Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska (NEUROL NEUROCHIR POL )

Publisher: Polskie Towarzystwo Neurologiczne; Polskie Towarzystwo Neurolochirurgow

Description

Polish Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery, a bimonthly, publishes papers in the field of clinical neurology and neurosurgery understood broadly. It is intended for all interested in the results of scientific research in neurological sciences in Poland.

  • Impact factor
    0.49
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    0.53
  • Cited half-life
    6.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.06
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.12
  • Website
    Polish Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery website
  • ISSN
    0028-3843
  • OCLC
    150401651
  • Material type
    Series
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Computer File

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study is to determine which clinic, radiologic, and surgical characteristics of benign and atypical meningioma are associated with tumor progression.Methods335 patients who underwent gross-total resection of intracranial benign and atypical meningiomas between 2000 and 2009 were followed during the period of at least 3 years. Clinical, radiological and surgical features possibly associated with progression-free survival and influencing tumor recurrence were assessed.Results291 lesions were benign (WHO Grade I) and 44 were atypical (WHO Grade II). In the median follow-up period of 82 months 34 meningiomas recurred. The 3-, 5- and 10-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates for benign and atypical tumors were 99.7 and 81.4%, 97.5 and 69.7%, 87.5 and 69.7%, respectively. In a Kaplan–Meier analysis subpial plane of surgical dissection (pial invasion) was associated with increased tumor progression both in benign (p = 0.0084) and atypical cohort (p = 0.0104), and bone involvement (p = 0.0033) and peritumoral brain edema (p = 0.0073) were associated with increased tumor progression only in atypical meningiomas. In a multivariate analysis pial invasion and WHO Grade II type were significantly associated with tumor recurrence. All recurrences in atypical meningioma group occurred within 4 years of the surgical resection.Conclusion Pial invasion is an important predictor of tumor recurrence in benign and atypical meningiomas. In atypical meningiomas bone involvement and large peritumoral brain edema are associated with increased tumor progression.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Neuropathic pain still present a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge despite considerable progress in understanding of its mechanisms and publication of number of studies which assessed the efficacy and safety of drugs used in the symptomatic treatment. In practice, it is diagnosed less frequently than recognised in the epidemiological studies, and many patients do not achieve satisfactory outcomes of treatment. A multidisciplinary team of Polish experts, commissioned by the Polish Association for the Study of Pain and the Polish Neurological Society, has reviewed the literature on neuropathic pain, with special focus on the published international recommendations, and formulated recommendations on neuropathic pain diagnosis and treatment, in accordance with the principles of evidence-based medicine. The paper presents also background information on the neuropathic pain definition, epidemiology, pathomechanism and method of assessment. The diagnosis of neuropathic pain may be established based on medical history and physical examination including special assessment of the somatosensory system. First-line drugs used in pharmacological management of neuropathic pain are: tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, gabapentin, pregabalin, opioids and lidocaine patches.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple sclerosis (SM) is a chronic inflammatory and degenerative disease of the central nervous system. Its etiology has not been fully elucidated. For approximately 20 years, drugs have been used, successfully modifying the natural course of relapsing-remitting SM. One of them is interferon beta. Research outcomes of 16- and 21-year-retrospective follow-up of patients who participated in the pivotal interferon beta-1b trial were reported in 2010 and 2012, respectively. After 21 years, mortality rate among patients treated in the first 5 years with interferon beta-1b at a dose of 250 μg was significantly lower, irrespective of the cause, as compared to the placebo-controlled group. Interferon beta-1b administered during the first 5 years of the study decreased the risk of death by 46.8% as compared to the placebo patients. Moreover, the studies also confirmed safety of long-term interferon beta-1b therapy. However, not much is known about the effect of interferon beta-1a on patients’ survival – the available data are presented in the article.