Mikrobiologiia (Mikrobiologiya )

Description

Russian version of Microbiology (0026-2617).

  • Impact factor
    0.00
  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.00
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.00
  • Website
    Mikrobiologiya website
  • ISSN
    0026-3656

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The changes in physiological and biochemical properties of Pseudomonas fluorescens 26K, a degrader of chlorinated aromatic compounds, were revealed after existing in a dormant state as cyst�like cells (CLC). The CLC maintained the ability to form colonies after long�term storage, possessed enhanced resis� tance to damaging factors (heating and drying), and had specific ultrastructural organization. In populations grown from CLC on solid media, we observed the appearance of phenotypic variants, which differed from the dominant type in the shape, consistency, and pigmentation of colonies. The emerging phenotypes had higher growth rates on some aromatic substrates, which required the enzymes with broadened substrate specificity for their utilization. Keywords: Pseudomonas, dormant forms, resistance, xenobiotic biodegradation, enzymatic activity
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2013; 82(5):552-562.
  • Mikrobiologiia 01/2013; 82(3):376-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The oligotrophic bacterium Ancylobacter vacuolatus contains two large plasmids pREV1 and pREV2 (about 150 and 250 kb, respectively). Plasmid pREV1 carries the genes responsible for resistance to chloramphenicol, trimethoprim and y-irradiation. Plasmid pREV2 carries the genes responsible for resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics and formation of gas vacuoles. The ability to grow under oligotrophic conditions did not depend directly on either plasmid and was probably chromosome-encoded. Nevertheless, strains lacking the pREV2 plasmid had an improved capacity for growth in enriched media, as is evident from the following findings: 1) the growth rate of the strains lacking pREV2 was about 60% higher with an induction time of about two times less than those for strains carrying the plasmid; 2) the overall cell yield in rich media and colony size on non-oligotrophic agarized media increased with removal of pREV2; 3) the characteristic change in cell morphology occurring in the wild type ofA. vacuolatus when switched from oligotrophic to eutrophic growth conditions was not observed in the strains lacking pREV2; 4) bacterial strains lacking pREV2 exhibited significantly higher rRNA content than the parent strain. As a possible explanation for these phenomena, we suggest that the pREV2 plasmid carries gene(s) for protein(s) acting as repressor(s) of expression of some enzymes involved in eutrophic metabolism. Such protein(s) probably participate in switching between the oligotrophic and eutrophic types of metabolism in response to changing nutrient supply in the environment.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2012; 81(1):39-47.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A bacterial strain with a high level of antimicrobial activity was isolated from soil and identified as Bacillus megaterium. Production of antibiotics by nine strains of this species from the collection of the State Research Institute for Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms was investigated. In submerged cultures, nine out of ten B. megaterium strains were found to produce antibacterial antibiotics differing in their spectra of action. Physicochemical characteristics of five compounds were described. Three of them belonged to peptide antibiotics. All five compounds were active against the methicillin-resistant strain Staphylococcus aureus INA 00761. Three of them were shown to be the previously undescribed compounds. Antibiotics produced by various B. megaterium strains were also active against the Leuconostoc mesenteroides VKPM B-4177 strain resistant to glycopeptide antibiotics and against gram-negative bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2012; 81(2):196-204.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mycological investigation of the Pacific (giant) oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) (Bivalvia) from the Peter the Great Bay of the Sea of Japan was carried out. The taxonomic composition of filamentous fungi associated with C. gigas was studied. The taxonomic composition of the fungi associated with the giant oyster included 22 species of filamentous fungi of which 17 species were identified. The latter belonged to six genera: Alternaria, Aspergillus, Botrytis, Fusarium, Penicillium, and Trichoderma. The distribution of filamentous fungi in the internal organs of the bivalve mollusk was studied.