):188-90.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The interaction of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their receptor (RAGE) elicits inflammatory and proliferative responses in retinal vascular wall cells, thereby being involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy. Recently, pigment-epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) has also been shown to play a role in diabetic retinopathy. However, the effects of PEDF on RAGE gene expression remain to be elucidated. Therefore, we investigated here whether PEDF could prevent diabetes- or AGE-induced RAGE gene expression and the way that it might achieve this effect. Administration of PEDF or pyridoxal phosphate, an AGE inhibitor, suppressed RAGE gene expression in the eye of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Further, intravenous injection of AGEs to normal rats increased RAGE gene expression, which was also blocked by PEDF. In vitro, PEDF or an antioxidant N-acetylcysteine blocked the AGE-induced RAGE gene induction in microvascular endothelial cells. In addition, PEDF completely inhibited superoxide generation and NF-kappaB activation in AGE-exposed endothelial cells. These results demonstrated that PEDF could inhibit diabetes- or AGE-induced RAGE gene expression by blocking the superoxide-mediated NF-kappaB activation. Our present study suggests that pharmacological upregulation or substitution of PEDF may play a protective role against diabetic retinopathy by attenuating the deleterious effect of AGEs.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(2):92-7.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To examine transpupillary thermotherapy combined with intravitreal triamcinolone for treatment of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization. The clinical interventional, noncomparative, case series study included 14 patients (14 eyes) with choroidal neovascularization (age-related macular degeneration, n = 11; high myopia, n = 2; unknown reason, n = 1), who underwent transpupillary thermotherapy (75-150 mW, 60 s, 500-3,000 microm), followed by an intravitreal triamcinolone injection (10 mg). Follow-up was at least 6 months. Visual acuity increased by 3 lines in 3 (21%) eyes at 3 months, and in 3 (21%) eyes at 6 months of follow-up. None of the patients experienced a visual acuity loss of 3 or more lines. At the 6-month follow-up, mean visual acuity was improved by 1.36 +/- 1.16 lines. Retreatment by transpupillary thermotherapy was performed for 3 (21%) eyes at 3 months, and for 1 (7%) eye at 6 months of follow-up. Transpupillary thermotherapy combined with intravitreal triamcinolone may be a therapeutic option for choroidal neovascularization particularly if other treatment modalities are not available.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(4):241-2.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To report on anti-CD20 antibody therapy in a patient with uveitis refractive to immunosuppression therapy. Case report with ophthalmoscopic, optical coherence tomography and fluorescein-angiographic findings. A 49-year-old woman was suffering from bilateral, noninfectious chronic anterior uveitis refractive to corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs. Bilateral visual acuity was 20/100 due to cataract and cystoid macular edema (CME). After treatment with rituximab, vision and CME improved, and uveitis was stable until the final visit (follow-up at 12 months). The case report suggests that rituximab may be helpful for selected patients with chronic anterior uveitis refractive to corticosteroids and immunosuppressive medication.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2007; 39(3):184-6.

Related Journals