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Huntington disease (HD) is a degenerative brain disease clinically manifested by the characteristic triad: physical symptoms including involuntary movements and poor coordination, cognitive changes with less ability to organize routine tasks, and some emotional and behavioral disturbances. For patients with HD, feeding is one of the problems they have to face. People with HD often have lower than average body weight and struggle with malnutrition. As a part of therapy, good nutrition is an intervention maintaining health and functional ability for maximally prolonged time. In the early stages of HD, small amounts of blenderized foods given orally are recommended. In more advanced stages, enteral nutrition is essential using gastric, or jejunal tubes for short term. Most severe cases require gastrostomy or gastrojejunostomy. Although enteral feeding is well tolerated by most of the patients, a number of complications may occur, including damage to the nose, pharynx, or esophagus, aspiration pneumonia, sinusitis, metabolic imbalances due to improper nutrient and fluid supply, adverse effects affecting gastrointestinal system, and refeeding syndrome.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebellar liponeurocytoma is a newly recognized, rare clinicopathological entity commonly described in the cerebellar hemispheres or the vermis.We present a rare case of cerebellar liponeurocytoma arising from the left cerebellar amygdala with extracranial extension. Such a condition has never been previously reported.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) is a recessive, X-linked disorder caused by a mutation in the dystrophin gene. Deletions account for approximately 60–65% of mutations, duplications for 5–10%. The remaining cases are mainly point mutations. According to Monaco theory clinical form of the disease depends on maintaining or disrupting the reading frame. The purpose of the study was to determine frequency and location of deletions and duplications in the dystrophin gene, to determine the compliance between maintaining/disrupting the reading frame and clinical form of the disease and to check the effectiveness of MLPA (multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification) in the detection of these mutations in hemizygous patients and heterozygous female carriers. The material is composed of combined results of molecular diagnosis carried out in years 2009–2012 in 180 unrelated patients referred with the diagnosis of DMD/BMD tested by use of MLPA. We identified 110 deletions, 22 duplication (in one patient two different duplications were detected) and 2 point mutations. Deletions involved mainly exons 45–54 and 3–21, whereas most duplications involved exons 3–18. The compliance with Monaco theory was 95% for deletions and 76% for duplications. Most of mutations in the dystrophin gene were localized in the hot spots – different for deletions and duplications. MLPA enabled their quick identification, exact localization and determination whether or not they maintained or disrupted the reading frame. MLPA was also effective in detection of deletions and duplications in female carriers.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Papillary tumor of the pineal region (PTPR) was introduced to the WHO classification in 2007. This rare tumor of little known natural history and unpredictable behavior was described in fewer than 100 cases. Its optimal treatment is not established yet. We report another two cases of PTPR in whom tumors were totally removed via supracerebellar infratentorial approach and both were treated with radiotherapy. In a 37-year-old man the operation was delayed 6 years after the first tumor diagnosis and subsequent shunt placement. He has no complaints 10 years after the onset of the disease. A 45-year-old woman has no complaints 24 months after surgery. Our experience and the data from literature indicate that a total tumor removal is the major prognostic factor.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: CANVAS (cerebellar ataxia with neuropathy and vestibular areflexia syndrome) is a rare neurological syndrome of unknown etiology. The main clinical features include bilateral vestibulopathy, cerebellar ataxia and sensory neuropathy. An abnormal visually enhanced vestibulo-ocular reflex is the hallmark of the disease. We present a case of 58-year-old male patient who has demonstrated gait disturbance, imbalance and paresthesia of feet for 2 years. On examination ataxia of gait, diminished knee and ankle reflexes, absence of plantar reflexes, fasciculations of thigh muscles, gaze-evoked downbeat nystagmus and abnormal visually enhanced vestibulo-ocular reflex were found. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed cerebellar atrophy. Vestibular function testing showed severely reduced horizontal nystagmus in response to bithermal caloric stimulation. Nerve conduction study revealed loss of upper and lower limb sensory nerve action potentials. The course of illness was progressive with ataxic gait and unsteadiness as the most disabling symptoms. We report 4-year follow-up of the patient since the beginning of the disease.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background The main hypotheses regarding mechanisms of transient global amnesia (TGA) are ischemia in hippocampal structures, epileptic genesis, and migraine. In accordance with the hypothesis of a shared, common pathophysiological mechanism in both TGA and migraine, neuromuscular transmission (NMT) abnormalities previously found in migraine were also suspected in TGA. Objective The aim of our study was to analyze NMT in TGA patients to reveal a subclinical impairment of neuromuscular transmission as a possible indicator of underlying channelopathy, which would point to a shared etiology with migraine. Materials and methods The study group consisted of 15 patients (6 males) with TGA (mean age 69.5 ± 7.4 yrs). The duration of amnesia ranged from 1 to 6 h (mean 4.4 h). Single fiber electromyography (SFEMG), the most sensitive tool for NMT assessment, of the voluntarily activated frontal muscle was performed 1–5 days after a TGA incident. Results Abnormal SFEMG was found in 1 patient (6.6%). In all other patients, SFEMG was in the normal range. Conclusion Our neurophysiological study does not confirm NMT defects in TGA. The role of channelopathy with NMT dysfunction in the pathogenesis of TGA is rather unlikely, whereas subclinical NMT abnormalities were certainly proven in migraine.