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2012; 81(1):117-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Global warming alerts and threats are on the rise due to the utilization of fossil fuels. Alternative fuel sources like bio-ethanol and biodiesel are being produced to combat against these threats. Bio-ethanol can be produced from a range of substrate. The present study is aimed at the Production of bioethanol from pretreated agricultural substrate using enzymatic hydrolysis and simultaneous saccharification with the addition of purified fungal enzyme. Most cellulosic biomass is not fermentable without appropriate pretreatment methods and so dilute sulfuric acid pretreatment was applied to make the cellulose contained in the waste susceptible to endoglucanase enzyme. A range of acid pretreatment of wheat bran was made in which the sample that was pretreated with 1% dilute sulfuric acid gave maximum yield of ethanol in both methods such as 5.83 g L(-1) and 5.27 g L(-1), respectively. Ethanol produced from renewable and cheap agricultural products (wheat bran) provides reduction in green house gas emission, carbon monoxide, sulfur, and helps to eliminate smog from the environment.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2012; 81(2):220-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Replenishing of the stores of inorganic phosphate is among the most urgent environmental problems. In soil, phosphorus within inorganic compounds is mostly (over 80%) present as insoluble, phytic acid-based conglomerates. Phytates are strong chelating agents, binding the cations of bivalent metals, as well as peptides and low-molecular metabolites into resilient poorly degradable compounds. Their hydrolysis in nature is carried out by microbial phytases, which may potentially be used for an innovative microbial technology. The review deals with microbial degradation of the derivatives of phytic acid. Bacterial species capable of phytase synthesis for stepwise specific cleaving of phytates and their derivatives are discussed. Information analysis was carried out in order to search for the genes encoding phytases in bacterial genomes. Directional modification of the genes of bacterial phytases in order to develop new biotechnologies for agriculture and forage industry is considered. Application of microbial enzymes in agriculture and medicine is analyzed. Bacteria phytases are concluded to have a high practical potential. Microbiology is capable of providing the theoretical and experimental basis for development of the new biotechnology.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2012; 81(3):291-300.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A novel desulfurizing bacterium has been isolated from oil-contaminated soils in Khuzestan. The ability for dibenzothiophene desulfurization and its biochemical pathway were investigated. The bacterium was identified as Gordonia sp. AHV-01 (Genbank Accession No HQ607780) by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. HPLC results and Gibb's assay were shown that dibenzothiophene desulfurized via 4S-pathway Maximum growth (0.426 g dry cells/L) and produced 2-hydroxybiphenyl (63.1 microM) were observed at 120 h of cultivation. By using of response surface design procedure the optimization of pH, temperature and rotary shaker round on the desulfurization reaction of isolate AHV-01 were performed. The optimum conditions were determined at pH of 7.0, temperature of 30 degrees C and rotary shaker round of 180 rpm. At these conditions, the dibenzothiophene desulfurization activity was increased and maximum 2-hydroxybiphenyl production was detected 70.29 microM at 96 h. According to these results, Isolate AHV-01 was capable to desulfurize dibenzothiophene via 4S-pathway and likely it can be useful to reduce organic sulfur contents of crude oil.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2012; 81(2):171-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Five isolates designated as B45, D83A, A206A, A85 and E49 and found to possess a activity were taxonomically classified on the basis of their phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics. The isolates were determined to be Gram-negative, catalase and oxidase positive, hydrolyzing Tween 80 and 60 but not starch, need 3.5-4 M NaCl for optimal growth and lack of anaerobic growth with arginine or DMSO. All isolates had the highest lipolytic activity at pH 8.5. Lipase and esterase activities increased with salt concentration up to 3-4.5 M NaCl, and decreased at 5 M NaCl. Esterase and lipase showed their maximal activities at 50-55 degrees C and 60-65 degrees C, respectively. The phylogenetic tree constructed by the neighbor-joining method indicated that the strain B45 and A85 were closely related to the members of genera Halovivax and Natrinema, respectively. The closest relative of the strain A206A and D83A were found to be Haloterrigena saccharevitans. The strain E49 displayed a more distant relationship to known strains.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2012; 81(2):205-13.