Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik (Lijec Vjesn)

Publisher: National Library of Medicine (U.S.); National Science Foundation (U.S.); United States. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare; Zbor liječnika Hrvatske

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Other titles Medical journal
ISSN 0024-3477
OCLC 1756993
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BPPV is generally the most common cause of vertigo, caused by a pinch-off of tiny calcium carbonate crystals (called the otoconia or the otoliths) from the macula utriculi, most frequently due to the degenerative processes or a trauma, whereby the crystals, under the action of gravity in certain head positions coinciding with its direction, arrive to some of the semicircular canals, usually the posterior one, due to the existent anatomical circumstances and relationships, thus creating an inadequate stimulus of the cupular senses while floating through the endolymph and provoking the symptoms of a strong and short-term dizziness. Two main clinical forms can be distinguished: canalolythiasis, with an accommodation of otolithic debris in the semicircular canal, and cupulolythiasis, with their location immediately next to the cupular sense. The diagnosis is established by a positive positioning test, Dix-Hallpike for the posterior and the supine roll for the lateral canal. Although one can expect a spontaneous recovery subsequent to few weeks or months, various methods of otolith repositioning to a less sensitive place lead to a prompt improvement while reducing or withdrawing the symptoms completely. These guidelines are intended to all who treat the BPPV in their work, with an intention to assist to the diagnosis and application of an appropriate therapeutic method.
    Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 01/2016;
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    ABSTRACT: Microarray gene expression analysis is high-throughput method in which many different sized DNA molecules are attached to solid surface in designated spots. These molecules are used for the discovery of specific RNA molecules isolated from various biological samples of interest. Core principle of this method is hybridization of complementary nucleotides (A-T and G-C), which leads to creation of double stranded nucleic acids. Gene expression differences in two groups of samples are discovered and quantificated by comparison of signal intensity values in microarray spots. Systemic analysis of data gathered in microarray gene expression measurement is performed by various bioinformatic methods such as group analysis, annotation analysis as well as network and pathway analysis. Expression comparison of all genes in different cells of the same individual or same cells of different individuals provides an insight into the mechanism responsible for development of a certain condition or disease.
    Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 09/2015; 137(5-6):188-95.
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the difference in the prevalence of burnout syndrome in preclinical and clinical teaching doctors of Mostar School of Medicine in the academic year 2011/2012. Special attention was also focused on finding out the possible difference between the syndrome incidence that was correlated to gender and years of service. The main hypothesis was that the probability of burnout syndrome incidence was higher in the group of female clinical teaching doctors having more years of service. Subjects and methods: The study involved 62 people with high academic education employed at Mostar School of Medicine who were surveyed during a randomly selected consecutive 3-month period (February to May) of the academic year 2011/2012. The data were prospectively collected through a standardized questionnaire survey. The studied parameters were gender, years of work experience and the engagement in preclinical or clinical departments of the Medical School. Results: The survey showed that 43 out of 62 (69.4%) respondents did not suffer the burnout syndrome, while moderate syndrome was recodred in 19 (30.6%) of them. No person had serious symptoms of the syndrome. The difference between the respondents who suffered the syndrome and those who did not was not statistically significant (P=0.002). Considering the gender of respondents, statistically significant differences were not confirmed (P=0.444). Considering the years of service, the highest incidence of the syndrome was found in people with more work experience (in the group of 21-25 years), but the difference between the groups was not statistically significant (P=0.271). Observing the work in preclinical and clinical departments, because of the limited number of patients we could not confirm the hypothesis. The syndrome had affected 13 (21%) clinical teaching doctors and 6 (9,7%) preclinical doctors, while the differenece between them was not statistically significant (P=0.054). Conclusion: Considering the results of this research, it has not been proven that the burnout syndrome occurred more frequently in doctors who were involved in clinical teaching than in doctors who tought in preclinical departments. Also, there was no difference in the appearance of the syndrome that was related to gender and years of service.
    Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 09/2015; 137(5-6):150-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Building usage is the phase in the building life cycle that is most time-consuming, most functional, most significant due to building purpose and often systematically ignored. Maintenance is the set of activities that ensure the planned duration of facility exploitation phase in accordance with the requirements for quality maintenance of a large number of important building features as well as other elements immanent to the nature of facilities' life. The aim of the study is to show the analysis of the current state of organized, planned and comprehensive managerial approach in hospital utilization and maintenance in the Republic of Croatia, given on the case study of Clinical hospital center in Rijeka. The methodology used consists of relevant literature section of theory of facility utilization, maintenance and management in general, hospital buildings especially, display of practice on case study, and comparison of key performance indicators values obtained through interview with those that author Igal M. Shohet defined in his study by field surveys and statistical analyses. Despite many positive indicators of Clinical hospital center Rijeka maintenance, an additional research is needed in order to define a more complete national hospital maintenance strategy.
    Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 09/2015; 137(5-6):196-203.
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    ABSTRACT: Clavicle fractures in children occur twice as often as in adults. During a child's growth period they account for 10-15% of all fractures sustained. The questions which should be asked are how these fractures are sustained and under which circumstances are the children injured. In the study 256 children with clavicle fractures treated during the period 2008-2013 were analyzed. The underlying cause and place of injuries were classified using the ICD-10 classification system, using environmental causes of injury. The circumstances were in each case accidental injury. Environmental causes were traffic accidents (V01-V99) or mishaps/accidents (W00-X59). Fracture injuries were caused in traffic accidents in 24 (9.4%), and in mishaps/accidents in 232 (90.6%) children. Of the injuries caused by mishaps/accidents, in 204 children these were caused by falls (W00-W19). In 123 of them the injuries were caused by falls from a ground level, and in 81 were from a greater height. Direct blow injuries, caused by another person or a blunt instrument, weere the causes of fractures seen in 28 children. Place of fracture sustainment was dominantly at home. This was followed by injuries sustained outside in recreational areas, while least were suffered at school or kindergarden facilities. Bicycle riding was the cause of clavicle fractures in 48 children, which was 18.7% of all fractures seen. Sports related injuries and fractures were seen in 47 (18.4%) out of 256 children: 30 in football, 10 in defensive sports (wrestling, judo, karate), three in hockey, while basketball and gymnastics accounted for two each. Preschool children were injured more often while in the care of their parents while school aged children were adaquately protected, but in after-school activities they were often injured. The most common injuries after school were those suffered in traffic accidents and recreational sports activities. In the adolescent period, the most common injuries seen were again those in traffic accidents, bicycle riding, recreational sports activities and injuries sustained at home.
    Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 09/2015; 137(5-6):163-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by weakness of skeletal muscles, specifically ocular. Relationship between the thymus gland and MG is not fully understood yet. Thymectomy is recommended for individuals with thymoma, but should be considered in all patients under 60 years of age with generalized MG in cases with no thymomatous tissue. We report a 27-year-old female patient with ocular type myasthenia gravis and radiological findings of anterior mediastinal mass, treated by VATS thymectomy. The intervention was carried out by 3-portal right-sided thoracoscopic approach. Single-lung ventilation and carbon-dioxide insufflation provided working space, and harmonic scalpel was used for the dissection and ligation. The patient's postoperative course was uncomplicated and the patient was discharged on the third postoperative day. The aim of our case report is to stress the importance of VATS technique in faster recovery and better cosmetic effect than in sternotomy procedures.
    Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 09/2015; 137(5-6):177-80.

  • Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 09/2015; 137(5-6):205-6.

  • Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 09/2015; 137(5-6):204.
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    ABSTRACT: Amiodarone is a benzofuran derivative that contains up to 40% of iodine. Amiodarone is used for treatment and prevention of life threatening supraventricular and ventricular tachyarrhythmias. The effects on thyroid gland vary from abnormalities in thyroid function tests to overt amiodarone induced hypothyroidism (AIH) and thyrotoxicosis (AIT). Patients with AIH are treated with L-thyroxine and may continue treatment with amiodarone. Two different forms of AIT have to be distinguished: amiodarone induced hyperthyroidism (AIT I) and thyroiditis (AIT II). AIT I is treated with antithyroid drugs, while total thyroidectomy and iodine-131 are used for definitive treatment. AIT II is treated with glucocorticoids. Patients with AIT have to stop treatment with amiodarone. Dronedarone is a less potent antiarrhythmic agent with structural and pharmacological properties similar to amiodarone. Dronedarone is devoid of iodine with fewer adverse effects and therefore it may be used in high risk patients for development of AIT or AIH.
    Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 09/2015; 137(5-6):181-8.

  • Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 09/2015; 137(5-6):203.
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    ABSTRACT: Goodpasture's syndrome is a rare clinical entity characterized by rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage and the presence of circulating autoantibodies to the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). Autoantibodies bind to reactive epitopes of noncollagenous domain of the collagen type IV alpha-3 chain in glomerular and alveolar basement membranes. Autoantibodies activate the complement cascade resulting in tissue injury by the type II hypersensitivity reaction according to the Coombs and Gell classification of antigen-antibody reactions. Prognostic factors include the renal excretory function and the degree of renal and lung damage at the time of presentation. Prompt diagnosis and early and adequate medical treatment is vital for patients. Clinical treatment must be aggressive in order of achieving better outcome. This article describes three patients who clinically presented with renopulmonary syndrome, renal failure, hematuria, proteinuria and hemoptysis. Kidney biopsy diagnosis was crescentic glomerulonephritis due to antibodies against GBM. In all three patients we started therapy with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide combined with plasma exchange therapy. In two patients who initially had severe impairment of renal function and high percentage of crescents in the renal biopsy, kidney function recovery was not achieved. In one patient, who at the time of clinical presentation showed milder renal failure and lower percentage of crescents in renal biopsy, the full recovery of renal function was obtained.
    Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 09/2015; 137(5-6):171-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. It can be diagnosed in early stage through screening, early detection and educational programs, and when diagnosed early it can be efficiently treated. Treatment modalities include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal therapy and targeted biologic therapy, according to the stage of the disease and patient condition. Treatment decisions should be made after multidisciplinary team discussion. Due to the significance of this disease it is important to define and implement standardized approach for diagnostic, treatment and monitoring algorithm as well. The following text presents the clinical guidelines in order to standardize the procedures and criteria for diagnosis, management, treatment and monitoring of patients with breast cancer in the Republic of Croatia.
    Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 09/2015; 137(5-6):143-9.

  • Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 06/2015; 137(2015):188-195.
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    ABSTRACT: There is a high incidence of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and malnutrition is a powerful predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in this population of patients. A multitude of factors related to CKD and renal replacement therapy can affect the nutritional status of CKD patients and lead to the development of malnutrition. In patients with CKD, protein energy wasting (PEW) is a condition that is distinct from undernutrition and is associated with inflammation, increased resting energy expenditure, low serum levels of albumin and prealbumin, sarcopenia, weight loss and poor clinical outcomes. Nutritional and metabolic derangements are implicated for the development of PEW in CKD and leading to the development of chronic catabolic state with muscle and fat loss. Prevention is the best way in treating PEW. Appropriate management of CKD patients at risk for PEW requires a comprehensive combination of strategies to diminish protein and energy depletion, and to institute therapies that will avoid further losses. The mainstay of nutritional treatment in MHD patients is nutritional counselling and provision of an adequate amount of protein and energy, using oral supplementation as needed. Intradialytic parenteral nutrition and total enteral nutrition should be attempted in CKD patients who cannot use the gastrointestinal tract efficiently. Other strategies such as anemia correction, treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism and acidosis, delivering adequate dialysis dose can be considered as complementary therapies in CKD patients. Multidisciplinary work of nephrologists, gastroenterologist and dietician is needed to achieve best therapeutic goals in treating CKD patients with PEW.
    Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik 04/2015; 137(1-2):1-8.