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective The mortality of re-bleeding following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is high, and surviving patients often have poor clinical condition and worse outcome than patients with a single bleed. In this study, we performed an updated systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the most common risk factors for re-bleeding in this patient population, with the goal of providing neurologists, neurosurgeons, neuro-interventionalists with a simple and fast method to evaluate the re-bleeding risk for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Method We conducted a thorough meta-analysis of the risk factors associated with re-bleeding or re-rupture of intracranial aneurysms in cases published between 2000 and 2013. Pooled mean difference was calculated for the continuous variables (age), and pooled odds ratio (OR) was calculated for categorical factors. If heterogeneity was significant (p < 0.05), a random effect model was applied; otherwise, a fixed model was used. Testing for pooled effects and statistical significance for each potential risk factor were analyzed using Review Manager software. Results Our literature search identified 174 articles. Of these, only seven retrospective studies met the inclusion criteria. These seven studies consisted of 2470 patients, 283 of which had aneurysmal re-bleeding, resulting in a weighted average rate of re-bleeding of 11.3% with 95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.1–12.6. In this population, sex (OR 1.46; 95% CI: 1.11–1.92), high systolic blood pressure [SBP] (OR 2.52; 95% CI: 1.40–4.53), aneurysm size (OR 3.00; 95% CI: 2.06–4.37), clinical condition (Hunt & Hess) (OR 4.94; 95% CI: 2.29,10.68), and Fisher grade (OR 2.29; 95% CI: 1.45, 3.61) were statistically significant risk factors for re-bleeding. Conclusion Sex, high SBP, high Fisher grade, aneurysm size larger than 10 mm, and poor clinical condition were independent risk factors for aneurysmal re-bleeding. The importance of early aneurysm intervention and careful consideration of patient risk factors should be emphasized to eliminate the risk of re-bleeding and poor outcome.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background and purpose Accurate localization and adequate visualization of the superiorly or inferiorly located subperiosteal orbital abscesses or intraorbital abscess is difficult with transnasal endoscopic approach. Sonography is a well-known and effective tool for evaluation of orbital pathologies but no paper documenting intraoperative application of this method in orbital abscess surgery has been published to date. Material and methods We present a series of 12 patients in whom orbital abscesses were drained endoscopically with an aid of neuronavigation and intraoperative ultrasonography. The abscesses were localized subperiosteally in the medial (n = 6), superior (n = 2) or inferior (n = 1) part of the orbit whereas in 3 patients the abscess was localized in the intraconal space. Results According to intraoperative sonographic imaging complete drainage of the abscess was achieved in 11 out of 12 patients and no complications occurred. Intraoperative sonography helped to limit opening of the orbital wall in the medial subperiosteal abscesses, enabled check-up for completeness of drainage of the far extending pouches in the superior and inferior subperiosteal abscesses and enabled visualization of the tip of surgical instrument when reaching deeply located intraorbital abscesses. Conclusions Intraoperative ultrasonography facilitates the endoscopic management of orbital abscesses, especially those which are difficult to reach due to subperiosteal location in the superior and inferior parts of the orbit, or abscesses localized intraorbitally.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Meningioma is one of the most common tumors in the spinal cord. Extradural and en-plaque variety of meningioma occur less frequently. A 47-year-old woman is presented with radiculopathy signs. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lesion from C6 through T3 vertebral levels compressing the cord both anteriorly and posteriorly. Subtotally excision was performed and histopathologic signs showed transitional type of meningioma (WHO Grade 1). Post operatively, she had good neurological recovery. Intraoperative findings point out that the en-plaque meningioma was pure extradural. Twelve cases of pure extradural en-plaque meningioma have been reported in the literature. Besides, to the best our knowledge coexistence of “en plaque” spinal epidural meningioma with meningiomas in cranial cavity has not been reported. Complete resection is mandatory to prevent recurrence. Moreover, it is considerably difficult to remove the parts of tumor over anterior of the dura without complication.