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The combined influence of pH and temperature on bacteriocins produced by three lactic acid bacteria, Pediococcus pentosaceus MMZ26, Enterococcus faecium MMZ17 and Lactococcus lactis MMZ25, isolated from Tunisian traditional dry fermented meat was studied using a second order orthogonal factorial design and response-surface methodology (RSM). This method allows estimating the interactive effects of pH and temperature on the stability of each bacteriocin. The high heat stability of the three bacteriocins was demonstrated, with optimum values at light acidic pH around 5.0, temperature below 90 degrees C and short incubation times. This study contributes to a better understanding of relation between bacteriocins production and stability in order to enhance their, in situ, application as a food and feed biopreservative in fermented and/or heated food products.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2012; 81(2):214-9.
  • Mikrobiologiia 01/2011; 80(4):571-4.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Comparison of the changes in the composition of the membrane lipids and soluble cytosol carbohydrates caused by two types of heat influence (within the tolerance zone and heat shock-level) revealed fundamental differences in the stress response of fungal cells. In three fungal species, Aspergillus niger, Pleurotus ostreatus, and Cunninghamella japonica, increased levels of trehalose and phosphatidic acids were observed under heat shock, while heat influences within the tolerance zone had no such effect. Under heat shock, the ratio of saturated fatty acids did not increase in any of the major phospholipids of all the studied species. This is in contradiction with the existing hypothesis and confirms the previously suggested the hypothesis of membrane stabilization by heat-protecting compounds.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2011; 80(4):447-53.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An ionizing- and UV-radiation-resistant bacterial strain, designated ZLM-202T, was isolated from an arid soil sample collected from Xinjiang Province, north-west China. The soil sample was irradiated before serial dilution plating was performed using twofold-diluted marine agar. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain ZLM-202T was a member of the genus Deinococcus, exhibiting sequence similarities of 86.3-92.2% to the type strains of recognized Deinococcus species. Strain-ZLM-202 was strictly aerobic and showed optimum growth at 30-37 degrees C and pH 7.0. The major respiratory menaquinone was MK-8. The major fatty acids were 16:1 omega7c, 16:0, 15:1 omega6c, 15:0 iso and 16:1 omega5c. L-ornithine was detected in its peptidoglycan. The polar lipid profile consisted mainly of various unknown phosphoglycolipids, aminophospholipids, glycolipids and phospholipids. The DNA G + C content was 65.5 mol. %. The strain was shown to be extremely resistant to gamma radiation (> 10 kGy) and UV light (> 600 J m(-2)). On the basis of the phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain ZLM-202T represents a novel species of the genus Deinococcus, for which the name Deinococcus soli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ZLM-202T (= CCTCC AB 208223T = KCTC 13419T).
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2011; 80(6):818-25.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The symbionts of the macronuclei of Paramecium bursaria and P. caudatum, “Holospora curviuscula” 02AZ16 and H. obtusa 88Ti, respectively, were obtained and investigated. The 16S rDNA nucleotide sequences of “Holospora curviuscula” were obtained for the first time. The differences in 16S rDNA (3.4%) suggest their classification within the genus Holospora. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the symbionts revealed that these intranuclear symbionts of the ciliates belonged to the order Rickettsiales, forming within a compact cluster of related species.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2011; 80(5):714-8.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The interaction was investigated between the haloalkaliphilic nonsulfur purple bacteria Rhodovulum steppense A-20sT and layered aluminosilicates: micas (biotite, phlogopite, and muscovite) and clay minerals (montmorillonite and kaolinite). The interaction between all components of this system (minerals, water, medium, and bacteria) resulted in the changes in the chemical composition of the minerals and solutions. These changes were especially significant in the presence of bacteria. By using some elements for growth and promoting their transfer into the exchange pool of the minerals, bacteria removed these elements from the medium. The content of exchange bases in the aluminosilicates incubated in the presence of bacteria was several times higher than in the minerals incubated in sterile medium. The observed saturation of the mineral phase with potassium and magnesium may be considered the initial phase of diagenesis of the aluminosilicates under study.
    Mikrobiologiia 01/2011; 80(5):637-43.

Related Journals