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background and purpose Huntington disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease leading to involuntary movements, cognitive and behavior decline. The juvenile variant of HD (JHD) manifests in people younger than 21 and is characterized by a different clinical presentation, i.e. rigidity and bradykinesia. Rapid eye movements were not extensively studied in patients with JHD. Aims of our study were to describe the saccadic eye movements in JHD patients and to find a correlation between the saccade abnormalities, severity of the disease and cognitive and behavior deterioration. Materials and methods We studied 10 patients with JHD and 10 healthy subjects. Reflexive and volitional saccades were assessed with the Saccadometer Advanced. The battery of cognitive and behavior tests was performed as well. Results We found a prolonged latency, slowness and decreased velocity of reflexive and voluntary saccades and reduced amplitude of voluntary saccades. Moreover, patients with JHD executed a significantly lower number of volitional saccades and made more incorrect cued saccades than controls. We noted a significant correlation between prolonged latency of reflexive saccades with gap task and disease severity and significant inverse correlation between prolonged latency of reflexive saccades with overlap task, an increased number of incorrect saccades made on a cue and impairment in working memory. Conclusion Abnormalities of saccade eye movements in patients with JHD were similar to those reported in patients with HD. Our findings did not confirm abnormalities previously reported in patients with early onset HD. Abnormal saccade parameters correlated also with a disease severity and cognitive deterioration.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Aim Parkinson disease (PD) is the common neurodegenerative disease with motor and numerous non-motor symptoms, including cognitive impairment. Mutation of glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene is the most common genetic risk factor of sporadic PD. The aim of this study was to assess clinical features of PD associated with GBA mutation. Methods One hundred and thirty-eight PD patients were involved and examined by the movement disorder specialist using several scales including Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) part II and III, Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) staging, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HDS). The exons 8 and 9 of GBA was sequenced and screened for variants. Results The GBA variants were found in 16 (11.6%) PD patients: N370S mutation in 5 (3.6%) and T369M variant in 11 (7.9%). No significant differences between the group of mutation carriers and non-carriers were found in relation to clinical features except for dementia (MMSE score < 26) occurring more often in N370S mutation carriers (60.0% vs 19.6%, p = 0.03). Conclusion The N370S GBA mutation is the risk factor for cognitive impairment in PD patients.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP, Moschcowitz disease) is characterized by thrombotic microangiopathy leading to microvascular occlusion and ischemic dysfunction of various organs including the brain. In the course of the rare disease most patients develop neurological symptoms of varying severity and characteristics. The case presented is that of a 34-year-old female patient with profound thrombocytopenia, anemia and rapidly progressive neurological deterioration into coma with normal result of brain imaging. TTP was recognized on the basis of hematological analysis. The initiated steroid therapy and plasma exchange failed to prevent the turbulent course of disease in the patient, who died exhibiting symptoms of multiple organ failure caused by thrombotic microangiopathy. TTP remains to be a diagnostic challenge, particularly in the case of atypical symptoms or when neuroimaging and laboratory results are inconclusive. Before using the corticosteroids and plasma exchange, TTP had a case fatality rate of approx. 90% (Podolak-Dawidziak, 2013). Nowadays recovery is possible when vigorous treatment is introduced early in the course of this disease.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A strikingly increasing number of obese patients causes a great interest in potential medical problems resulting from abnormal body weight. Many conditions are associated with obesity. The severity and risk of migraine may be connected with a body weight. We would like to assess a correlation between body mass index (BMI) and frequency and duration of migraine.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 05/2014; 48(3):163-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Supratentorial neurenteric cyst is a rare congenital lesion. We report here a case of a 33-year-old female who presented with seizures. A multicystic lesion in the left premotor cortex with moderate contrast enhancement was demonstrated with MRI. Microscopically, the lesion showed small cystic structures filled with a proteinaceous fluid. The wall of the cysts was lined with a single layer of ciliated columnar or cuboidal epithelium on a basement membrane. Glandular structures resembling gastrointestinal glands were also present. The cells of the cyst lining and glandular structures revealed strongly positive immunoreactions for epithelial markers (cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen).
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 05/2014; 48(3):219-22.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) during transnasal endoscopic procedures performed with decreased hemodynamic parameters.
    Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 05/2014; 48(3):181-7.